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Information on Symposia per Science Theme





Theme No.

Theme Title

Number of Symposia proposed

Symposia Title

Symposia Conveners

Biographical sketch of the Conveners

Keywords

Abstract

25

Human evolution, Geoarcheology, Sustenance Strategies


Dr. Rajiv Nigam

rajivnigam1954@gmail.com

(India)


Dr. Rakesh Tiwari

rakesh.tewari53@gmail.com

(India)


3

Geoarchaeology and Paleoenvironment

P. D. Sabale pandurang.sabale@dcpune.ac.in

(India)


Atreyee Bhattacharya

(USA)


1. Professor in Geoarchaeology, Deccan College Deemed University, Pune (Maharashtra) India-411006.


2.Instructor / lecturer in Environmental studies, C.U. Boulder USA.

Under water Archaeology, Coastal environment and landscape evolution, man-land relationship, sea level changes.

Geoarchaeology is a study of archaeological record and can be applied to a wide range of scales, from the reconstruction of palaeoenvironments and how they have been affected by human activity. Geoarchaeological research includes both geological and archaeological practices and converge into a single discipline with specific characteristics, aims, and procedures. Undoubtedly, the effective integration of the earth and archaeological sciences is one of the major challenges of geoarchaeology.

An integration of invasive viz. archaeological excavation and noninvasive approaches viz. application of geospatial techniques, maps for geological-geomorphological analysis, geophysical surveys, use of available natural resources etc. may help in the process. Coring of sediment section undoubtedly constitutes one of the most common methodological approaches employed by geologists and archaeologists in reconstructing subsurface stratigraphic architecture. This symposium is planned to address all aims and challenges of geoarcheology in varied situations.

Late Quaternary Climate Shifts and Human Adaptation to Landscape: A Geoarchaeological Approach

Hema Achyuthan hachyuthan@yahoo.com

(India)

Dr. Hema Achyuthan has keen interest in understanding man land relationship and his adaptation to late Quaternary climate shifts.

Climate Change, Man land relationship, Late Quaternary, Proxy records,

During the Late Quaternary period, climate has fluctuated several times with varying intensity and duration. These shifts have affected civilisations, causing their decline and collapse such as the Harrapan, Sumerian, Akkadian, since the mid-Holocene period or even older Man’s communities. Application of geological methods to archaeological sites, especially of the stratified archaeological deposits have yielded a wealth of information and records of vegetation change reflecting both geomorphic and

past climate events and the utilization of plant resources by Man. Changes in composition of charred wood, fruit, and seed assemblages indicate the progressive impact of man upon the native vegetation during the late Quaternary to Holocene period. Man has experienced Late Quaternary climate shifts, has adapted and settled on the land. Land clearance and cultivation over the past several thousands of years have increased the extent of forest edge, the transition zone between closed forest and open areas. These changes have led to an increase in landscape carrying capacity, in the abundance, and diversity of food resources available to expanding populations. Paleoenvironmental and paleoecological analyses of palaeosols, sediments from lakes, sediment detritus from archaeological sites, coastal sites, sites within the river banks, ocean cores that will be correlated with terrestrial and climate events. This symposium will bring together researchers who will deliberate on their findings.

Terrain, Time and Tools: Pleistocene to Early Holocene Prehistoric Adaptations


Rakesh Tewari rakesh.tewari53@gmail.com

(India)


Shanti Pappu

(India)


Kumar Akhilesh (India)


Yanni Gunnell (France)


Partha Chauhan (India)


Rakesh Tewari: Former Director-General, Archaeological Survey of India;


Shanti Pappu: Archaeologist specialising in prehistory and palaeoenvironments, directing and co-directing research projects including excavations at Attirampakkam under the Prehistory and Palaeoenvironments in SE India, with publications in Science and Nature.


Kumar Akhilesh: Archaeologist specialising in prehistory and lithic technology, directing research projects including excavations at Attirampakkam under the Prehistory and Palaeoenvironments in SE India, with publications in Science and Nature.


Yanni Gunnell: Professor, Université Lumiere Lyon 2, expert in geography, geomorphology, geology, with research in India and elsewhere in the world,

Parth R. Chauhan: Assistant Professor at IISER Mohali; Specialising in prehistoric archaeology of central India and northern India. Carries out paleoanthropological research on stone tool technology, geoarchaeology and vertebrate palaeontology.

Prehistory, Pleistocene, Holocene, adaptation, migrations, human evolution

This symposium aims to discuss new perspectives in investigating Palaeolithic to Neolithic adaptations to site-specific, regional and global environmental changes during the Pleistocene. Ffocus will be on dynamic phases in the story of human evolution, i.e. ranging from the Lower Palaeolithic (around 2 Ma-250 ka) to the early Holocene Mesolithic cultural phases with major cognitive and behavioural shifts. This symposium aims to highlight specific questions those include new paradigms concerning a. the chronology and nature of hominin dispersals across the world; b. new debates on the nature of cultural phases and transitions and association with hominin species; c. greater precision in environmental reconstruction and models of adaptation; d. new approaches in the study of prehistoric cognitive skills and behaviour based on analysis of the artefact assemblages and associated material; and e. a deeper understanding of correlations between fossil, genetic and archaeological data.