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The Indian subcontinent, by virtue of being a constituent of several older supercontinents, has common geological ancestry with many parts of the globe. Subsequent to the breakup of the Gondwanaland, the Indian landmass moved northward for over 5000 km to collide and get stitched with the Asian landmass, resulting in the present landforms, typified by the Himalayan mountain chain. The subcontinent is also host to a wide range of geological marvels - from the Archaean crustal nuclei to the present day volcanism.

We welcome you to witness the congress/ scientific theme(s) showcased through an attractive assortment of pre-, post- and during-Congress field trips. The field trips have been designed to also include geotourism sites of unique cultural, historical and archaeological value so as to give a fulfilling and enriching experience of the tours to the participants. There will also be an interesting array of one-day trips during the Congress. Details of these trips will be made available in the Third Circular.

Description of the multi-day trips are given below. Full tour itineraries and cost will be released in the Third Circular. Delegates may choose field trips of their interest on the Congress website.

We take this opportunity to extend our invitation to you to join the field trips and be part of the journey, witnessing the unparalleled geological antiquity of the Indian subcontinent, the memories of which will remain with you forever.


1. NER001: Geodynamic evolution of Northeastern Himalayas: Traverse along Tezpur-Bomdila-Tawang section Assam and Arunachal Pradesh

This post-IGC trip starts and ends at New Delhi;

Participants: 30 max; Duration: 4 days;

Trip coordinator/s: Bashab N. Mahanta and Tapos Kr. Goswami;

Trip overview: The Bhalukpong-Tawang section in western Arunachal Pradesh showcases the complete Himalayan thrust system resulting from India-Eurasia collision. Disposition of different lithologic sequence (separated by major dislocation planes) starting from Brahmaputra alluvium, the Sub Himalayan Siwalik belt, Gondwana sediments and the Lesser Himalayan low grade metamorphic sequence can be examined during the field excursion. The Gondwana rocks represent the northeastern-most rift system in India and bears signatures of marine transgressions in Sakmarian times.

Geo-tourism spots: Tawang Monastery (second largest in world), tea gardens of Assam, Tipi Orchidarium etc.

2. NER002: Nagaland Ophiolite Complex: Type locality for Intra-Oceanic Subduction within the Neo-Tethys.

This post-IGC trip starts and ends at Dimapur, Nagaland;

Participants: 20 max ; Duration: 6 Days;

Trip coordinator/s: Santanu Kumar Bhowmik and Aliba Ao

Trip overview: The Nagaland Ophiolite Complex (NOC) is one of the rare ophiolite belts in the world where high-pressure metamorphic rocks along clockwise and counter-clockwise metamorphic P-T paths occur in close spatial associations but in two different metamorphic sequences. This is the only metamorphic belt in the Indus-Yarlung-Tsangpo-Suture Zone where the history of the full cycle of Neo-Tethys evolution from subduction to end of the subduction cycle, as manifested by collisional tectonics and ophiolite emplacement is preserved in the rock archive.

Geo-tourism spots: Naga heritage village, Kohima etc.

3. NER003: A Glimpse of the Enigmatic Himalayan Inverted Metamorphic Sequence: A Classic Section across the Darjeeling-Sikkim Himalayas

This post-IGC trip starts and ends at New Delhi;

Participants: 25 max; Duration: 7 days;

Trip coordinator/s: Sudipto Neogi, Ravikant Vadlamani and Kathakali Bhattacharya

Trip overview: Himalayan tectonics and metamorphism has been largely considered within the framework of the collision and subduction of the Greater Indian plate with the Eurasian plate during the Eocene (~ 50 Ma), resulting in intense crustal shortening and deformation, accommodated by intracontinental thrusts and internal deformation of Greater Indian plate. Causes for the metamorphism in abnormally thickened crust has been addressed involving thermal modelling, field studies, quantitative P-T estimation, geochronological and isotopic studies. An enigmatic feature of Himalayan metamorphism is the presence of a sequence of progressively higher grade rocks occurring at shallower structural levels, reported from the Darjeeling- Sikkim region, and later described with remarkable similarity from all along the nearly 2000 km length of the Himalaya referred to as "inverted" metamorphism.

Geo-tourism spots: Lachung, Yumthang valley, Lachen etc.

4. NER004: Tectonic Evolution of NE Indian Craton, Meghalaya Plateau: Journey from Pre-Grenvillian - Grenvillian Orogeny to Pan-African Orogeny and Gondwana break-up

This post-IGC trip starts and ends at New Delhi;

Participants: 20 max; Duration: 5 days;

Trip coordinator/s: Tapan Pal

Trip overview: Meghalaya Plateau is a part of the Eastern Indian shield since the Mesoproterozoic time. It preserves signatures of major global events ranging from Rodinia assembly to Gondwana assembly, Gondwana break-up, K-T boundary. Tertiary limestone of Meghalaya Plateau also records Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maxima (PTEM) event. Relatively less known North East Indian craton is an area to explore Pan Gondwana reconstruction.

Geo-tourism spots: Meghalaya- "The Abode of Clouds", Mawsynram (heaviest rainfall receiving area), caves and magnificent waterfalls, Mumluh cave, Cherrapunjee- GSSP for Meghalayan age etc.

5. NER005: Unfolding of Quaternary History and Associated Geoarchaeological Remains of Tripura, Northeastern India

This post- IGC trip starts and ends at the Agartala;

Participants: 20 max; Duration: 5 days;

Trip coordinator/s: N.R. Ramesh, Manjil Hazarika and B.C. Poddar.

Trip overview: Intermontane Khowai and Haora valleys in Tripura have extensive outcrops of older Quaternary fluvial deposits, developed as terraces. They contain buried, multi-layered, prolific Stone Age sites with abundant exquisite artefacts of fossil wood, discovered in a unique stratigraphic framework. Pleistocene valley sediments laid over deformed Neogene sedimentary sequences are also deeply incised. Integrated study on environmental setting of cluster/pattern of sites and their radiometric dating have led to prove habitation of late Pleistocene early man in a region stretching from Bengal basin to Irrawaddy valley. Evolution of human culture in sync with evolution of river valleys is well demonstrated here. The traverse aims at examining the geo-archaeological context of the sites based on morpho-stratigraphy, litho-stratigraphy and chrono-cultural stratigraphy and unique nature of prehistoric tool assemblages.

Geo-tourism spots: Geo-archaeological sites in Khowai Valley, Unakoti rock-cut sculptures etc.

6. ER001: Sundarban Delta System

This pre-IGC trip starts and ends at Kolkata ;

Participants: 40 max.; Duration: 4 days;

Trip coordinator/s: Debasis Sengupta

Trip overview: Sundarban Delta, the largest mangrove forest in the world is recognized as Ramsar Site of International Importance since 1992 and was declared as a Natural World Heritage Site in 1997 (UNESCO). It has earned global attention of conservationists, researchers and nature lovers. It has also been recognized as a wetland of international importance. Processes of delta building, erosional and accretional landforms, endanger flora and fauna including variety of mangroves, archaeological evidences (500 to 1500AD) etc. are few of the things that would be showcased.

Geo-tourism spots: Nayachar, Ghoramara, Sagar Island, Bakkhali, Henry Island, G-Plot, Kalash Beach, Bonnie Camp, Dobankee, Sudhanyakhali, Sajnekhali, Satjelia, Jharkhali etc.

7. ER002: Proterozoic Gold Mineralizing System in North Singhbhum Mobile Belt.

This post- IGC trip starts and ends at Ranchi, Jharkhand;

Participants: 25 max.; Duration: 4 days;

Trip coordinator/s: Pankaj Kumar and Sahendra Singh

Trip overview: The Paleo- to Mesoproterozoic North Singhbhum Mobile Belt (NSMB) in eastern India has a long and significant history of gold exploration activities with recent finding of many small gold deposits. The NSMB has two prominent crustal scale shear zones in its northern and southern parts. The region is well known for the numerous ancient gold working and abandoned gold mines apart from a long history of the gold panning activities in the Subarnarekha River and its tributaries.

Geo-tourism spots: Jonha, Hundru, Dasam fall, Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary etc.

8. ER004: Rajgir-Bodh Gaya-Barabar Geotourism: A Unique Geological and Historical Heritage of Bihar

This pre-IGC trip starts and ends at Patna;

Participants: 30 max.; Duration: 4 days;

Trip coordinator/s: A. Bishwapriya, S.K. Dutta and M. Ahmad

Trip overview: Roughly falling between Jehanabad, Gaya, Bodh Gaya Rajgir and Nalanda, the region offers an excellent geotourism opportunity wherein geology and archaeology are juxtaposed and complement each other. The area gains its importance worldwide due to historical and cultural aspects related to Buddhism & Jainism, all set within the Gaya-Rajgir volcano-sedimentary belt and associated magmatic complex situated on the northern fringe of Chotanagpur Gneissic Complex (CGC) in eastern India.

Geo-tourism spots: Venuvan, Japanese Temple, Bodhi Temple, Monasteries of various countries etc.

9. ER005: The Teesta Chronicle: Tectonics – Climate and Human-Landscape Dynamics

This pre-IGC trip starts and ends at Bagdogra/Siliguri;

Participants: 20 max.; Duration: 5 Days;

Trip coordinator/s: Mriganka Ghatak, Sanjeeb Bhattacharya and Sreemati Gupta.

Trip overview: The foothills of Sikkim Himalayas are known for active tectonism. The proposed traverses in the Teesta magafan, at the Eastern Himalayan foothills provides an insight into the tectonism, sedimentation processes and influence of engineering interventions on the fluvial regime of Teesta and its environs. The excursion plans visit to observe sedimentation processes and signatures of neotectonic activity along the transverse and regional faults. The effect of engineering interventions on Teesta River and its environs shall also be showcased.

Geo-tourism spots: Tea estates of Dooars, wild life sanctuary/ reserve forest and Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (DHR) ride etc.

10. ER007: Geological Field Excursion to the Jharia Coal field: A Tribute to Sir Cyril Sidney Fox (A legacy of 125 years of Indian Mining and Mineral Industry)

This pre-IGC trip starts and ends at Dhanbad;

Participants: 25 max.; Duration: 5 days;

Trip coordinator/s: Sahendra Singh and P. R. Sahoo

Trip overview: The Jharia Coal Field was mapped by Sir Cyril Sidney Fox, fellow of Indian National Science Academy. The coal field contain one of the best exposed sections of the lower Gondwana Formation i.e. Talchir & Barakar within a distance of 0.5 km. Boulder bed overlying the basement, dolerite dykes and lamprophyres are the other interesting features to examine.

Geo-tourism spots: Maithon Dam, Hydel Tunnel on Barakar River, Parasnath Hill/Jain Temple, Longwall Mining at Munidih etc.

11. ER008: Landslide failure mechanisms, hazard and risk scenarios in Darjeeling Himalayas

This post-IGC trip starts and ends at Bagdogra;

Participants: 30 max.; Duration: 5 Days;

Trip coordinator/s: Saibal Ghosh and Timir Baran Ghoshal

Trip overview: The proposed fieldtrip area is part of the active Himalayan Fold-Thrust-Belt (FTB) where interplay of varied geological factors vis-a- vis rapid urbanization and growth are responsible for initiating different types of landslides for over a century. The varied landslide failure mechanisms and their intimate relationships with a series of varied Himalayan lithology and regional tectonic structures and the interactions of landslide hazards with thick settlement and built-up areas in the Darjeeling Himalayas would be showcased with added measures for evaluating risk.

Geo-tourism spots: UNESCO World Heritage Site- Darjeeling-Himalayan Railway; Tea Gardens etc.

12. ER009: Glacial to post-glacial fluvio-marine sedimentation system: Evidences from West Bokaro Coal Field

This post-IGC trip starts and ends at Hazaribagh, Jharkhand;

Participants: 25 max.; Duration: 4 days;

Trip coordinator/s: Hareshwar N Sinha

Trip overview: The Lower Gondwana sequence of West Bokaro Coal basin is attributed to the transitional nature of the glacial-fluvial-marine interactive systems in the frame of post-glacial transgressive-regressive (T-R) setup. Such T-R cycles during the Late Paleozoic- Lower Gondwana sedimentation reveals prograding and retrograding successions, sediment-organism interaction pattern, sea level fluctuations, sediment supply and basinal tectonism. The Dudhi River section exposes one of the most well preserved Gondwana successions.

Geo-tourism spots: - Surya Kunda, Bodh Gaya, Jhumri-Telaiya Dam etc.

13. ER010: Andaman Islands: An anatomy of the Accretionary Prism in an Active Burma-Andaman – Java subduction zone

This pre-IGC trip starts and ends at New Delhi;

Participants: 20 max.; Duration: 6 Days;

Trip coordinator/s: Tapan Pal

Trip overview: The Andaman ophiolite belonging to the western belt of Indo Burma Ridge (IBR) preserves a complete ophiolite sequence (mantle–cumulates–lavas) in the outer arc of the active Burma- Andaman–Java subduction zone. Its unique polygenetic setting, MORB mantle and supra-subduction zone mantle reveal the intricacies of physicochemical processes of the subduction system.

Geo-tourism spots: Cellular Jail (Light & Sound), Corbyn’s Cove beach, Chidiatapu / Mundapahar beach, Ross Island, Wandoor Beach, Mud Vocano and limestone Cave in Baratang, Natural bridge at Neil Island etc.

14. ER012: Eastern Ghats Belt, India: A type locality of ultrahigh Temperature Proterozoic Orogenic System

This pre- IGC trip starts and ends at Bhubaneswar and Vishakhapatnam respectively;

Participants: 15 max.; Duration: 5 days;

Trip coordinator/s: Sankar Bose and Jayanta Kumar Nanda

Trip overview: This transect to showcase the making and breaking of a supercontinent, runs parallel to the Eastern Khondalite- the complexly evolved Eastern Ghat Belt (EGB) where two geologically distinct crustal domains, namely the Chilka Lake and the Visakhapatnam domains will be visited. Key rock occurrences including the different varieties of granulites and anorthosite will be shown. While the UHT metamorphosed and isobarically cooled lower crustal rocks of the Visakhapatnam domain preserved history of the Rodinia assembly, the enigmatic isothermally decompressed UHT metamorphosed rocks of the Chilka Lake domain preserved the history of Rodinia breakup.

Geo-tourism spots: Chilka lake, Borra Caves etc.

15. SR003: The Deep Crust of the Archaean Dharwar Craton

This post- IGC trip starts at Bangalore and ends at Coimbatore;

Participants: 18 max.; Duration: 6 days;

Trip coordinator/s: C. Srikantappa, K.G. Ashamanjari and K.N. Prakash Narasimha

Trip overview: Granite-greenstone belts and granulite-gneiss terrain are well exposed in the Archaean Dharwar Craton (3.5- 2.5 Ga, DC). The rocks show regional metamorphism with pressures of 6 to 11 k bars and temperatures of 650 to 820oC. The Dharwar Craton (DC) is bounded to the South by the E-W trending Moyar-Bhavani shear zone, where the lower continental crust is extensively reactivated during the Pan-African event (~ 0.5 Ga). Archean metasedimentary units, chromitite bearing layered igneous complexes, two different types of granulites, incipient charnockite formation, it’s structures, and geochemical signatures shall be examined.

Geo-tourism spots: Waterfalls, Mysore Maharaja Palace, Ancient Hindu temple architecture, Tiger reserve forest, Nilgiri mountains etc.

16. SR005: Neoproterozoic -Early Cambrian Crustal Evolution in south India: Implications of east Gondwana Assembly

This post-IGC trip starts at Coimbatore and ends at Trivandrum;

Participants: 20 max. ; Duration: 6 days;

Trip coordinator/s: S. Raju, N. P. Nathan and T.R.K. Chetty.

Trip overview: The Granulite Terrain of Southern India is selected to showcase the Neoproterozoic-Early Cambrian crustal evolution events encompassing the accretionary tectonics, metamorphic, magmatic episodes (Ophiolites) and the kinematics of the major shear zones for understanding the East Gondwana assembly. Palghat-Cauvery Shear Zone (PCSZ) and Neoproterozoic mobile belt extending up to the southern tip of Indian Peninsula will be covered during this excursion.

Geo-tourism spots: Meenakshi Temple, Kodaikanal hill station, Rock memorial at Kanyakumari, Kovalam beach etc.

17. SR006: Diamond Fields of South India – Wajarakarur Kimberlite Field, Eastern Dharwar Craton, Southern India

This pre-IGC trip starts at Bengaluru and ends at New Delhi;

Participants: 30 max.; Duration: 5 days;

Trip coordinator/s: S.Ravi and E.V.S.S.K.Babu

Trip overview: Southern India, the land of first diamond finds in the world, consists of both primary and secondary deposits for diamond in Archaean granite-greenstone terrains of Dharwar Craton. It is known to have produced the most celebrated diamonds viz. Koh-i-Noor, Great Mogul, Orloff, etc. The mining activity dates back to 13-18 centuries AD. The trip envisages visiting the some of the kimberlites in the Wajrakarur and Raichur-Tungabhadra Kimberlite Fields, as well as Cuddapah Basin lamproites. Visit to Kimberlite Park and Museum, Geological Survey of India at Wajrakarur (to showcase drill cores and large size samples of kimberlites, mantle xenoliths) and visit to historic diamond mines in the paleo-placers of the Neoproterozoic sediments and the alluvial placers are included in the trip.

Geo-tourism spots: Vijayanagara temple (14th-16th Century AD), Belum Caves etc.

18. SR007: A journey from Paleo to Neoproterozoic; Sedimentation, Magmatism and Mineralization in the Cuddapah Basin, India

This post- IGC trip starts and ends at Tirupati;

Participants: 20 max.; Duration: 5 days;

Trip coordinator/s: V.V. Sesha Sai and Santanu Bhattacharjee

Trip overview: The Proterozoic Cuddapah basin in the eastern Dharwar Craton is a prominent Precambrian sedimentary basin in India that has well-preserved clastic and non-clastic sedimentary sequences. It witnessed significant magmatic activity during sedimentation. Evidences for the Palaeoproterozoic life in the form of stromatolites; organo-sedimentary structures are well preserved in the Vempalle Formation of the Cuddapah Supergroup. The Neoproterozoic Kurnool basin consists of a sequence of rudaceous-arenaceous-argillaceous-carbonate rocks. The well-known Banaganapalle conglomerate horizon; the lower Formation in the Kurnool Group is known for ancient diamond activity in India. The proposed field traverses include best exposed type sections in the basin.

Geo-tourism spots: Natural Arch of Tirumala, Belum caves etc.

19. SR009: Jurassic Park in P-G Valley

This pre-IGC trip starts and ends at Hyderabad;

Participants: 20 max.; Duration: 5 days;

Trip coordinator/s: K. Ayyasami and B. Gowtham

Trip overview: The Pranhita-Godavari Basin, India, is a pericratonic basin that came into existence following rifting along eastern Indian Craton in early Mesozoic. The basal Proterozoic rocks of about 6 km thickness are termed as the Godavari Supergroup. Their distribution is widespread on both sides of the Gondwanas with small inliers. The coal-bearing Gondwana sediments includes Talchir, Barakar, Barren Measures, Kamthi (Lower Gondwana Group), Maleri, Kota, Gangapur and Chikiala formations (Upper Gondwana Group). The Maleri and Kota Formations provide the bulk of fossil remains. The Gangapur Formation is a storehouse of plant fossils. The succession terminates with the eruption of volcanic rocks noted in the neighbourhood of Rajahmundry. The infra- and inter-trappean beds offer some of best molluscan remains in this part of the region.

Geo-tourism spots: Kakatiya architecture in Warangal and Bhadrachalam temple etc.

20. SR010: Cretaceous Stage Boundaries

This post- IGC trip starts and ends at Chennai;

Participants: 20 max.; Duration: 5 days;

Trip coordinator/s: B Gowtham and K Ayyasami

Trip overview: The Talchir Formation of Lower Gondwana comprising boulder bed, conglomerates, splintery shale is limited to outcrops in Guduvanchery near Chennai. It exposes a near complete sequence of the Cretaceous from the Aptian through Maastrichtian. The oldest sedimentary unit is the fluviatile, plant fossil bearing Upper Gondwana clay of Aptian age. The overlying marine rocks begin with basal coral-algal reefoidal limestone. The overlying gypsiferous clay and sandstone yield many fossils. A younger shell bank facies is exposed in 3 sub-basins, viz. Ariyalur, Vriddachalam and Puducherry. The overlying coarse sandstone contains dinosaur fossils. Rocks of Danian age top the succession. An integrated bio-stratigraphic study on invertebrates reveal the remarkable coincidence of biozonal boundaries with many lithostratigraphic levels.

Geo-tourism spots: Mahabalipuram- ancient rock cut temples etc.

21. SR015: Coral Reef ecosystem around Lakshadweep, Arabian Sea, Western India

This post-IGC trip starts and ends at New Delhi and Cochin respectively;

Participants: 20 max.; Duration: 5 days;

Trip coordinator/s: Dhirendra Kumar Pandey

Trip overview: Located about 225 to 450 km west of the Kerala coast, the Lakshadweep Archipelago in the Arabian Sea consists of ~ 36 coral islands. The archipelago lies on the submerged Chagos-Lakshadweep ridge. There are about 11 inhabited islands. The rock formations that can be observed include coral facies followed by coral-algal facies, algal rudstone/ coralline limestone and finally coral facies. The oldest sediments are composed of terrigenous clastics, probably of Paleocene age. The biological components are dominated by skeletal fragments of corals, coralline algae, other algae, mollusks, foraminifera, and echinoderms in the order of abundance.

Geo-tourism spots: Karavatti natural museum etc.

22. SR016: Gravity gliding of Mesoproterozoic Sedimentary Cover of Kaladgi Basin

This pre- IGC trip starts and ends at Bagalkot, Karnataka;

Participants: 20 max.; Duration: 3 days;

Trip coordinator/s: Mrinal Kanti Mukherjee, Sohini Das and Sudipto Ghosh

Trip overview: The deformation pattern in the Kaladgi basin during Mesoproterozoic, is unique of its kind in an intracratonic setup. The deformation of the Mesoproterozoic sedimentary cover originated by a southerly-directed gravity gliding of the cover over the basement along the basement–cover contact (unconformity) that served as a surface for detachment shall be demonstrated along a N-S transect across the basin. A continuous passage from extensional domain in the north and contractional domain in the south with a contrast in structural geometry between the unaffected basement and deformed cover shall be showcased.

Geo-tourism spots: Badami cave temple- renowned UNESCO heritage site etc.

23. SR017: Neoproterozoic alkaline carbonatite complexes, Southern India

This post IGC trip starts and ends at Bengaluru ;

Participants: 25 max.; Duration: 4 days;

Trip coordinator/s: M.Srinivas and N.V.Chalapathi Rao

Trip overview: Neoproterozoic alkaline carbonatite complexes in southern India, (within a 200km long NNE – SSW trending belt extending from Gudiyattam in the north to Bhavani in the south) help to examine the Precambrian plate tectonics and crustal evolution processes. Three major carbonatite bodies are reported within this zone, viz. Sevattur carbonatite, Samalpatti carbonatite and Pakkanadu-Mulakkadu carbonatite. These alkaline and carbonatite rocks occur rarely, and carry enormous significance in terms of their economic potentiality, their genesis and petrological association.

Geo-tourism spots: Hogenakal waterfalls, Elagiri Hill etc.

24. SR018: Quaternary Evolution of Western Continental Margin of Karnataka-Goa Coasts with emphasis on resources and environment

This pre- IGC trip starts from Mangalore and ends at Panjim, Goa;

Participants: 20 max.; Duration: 5 Days;

Trip coordinator/s: K. S. Jayappa, N. R. Ramesh and K R Subramanya

Trip overview: A variety of spectacular coastal landforms along the dynamic coastal tract, its’ natural resources and scenic beauty shall be visited. St. Mary Group of Islands (National Geological Monuments) exposing remarkable columnar joints, picturesque table top lateritic uplands, lateritic profiles juxtaposed over the Precambrians and Neogene rocks, misfit rivers, nick points, sea caves, tombolo, abrasion platforms, spectacular spits, pocket beaches are all to be experienced. Quaternary formations of marine, fluvial and aeolian origin and coastal hazards (efficacy of coastal engineering protection) can be readily examined.

Geo-tourism spots: St. Mary’s Islands, Yana karst topography and Kudle Beach, Pilikula Nisarga Dhama, wild life & cultural heritage etc.

25. SR019: Resource Survey for Dimension Stone Granite Deposits in granulitic terrain of Tamil Nadu, Southern India.

This pre-IGC trip starts from Chennai and ends at Madurai;

Participants: 20 max.; Duration: 4 Days;

Trip coordinator/s: K Jayabalan and K. Arvind

Trip overview: The state of Tamil Nadu is known for extensive occurrences of granite, charnockite, and bronzite gabbros that are quarried for dimensional stones. The granulitic terrain of Tamil Nadu is studded with several quarries which produce commercially important dimensional stones like Jet/Kunnam Black (equivalent to Ebony black of Sweden), a unique variety like Paradiso, Thippu/ Melur/Kashmir white, Star Galaxy, Tiger skin, Pink/blue Multi, Blue pearl, Colombo/Tropical Juparana, Lady dream, Viyarah, Rosa Verde, Raw silk etc. During the proposed field transacts, different litho units and their equivalent commercial grade, granite landforms will be visited and various aspects of commercial valuation will be discussed.

Geo-tourism spots: Lady of Lourdes Church, Tiruchirappalli; Rock fort and Srirangam Temple (Chola Architect) Meenakshi Amman Temple (Pandiya Architect) etc.

26. SR020: Geological study of Neyveli lignite deposit, Ariyalur fossiliferous beds and nearby geoheritage sites, Tamil Nadu

This post-IGC trip starts and ends at Chennai;

Participants: 20 max.; Duration: 3 days;

Trip coordinator/s: T. Ramkumar, T. Kannadasan and S Vasudevan

Trip overview: Neyveli lignite deposit is found in Mio-Pliocene Cuddalore Sandstone deposited in the Ariyalur-Pondicherry depression. The delegates would experience the mining practices adopted at Neyveli Lignite Corporation India Ltd. The transect also covers visit to Tiruvakkarai fossil wood park, the fossiliferous Ariyalur area representing strong evidences of the great Cenomanian (98 Ma) transgression, 26 December 2004 Tsunami (caused by the great Sumatra earthquake) affected Cuddalore coast and Pichavaram, the second largest Mangrove forest in the world.

Geo-tourism spots: Natarajar Temple, Chidambaram, Pondicherry – French colonial settlement etc.

27. SR021: Gold and copper mineralization in Kolar and Chitradurga Schist Belts, Dharwar Craton

This pre- IGC trip starts and ends at Bengaluru;

Participants: 20 max.; Duration: 5 days;

Trip coordinator/s: V. N. Vasudev, R. H. Sawkar and N Rajendran

Trip overview: Neoarchaean metallogenic provinces of polymetallic and gold mineralization of Chitradurga and Kolar Greenstone belts of west and east Dharwar Cratons will provide an opportunity to study the geological and structural set up of the mineralisation and exploration methodologies.

Geo-tourism spots: Geological monument of pillow lava; heritage sites of pre-historic Chandravalli caves near Chitradurga, Chitradurga fort etc.

28. SR022: Gold, Iron and Manganese mineralization in Dharwar-Shimoga, Gadag, Sandur, Hutti-Maski and Jonnagiri Schist Belts, Dharwar Craton

This post- IGC trip starts at Hubballi, Karnataka and ends at Gooti, Andhra Pradesh;

Participants: 20 max.; Duration: 5 Days;

Trip coordinator/s: V. N. Vasudev and R. H. Sawkar

Trip overview: The excursion covers Neoarchaean metallogenic provinces of gold mineralisation across the east and west Dharwar Cratons in different geological setups. The trip also covers the iron and manganese mineralisation in Sandur Greenstone Belt.

Geo-tourism spots: World Heritage site at Hampi, Yerragundi Rock Edicts of Ashoka and Chalukya, architecture at Lakkundi etc.

29. WR001: Palaeoproterozoic Lead-Zinc-Coper Sulphide Metallogenesis in Aravalli-Delhi Orogenic Belt, South Central Rajasthan

This pre-IGC trip starts at Udaipur and ends at Jaipur;

Participants: 25 max. ; Duration: 4 days;

Trip coordinator/s: Shubhabrata Mukhopadhyay and Sunil Vashisht

Trip overview: This trip will focus on medium to large lead, zinc and silver ore deposits that occur in diverse tectonic settings such as in the Palaeoproterozoic Aravalli Supergroup (Zawar) and intra-cratonic metasedimentary belts at Rajpura-Dariba and Agucha. The three main deposits at Zawar in the south of Udaipur, Rajpura-Dariba-Sindesar in the north of Udaipur and Agucha in Rajasthan, cumulatively constitute over 400 million tonnes of stratiform Pb-Zn ores of economic significance.

Geo-tourism spots: Udaipur lake city, 2500 years old ancient zinc smelting sites at Zawar etc.

30. WR002: Copper Mineralisation of Khetri, Rajasthan

This post- IGC trip starts at Delhi and ends at Jaipur;

Participants: 20 max; Duration: 3 days;

Trip coordinator/s: Shubhabrata Mukhopadhyay, V. N. Mishra and Nagesh Rajpurohit

Trip overview: Copper mining in Khetri area of Rajasthan dates back to over 2000 years in the Mauryan period. The Khetri Copper Belt is studded with several copper deposits and prospects, spread over 80 km. Extensive Cu mineralization with subordinate iron sulphide, Au, Ag, REE and uranium is hosted by rocks of the Mesoproterozoic Delhi Supergroup. There is growing evidences and opinions that the mineralization is of IOCG type. Zones of albitisation host low grade uranium deposits.

Geo-tourism spots: Copper mines at Khetri, forts, palaces, museum and solar observatory of Jaipur etc.

31. WR003: Neoproterozoic Magmatism and Tectonics of NW Indian Block: Tracing the Rodinia Break-up

This pre- IGC trip starts at Jodhpur and ends at Udaipur;

Participants: 25 max; Duration: 5 days;

Trip coordinator/s: M. K. Pandit and K. K. Sharma

Trip overview: The Neoproterozoic Malani Igneous Province (MIP) and Erinpura Granites in western India constitute a major igneous terrain that occurs to the immediate west of the Aravalli Mountain Range. The MIP is dominated by ~750 Ma old rhyolitic flows and tuffs that occupy about 50,000 sq. km. expanse in the desertic terrain of western India. This magmatic terrain has implications for Rodinia fragmentation, Neoproterozoic geodynamics and paleoposition of NW India.

Geo-tourism spots: Mahendragarh Fort and Mount Abu etc.

32. WR004: Thar Desert: its Evolution and Geoheritage

This pre-IGC trip starts and ends at Jodhpur;

Participants: 30 max.; Duration: 5 days;

Trip coordinator/s: S. C. Mathur, P. C. Mohrana and S. K. Wadhawan

Trip overview: The Thar Desert, located at West Rajasthan Shelf [WRS], occupies a unique tectonic-sedimentary domain in north-western India. The desert represents one of the most thickly populated dry land environments of the world. Thar Desert has several unique features and distinctive Neogene continental geological basin configurations. A large variety of characteristic golden sand dune fields ranging from clustered parabolic to transverse, linear, reticulate, star and barchanoid have been mapped across the vast span of the Thar Desert. The Malani Igneous Province lies mainly within the desert.

Geo-tourism spots: Jodhpur-‘Sun City’, Jaisalmer- ‘Golden City’ within Thar Desert etc.

33. WR008: Quaternary Miliolitic Limestone of Saurashtra

This pre-IGC trip starts at Porbandar and ends at Diu;

Participants: 30 max.; Duration: 6 days;

Trip coordinator/s: Nilesh Bhatt and K. S. Mishra

Trip overview: The biogenic carbonate deposits of Late Quaternary age are widespread along the tropical and the sub-tropical coast around the globe, and are used to define the history of Quaternary sea level change in Bahamas and Bermuda. In Indian context these rocks occur along the Gujarat coastline, particularly along Saurashtra. These deposits are well studied for its clues to the sea level changes and local tectonics during 120 to 40 ka.

Geo-tourism spots: Mahatma Gandhi’s birthplace Porbandar, Buddhist caves, Portuguese fort, coastal geomorphosites at Diu and Asiatic lion sanctuary etc.

34. WR009: A walk on Mars : Jarosite localities of Kachchh, India

This pre-IGC trip starts and ends at Ahmedabad ;

Participants: 30 max; Duration: 5 days;

Trip coordinator/s: Saibal Gupta, and Satadru Bhattacharya

Trip overview: This trip to Kachchh, western India, showcases the occurrence of the hydrous sulphate mineral, jarosite, widely reported from the surface of Mars but rare in natural terrestrial localities, in various horizons of a Cenozoic succession.

Geo-tourism spots: White desert (Rann of Kachch); Dholavira (world’s oldest civilisations -Harappan locality) etc.

35. WR010: Stratigraphic Architecture and Palaeo-environments in the Kachchh Rift Basin during the Jurassic

This pre-IGC trip starts and ends at Mumbai;

Participants: 35 max.; Duration: 7 days ;

Trip coordinator: Dhirendra Kumar Pandey

Trip overview: Kachchh is a pericratonic rift basin at the western margin of the Indian Craton. It was in proximity to the Malagasy Gulf and was a part of the Indo-East African province. The basin preserves a Jurassic stratigraphical heritage revealing environments and the biodiversity of the southern margin of the Tethys sea during the Jurassic Period. The stratigraphic succession and the preserved fossils are fascinating and crucial. Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary and several fossiliferous lithostratigraphic units make this trip interesting.

Geo-tourism spots: The Great Rann of Kachchh, India bridge and Pachchhmaipir Temple etc.

36. WR011: Late Quaternary Palaeoenvironments of Thar Desert Margin and Geo-archaeology

This post IGC trip starts in New Delhi and ends at Jaipur ;

Participants: 40 max.; Duration: 4 days;

Trip coordinator/s: Hema Achyuthan and S. K. Wadhawan

Trip overview: The eastern margin of the Thar Desert is rich in Palaeolithic sites and would have been a corridor for human migration ‘Out of Africa’. Kuchaman, Didwana and Talchappar salt lakes occur in the desertic set up. Paleolithic sites such as Singi Talav, a Lower Palaeolithic site, Amarpura a Middle Palaeolithic site, the stabilized sand dune (16 R) nearly 350-ka exhibiting cambisols and associated calciorthids with Palaeoltihic tools have been dated by several radiometric dating techniques. Most of these sites occur bordering the present day Didwana Lake. Kataoti, a middle Palaeolithic site associated with ostrich egg shells is an undulating gravel ridge. The boulder and gravel bed, lie disconformable over the ferricrete bed at Jayal. Talchappar is a salt lake bordered by an historical mound that dates back to the Mughal period.

Geo-tourism spots: Jaipur, Kuchaman Fort, Kuchaman and Didwana and Talchappar Salt Lake with the Mughal period site and black buck sanctuary etc.

37. WR012: Late Quaternary Continental Sequences of Gujarat, Western India: an Appraisal of Climatic, Tectonic and Eustatic Processes

This pre-IGC trip starts and ends at Vadodara, Gujarat, India;

Participants: 15 max.; Duration: 4 days;

Trip coordinator/s: D. M. Maurya, L. S. Chamyal and Alpa Sridhar

Trip overview: The field trip covers semi-arid belt of Gujarat state in western India. Near complete continental records dating back to ~125 ka B.P. are exposed in 30-50 m high river cliffs of Mahi, Narmada and Sabarmati rivers. The distinct sedimentary facies, aggradation and incision phases show complex interaction between fluvial, marine, aeolian and tectonic processes.

Geo-tourism spots: Pavagarh, Champaner (UNESCO heritage site), Lothal, Rani ki Vaav- step well etc.

38. WR013: Field Excursion to Dinosaur Fossil Park, Rahioli, Balanisor, Gujarat

This post- IGC trip starts and ends at Delhi;

Participants: 20 max.; Duration: 2 days;

Trip coordinator/s: Harish Mistry and D.S. Chudasama

Trip overview: This site of global significance hosts both the hatcheries and graveyards of titanosaurid sauropods and abilisaurid theropods. Reported species include Rajasaurus narmadensis, Rahiolisaurus gujaratensis and titanosaurus. The dinosaur eggs are taxonomically assigned as Megaloolithus rahioliensis (Sauropod eggs). The Late cretaceous fossil sites are well preserved by the state of Gujarat. This site provides evidence to show that dinosaur burried their eggs in the soft sand of paleo-rivers. Rahioli locality shows nesting sites with sauropod eggs- Megaloolithus rahioliensis (Megaloolithidae) and theropod eggs- Ellpisoolithus khedaenis (Elongatoolithidae). Both the nest-sites in the calcretised sandstone occur at same stratigraphic level but geographically separated over a distance of less than 400m. It is a unique site in the world, as it hosts prolific and associated skeletal remains of both titanosaurs and abelisaurs.

Geo-tourism spots: Sabarmati Ashram, Mahatma Gandhi Museum and Sabarmati River Front, laser Show at Akshardham Temple etc.

39. WR014: Visit to the state of the art Marble and Natural Stones processing unit at Kishangarh, Rajasthan

This post- IGC trip starts and ends at Delhi;

Participants: 30 max.; Duration: 2 days ;

Trip coordinator/s: K. D. Choudhary, S. Mukhopadhyay and Amit Srivastava

Trip overview: The state of Rajasthan is known for marble occurrences that have been used in several historical monumental structures like Taj Mahal- one of the Seven Wonders of the World and several temples and palaces of medieval times. In addition serpentinites (commercially sold as ‘green marble’ and varieties of sandstones) are some of the other heritage stones that are profusely mined in the state. The state of the art marble and natural stone processing unit at Kishangarh- a city 100 km from Jaipur on the national highway is a world class environment-friendly set up that uses advanced technology related to dimensional stones.

Geo-tourism spots: Amber Fort, City Palace Museum and Hawa Mahal etc.

40. WR015: Visit to the Indian Institute of Gems & Jewellery’s Training and Educational Institute at Jaipur, Rajasthan

This pre- IGC trip starts and ends at Delhi;

Participants: 20 max.; Duration: 2 days ;

Trip coordinator/s: K. D. Choudhary and S. Mukhopadhyay

Trip overview: Jaipur- the capital of Rajasthan state is a world class business centre for colored gemstones, especially for emerald. The Gem Promotion Council of India has a technologically advanced well-equipped training centre that specializes in processing of colored stones. The visit to institute provides an opportunity to understand processing of stones and jewellery designing. The institute awards degrees/diploma related to skill development and jewellery designing.

Geo-tourism spots: Jaipur-the Pink City has Amber Fort, City Palace Museum and Hawa Mahal are places of great tourist attraction etc.

41. NR001: Dhala Structure, India- a Palaeoproterozoic Complex Impact Crater

This pre-IGC trip starts and ends at New Delhi;

Participants: 25 max; Duration: 3 days;

Trip coordinator/s: Jayanta Kumar Pati and Kuldeep Prakash

Trip overview: The Dhala impact structure covers nearly 64 sq. km in parts of Shivpuri district, Madhya Pradesh in north-central India. It is the seventh oldest impact structure with possibly the oldest known suevite deposit in the world. Despite the deep level of erosion and post-impact tectono-thermal events, the impactites are exceedingly well preserved, with nearly all shock metamorphic features. The impact melt breccia is exposed on surface over a strike length of about 6 km but suevite has only been identified in drill core. Granitoids with high- and low strain zones of Archean age (2,500-3,600 Ma) are the prevalent country rocks.

Geo-tourism spots: Khajuraho Temple-a UNESCO World heritage site etc.

42. NR003: Archives of Late Quaternary Climate Fluctuations in Satluj valley, Himachal Pradesh.

This pre-IGC trip starts and ends at New Delhi;

Participants: 20 max.; Duration: 5 days ;

Trip coordinator/s: Md. Atif Raza and Sharat Dutta

Trip overview: Satluj River valley lies in the northwestern limits of Indian Summer Monsoon (ISM) tract and is in climatically sensitive zone with humid (along Himalayan front), sub-humid (middle reaches of the valley), to high altitude arid conditions (upper reaches) depending on structurally controlled topographic fronts posing orographic barriers to moisture laden monsoon winds. The Satluj valley is important to address and study Late Quaternary climatic fluctuations. The higher reaches of Himalayas with special reference to late Quaternary climatic archives in selected segments of Satluj and Baspa valleys shall be showacased.

Geo-tourism spots: Kalka Shimla heritage train, monasteries, temples, Sangla valley etc.

43. NR004: Holocene Climate Change and its impact on the dispersal of Indus valley/Saraswati Civilization

This post- IGC trip starts and ends at the Delhi;

Participants: 20 max.; Duration: 2 days;

Trip coordinator/s: M. A. Raza and S. Dutta

Trip overview: This excursion is intended to show landscape of the ancient Harappan/Saraswati civilization along with geological archives of Holocene climate change. It will include study of carbonate and sulphate bearing lacustrine deposits signifying monsoon and it’s weakening during Holocene, palaeochannel of ancient Saraswati River near Fatehabad and modern Ghagghar River, archeological mounds spanning Hakaraware to post-Harappan urban phases, two phases of sand dunes deposition and the fluvio-aeolian transitions.

Geo-tourism spots: Archeological mounds of Pre to post Indus/ Harrapan civilization at Rakhigarhi, Kunal, Birrana and Bannawali etc.

44. NR005: Pre-Himalayan metamorphism – magmatism in the Kumaun Lesser Himalaya

This post- IGC trip starts and ends at Bhimtal, Uttarakhand, India;

Participants: 20 max.; Duration: 7 days;

Trip coordinator/s: Pankaj Saini, Mallickarjun Joshi and Dinesh Chauhan

Trip overview: The Kumaun region shall be examined in terms of tectono- litho-stratigraphy, metamorphic complexities and nature and extent of different tectonic contacts, viz. Himalayan Frontal Thrust (HFT), Main Boundary Thrust (MBT), Ramgarh Thrust (RT), South Almora Thrust (SAT), North Almora Thrust (NAT), Baijnath Thrust (BT), smaller klippes of Dharamghar and Askot and the Main Central Thrust (MCT). The route along the Kathgodam – Garbadhar road would offer a comprehensive synoptic study of Himalayan orogen for making observations relevant to the Himalayan geological framework and its role in the Cenozoic Himalayan exhumation, metamorphism and fore land sedimentation.

Geo-tourism spots: Himalayan geomorphology and Nainital etc.

45. NR006: Tectonics of the Higher Himalayan Crystallines along Alaknanda-Dhauli Ganga Valleys, Uttarakhand Himalaya

This post- IGC trip starts and ends at New Delhi;

Participants: 15 max.; Duration: 7 days;

Trip coordinator/s: A.K. Jain, D.C. Srivastava and Sandeep Singh

Trip overview: The main objectives of this field excursion are to study typical characters of the Cenozoic India-Asia convergence in the Uttarakhand Himalaya along a cross-section in Alaknanda-Dhauli Ganga Valleys. It includes position and definition of the MCT vis-a-vis the Munsiari and Vaikrita Thrusts, position and characters of the South Tibetan Detachment System (STDS), deformation of the HHC and its detailed shear sense analysis, structural control on melt accumulation of the Himalayan migmatites, Himalayan inverted metamorphism, evolution of high grade metamorphic rocks and the processes involved in their exhumation.

Geo-tourism spots: Tapovan Hotspring, Badrinath Temple, Devprayag, Rishikesh and Haridwar etc.

46. NR008: Evolution of the Lesser Himalaya – A Columbia-Rodinia-Gondwana Connect.

This post- IGC trip starts and ends at the New Delhi;

Participants: 15 max; Duration: 7 days;

Trip coordinator/s: O.N. Bhargava, B. P Singh, Vibhuti Rai, S K Ghosh, Shailendra Singh and Manoj Pandit

Trip overview: The Proterozoic Lesser Himalaya sedimentary successions represent a unique record of sedimentation and volcanism during Columbian assembly through Meso-Neoproterozoic passing into Gondwana. The proposed sectors in the excursion represent a unique stratigraphy with sedimentary record of over a period of nearly 1000 Ma. The Lesser Himalaya represent a sedimentation and magmatic history comparable with that of Peninsular basins and a time period wherein no sedimentation occurred in this part of Himalaya after Cambrian except for some patches of Permian sedimentation representing the Gondwana connect. The record of the sedimentary rocks which are interstratified with volcanic rocks with 1800±13 Ma ages suggests the connection of the Indian plate with the Columbia Supercontinent.

Geo-tourism spots: Rudraprayag, Rishikesh and Haridwar and Valley of Flowers- a world heritage site etc.

47. NR009: Trans-Himalayan Ladakh Batholith: A key to Magma Chamber Processes and Dynamics

This post- IGC trip starts and ends at Delhi;

Participants: 50 max.; Duration: 5 Days;

Trip coordinator/s: Santosh Kumar and Rajneesh Bhutani

Trip overview: The Ladakh Batholith represents an integral part of calc-alkaline, Trans-Himalaya magmatic belt extending from east of Nanga Parbat to Lhasa, and is bounded by the Shyok Suture Zone (SSZ) in the north and Indus Suture Zone (ISZ) in the south. The batholith is partly covered by north dipping fore-arc and molasse sedimentary rocks. The beginning of northern subduction of Neo-Tethys at ca 110 Ma below the Asian plate produced vast amount of Andean-type calc-alkaline magmatism forming the Ladakh Batholith and Dras arc. The spectacular field features of Ladakh Batholith demonstrate tectono-magmatic processes as modern analogue of the older Neoarchaean and Proterozoic orogens.

Geo-tourism spots: The captivating landscape of Trans-Himalayas and monasteries etc.

48. NR010: Ladakh- an archive for Quaternary landscape, climate and neotectonics

This post- IGC trip starts and ends at New Delhi;

Participants: 25 max; Duration: 7 days;

Trip coordinator/s: Binita Phartiyal and Pradeep Srivastava

Trip overview: This excursion is designed to showcase the landscape of Trans Himalayas (Ladakh) that formed in response of the suture zone tectonics and cold and arid Tran Himalayan climate. Ladakh, offers a rich platform for Quaternary palaeoclimatic studies and is a tectonically active zone between the Indus Suture Zone and the Karakoram Thrust having voluminous Quaternary deposits of glacial, lacustrine, fluvial and aeolian origin. The excursion will present a platform to discuss arid zone geomorphology, processes, riverine landscape, archive of paleoclimate in form of modern and paleolakes, sand ramps and glacial moraines that have been attempted for various dating techniques.

Geo-tourism spots: Entire stretch offers geotourism with its lunar/martian topography, barren mountains, highest passes, highest motorable roads, suture zone, batholiths exposures, lakes and palaeolakes and rock art. Several monasteries and gompas are a major attraction and treat to the eyes etc.

49. NR011: Siwalik vertebrates and Siwalik Fossil Park, Saketi (Himachal Pradesh)

This pre IGC trip starts and end at New Delhi;

Participants: 20 max.; Duration: 2 days;

Trip coordinator/s: V. P. Mishra and R. S. Chandel

Trip overview: The Siwalik rocks embody in the form of fossils, the varied flora and fauna that thrived during the middle Miocene to Early Pleistocene. The vertebrate fossil rich Markanda valley can be examined for the whole package of rocks from Lower Siwalik subgroup (Nahan Formation) to Upper Siwalik subgroup (Kalar Formation =Lower Bouder Conglomerate). Siwalik Fossil park at Saketi displays around 300 fossil vertebrate specimens in the museum (a catalogue has been published by Geological Survey of India in 2013).

Geo-tourism spots: Siwalik Fossil Park, Saketi, dist. Sirmaur H.P; Dinosaur museum & Rock Garden, Chandigarh; Pinjore Gardens, Pinjor (Haryana) etc.

50. NR012: Field Workshop on Vindhyan Supergroup

This pre IGC trip starts at Varanasi and ends at the Khajuraho.;

Participants: 30 max.; Duration: 9 days ;

Trip coordinator/s: Mukund Sharma

Trip overview: The Vindhyans of the Son Valley are the most interesting geological succession for discussing the global stratigraphic and palaeobiological riddles. The field workshop would cover the entire succession of the Vindhyan Supergroup from the base to the top. In depth studies are published and it is also logistically easily accessible. Important aspects of geological interest include Palaeoproterozoic phosphatic stromatolites of Chitrakoot area, thick porcellanite Formation, spirally coiled algal fossils Grypania, and advanced carbonaceous remains of Bhander Group.

Geo-tourism spots: Chitrakoot, Khajuraho etc.

51. NR013: Paleoseismology along the Foothill Zone of Central Himalaya, Uttarakhand, India

This pre-IGC trip starts and ends at New Delhi ;

Participants: 15 max.; Duration: 5 days;

Trip coordinator/s: R. Jayangonda Perumal and Javed N. Malik

Trip overview: The selected sites showcase excellent examples of active faults and associated landforms marked by lateral-propagation of fault-and-related folding, lateral shifting of rivers – revealed by remnants of paleo-wind gaps. Excavated trenches across active faults will demonstrate the signatures of paleoseismic events along HFT and MBT. Visit to abandon Geo-archaeological site along HFT.

Geo-tourism spots: Geo-Archaeological site etc.

52. NR015: Unravelling the Quaternary mystic of Great Ganga Canvas-A myopic overview along Dehradun-Gangotri-Chamoli transect, India

This post- IGC trip starts and ends at New Delhi;

Participants: 15 max.; Duration: 7 days ;

Trip coordinator/s: Sanjib Kumar Kar and Surendra Prasad

Trip overview: Quaternary successions in the Ganga valley in India depicts a geological response to Himalayan uplift and concomitant neotectonic pulsation, climatic variations, effect of sea level changes and volcanism. The Quaternary sediments unconformably overlie the pre-Quaternary rocks of Central Crystalline Group, Tethyan (Sedimentary) Group and Garhwal Group of rocks. On the basis of various sedimentological parameters, the Quaternary sediments of the area have been classified into glacial, glacio-fluvial, peri-glacial and fluvial sediments including the lacustrine deposits. These field study modules shall open a new vista for correlation of Quaternary Sediments across the globe in response to Quaternary polarity reversal, neotectonic adjustment, volcanism and broad climatic fluctuations.

Geo-tourism spots: Sarnath Archaeological site, cultural activities along Ganga and its tributaries etc.

53. NR016: Outer to Central Himachal Himalaya Transact – Sedimentary and Tectonic Story Unfolded.

This post- IGC trip starts and ends at Chandigarh;

Participants: 30 max.; Duration: 5 Days;

Trip coordinator/s: O.N. Bhargava and S.K. Tangri

Trip overview: The Himachal Himalaya is one of the best worked out stretches encompassing sequences ranging in age from Palaeoproterozoic to Quaternary that include (i) Type Sections of several formations exposed in the Outer and Lesser Himalaya, (ii) Full succession of the Himalayan Foreland Basin covering the Thanetian to Pleistocene interval, (iii) excellent exposures of fossiliferous horizons of the Siwalik Supergroup and the Sirmur Group, and (iv) autochthonous, parautochthonous and allochthonous tectonic belts and klippe and windows in the Lesser Himalaya. The proposed transact unfolds comprehensive geodynamic evolution of the Outer and the Lesser Himalaya catering to stratigraphers, sedimentologists, palaeontologists, geomorphologist, structural and metamorphic geologists and also to those interested in Neotectonics.

Geo-tourism spots: Scandal Point at Shimla Ridge (a water divide between Ganga and Indus Rivers, Satluj Gorge and Bhimakali heritage Temple etc.

54. NR017: Cryospheric (Glaciological) and Cultural Field Trip to Ladakh

This post- IGC trip starts and ends at New Delhi;

Participants: 25 max.; Duration: 7 days;

Trip coordinator/s: A. L. Ramanathan and Md. Shoaib

Trip overview: Stok village in northern part of Zanskar Range, in the downstream of Stok Glacier will be visited. The Stok village catchment (52km2) has 7 smaller glaciers ranging between 0.2-1.2 sq km. The Stok catchment under Hemis National Park is attractive place for the researchers and climbers for understanding cryospheric processes and is a hub for Snow Leopards, Himalayan Blue Sheep, Mormot and several bird species. The elevation at the trekking point is roughly around 3700m asl and the highest point (Stok glacier) lies at about 5400m asl.

Geo-tourism spots: Glaciological and geological landscapes, Stok Summit and Paleo-glaciation etc.

55. NR018: The Chenab Arch Bridge: Engineering Marvel

This pre- IGC trip starts and ends at New Delhi;

Participants: 20 max.; Duration: 2 Days;

Trip coordinator/s: K. S. Rao

Trip overview: The Indian Railways is building the world’s highest arch railway bridge over the Chenab River in the northern Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. The 1315 m long and 359m high bridge will be taller than the Eifel Tower (324 m). The Chenab Bridge forms a crucial link in the 111-km stretch between Katra and Banihal in Kashmir Himalayas. The railway alignment passes through the Siwaliks and pre-Tertiary rocks overlain by unconsolidated sediments of recent to sub-recent periods. The construction of Chenab Bridge involves modern technology to make it ‘blast proof’ and is being built to withstand earthquakes. Said to be an engineering marvel, the Chenab railway bridge will be ready by 2020!

Geo-tourism spots: The picturesque geomorphological views of lesser and sub-Himalayas etc.

56. NR019: Field Trip to Natural Stones and Architectural Heritage Sites of Northern and Western India.

This post- IGC trip starts and ends at New Delhi;

Participants: 30 max.; Duration: 3 days;

Trip coordinator/s: Fareeduddin and Gurmeet Kaur

Trip overview: This trip showcases two main natural stones used since antiquity for construction of most outstanding heritage structures. These are (i) Makrana marble of the Delhi Supergroup and (ii) Red Sandstone of the Vindhyan Supergroup. The Ras Formation of Kumbhalgarh Group of the Delhi Supergroup (1700 - 1000 Ma) hosts Makrana marble. The Bhander Group sandstone of the Proterozoic Upper Vindhyan has commonly been used as dimension stone. The Field trip would adopt the professed aims of Heritage Stone Sub-commission (HSS) of the IUGS to study the above architectural splendours from heritage angle.

Geo-tourism spots: Taj Mahal (one of the seven wonders of the world), Agra Fort, Buland Darwaza, Fatehpur Sikri, Vindhyan sandstones in Dholpur etc.

57. CR001: A Magnificent Trail to Gondwana Geology, Nature and Heritage: Satpura Basin of Central India

This pre-IGC trip starts from Nagpur and ends at Bhopal;

Participants: 20 max.; Duration: 5 days;

Trip coordinator/s: V. V. Mugal and R. G. Khangar

Trip overview: The Satpura Basin in Central India is unique among all the Indian Gondwana basins by having the longest range of stratigraphic record spanning from Upper Carboniferous to Cretaceous. It is the westernmost Gondwana basin that is located over the Central Indian Tectonic Zone (CITZ) and forms an ENE–WSW trending linear tract between Son–Narmada North Fault in the north and Central Indian Shear Zone in the south. The basin is approximately 200km long and 60km wide and is believed to be originated as pull-apart basin due to extension related to strike-slip movement along Son-Narmada Lineament.

Geo-tourism spots: Bhimbetka world heritage site, Bhojpur heritage site and Sanchi Buddhist Stupa etc.

58. CR003: Monogenic Alkaline Lava Flow Fields in Deccan Traps- Kachchh & Saurashtra

This pre-IGC trip starts at Bhuj and ends at Ahmadabad Airport ;

Participants: 25 max.; Duration: 6 days;

Trip coordinator/s: Raymond A Duraiswami and Nitin R. Karmalkar

Trip overview: The Kachchh-Saurashtra in western India is an important and distinctive sub-province of the Deccan Volcanic Province. It exposes monogenetic volcanic cones that host mantle xenoliths, acidic igneous complexes and tholeiitic dykes, sills and lava flows. The area is of interest to Earth scientists working in diverse fields like mantle petrology, physical volcanology, geochemical evolution of CFBs, K-Pg mass-extinctions, etc.

Geo-tourism spots: Great Rann of Kutch, Lothal – Indus Valley Civilization port, Aaina Mahal and Bhujia Fort etc.

59. CR004: Sculptures in Deccan Basalt: Impact Crater to Rock-Cut Caves

This post- IGC trip starts and ends at Aurangabad;

Participants: 30 max.; Duration: 6 days;

Trip coordinator/s: Bibhas Sen

Trip overview: Lonar Crater is the best preserved terrestrial impact crater in basalt. It provides unique opportunities for comparison with craters in lunar maria and Mars. Rock cut caves of Ajanta and Ellora are the world heritage sites carved in the pahoehoe lava flows of the Deccan Volcanic Province.

Geo-tourism Spots: Rock cut caves of Ajanta and Ellora, Daulatabad, Temple Ruins in Lonar and Bibi ka maqbara (tomb) etc.

60. CR005: Deccan Volcanic Province: Characters and Landscapes

This post- IGC trip starts and at Pune and ends at Pune/ Mumbai;

Participants: 30 max.; Duration: 7 days;

Trip coordinator/s: Makarand S. Bodas and R Duraiswami

Trip overview: The field traverse is in western part of the Deccan Volcanic Province (DVP). It transects the Main Deccan Plateau, Western Ghat Escarpment zone and the Konkan tract. It provides a chance to observe all the essential components of DVP viz. lava flows, lava channel/ tube, dykes and spectacular landscapes carved out of this stunning lava pile.

Geo-tourism Spots: Hill as well as island forts of Maratha kingdom and an ancient temple etc.

61. CR006: Crustal Evolution and VMS Metallogeny in the Proterozoic Betul Belt, Central India

This post- IGC trip starts at Nagpur and ends at Bhopal;

Participants: 20 max.; Duration: 4 days;

Trip coordinator/s: M. L. Dora

Trip overview: The Betul Belt (BB) is an important component of the Central Indian Tectonic Zone and forms a conspicuous litho-tectonic unit that is interpreted as island arc set up. The maximum and minimum age limits for the Betul supracrustal rocks are 1550±50 and 850±15 Ma (Rb-Sr) respectively. The felsic volcanic rocks within the bimodal volcanic sequence in BB host strata bound Volcanogenic Massive Sulphide deposits (VMS) of Zn-Cu type and Zn-Pb-Cu type.

Geo-tourism spots: Bhimbetka Caves and Sanchi Stupa - world heritage sites etc.


62. INTNP003: The Kathmandu Transect across the Middle of the Himalaya: Ancient to Active Tectonics

This post-IGC trip starts and ends at Kathmandu;

Participants: 20 Max.; Duration: 6 days;

Trip coordinators: Bishal Nath Upreti and Alexander Webb

Trip overview: The excursion will cover the classic Himalayan geology of the Kathmandu region - Main Frontal Thrust; Intra Siwalik thrusts and Foreland Basin sediments (Siwaliks); the Main Boundary Thrust and Lesser Himalayan sediments; the Ulleri augen gneiss; multiple exposures of the Main Central Thrust system from south to north including the Mahabharat Thrust and permutations of the MCT ‘zone;’ the Greater Himalayan Crystalline rocks; and the Kathmandu Nappe. Further, the epicentral region of the devastating 2015 Gorkha Earthquake, and the progress and challenges of geological / civil engineering in this area will be showcased;

Geo-tourism spots: Nawakot and Langtang earthquake damage zones, view of High Himalaya in Langtang and Kakani, cultural sites of Kathmandu etc.

63. INTNP004: Greater Himalayan Cross-section: The Everest Area, Eastern Nepal

This post-IGC trip starts and ends at Kathmandu;

Participants: 15 max.; Duration: 11 days;

Trip coordinators: Ananta Prasad Gajurel and Mary Hubbard

Trip overview: The Everest Region of eastern Nepal includes a complete section of the Greater Himalaya, the metamorphic core of the range, and it includes examples of classic Himalayan leucogranites plus a suite of Quaternary to modern features including glacial valleys, moraines, lake deposits, and recent landslides.

Geo-tourism spots: Sagarmatha National Park, Namche Gompa, Phortse, Gompa, Gokyo Tsho Mt. Everest etc.

64. INTNP005: A Full Cross section of the Dynamic Himalaya in Central Nepal

This post-IGC trip starts at Lumbini, and ends at Kathmandu;

Participants: 30 max.; Duration: 9 days;

Trip coordinators: Lalu Paudel, Khum Narayan Paudayal and Jörn H. Kruhl

Trip overview: The Lumbini-Pokhara-Muktinath transect is ideal for studying and understanding the structure and evolution of the Himalaya. Complete exposures of the Paleozoic-Mesozoic succession of Tethys sediments are present in the Kali Gandaki River section for examining deformation, magmatism, metamorphism and exhumation caused before and after India-Asia collision.

Geo-tourism spots: Kali Gandaki Valley, Caves at Pokhara, Lumbini (birth place of Lord Buddha), Siddhab Baba temple at Butwal, Tal Barahi Temple at Pokhara, World Peace Pagoda at Pokhara, Muktinath Temple, ancient Monastries at Kagbeni, Muktinath etc.

65. INTNP006: Transboundary Geotraverse from Nainital-Almora- Dharchula in India to Darchula-Dadeldhura- Dhangadhi in Nepal

This post-IGC trip begins from Kathgodam in India and ends at Dhangadhi, Nepal;

Participants: 20 max.; Duration: 6 days;

Trip coordinators: Megh Raj Dhital and Chandra Sekhar Dubey

Trip overview: The field excursion will be an opportunity to compare geology from both parts of India and Nepal. The excursion will feature the Siwalik, Lesser Himalayan and Higher Himalayan sequences in Nepal and India, including the Miocene strata in the inner belt, active faults, backthrusts, and overturned strata containing columnar stromatolites. Paleozoic granites, augen gneisses, and amphibolites, radioactive mineralization, talc, dolomite and other economic mineralization sites will also be visited.

Geo-tourism spots: Nainital, Almora, Khalanga, Dharchula, Mahakali River, Baitadi Dadeldhura etc.

66. INTNP008: Neotectonics of the Himalayan Active Mega Thrust: Main Frontal Thrust (MFT) from Butwal to Koshi River

This post-IGC trip starts at Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and ends at Butwal;

Participants: 20 max.; Duration: 05 days;

Trip coordinators: Soma Nath Sapkota and Paul Tapponnier

Trip overview: The geologic evidence of devastating earthquakes (i.e. rupture of the great 1934 earthquake) will be shown. Spectacular and self-explanatory natural exposures with clear evidence of recent movement of the MFT are available. Key paleoseismological sites that have helped define the Holocene earthquake history of the Nepal Himalaya over the past 30 years will be visited.

Geo-tourism spots: Chitwan National Park, Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and Lumbini (birth place of Gautam Buddha), Kathmandu etc.

67. INTNP014: Hydrogeological Transect from Indo-Gangetic Plain to Lesser Himalaya in Nepal Himalaya

This post-IGC trip starts and ends at Nepal-India border (Nawalparasi and Bhairahawa);

Participants: 20 max.; Duration: 7 days;

Trip coordinators: Dinesh Pathak and Gangula Krishna Rao

Trip overview: The diversity of groundwater occurrence, utilization condition, and problems related to different geological and physiographic set up, hydrogeology from plain to mountainous area etc. shall be showcased. The journey shall be across the major geological structure like MFT and MBT.

Geo-tourism spots: Chitawan National Park, Lumbini-birth place of Gautam Buddha, Ramapithecus Park at Dobhan, Palpa, Tansen- the ancient town, Pokhara etc.


68. INTBG001: Environmental Geology and Delta-Building Processes at the Mangrove Forest (Sundarbans)

This pre-IGC trip starts and ends at Sundarbans (along Delhi-Dhaka-Jessore route);

Participants: 90 max.; Duration: 4-5 days;

Trip coordinator: Director General, Geological Survey of Bangladesh

Trip overview: The Sundarbans is a vast mangrove forest in the coastal region in and around the delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers at the Bay of Bengal. It was recognised in 1997 as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Located at the south western part of Bangladesh, it is a cluster of islands with an approximate area of 3600 sq. km. forming the largest block of littoral forests with diversified assemblage of flora and fauna. Geoscientists will get the opportunity to experience active delta building processes, its complex network of tidal waterways, mudflats and small islands of salt-tolerant mangrove forests that presents an excellent example of ongoing ecological processes.

Geo-tourism spots: Sunderbans - a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the habitat of the Royal Bengal tiger.

69. INTBG002: Environmental & Quaternary Geology with Coral Island (St. Martin’s Island) Cox’s Bazar - St. Martin’s Island

This pre-IGC trip starts and ends in and around the Cox’s Bazar;

Participants: 100 max.; Duration: 4-5 days;

Trip coordinator: Director General, Geological Survey of Bangladesh

Trip overview: Cox’s Bazar is sandy beach with an unbroken length of 155 km making it the longest natural sea beach in the world. The sand at Cox’s Bazar beach and surrounding areas is rich in heavy-metal mineral content. St. Martin’s Island is a small island in the northeast part of the Bay of Bengal, about 9 km south of the tip of the Cox’s Bazar-Teknaf Peninsula. It is the only coral island in Bangladesh.

Geo-tourism spots: Himchari, Inanai, Maheshkhali etc.

70. INTBG003: Geological Exposure of Bangladesh (Sylhet)

This pre-IGC trip starts and ends at Sylhet (Delhi-Dhaka-Sylhet route)

Participants: 100 max.; Duration: 5 days;

Trip coordinator: Director General, Geological Survey of Bangladesh

Trip overview: Sylhet, located in the northeastern region of Bangladesh has a complex having diverse sacrificial geomorphology; high topography of Plio-Miocene age such as Khasi and Jaintia hills and small hillocks along the border. At the centre there is a vast low lying flood plain of recent origin with saucer shaped depressions, locally called Haors. Sari River section presents an excellent geological section for the Neogene (Mio-Pliocene) sequence in northeastern Bangladesh.

Geo-tourism spots: Jaflong, Sari river, Madhablunda etc.


71. INTSL001: Geology of the High-Grade Proterozoic Terrains of Sri Lanka

This post-IGC trip starts and ends at Colombo

Participants: 15 max.; Duration: 5 days;

Trip coordinators: L.R.K. Perera and Sanjeeva Malaviarachchi

Trip overview: Sri Lanka, the ‘pendant’ of Gondwana, is a collage of distinct crustal blocks that preserve important records of major Neoproterozoic tectonothermal events. The geology of Sri Lanka provides important insights into continental growth in the Neoproterozoic Earth. Tectonics of Sri Lanka has also been in focus in relation to the history of the assembly of supercontinents, particularly because of its central position within the India-Madagascar-Africa-East Antarctica collage of the late Neoproterozoic Gondwana supercontinent. Due to similarities of lithologies, geochronology of the rock in the Lützow- Holm Complex (LHC) of East Antarctica and the Highland Complex (HC) of Sri Lanka, several workers have considered that LHC as an extension of the HC of Sri Lanka. Hence speculation on the East Antarctic Geology may be done standing on Sri Lankan basement.

Geo-tourism spots: Dambulla Cave Temple, Wahawa Hotwater Spring and Dolerite dykes, Arrested charnockite around Kurunegala, Temple of Tooth etc.