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The Science Program of the 36th IGC comprises 266 Symposia under 44 Themes. The details of such symposia with their summary can be viewed below. The call for abstracts is based on this program. The schedule will be finalised after all the abstracts are received.

The symposium / session proposals received, and expected to be received from National and International Scientific organisations/fora are placed under a special theme (Theme 45). This excludes symposia already incorporated in the relevant science themes. The submission of abstracts under Theme 45 is only through normal system of abstract submission of 36 th IGC but presentations under Theme 45 is only by invitation of the respective conveners of the organisations.

The entire Science Program will be open to all delegates with full IGC registration. All Symposia in the Scientific Program are expected to include both oral and e-poster presentations. Participants will be permitted to deliver only one oral presentation in the program, but they may co-author multiple oral presentations and may make multiple poster presentations. Invited keynote speakers and presenters in IUGS-related symposia under Theme 45 may deliver a second oral paper in the science program. The official language of the Congress will be English; translation services will not be provided. Any questions or requests for further information should be addressed to the Communicating Theme Coordinators or Symposium Conveners, whose email addresses are listed in the program, with intimation to the Convener, Science Program.

The maximum word limit of abstract is 250 words without any illustrations, table and references and the last date for submission of Abstracts is 31st August, 2019.





Theme 1: Geoscience for Society

Geoscience for Society


R. Shankar  (India),
Anish K. Warrier  (India),
Chris King  (UK)

1.1 Geoscience Education
Roberto Greco (Brazil), Chris King (UK)

Roberto Greco, a Professor at the University of Campinas (Brazil), lectures on introductory teaching of geoscience for geology and geography students and a teaching on Geoscience Education for future geography teachers. Since 2018, he is Chair, of the International Geoscience Education Organization (IGEO). He leads the Geoscience and Society research group that carries out research in education and the communication of geoscience.

Chris King is Chair of the International Union of Geological Sciences Commission on Geoscience Education (IUGS-COGE), Chair of the Education Committee of the European Geosciences Union (EGU) and Senior Officer of the International Geoscience Education Organisation (IGEO).

The focus of this symposium focuses on the processes that lead to better geoscience education.

The exponential increase of human population along with the dominant economical models and the technological applications of new scientific research are throwing up challenges that are new in human history.

The impacts of Homo sapiens on planet Earth are increasingly devastating.  Land occupation, mining, chemicals used in agriculture, pollution of air and waters are just some of the issues that are of concern for the future of our species. In daily life we are vulnerable to natural and human-induced disasters on a large scale so that people need to know how to mitigate, be resilient and adapt themselves.

It is urgent for politicians, business leaders, general stakeholders and citizens in general to give a serious thought to the grim situation that we face today. We need a new generation that looks at global issues with the systemic perspective of Earth System Science. Future generations must take into consideration the cycles and feedback processes that happen on planet Earth, the influence of the Solar system and the Universe through timespans and perspectives from historical to geological. Future generations should link the new advances in science in response to human needs in ethical ways.

Geoscience education is an interdisciplinary field of research that is devoted to studies of the processes that will lead to a better educated student community and an earth science-literate public. In this sub-theme we expect contributions from the new frontiers of research.

We expect to have following sessions under this symposium i) Geoscience education at school level, ii) Geoscience education in Higher Education, iii) Communicating geoscience to the public, iv) Technology in geoscience education, etc.

Keywords: Teacher training; geoscience education; environmental education; school teaching; primary and secondary

1.2 Geoscience Communication and Outreach
Iain Stewart (UK), Kirsten v. Elverfeldt (Austria), Eduardo de Mulder (The Netherlands), Courtney Jermyn (The Netherlands)

Iain Stewart is Professor of Geoscience Communication at the University of Plymouth, Director of its Sustainable Earth Institute and holds an UNESCO Chair in Geoscience and Society. He is an Executive Editor of the European Geosciences Union journal, Geoscience Communication.

Kirsten von Elverfeldt is associate professor at the Department of Geography and Regional Studies at the Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt (Austria). Her research interests are theoretical geomorphology, system theory and self-organization in the context of global environmental change. She is a spokeswoman of the Austrian Research Association on Geomorphology and Environmental Change, board member of the Austrian Geographical Association, and an Executive Editor of the European Geosciences Union journal, Geoscience Communication.

Eduardo de Mulder is an emeritus professor of Delft Technical University with a wide international network in the geosciences. Among others has been the President of the International Union of Geological Sciences (2000-2004), the Initiator and Executive Director of the UN proclaimed International Year of Planet Earth (2007-2010), and the Director of the Earth Science Matters Foundation (2011-2017).

Courtney Jermyn is the Director of the Earth Science Matters Foundation and a Senior Consultant at Sweco. She has over 14 years of employment experience in the geosciences, working in multidisciplinary and multinational teams on geotechnical and geological projects throughout the world.

As part of the broader vision of "geoscience for society", Earth scientists are increasingly expected to convey what they do and what they know to politicians and public. For this reason, there is a need for the Earth science community to be far more effective in engaging with issues of popular and political concern. Thus, in a time of “fake news” and a heightened public scrutiny and scepticism of science, the geosciences need fresh strategies of engagement. Those strategies require considerations of both the intended audience and the appropriate narrative framing, which in turn requires a framework for interdisciplinary research. In creating this interdisciplinary framework, it is vital to consider the role of issues such as transparency, ethics and diversity, not just as boxes to be ticked, but as essential elements in innovative and insightful communication.

This symposium invites contributions from those actively working on societal aspects of Earth science - climate change, natural disasters, geo-energy and geo-resources, engineering and environmental geology, and urban geoscience - to explore the challenges and opportunities of working at the public / geoscience interface and help establish an inclusive and effective communication of the science of our planet.

It also explores outreach activities at a national and international level, and the legacy of the IYPE. Outreach initiatives at national and international levels are critical for increasing awareness of the importance of geosciences in achieving a sustainable future for society.

Another goal of this symposium is to explore the use of Geoscience expression to create impact, awareness, and understanding of the Earth’s processes and history. Through art expression, story-telling and data integration, this symposium hopes to create an inspiring platform that showcases innovative methods of communicating geoscience to society.

Possible Sessions under this Symposium could be i) Communicating Geoscience for Society, ii) Geoscience outreach at national and international levels; and the IYPE legacy, iii) Bridging the Generation Gap - Transferring Geoscience knowledge across Senior and Young professionals, iv) Earth Science Through Art - Communicating through creative expression, v) Culture Geology.

Keywords: Effective Earth Science communication, Outreach, National / international levels, Public awareness, Creative expression

1.3 Geodiversity, Geoheritage and Geoconservation
José Brilha (Portugal), Benjamin van Wyk de Vries (France), Denise Gorfinkiel (Uruguay), Károly Németh (New Zealand), Kyung-Sik Woo (S. Korea), Nickolas Zouros (Greece), Pushpendra Singh Ranawat (India)

José Brilha is a Geologist and Full Professor at the University of Minho (Portugal); Member of the UNESCO Global Geopark Evaluation Team; Member of the IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas and its Geoheritage Specialist Group; Coordinator of the “Working Group Geoheritage Assessment” of the IUGS's International Commission on Geoheritage; Develops applied research on geodiversity, geoconservation, and Geoparks. Past positions held as Founder and Editor-in-Chief of the journal Geoheritage (Springer); President of ProGEO (The European Association for the Conservation of the Geological Heritage); Member of the Geoheritage Task Group of IUGS; Member of the Advisory Group of the Global Geoparks Network-UNESCO; Visiting Researcher at the Univ. of São Paulo (Brazil)

Dr. P. S. Ranawat has been working on mineral resources and their applied aspect during his service period:1971-2007 (details at and After his superannuation in 2007, he has been promoting Geoheritage awareness amongst the general public mainly through Facebook, WhatsApp shares and through the newspapers.

This symposium invites discussions on: A. Geodiversity in territorial planning and ecosystem services; B. Management and protection of Geoheritage; C. UNESCO Global Geoparks: best practices and challenges; D. Geotourism, education and public dissemination of Geoheritage; and E. Geoheritage and mining heritage. Special attention will be given to the discussion of relevant case studies that can be applied around the world, promoting the replication of good practices. The effective demonstration of the link between the above topics and the UN Sustainable Development Goals is particularly welcome.

Keywords: Geosite; Geopark; Nature Conservation; Geotourism

1.4 Natural Stones and Architectural Heritage
Fareeduddin (India), Gurmeet Kaur (India), Dolores Periera (Spain)

Dr. Fareeduddin has worked extensively on Precambrian Terrains of western and southern India with fundamental contributions to stratigraphy, metallogeny and alkali-ultramafic magmatism.

Dr. Gurmeet Kaur has worked on granitoids of western India; kimberlites and lamproites of southern India and on Heritage Stones.

Prof. Dolores Periera has worked extensively on the Heritage Stones of the world and as the Secretary General of the IUGS Sub commission on Heritage Stones. She is proactive in creating awareness of Heritage and the importance of the stones through time

Natural stones are the main material used in architectonic heritage. The session deals with natural stone types that have achieved important use and have been accorded significant recognition in human culture. The initiative through this sub-theme is to bring out the global heritage stone resource to the fore and to highlight its relevance. Its recognition will kindle public and policy-maker interest in stone-built heritage, encourage the use of local natural stone and ensure its availability for the maintenance of built-heritage and the quality of new buildings. This sub-theme is promoted by the newly recognized Heritage Stone Sub-commission (HSS), an IUGS Subcommission within the International Commission on Geoheritage (ICG). It encourages contributions on the proposed thematic issue: natural stones and heritage and their potential application and information on possible stones from all over the world. Contributions are also welcome on the importance of using original natural stones in the restoration and conservation of historical buildings, and other issues associated with natural stones and geoheritage, such as historical quarries and quarry landscape.

Keywords: Heritage Stone Resource, Architectonic Heritage, Cultures, Quarries, Uses

1.5 Geosciences, Art and Heritage
José Sellés-Martínez (Argentina), Tom Heldal (Norway), Mónica Álvarez del Buergo Ballester (Spain)

José Sellés-Martínez is a PhD in Geology, specialized in Structural Geology, and active in formal and non-formal education and outreach. Member of IGEO, AGA, AEPECT, etc. Was awarded the J. J. Nágera medal by the AGA for his contribution to the popularization of geological knowledge.

An intense and lasting relationship between Geosciences and Art predates the oldest stone-made works of art (like de Venus of Willendorf, the paintings in Lascaux Caves or the monuments in GobekliTepe). This Symposium aims to bring together geoscientists, art restorers, curators and also artists through their links to, and professional interest in, minerals and rocks in particular, and Geosciences in general. This will enable them to present, share and discuss their findings, products and proposals.

The interaction between Art and Geosciences is, at present, developing new facets and paths that include: a) Recognition, description and identification of geomaterials (natural and human-made), b) Assessment for their preservation and restoration, c) Use of geoscientific tools in the area or rural and urban archaeology (like remote sensing, geo radar and archaeomagnetism), d) Identification of quarries of building rocks in order to replace missing pieces, e) Identification of rock types and quarries to assess possible forgeries, and f) Need to identify the mineral composition of pigments to establish their epoch of production and provenance to help Art historians.

Meanwhile, artists and architects make use of geomaterials in new and different ways, not only as material with which to work but also include local geology and landscape as part of the work of art. This not only creates new links between geoscientists and artists but also opens new areas of interaction such as how these works of art will be conserved (or transformed by natural processes) with time.

Finally, Geosciences, Art and Heritage are just different and partial approaches to a more complex world and can be linked together to produce new and more effective ways of teaching and learning that cannot be dismissed if the need to have informed, cultivated and judicious citizens is recognized.

Keywords: Art, Geoscience, Education, Conservation, Restoration

1.6 The History of Geology and the Dissemination of Geological Knowledge
Barry Cooper (Australia), Marianne Klemun (Austria)

Barry Cooper is a Geologist, Historian, Heritage Stone specialist

Marianne Klemun is a Historian of Science and specifically Geology

This symposium will cater for a wide range of contributions dealing with the history of geology. Abstracts are invited on i) Dissemination of geological knowledge including networking, collecting, accumulating and printing; ii) Evolution of handbooks and textbooks; iii) Legacy of a continent in contributing to the history of geology; iv) Development of geological concepts; v) History of mining or mineralogy; vi) Understanding fossils and stratigraphy; vii) Understanding of landscapes; viii) Understanding of volcanoes and earthquakes and ix) Relevance of historical understanding in geology.

Keywords: History of geology, textbooks, knowledge dissemination, Indian subcontinent, developing understanding

1.7 Geoethics: Ethical, Social and Cultural Aspects in Geosciences
Silvia Peppoloni (Italy), Nic Bilham (UK), Peter T. Bobrowsky (Canada), Martin Bohle (Belgium), Vincent S. Cronin (USA), Giuseppe Di Capua (Italy)

Silvia Peppoloni is a Research Geologist at the Italian Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology, IUGS Councilor, Secretary General and Founding Member of IAPG – International Association for Promoting Geoethics

Nic Bilham was Former Director of Policy and Communications and Head of Strategy and External Relations at Geological Society of London, IAPG Executive Committee member, Trustee of Geology for Global Development.

Peter T. Bobrowsky is Senior Engineering Geologist at the Geological Survey of Canada. Professor at the Simon Fraser University, President of the International Consortium on Landslides, former Secretary General of the IUGS.

Martin Bohle is the Advisor at Directorate General Research and Innovation of European Commission, member of IAPG Board of Experts, Research Scholar of Ronin Institute.

Vincent S. Cronin is Professor at Geosciences Department of Baylor University (Texas, USA), Co-Chair of IAPG-USA, Meritorious Service Award of Environmental and Engineering Geology Division of Geological Society of America.

Giuseppe Di Capua is a Research Geologist at the Italian Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology, IUGS Webmaster and Member of the IUGS Publications Committee, Treasurer and Founding Member of the IAPG.

All branches of geosciences have ethical, social and cultural implications. Geoethics aims to provide a common framework for these concerns, and to discuss on the appropriate behaviors and practices, wherever human activities interact with the Earth system.

All branches of geosciences have ethical, social and cultural implications. Geoethics aims to provide a common framework for these concerns, and to discuss on the appropriate behaviors and practices, wherever human activities interact with the Earth system. The spectrum of topics this symposium aims to deal with includes i) ethical and social problems related to management of land, coasts and open oceans; ii) socio-environmentally sustainable supplies of energy and geo-resources; iii) pollution and its impact, iv) resilience of society related to natural-anthropogenic hazards, and risk mitigation strategies, v) geoscience communication and education, vi) culture and value of geodiversity, geoheritage, geoparks viii) role of geosciences in socio-economic development regardless of countries' wealth while respecting cultures, traditions and local development paths, and in promoting peace, sustainable development and intercultural exchange. Acknowledging the role of Geoscientists at the service of society, this symposium, proposed by IAPG - International Association for Promoting Geoethics (, aims to develop ethical and social discussion on following topics, including case-studies: a) Geoethics in natural-anthropogenic risk management, b) Ethical aspects of geoscience education and communication, c) Geoethics for responsible use of geo-resources, d) Research integrity and professional deontology in geosciences, e) Geoethics in addressing global societal challenges.

Keywords: Geoethics, Geo-risks, Geo-resources, Geoeducation, Professionalism

1.8 Forensic Geology
Laurance Donnelly (UK), Biplob Chatterjee (India)

Dr. Laurance Donnelly BSc (Hons), PhD, CGeol, CSci, EurGeol, FGS, FGSA is a geologist with ~ 30 years of international experience in Mineral Exploration, Resources & Mining, Metals and Minerals, Engineering Geology, Geomorphology Geohazards and Forensic Geology. He is Chair of the IUGS Initiative on Forensic Geology (IFG).

Mr. Biplob Chatterjee has 30 years of experience in the geoscience industry, mostly in mineral exploration, including 18 years of leadership and management experience and 9 years in the Geological Survey of India (GSI). Carried out geological investigations in 23 states of India and 32 other countries.

Awareness of forensic geoscience has increased since the establishment of the IUGS Initiative on Forensic Geology (IFG) at UNESCO headquarters in Paris, France in 2011. This symposium will provide an opportunity for discussion on key issues in forensic geoscience including: (i) expert opinion and effective communication, (ii) assessing the strengths and limitations of geoscience data, (iii) trace evidence and sampling strategies, (iv) use of Geographic Information System (GIS) and Remote Sensing, (v) ground search strategies for burials, (vi) application of geoscience databases, (vii) accreditation and regulation in forensic geology, (viii) case studies dealing with sensitive human issues. ix) Application of Environmental Forensics in fingerprinting industrial effluents in the hydrological and hydrogeological systems, x) illegal and illicit mining, mineral and metal, and xv) mapping industrial pollution footprint.

Keywords: Forensic geology, forensic soil science, environmental forensics, mining, minerals and metals, fakes and fraud

1.9 Role of Medical Geology to Protect Human Health from Toxic and other Harmful Elements in the Environment (Proposed by AGID and SEGMITE)
Viqar Husain (Pakistan), Zafar Fatimi (Pakistan), S.D. Limaye (India)

Prof. Viqar Husain is Ex-Chairman Dept. of Geology, Univ. of Karachi & Visiting Faculty, FUUAST, Karachi. He is also Convener of SEGMITE &VP, AGID.

Prof. Zafar Fatmi is Head, Environmental & Occupational Health and Injuries Unit, Dept. of Community Health Sciences, AGA Khan University, Karachi.

Dr. S.D. Limaye is an internationally renowned Hydrogeologist. He is also Past President of AGID.

Medical geology is a fast-growing multidisciplinary science, which aims at identifying harmful elements like arsenic, fluoride and metals in physical and chemical environments causing serious diseases among people living mostly in developing countries. Thus, interaction and communication are needed to seek solutions to better protect human health from toxic and other harmful elements. Contamination of surface water, groundwater and air result in serious ailments among poor children and other marginalized sections of rural and urban population of developing countries. In particular, people in the deltaic and alluvial plains of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and many other countries are facing serious health problems because of consumption of unsafe surface and groundwater or vegetables grown using contaminated water. Participants are invited to present abstracts in this symposium to discuss geological and anthropogenic causes, mechanisms, impacts on human health and mitigation measures in the context of the afore-mentioned aspects.

Keywords: Geogenic elements, metals, chronic diseases, environment, health impacts

1.10 Geoparks, Geoheritage & Geo-Tourism in Low-Income Countries (Proposed by AGID)
Afia Akhtar (Bangladesh), Shahina Tariq (Pakistan)

Ms. Afia Akhtar is retired Director General of the Geological Survey of Bangladesh and Founder Member of IGEO.

Dr. Shahina Tariq has extensively travelled abroad in relation to her work at COMSATS University, where she is Associate Professor in the Department of Meteorology.

Geo-tourism, Geo-heritage and Geo-parks provide gateways to cultural appreciation, environmental awareness and economic support in rural areas. Geo-tourism is still at an early stage of commercial development in most of the low-income countries and needs promotion through Government departments, NGOs and international conferences such as the IGC. The establishment of the European Geo-Parks Network and the Global Geo-Parks Network are positive steps toward the preservation and presentation of geo-heritage or Geo-sites as a new tourist attraction. For the rural community they provide an opportunity of economic uplift by providing services to the tourists and working as tourist guides. Abstracts are invited in this symposium on innovative strategies for conservation of Geo-heritage in rural areas around the world for promotion of tourism.
Keywords: Culture, Preservation, Taking Geology to the Society

1.11 Earth Science and Society
Eduardo de Mulder (The Netherlands), Gbenga Okunlola (Nigeria), Marko Komac (Slovenia)

Dr. Eduardo de Mulder is an emeritus professor of Delft Technical University with a wide international network in the geosciences. Among others has been the President of the International Union of Geological Sciences (2000-2004), the Initiator and Executive Director of the UN proclaimed International Year of Planet Earth (2007-2010), and the Director of the Earth Science Matters Foundation (2011-2017).

Earth science has relevance to society and human life in a range of diverse ways. Geoscientists play a vital role in ensuring resources for humankind, environmental protection etc. We need an integrated approach to the exploration and extraction of georesources (metals, minerals, oil, natural gas, ground water etc.). Besides exploitation of these must be carried out keeping in mind the needs of the communities and environmental impacts. These activities must be carried out in tune with environment protection laws. Developmental activities should be environmentally sound and sustainable and importance should be given to protect and conserve our environment. Communication and dialogue with community and the public are important in all these endeavours. Exploring the subsurface is relevant and important in urban planning and other contexts.

Humankind has to deal with geohazards – both natural and human-induced. Efforts must be made to predict them if possible, minimise the damage to human life and property, and bring about awareness among people. Capacity building must also be given priority.

In all these endeavours, international co-operation is important as the goal for humanity is common. The role of women geoscientists in societal development and their problems and prospects in the present day context must be examined.

Contributions are invited on all aspects of geoscience (the examples given above are not exhaustive) that have a direct and important bearing on society.

Possible Sessions under this Symposium are i) Mining in populated regions – Contemporary and future challenges, ii) Sustainability and International Cooperation, iii) Geohazards: Creating Social Awareness, Preparedness and Capacity-building for mitigating Geohazards (A session proposed by AGID), iv) Geoscientists and Environmental Protection, v) Role of Women Geoscientist in Natural Resources Development (A session proposed by AGID), vi) The science and politics of developing Africa’s mineral resources, vii) What Lies Beneath - Integrating subsurface and surface geoinformation to make effective planning and development decisions now to ensure society is future ready.

Keywords: Societal development, geo-resources, environmental protection/ conservation, Geohazards, Communication practices, Women geoscientists

1.12 The roles of UNESCO, IGCP and IUGS in realizing the UN Sustainable Development Goals (Symposium proposed by UNESCO-IGCP-IUGS)
Ozlem Adiyaman Lopes (France), Edmund Nickless (UK)

Dr. Ozlem Adiyaman Lopes is UNESCO, International geoscience programme specialist. He works for the UNESCO Natural Sciences Sector and is responsible for the implementation of the international collaboration projects and global initiatives related to the International Geoscience and Geoparks Programme (IGGP).

Dr. Edmund Nickless is IUGS Councillor (2016/2020), Chair, New Activities Strategic Implementation Committee. He was the Executive Secretary of the Geological Society of London from 1997/2015. Previously he held senior positions in BGS, the Science and Technology Secretariat of the Cabinet Office & the Natural Environment Research Council.

It is proposed to hold a series of sub-Symposia/ Sessions, each of, say, six solicited presentations under this umbrella title to report on the work of UNESCO, IGC and IUGS, RESTORE - Researching Social Theories, Resources, and the Environment. Developing an advanced understanding of the Earth’s fundamental processes and resources is essential to fulfil the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The International Geoscience Programme (IGCP) is the oldest and most successful example of scientific cooperation between a non-governmental organization – the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) – and an intergovernmental organization – UNESCO. During almost 50 years, this programme has been the gateway to successful scientific careers in pioneering research for thousands of IGCP project scientists. Global society is facing critical decisions about how we use our planet and its resources. Our reliance on the Earth for water, energy and minerals significantly affects climate change, economic prosperity, environmental impact, and health and wellbeing. At current rates of consumption, and with a future reliant on technology, the range and volume of resources we use are constantly evolving. There is an urgent need for a wider discussion on how we will resource future generations in a socially sustainable way and without disadvantaging future generations: How do we as individuals value the discovery, extraction, use and disposal of resources? Do individuals understand the positive and negative consequences of using these resources? What is acceptable behavior and what is not – to whom, why and under what conditions? What are the implications of the uneven geographical distribution of Earth resources on local, regional and national communities? What ethical dilemmas play a role in the development of future resources? How should multinational companies in both the extractive and manufacturing sectors contribute to the debate? Under the UNESCO sub Symposium, we will hear about UNESCO’s earth sciences activities and work related to the SDGs and this sub Symposium will also include contribution o of past and present IGCP projects to the SDGs.
Keywords: IGCP, UN 2030 Sustainable development goals, geosciences and society

Theme 2: Hadean to Archaean Earth

Hadean to Archean Earth


M.E.A. Mondal  (India),
C. Manikyamba  (India),
Jaana Halla  (Finland)

2.1 Hadean to Archean Earth: Geological, Geochemical, Geochronological, Geophysical, and Numerical Perspectives
Martin Whitehouse (Sweden), Kristoffer Szilas (Denmark)

Prof. Martin Whitehouse is an expert in the field of applications of radiogenic and stable isotopes to understand the earliest evolution of the Earth-Moon system and the origin and nature of early crusts of the Earth.

Dr. Kristoffer Szilas works on the petrology and geochemistry of Archaean rocks.  His research aims at modelling in order to better constrain the early Earth Systems.

Comprehensive studies involving geological, geochemical, geochronological, geophysical, and numerical perspectives of the Hadean to Archean Earth will provide an opportunity to evaluate the (i) conditions that prevailed, (ii) the processes involved, and (iii) trace the evolution. Composition of the primordial continents on the Earth that is opined to be similar to that of lunar anorthositic crust. Earth's Hadean continents were believed to have been destroyed and deeply subducted through strong mantle convection. The primordial continents with upper felsic and lower mafic KREEP rocks are supposedly lost from the Earth's surface by 4.0 Ga and presumably collapsed by subduction erosion and sunk into deep mantle. The Primitive continent-lake-atmosphere system in Hadean set the cradle of prebiotitic life on the Earth. The symposia will address issues related to all above-mentioned aspects of this time period .

Keywords: Hadean, Archaean, crustal evolution, geodynamics, early Earth systems

2.2 Archaean Biosphere and Ecosystem
Mukund Sharma (India), Robert Riding (USA)

Mukund Sharma is interested in understanding the evolution of early life on the Earth. His endeavors are targeted on Archaean and Proterozoic rocks to find evidence of early life early diversification prokaryotic metabolisms, radiation of eukaryotic forms and large complex megascopic remains

Robert E. Riding is an expert on microbial carbonates in earth history. His research investigates how algal and bacterial carbonates reflect long-term changes in major factors such as atmospheric composition, climate, sea-level, and seawater chemistry. He has worked on stromatolites and the development of ‘oxygen oases’ in Archean marine carbonates.

The Archaean Eon was an interval of fundamental interdependent changes in the evolution of the lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and life. Key biosphere developments include early physical evidence for life, both microfossils and macrofossils, and for significant biogeochemical interactions involving microbial metabolisms, redox changes, and marine and atmospheric oxygenation. Physical and chemical signatures of the origins and early development of life, and of how life processes transformed marine, non-marine and terrestrial environments, are entombed in Archaean sediments. These questions attract researchers from diverse fields worldwide to collaborate in deciphering the chronology and implications of Archaean ecosystem development and its complex environmental context. This research, involving multiple proxies and a wide range of expertise, requires a unified approach to critically evaluate the evidence and gain integrated insights into its implications and significance. These changes during the Archaean set the scene for the evolution of life and earth surface environments for the remainder of Earth history, and provide a wide range of fertile and rapidly advancing areas for global research.

Keywords: Stromatolites, Microbial Mats, MISS, Microfossils, Early Ecosystem

2.3 Origin and evolution of the Crust-Mantle reservoirs during the Hadean to Archean.
Rajneesh Bhutani (India), J S Ray (India)

Rajneesh Bhutani utilizes the tools of isotopes and elemental chemistry to understand the evolution of crust-mantle system through geological time in different tectonic settings.
J S Ray is an isotope geochemist, who uses stable and radiogenic isotopes and trace elements to understand mantle processes and its chemical evolution through time since Hadean.

The unique TTG-greenstone rock association in the Archean terranes all over the globe warrants to invoke Solid-Earth processes which are different from the post-Archean period. The preserved rock-record of Archean period is built on the legacy of the Hadean crust-mantle system. However, this legacy can only be deciphered through the indirect elemental and isotopic evidences as the Hadean rock-record is not preserved. This calls for untangling of the record which is complicated due to the superimposition of the post-Archean geological processes.
Recent studies using the short-lived isotope-systems such as 146Sm-142Nd have suggested stagnant lid-mantle interaction during the early Earth history. The TTGs are also likely originated by melting of the hydrous basalts not related to the Plate- Tectonics. We also have evidences to indicate that the mantle was chemically not as homogenous during the early history of the Earth as was believed earlier.
It is, therefore, important to retrieve more information about the mantle-crust system during the Hadean-Archean to understand the underlying tectonic processes and also to understand the pathways that led to the formation of the modern crust-mantle reservoirs.

Keywords: Hadean, Archaean, crustal evolution, mantle geochemistry, radiogenic isotopes.

Theme 3: Proterozoic Earth

Proterozoic Earth


Partha Pratim Chakraborty  (India),
V. Ravikant  (India),
Abhijit Basu  (USA)

3.1 Proterozoic Orogenesis and Supercontinent Formation and Breakup
Elton Luiz Dantas (Brazil)

Elton Luiz dantas has worked on Tectono-magmatism and U-Pb and Sm-Nd geochronology.

This Symposium intends to focus on magmatometamorphic evolution of different types of Proterozoic orogenies that include continent-continent collision, Andean-type and Cordilleran-type accretionary orogens. The questions that this Symposium would invite and discuss would be related to Proterozoic hot orogenesis in contrast to Himalayan-style cold continent-collision.

Keywords: Proterozoic, Supercontinent, Orogenesis

3.2 Proterozoic Orogeny and Sedimentary Basins
Nick MW Roberts, (UK)

Nick MW Roberts has worked on Zircon geochronology, Monazite petrochronology and Supercontinent, Arc magmatism

Establishing the relation between orogeny and sedimentation is one of the most challenging endeavours in Proterozoic geology. Sedimentary successions involved in Paleoproterozoic orogenesis and undeformed successions span over the time-scale during the entire Boring Billion (1.78 to 0.85 Ga) are considered as most diverse and a storehouse of clues to Proterozoic evolution of oceans, atmosphere and life. The symposia will address conventional, recent and novel approaches towards high-precision geochronometry of Proterozoic sedimentary successions, developing novel geochronological methodologies and dating Proterozoic mineralization.

Keywords: Proterozoic, Orogeny, Sedimentary basin

3.3 Nuances of Sedimentation in Proterozoic Cratonic basins
Pradip K. Bose (India)

Prof. Pradip K. Bose has worked on Sequence analysis in Precambrian and effect of microbial mat on Proterozoic siliciclastic sedimentation.

Although similarities between depositional processes and products on basin-filling and evolution appear to have enjoyed great uniformity throughout the sedimentary rock record, a noticeable distinction exists in the rates and intensities of a broad range of geological processes in the Precambrian epoch. Periodic elevated global sea level, aggressive weathering regime at elevated temperature, humid paleoclimate and absence of land plant mark Proterozoic continental sedimentation. In shallow marine set up, biological mediation of chemical sedimentation dominated by microbial biota.
Also, a global stratigraphic database for the Proterozoic Eon will allow ready correlation of rock units and tectonic settings across the world’s cratons. The symposia willl strive to address all such issues of the Proterozoic Earth.

Keywords: Proterozoic, sedimentation, cratonic basins

3.4 Proterozoic Ocean; Chemistry and Oxygenation
Partha Pratim Chakraborty (India)

Partha Chakraborty is a Precambrian sedimentologist who has worked on Proterozoic ocean chemistry and oxygenation

The Proterozoic Eon marks the transition from an anoxic Archean to oxic Phanerozoic ocean –atmosphere system. Although oxygenation of deep ocean began at C. 1.8 Ga, recent studies on biomarkers of sulfur bacteria, molybdenum, sulfur and chromium isotope compositions of black shales, pyrites and ironstones strongly advocate that despite oxygenation of shallow ocean, the deep ocean remained largely in sulfidic-anoxic state throughout the Mesoproterozoic and parts of the Neoproterozoic period until the pO2approached near modern level after c. 1Ga. This symposium will explore various proxies of Proterozoic ocean chemistry and oxygenation and their validity in local/global scale.

Keywords: Proterozoic, Ocean, Oxygenation, Chemistry

3.5 Proterozoic atmosphere and Expressions of Life
Joydip Mukhopadhyay (India)

Starting from Great Oxidation Event (GOE), increase of oxygen pressure through the Proterozoic time remains a subject of discussion. It is believed that atmospheric oxygen levels rose twice in the Proterozoic Eon, between 2.47 and 2.32 Ga and after 0.8 Ga. The two billion years’ delay in build-up of oxygen pressure in the sea and air up to modern level is tied with life in cause-effect relation. Alternatively, views are also expressed that appearance and diversification of life may be linked with genetic and /or developmental innovation in the biosphere and independent of any environmental control. The symposium will explore all aspects of complex relationship between life and atmosphere/ hydrosphere oxidation.

Keywords: Proterozoic, atmosphere, Oxygenation, Life

3.6 Proterozoic Geodynamics and Subcontinental Lithosphere (SCLM) Evolution from Geochemical Evolution of Magmatism Over Time
Peng Peng (China)

Peng Peng has worked on SIMS U-Pb and Mafic dykes
The response to the high heat flow during Paleoproterozoic time had resulted in intraplate mafic magmatism manifested in emplacement of several continental-scale dyke swarms, large mafic-ultramafic layered complexes and alkaline ultramafic dykes and rocks of the carbonatite-kimberlite and lamprophyric clans. Although volumetrically low, the detailed study of their petrology, geochronology and geochemistry, and additionally from the entrained xenoliths of a wide petrologic range, has revealed a wealth of information on the nature and evolution of the Subcontinental Lithospheric Mantle (SCLM), which otherwise would have remained less known. This Symposium would focus on recent advances in our understanding the SCLM evolution and also bring together specific high quality geochemical and isotopic information on the host and xenoliths that would constrain older Archean-aged geodynamic events. Furthermore, several felsic granitoid rocks, termed as anorogenic types, have been recorded from cratons that would imply the role of mantle heating in theirgeneration. The study and documentation of these have provided clues to the existence paleo plumes and the attendant crust-mantle interaction.
Keywords: Proterozoic, geodynamics, magmatism, Lithosphere

Theme 4: Supercontinent Cycles and Geodynamics

Supercontinent Cycles and Geodynamics


M.K. Pandit  (India),
Tapan Pal  (India),
J.G. Meert  (USA)

4.1 Supercontinent Amalgamation, Breakup, and the Driving Forces (IGCP 648)
Zheng-Xiang Li (Australia), David Evans (USA), Shijie Zhong (USA), Bruce Eglington (Canada)

Prof. Li is a world leader in supercontinent and geodynamic research, including the reconstruction of supercontinents Nuna and Rodinia. A John Curtin Distinguished Professor and a Laureate Fellow.

Prof. Evans is a world leader in supercontinent and geodynamic research. Professor and Head of Berkeley College, Yale University.

Prof. Zhong is a world leader in 4D geodynamic modeling. Professor, University of Colorado Boulder, and an AGU Fellow.

Prof. Eglington is a world leader in database construction and management, and making data-rich global animations. Murray Pyke Chair, University of Saskatchewan

In this symposium members of IGCP 648 (Supercontinent Cycles and Global Geodynamics, 2015–2019) and other researchers will present and discuss their latest progresses in the studies of supercontinent cycles and the geodynamic driving forces. It will cover a wide range of disciplines including the reconstruction of supercontinent evolution and global animations through time, paleomagnetism, orogenic and basin records of supercontinent cycles, tectonic processes related to supercontinent cycles, updates in the global databases of geotectonics, palaeomagnetism, mineral deposits, and mantle plume events and how to apply them to supercontinent studies, and geodynamic modelling of deep earth processes that drive the supercontinent cycles.

4.2 Extremes of Metamorphism during the Supercontinent Cycle
Dr. Chris Clark (Australia)

Amalgamation of various crustal blocks to form supercontinents and their subsequent break-up are continental scale cyclic events driven by extreme energy flow within asthenospheric mantle, reaching up to the core – mantle boundary. An Unusually high magnitude of stress caused during the process results in extreme metamorphic conditions that are significantly distinct from those related to normal pressure- temperature rise during regional metamorphism. Therefore, the extreme metamorphism associated with supercontinent cycles needs special attention for a better understanding of the process of supercontinent cycles. This symposium would focus on different aspects of such extreme P -T conditions and fluid flow associated with supercontinent cycle.

4.3 Sedimentary records and Correlation of Supercontinent Crustal blocks
Dr. Wei Wang (China), Dr. Christopher Spencer (Australia)

The formation and evolution of sedimentary basins are directly linked to assembly and breakup of supercontinents and in particular, the paleogeographic position of potential source regions. Sedimentary fills and bounding tectonic structures of rift-related basins can provide useful information about the changes in sediment supply, growth to death of normal faults and more importantly the early rifting of continents during supercontinent break-up. Sedimentology, sequences stratigraphy and single grained geochronology and geochemistry of coeval basins developed during the assembly and break-up of supercontinents have been widely used in paleogeographic reconstructions. In this symposium, coeval sedimentary basins in different continents/blocks/terranes will be discussed to delineate the relationship between sedimentation and tectonism and potential link to the configuration of the supercontinents.

Theme 5: Ancient and Modern Coasts and Continental Margins

Ancient and Modern Coasts and Continental Margin


Subir Sarkar  (India),
B. Nagender Nath  (India),
Peter D. Clift  (USA)

5.1 Advances in the Extensional Tectonics of Continental Margins
Sascha Brune (Germany), Marta Péres Gussinyé (Germany), Zhen Sun (France), Gianreto Manatsachal (France), Anne Briais (France)

Dr. Sascha Brune completed her PhD in Geophysics (graduated 2009) and Postdoc at GFZ Potsdam during 2006-2012. During 2013-2015 she did Postdoc at University of Sydney. Since 2016 she is the Helmholtz Young Investigators Group Leader at GFZ Potsdam..

Dr. Marta Péres Gussinyé  - 1996-2008 – PhD, Postdoc, and Research fellow at Kiel, Oxford, and Barcelona. 2009-2015 – Lecturer, Senior Lecturer, and Reader at Royal Holloway College, London. Since 2015 - Full Professor for Geodynamics, MARUM/University of Bremen.

Dr. Zhen Sun - 1997-2004– PhD (graduated 2000) and Postdoc at Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry. Since 2000–South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Professor and group leader

Dr. Gianreto Manatsachal - 1995– PhD in Geology, ETH Zurich; 1995-2003– Postdoc in Copenhagen, Zurich, and Maître de Conférence in Strasbourg. Since 2003 – Professor for Tectonics at the Institute de Physique du Globe at the University of Strasbourg.

Dr. Anne Briais - 1995 – PhD in Geology, ETH Zurich. 1995-2003 – Postdoc in Copenhagen, Zurich, and Maître de Conférence in Strasbourg. Since 2003 – Professor for Tectonics at the Institute de Physique du Globe at the University of Strasbourg.

Rifted margin segments feature a large structural variety in terms of general architecture, distribution of surface strain, crustal and lithospheric thinning in time and space, as well as the amount of sedimentation, magmatism and serpentinisation. It is clear that rift evolution is governed by the interplay of rheological configuration, tectonic inheritance, melting tectono-magmatic interaction, rift velocity, extension obliquity as well as surface processes and climate interaction, but the relative importance of these controls differs between individual margins. This symposium will address new data sets and methodologies that advance our understanding about the structure and dynamics of rift margin formation.

Keywords: Rifted continental margins, Tectonics, Imaging, Modelling

5.2 Carbonate Sedimentation at Continental Margins
Christian Betzler  (Germany), Gregor P. Eberli (USA), Jody Webster

Dr. Christian Betzler has completed PhD from University of Tübingen, Professor in Hamburg since 2000, working in carbonate sedimentology and stratigraphy.

Dr. Gregor P. Eberli has completed PhD from Swiss Institute of Technology (ETH) Switzerland. Since 1991, Professor in the Department of Marine Geosciences at the University of Miami, USA.

Dr. Jody Webster works in School of Geosciences, Geocoastal Research Group, Research interests include coral reef and carbonate platform systems, both modern and ancient, and their associated sedimentary systems.
Carbonate sediments mainly form in the shallow water realms along the low latitude shelves of oceans, but also are important elements of some high latitude continental margins. Whereas the basic understanding of these systems has been established several decades ago, marine geological research such as high-resolution seafloor mapping, high resolution seismic acquisition, and sediment sampling has added considerable knowledge regarding the sedimentary dynamics and stratigraphy of these deposits. In particular, processes influencing their slope and adjacent basin can now be investigated in great detail. This symposium aims to bring together carbonate sedimentologists and stratigraphers working in modern and ancient carbonates to discuss about the recent developments in carbonate sedimentology. Aspects such as dynamics at slopes of carbonate shelves, past environmental changes in carbonates, and carbonate sediment in source to sink system will be in the focus of this symposium.
Keywords: carbonates, sea level, slope processes, currents

5.3 Environmental Record of Margins – Ancient Records of Continental Conditions
Selvaraj Kandasamy, (China), Prof. Dr. Shouye Yang (China)

Selvaraj Kandasamy is specialised in sediment geochemistry, applying geochemical and isotopic data/proxies to investigate elemental cycles and earth surface processes and their link with Earth’s climate on different timescales.

Prof. Dr. Shouye Yang Professor at Tongji University, China. Research interests: (i). Sediment geochemistry of major rivers and marginal seas in East Asia with emphases on sediment source-to-sink study; (ii) Quaternary geology and paleoenvironmental changes in East China and marginal seas; (iii) Weathering processes in the drainage basins and chemical fluxes into East Asian marginal seas.

Global continental margins, including the continental shelf, slope and rise, occupy ca. 21% of the total oceanic area. Nonetheless, these regions contain the majority of land-derived sediments and thus preserve ancient land climate connection linkages in the ocean margins facilitating the reconstruction of continental scale climate. Terrigenous sediments have undergone differential rates of earth surface processes and other elemental exchanges between and among atmosphere, lithosphere and biosphere on diverse timescales prior to supplying to the ocean margins. They contain a variety of inorganic and organic elements and their isotopes; all of them carry precise signals of continental scale processes, which are mostly climate-driven. Given the importance of margin sediments to rebuild continental processes, the symposium invites abstracts focusing on highly resolved sedimentary records of ocean margins around the Globe with a special emphasis on the Indo-Pacific margin.

Keywords: Sedimentary records, Continental margins, Geochemical and biotic proxies

5.4 Gas hydrate Systems on Continental Margins and associated Geo-hazards
Dr. Pawan Dewangan (India), Dr. Shyam Chand, (Norway), Dr. Priyank Jaiswal (U.S.A)

Dr. Pawan Dewangan  is a Seismic expert in gas hydrate and hazards due to gas migration. Has worked extensively on the gas hydrate system and slumping/sliding of slope sediments from Krishna-Godavari basin.

Dr. Shyam Chand is a seismic expert in gas hydrate and worked extensively on the gas hydrate system in the Arctic Gas Hydrate, Environment and Climate (CAGE)

Dr. Priyank Jaiswal is a seismic expert in gas hydrate and worked extensively on the gas hydrate system in the Gulf of Mexico, USA.

Hydrocarbon deposits of economic importance have been found in the continental margins of several nations. This is encouraging and invites infrastructural development. However, this also requires that geo-hazards along the continental margins be investigated thoroughly to prevent loss of lives, damages to properties and catastrophic changes to the natural environments. Gas hydrate in particular can pose a significant threat to the sediment strength and stability along the margins. A detailed study of the margins using cutting edge geophysical tools for understanding gas hydrate and free gas system dynamics is necessary for long-term energy and sub-sea infrastructure planning. In this session, we would like to invite abstracts from the user community involved in the gas hydrate research with special emphasis on the geohazard potential of the gas hydrate destabilization.

Keywords: Gas hydrate, methane migration, methane flares, slumping/sliding, mass transport deposits

5.5 Metals in Coastal Marine Environment: Distribution, Speciation and Bioavailability in Soil, Water, and Sediment
Dr. Parthasarathi Chakraborty (India)

Dr. Parthasarathi Chakraborty obtained PhD degree from Ottawa Carleton Chemistry Institute, Canada, 2007. After a Postdoc in Wagheningen University, The Netherlands, he joined the CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography, India; he has been working on metal speciation and environmental geochemistry in CSIR-NIO for the last 10 years and is closely associated with SCOR-WG 139 and 145. Currently, he serving as an Associate Editor of Marine Pollution Bulletin (Elsevier).

The occurrence of trace/heavy metals in the coastal/estuarine environment is from geogenic and anthropogenic sources. Knowledge of metal-natural ligand interaction (a vital part of the environmental geochemistry of metals) is essential to (i) identify the sources of metals in the environment, (ii) understand the fate of metals within the environment, and (iii) estimate the impact of trace/heavy metals on ecosystems and human health.

This symposium will address (i) Environmental chemistry of trace/heavy metals in coastal ecosystem, (ii) Chemical speciation (including modelling) of metals in coastal environment, (iii) Speciation of organometallic compound and toxic oxyanions from coastal marine environment and (iv) Bioavailability of metals across different species and exposure routes in coastal ecosystem.

Keywords: Coasts, metal speciation, Environmental Geochemistry, bioavailability, ecosystem

5.6 Marine Oxygen Minimum Zones: from Sedimentary Rocks to Modern Oceanographic Record
Dr. Aninda Mazumdar (India), Dr. Wriddhiman Ghosh (India)

Dr. Mazumdar is senior scientist at the CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography. Expert in sedimentary biogeochemistry. Working on Fe-S-C biogeochemistry and organic geochemistry.

Dr. Ghosh is Associate Professor at Bose Institute, Kolkata. Expert in microbiology. Currently working on microbial sulfur metabolism, and the microbiological processes of the oxygen minimum zone, off the west coast of India.

Perennial oxygen minimum zones (POMZs), as well as hypoxic coastal regions (transient OMZs) in the marine realms, are characterized by remarkable depletion in dissolved oxygen concentrations attributed to high biological productivity and respiration rate, coupled with poor O2 replenishment by oxygenated water masses. The POMZs occur within a water depth ranging from 200-1200 mbsl. Currently, POMZs are most widespread in the eastern Pacific, off the western coast of continents, and the northern Indian Ocean. Biogeochemical processes in the water columns and sediments of POMZs and TOMZs differ remarkably from those of the ambient oxic marine realms. Several reports on the expansion of OMZs and a consequential threat to marine life, especially fisheries, have augmented research interest in both water columns and paleo-records of OMZs. Global rock records are dotted with tell-tale signatures of remarkable oxygen-depletion phases within marine realms, right from the Proterozoic. Oxygen-depletions in the past have not only caused significant alterations in the global cycling of iron, carbon, sulfur, nitrogen and redox-sensitive elements but also impacted benthic biodiversity within and beyond the OMZs. In this way, through the geological past, marine OMZs have played a central role in the spatiotemporal delineation of benthic biogeochemistry across the global ocean. With an aim at augmenting holistic understanding of the pasts and presents of marine OMZs, this symposium invites abstracts on sedimentary biogeochemistry and paleo-records, as well as aquatic geochemistry and geobiology, of global OMZs.

5.7 From Continental Shelf to Deep Ocean Basin – Mapping the Oceanic Realm
Kristine Asch (Germany), Hiroshi Kitazato (Japan), Alik Ismail-Zadeh (Russia), Kiyoshi Suyehjiro (Japan), A.K. Chaubey (India), V. Yatheesh (India)

Dr.Kristine Asch is a geologist in BGR, Hannover, Germany and also is the Vice President, IUGS

Dr.Hiroshi Kitazato is Professor at Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, Japan and also is the Treasurer, IUGS

Dr.Alik Ismail-Zadeh is Chief Scientist / Research Professor Scientific Leader, Research Group “Computational Geodynamics and Geohazard Modeling”at the Institute of Earthquake Prediction Theory and Mathematical Geophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, RUSSIA and also a Senior Scientist at the Institute of Applied Geosciences, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, GERMANY

Dr.Kiyoshi Suyehjiro is Professor at Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, Japan

Dr.A.K. Chaubey is Emeritus Chief Scientist and Scientist-in-Charge at CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography, Goa, India

Dr.V. Yatheesh is a Senior Scientist at CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography, Goa, India

The ocean floor and the marine environment are invaluable assents. It encompasses important geological and geomorphological structures, provides mineral and energy resources, and provides habitats for numerous species important for our environment as they should contribute to sustain global biogeochemical cycles. Thus data and information from the oceanic environment help keeping the balance between usage of the oceanic mineral/energy resources and the environment, are crucial to understand future developments and possibilities and provide a sound base for future generations to benefit. Digital data sets and digital maps are immense facilitators for international cross-boundary understanding of the Earth and provide the base for future applications such as mapping potential gas hydrate fields as a source for future exploration or mapping of marine habitats for constructing coastal management systems to keep sustainable marine resources and environments for future generations. Nevertheless, the ocean floor is investigated in much less detail than the land areas and mapping methods, mainly geophysical ones are a key for marine mapping campaigns. This session will offer multidisciplinary R & D contributions on geology and geophysics, and also bathymetric and biologic aspects, towards mapping methods, data sampling and acquisition, data analysis and their results, and innovative ways of data access. It also aims to present the actual development of processes to harmonize and integrate marine data across EEZ boundaries.

Theme 6: Critical events, mass extinctions and evolution of biosphere

Critical events, mass extinctions and evolution of biosphere


Vandana Prasad  (India),
Rajeev Patnaik  (India),
Robert A. Spicer  (UK)

6.1 At the Open and the Close: Boundary Events of the Palaeozoic Era
Prof. Nigel Hughes (USA), Prof. Asish R. Basu (USA)

Dr. Hughes is professor of the Geology at the University of California, Riverside, USA.

Events related to the open and close of the Palaeozoic Era mark major transitions in the trajectory of Earth-Life interaction. The symposium will explore recent discoveries made worldwide that relate to these critical intervals, with an emphasis on studies that combine insights from multiple datasets and approaches, including geochemistry, isotope chemostratigraphy, paleobiology, sedimentology, petrology, and geochronology. As the Indian subcontinent has good records of both these transitions, we particularly encourage perspectives related to tectonomagmatic events associated with the peri-Gondwana margin at these critical times.

The possible sessions under this Symposium are i) The opening of an era: Precambrian-Cambrian boundary events and their aftermath, biotic turnover, and palaeogeographical evolution, ii) At the close: Critical events, Mass Extinction and Evolution of Biosphere

Keywords: Neoproterozoic, Cambrian, transition, paleobiogeography, bioevents

6.2 Deccan Volcanism and its role in Mass Extinction and Paleobiodiversity
Prof. Gerta Keller  ( (USA), Prof. N. Malarkod (India)

Prof. Gerta Keller is a Professor in Geology. She is one of the foremost worker on this theme.

Prof. N. Malarkod is a Professor in Geology working on this theme on Indian sediments.

Extinction events are important factors in the history of life on Earth, and many studies suggest catastrophic causes for at least some major mass extinctions. Two types of catastrophic event have been invoked: major impacts by asteroids or comets and episodes of continental flood basalt volcanism. Of the five major mass extinctions in Earth’s history, only the Cretaceous–Tertiary (K–T) mass extinction has been positively linked to an asteroid impact/ continental flood basalts (CFB), Over the past decade continental flood basalts (CFB) have been correlated with most major mass extinctions leading to suggest that this may be the general cause of mass extinctions. The symposium will cover various aspects on Volcanism and its role in Mass extinction and Paleobiodiversity and the key note addresses are arranged besides technical sessions.

The possible sessions under this Symposium are i) Marine Records, ii) Terrestrial Records

Keywords:Deccan volcanism, KT boundary, Cretaceous, Maastrictian, Mass extinction

6.3 Cenozoic Paleoclimate and Ecosystem
Prof. Robert Spicer, Torsten Utescher (Germany)

Robert Spicer’s research focuses on the Quantitative reconstruction of Paleogene and Neogene climate based on CLAMP (Climate leaf analysis).

Torsten Utescher is one of the founder member of NECLIME (Neogene climate evolution of Eurasia) His work involves quantitative reconstruction of Neogene climate based on Coexistence analysis of plants.

The global climate during the Cenozoic shows a general cooling trend with short abrupt warming periods as revealed by the marine isotopic records. The response time of marine water is always greater than the free air mass on the land surface because of the high specific heat capacity of water. This creates the disparity between land and marine reconstructed palaeoclimate dataset. The quantitative climate reconstruction during the Paleogene and the Neogene based on the biotic proxies are considered as most reliable because they are free from the diagenetic effect and their response time are also very quick. The two techniques such as CLAMP (climate leaf analysis multivariate program) and CA (Co-existence Approach) have been widely used for quantitative estimation of palaeoclimate during the Paleogene and the Neogene. The two aforesaid methodologies have been successfully used in the quantitative reconstruction of land palaeoclimate during the Paleogene and the Neogene climate. The biota during the extreme warming events during the Paleogene also affected severely which can be clearly observed in the floral turnover during the PETM. The symposium invites contributions in this regard.

The possible sessions under this Symposium are i) Quantitative reconstruction of the Paleogene and the Neogene climate and biotic turnover during the Paleogene warming, ii) Seasonal extremes during Cenozoic and Quaternary, iii) Primate Evolution and climate change.

Keywords:Paleogene, Neogene, Quaternary, Climate, Biotic proxies

6.4 Evolutionary History, Phylogenetic Studies and Biogeography
Dr. Robert Morley (UK), Dr. Uma Ramakrishnan (India)

Dr. Robert Morley is a consultant biostratigrapher palynologist worked on evolution of tropical rain forest. Produced several papers on plant biogeography particularly on Out of India Hypothesis.

Dr. Uma Ramakrishnan is an Associate Professor, National Centre for Biological Sciences, Bangalore, India

Past geodynamic and climatic events have majorly influenced speciation and extinction of biota. Inferring rates of speciation and extinction of biota in response to these historical processes over geological time scales is fundamental to understand diversification of species and biodiversity evolution in deep times. Modern synergized paleobiogeographic approaches will involve integration of fossil data with molecular phylogenetics to understand the evolutionary pattern in deep geological times. In recent years, it has been realized that molecular clocks used in molecular phylogenetics must be calibrated with reliable fossil-data to ascertain when groups and clades of organisms appeared. This symposium invites studies which used fossils and molecular phylogenetic approaches to reveal biogeographic pattern and global diversification of biota.

The possible sessions under this symposium are i) Biogeography of Angiosperms, ii) Reconstructing the Evolutionary History of species using Fossil and Molecular Biology approach

Keywords:Evolution, biogeography, Angiosperm, Molecular phylogeny, Human evolution

Theme 7: Geological Timescale and Dynamic Record

Geological Timescale and Dynamic Record


G.V.R. Prasad  (India),
Kishor Kumar  (India),
Stanley C. Finny  (USA),
Bilal Haq  (Finland)

7.1 Recent Headways in Geological Time Scale
S. C. Finney (USA)

With the development of more refined geochronological techniques and re-fined biozones, the time scale is being constantly upgraded. Candidate Unit Stratotypes and Boundary Stratotypes are continuously evaluated, for their selection as global stratotypes. This symposium invites abstracts on advancements in the Geological Time Scale.

7.2 Evolution of Palaeozoic sedimentary basins in the Tethys Himalaya - Biodiversity, Biozonation & Bioprovinces
Nigel Hughes (USA), SK Parcha (India)

The Tethyan sedimentary belt of the Himalayan mountain chain hosts rocks ranging in age from Precambrian to Eocene. Spatial and temporal distribution of faunal and floral assemblages, their depositional environments, global correlation and relationship to other bioprovinces of the Tethyan belt are least understood at present. This symposium invites abstracts on these aspects including mass extinction events and major radiations of animals and plants.

7.3 Chronostratigraphy, Geochronology, Depositional Environments and Biotic turnovers across Major Mass Extinction Boundary Intervals in Marine and Continental sections
V. C. Tewari (India)

Five major mass extinction events occurred during the Phanerozoic Eon following which major radiations of animals and plants took place.  What caused these extinction events, what were the major changes in the physical environments, what are the important chemical signatures left in the sedimentary record, what biotic groups were most affected and the biota recovered after extinction boundaries are some of the topics that can be covered under this heading.

7.4 Gondwana Sedimentation, Climate and Life
PK Singh (India), Saswati Bandyopadhyay (India), AK Singh (India)

Sedimentation in the Gondwanaland (South America, Africa, Antarctica, India, Australia, Madagascar) began with a glaciation event in the Upper Carboniferous followed by fluvio-lacustrine sedimentation. Marine pulses have also been recorded in the Permian sequences. The sedimentary history and life of these continents was controlled by the climate to a large extent. The symposium will address palaeoclimatic changes in the southern hemisphere at a time it was assembled into a single super-continent. In addition, extensive coal deposits during the Permian time will also be discussed including changes in continental vegetation prior to and after the Permian-Triassic mass extinction. Further, semitonid and lung fishes, labyrinthodont amphibians, rhynchosaurs, phytosaurs, aetosaurs, di-nosaurs, pterosaurs, rhynchocephalians, mammal-like reptiles and mammals were thriving during the time of Gondwana assembly. Abstracts are also invited on evolution of vertebrates, their intercontinental affinities and relevance in biozonation and intercontinental correlation.

7.5 Break-up of Gondwana,Evolution of Indian Ocean and Development of Marginal marine Basin
DK (India)

Following the break-up of former Gondwanaland, marine seaways emerged between the constituent continents and marine sedimenta-tion took place in pericratonic areas. Evolution of these sedimentary basins, their tectonic setting, and depositional history, evolution and diversity of fauna and understanding the past biogeographic provinces are focus of this symposium.

7.6 Mesozoic Marine Revolutions - Sea Level Changes, Extreme Climates, Mesozoic Bioevents, Biotic Recoveries, & Correlation
B Haq (USA)

End of the Triassic Period witnessed a major mass extinction event. Various causes, such as marine regression, volcanism and asteroid impact etc. are suggested as cause for this mass extinction but no consensus achieved so far. The Triassic Period also experienced greenhouse conditions with major faunal turnovers. Correlation of these events at the global scale is needed.
Following the end permian mass extinction, new forms occupied the empty ecological niches. In the marine realm, new primary producers like coccolithophorids, diatoms and dinoflagellates arrived on the horizon. Land vegetation changed from lycopod- sphenopsid dominated flora to gymnosperm and fern dominated flora and then to angiosperm dominated flora. Dinosaurs, birds, and mammals evolved during the Mesozoic Era. Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous interval is an important period, which coincides with significant environmental fluctuations and elevated levels of extinctions in marine invertebrate fauna and faunal turnovers in low latitude shallow marine faunas and in marine and non-marine vertebrate faunas. These bioevents are the focus of this symposium.
Further, the Cretaceous Period is a classic example of a Greenhouse Earth with ice- free polar regions. There are extensive records of black shales in the ocean and chalk in epicontinental seas. Oceanic-anoxic events are known from the Tethys and Atlantic basins. Understanding these anoxic events is also focus of this symposium.

7.7 India’s Northward Flight, Closing of Tethys, Rise of Himalaya, Biological Evolution
V C Thakur (India)

Following its rapid northward journey India collided with Asia in the Early Paleogene, which led to the rise of the Himalayan mountain chain. During this collision process, many tectonic and geomorphic features got expressed in the Trans-Himalayan region. Also, following the rise of Himalaya, weathering and erosion of rocks brought large quantities of sediments into the foreland basin. This was further accentuated by the intensification of Indian Summer Monsoon and the interplay of tectonics and climate. This symposium will address the role of tectonics and climate in shaping the geomorphol-ogy of the Himalayan frontal belt.

7.8 Paleogene Hyperthermal events––Sedimentologic, Geochemical & Biotic Responses
Vandana Prasad (India)

Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) event is one of the greenhouse states that the Earth passed through during its geologi-cal past. During PETM, the average Earth’s surface temperature rose by 6-8°C and many organisms were severely affected by this rise in temperature. PETM also led to the diversification of mammalian fau-nas in the Northern Hemisphere and high latitude areas. The effects of this climatic perturbance in the the low latitude areas and Southern Hemisphere are focus of this symposium.


Theme 8:The Polar World – Past, Present and Future

The Polar World – Past, Present and Future


N.C. Pant  (India),
Thamban Meloth  (India),
Martin J Siegert  (UK)

8.1 Polar Ice Sheets and Their Interactions with Geosphere, Atmosphere, and Ocean
Dr. Kenichi Matsuoka (Norway), Prof. Frank Pattyn (Belgium), Dr. Rene Forsberg (Denmark), Dr. Fausto Ferraccioli (UK), Dr. Thamban Meloth (India)

Dr. Kenichi Matsuoka is Principal research scientist at the Norwegian Polar Institute since 2013. Experts in radioglaciology, ice dynamics, and subglacial environment.

Prof. Frank Pattyn is Head of the Department of Geosciences, Environment and Society at ULB. Antarctic ice sheet modelling and geophysics.

Dr. Rene Forsberg is Professor and head of geodynamics at DTU Space, National Space Institute. Experts in geodesy and airborne geophysics

Dr. Fausto Ferraccioli is Head of BAS aerogeophysics since 2002 and current leader of BAS Geology & Geophysics. Antarctic solid earth, potential field and radar expert.

Dr. Thamban Meloth is Group Director, Polar Science at National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research, India.
The Antarctic and Greenland ice sheets are the two largest fresh water reservoirs of the world. Their volume has changed largely through glacial cycles as a result of complex interactions with the geosphere, atmosphere, and ocean. These inter-connected systems need better understanding to predict future sea-level contributions. This symposium invites abstracts related to theoretical, numerical, and observational works on dynamics and evolution of the polar ice sheets at both contemporary and geological timescales. Both regional and large-scale studies are welcome to develop a more comprehensive view of changing polar regions and their underlying causes, feedbacks and impacts.

Keywords: Antarctica, Arctic, glaciers, ice shelves

8.2 Past Polar to Mid-Latitude Climate Variability and their Teleconnections with the Tropics
Dr. Manish Tiwari (India), Prof. Alan Haywood (UK), Dr. Jochen Knies (Norway), Prof. Simon Belt (UK), Prof. Yusuke Yokoyama (Japan), Prof. Raja Ganeshram (UK)

Manish Tiwari is a senior scientist at the National Centre for Polar & Ocean Research, Goa, India. His research interest lies in quantifying the past polar and monsoonal climate change using isotopic and geochemical techniques in marine sediments and exploring the teleconnection between them.

Alan Haywood is Professor of Palaeoclimate Modelling within the School of Earth and Environment at the University of Leeds in the UK. His research focusses on warm climates in Earth history, and the ability of complex climate models to reproduce them. He has a particular focus on the last 3 million years and he co-leads the Pliocene Model Intercomparison Project.

Jochen Knies is a senior researcher at the Geological Survey of Norway. His research expertise is mainly focused on marine geological and environmental investigations along the continental margin off Northern Norway, the Barents Sea, Svalbard and the Arctic Ocean.

Professor Simon Belt is an Organic Geochemist at the University of Plymouth, UK. His research focuses on the development of novel biomarker-based methods as proxies for Arctic and Antarctic sea ice, together with their application in palaeo sea - ice reconstruction.

Yusuke Yokoyama is a Professor at the University of Tokyo, Japan. His research interest lies in studying the stability of Antarctic ice sheets, Sun-Climate linkage, Tropical oceanic role for climate changes and Coral-AOGCM based Pacific oceanic changes

Raja Ganeshram is a Professor and Chair of Geochemistry at the School of Geosciences, University of Edinburgh, UK. His research interest lies in studying the tropical Climate variability on glacial-interglacial to decadal time scales, and Global Change and Biogeochemistry of polar sea ice environments.

This symposium invites contributions exploring the past climate variability of the mid-latitude and polar regions (including the Southern Ocean, Arctic Ocean, and North Atlantic Ocean) and the tropics (including the monsoons) on decadal, millennial, glacial-interglacial, and longer timescales from a proxy-data, modelling and data-model comparison perspective.

Keywords: Past Climate, Polar, Tropical, Monsoon, Teleconnection

8.3 Climate variability from ice cores – evidence from the three poles
Liz Thomas (UK), Thamban Meloth (India), Paul Vallelonga (Denmark), Mariusz Potocki

Liz Thomas is the Head of the British Antarctic Survey ice core group. Investigating climate variability and surface mass balance from ice cores over the past 2000 years.

Thamban Meloth is an Ice core scientist and Head of Polar Science Group at the National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research.

Paul Vallelonga is an Ice core Paleoclimatologist leading the chemical analysis of Antarctic and Greenland ice cores at the Centre for Ice and Climate. Specialising in novel proxy development.

Mariusz Potocki is an Ice core Paleoclimatologist working on ice core drilling projects in the Andes, the sub-Antarctic and the Himalayas.

Ice cores provide a wealth of information about past climate and climate variability. Deep ice cores, drilled in Antarctica and Greenland, have shaped our understanding of millennial scale variability while shallower ice cores have focused on multi-decadal to centennial change. However, there is a growing number of ice cores, including the Himalayas, the Andes and the Apes that are increasing our understanding of regional climate variability over various timescales.
The aim of this symposium is to bring together researchers working on both polar and non-polar ice cores. We invite talks relating to climate variability over a range of time-scales, using geochemical and isotopic proxies from ice cores.

Keywords: Ice cores, climate variability, paleoclimate, Antarctica, Greenland

8.4 Southern Ocean – Past Global Linkages
Crosta Xavier (France), Luke Skinner (UK), Rahul Mohan (India)

Dr. Xavier Crosta is senior scientist at CNRS-EPOC, Université de Bordeaux, France. He is expert in diatom taxonomy, biogeochemistry and isotope chemistry to document Southern Ocean palaeo-oceanography and palaeo-productivity over the Pleistocene with a focus on the Holocene and last 2000 years.

Dr. Luke Skinner is a palaeoceanographer working at the University of Cambridge, in the United Kingdom. His research interests centre on the role of the ocean in the transport and cycling of heat and carbon on both short- and long timescales, in particular via changes in the ocean's large-scale overturning circulation.

Dr Rahul Mohan is a Scientist at NCAOR, Goa, India. He has developed a group on Southern Ocean paleoclimatology with special emphasis on diatoms, coccolithophores and planktic foraminifera.
The Southern Ocean (SO) is an important oceanic hub for redistributing heat, fresh water, carbon and nutrients around the planet and hence plays a key part in the climate system. Deep mixing in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) is a key component of the global large-scale overturning circulation (LSOC) as it constitutes an important return path for carbon and nutrients stored in the ocean interior to reach the surface. The SO thus plays a pivotal role in the partitioning of carbon between the ocean and the atmosphere. However, the full range of mechanisms by which the SO may influence the LSOC and global climate, in particular via the modulation of the upper and lower overturning cells and of the ‘warm-’ and ‘cold’ return routes for water entering the Atlantic, are still largely unknown.

The main objective of this symposium is to bring together experts from a range of disciplines (biology, earth sciences, chemistry, ocean processes) to better identify past oceanic bipolar teleconnections in relation to global LSOC dynamics over the Plio-Pleistocene and provide constraints on its future evolution in response to anthropogenic warming. Non-exhaustively, topics may cover the following aspects: past changes in the SO upwelling and latitudinal mean position of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current; the dynamic controls of circum-Antarctic deep ocean ventilation/overturning circulation during the past few million years; implications for the marine biogeochemical cycles of carbon and nutrients.


Keywords: Southern ocean, isotopes, diatoms, ACC, carbon

8.5 Changing Arctic and its impact on ecosystems
K.P. Krishnan ( (India), Maarten J.J.E. Loonen, (The Netherlands), A. A. Mohamed Hatha (India), Masaki Uchida (Japan)

K.P. Krishnan has a doctorate degree in marine sciences and currently works on molecular bacterial systematics and cold adaptation. His research focuses on the impact of warming in community composition and physiology of microbes. He is also responsible for the planning and coordination of Indian Arctic programme.

Maarten J.J.E. Loonen’s research interests include studies on Arctic ecology with special reference to geese, arctic fox, terns and their migration. He is also the station manager of the Netherlands Arctic Station on Spitsbergen and current chair of Ny-Ålesund Science Managers Committee.

A. A. Mohamed Hatha has doctorate in environmental microbiology and is a Fulbright fellow. He works on emerging pathogens and its impact on coastal ecosystems. His research addresses issues with respect to Arctic being more hospitable to human pathogens in wake of warming.

Masaki Uchida was awarded doctorate from Hiroshima University and currently works on polar microbial ecology with special reference to terrestrial systems. He works on both the Arctic and Antarctic realms and is interested to compare and contrast the changes that are manifested at poles in wake of recent climate variability.

The Arctic is experiencing rapid changes with respect to climate and its impact on ecosystems. Though one can debate on the root causes, internal variabilities and other external forcing mechanisms, it is very explicit that the impact is negative and is of extreme concern. Many studies focus on changes in larger biota that is easily perceptible and well explained. The impacts on sub microscopic organisms are grossly overlooked, as is the case with any realm. Before we realize the potential adverse effects arising due to community level compositional changes, the microbes would have adapted and invaded to realms, which were previously not conducive to proliferate and exhibit virulence. Change in migratory patterns and variations arising due to change in host specificity could further thwart our understanding on health significant processes. There is an immense need to identify marker species and understand genetic cross talks conferring properties of adaptation, resistance and even probably evolution of new species of microbes. In this session, we invite abstracts on digitizing microbial communities and exploring genomes and transcriptomes to unravel the changes at diversity and functional level.

Keywords: Arctic, Biota, Diversity, Climate, Ecosystems

8.6 Fluctuations of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet during Cenozoic
Carlota Escutia, (Spain), N C Pant (India)

Professor Escutia is a researcher of the Spanish High Council for Scientific Research (CSIC). In 2009, she was granted a Blaustein Visiting Professorship from the School of Earth Sciences at Stanford University. Her principal research interests are focus on understanding Antarctic Ice Sheet dynamics and related paleoceanographic and sea level changes. She has led 22 international projects, among them the IODP Expedition 318, and scheduled IODP Expedition 373. She chaired the SCAR-Antarctic Climate Evolution and the SCAR-Past Antarctic Ice Sheet Dynamics (PAIS) Research Programmes (2008-2016); and the European Consortium for Ocean Research Drilling Science Support and Advisory Committee (ESSAC) (2011-2013).

Professor N C Pant is associated with Antarctic programs for over three decades and is the first Ph.D. from Indian Scientific Expedition from Antarctica.
The proposers have recently edited a Geological Society of London Special Publication entitled "Crustal Evolution of India and Antarctica: The supercontinent connection"
This symposium aims to bring together results from past ice sheets, spanning from the last deglaciation to times in the past with elevated CO2 and temperatures. These studies can extend from the ice sheet interior to the deep sea. This symposium welcomes contributions from fields including glaciology, ice sheet modelling, sedimentology, paleo-limnology, marine geology and geophysics, among other.

Keywords: east antarctic ice sheet dynamics, paleoclimate, paleoceanography

8.7 Exploring Subglacial Antarctica
Martin Siegert (UK), Dustin Schroeder (USA)

Prof. Martin Siegert FRSE has been the Co-Director of the Grantham Institute since May 2014. Previously, he was Director of the Bristol Glaciology Center at Bristol University, where he is now a visiting Professor, and Head of the School of GeoSciences at Edinburgh University, where he now holds an Honorary Professorship. He leads the Lake Ellsworth Consortium - a UK-NERC funded programme that aims to explore a large subglacial lake beneath the ice of West Antarctica. He has undertaken three Antarctic field seasons, using geophysics to measure the subglacial landscape and to understand what it tells us about past changes in Antarctica and elsewhere. In 2013, he was awarded the Martha T. Muse Prize for excellence in Antarctic science and policy, and in 2007, he was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.

Ice sheet models, our only means of quantifying how the Antarctic ice sheet may change in future, require accurate bed topography as an essential boundary condition. Over the past few years, numerous geophysical campaigns are undertaken to improve our knowledge of subsurface morphology and basal ice-sheet conditions.
This symposium encourages contributions from a full-range of geophysical investigations of the ice sheet base, from measurements of topography, to the identification of water beneath the ice (including subglacial lakes), to knowledge of processes at the ice-sheet bed and ice-sheet/shelf transition.
Keywords: Bedmap3, radar, magnetics, gravity, hydrology

8.8 Rodinia to Gondwana- the PEL and the India Connection
Somnath Dasgupta (India), N C Pant (India)

Professor Somnath Dasgupta is one of the best-known, well-decorated active metamorphic petrologist of India and has worked extensively in the Eastern Ghats mobile belt.

Professor N C Pant is associated with Antarctic programs for over three decades and is the first Ph.D. from Indian Scientific Expedition from Antarctica.
The proposers have recently edited a Geological Society of London Special Publication entitled "Crustal Evolution of India and Antarctica: The supercontinent connection"
East Antarctica holds key to the understanding of Meso- to Neoproterozoic continental assembly and dispersal. Recent aerogeophysical investigations in Princes Elizabeth Land in east Antarctica promises new insights for the sub-ice geology.
In this symposium, we invite wide-ranging contributions refining the India-Antarctica-Australia connection. We encourage participants using field geological, petrological, geophysical, remote sensing, paleomagnetic and geochronological data in this context.

8.9 Coupled Structural and Thermal Evolution of the Antarctic Lithosphere
Ian Dalziel (USA), Donald Blankenship (USA), Jamin Greenbaum (USA)

Professor Dalziel has studied global tectonic processes through over 50 years of fieldwork in the British Caledonides, the Canadian Shield, the Andes, and Antarctica.
Dr. Blankenship has used airborne and ground-based geophysical techniques to investigate geological controls on the dynamics of large ice sheets since 1979.
Dr. Greenbaum applies potential fields and ice-penetrating radar techniques to interpret subglacial geological boundary conditions and processes along the East Antarctic margin.
Structural and thermal evolution of the Antarctic lithosphere is intimately related to our understanding of the assembly and breakup of Gondwana as well as on the future stability of the vast overlying Antarctic Ice Sheet. Recent comprehensive airborne geophysical surveys have revealed the geomorphology and potential fields of the last major observational gaps in Antarctica. Also, new approaches to seismic tomography have increased resolution of the deep lithosphere. This symposium invites abstracts on these data to shed light on the lateral heterogeneity of geothermal flux and its coupling to the vertical distribution of thermal sources as well as their coupling.

Keywords: Lithosphere, rifting, volcanism, Gondwana, Antarctica

Theme 9: Glacial Mass Balance: Approaches and Problems

Glacial Mass Balance: Approaches and Problems


Shakil A Romshoo  (India),
D.P. Dobhal  (India),
Tobias Bolch  (UK)

9.1 Glacier Mass Balance and Dynamics
S.P. Shukla (India), D. P. Dobhal (India)

Dr S.P. Shukla
Research interests: Glacier Mass balance
Director Glaciology Division, GSI, Lucknow, India

Dr. D. P. Dobhal, Scientist,
Research interests: Glacier Mass balance studies
Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, Dehradun India

Glacier mass balance, unlike the changes in length and area, is a direct method to ascertain the impact of climate change on the glaciers and establishes a linkage between glacier dynamics and climate change. The geological method of mass balance studies provides quantitative estimate of glacier loss at high temporal resolution, which is essential for understanding climate-glacier interaction processes and spatio- temporal variability of the glacier mass balance, even with only a small sample of observation points. The glaciological observations are complemented by results from the geodetic method to extend the mass balance measurements for better insights into the glacial dynamics. Recent advances, especially availability of precise laser altimetry data sets, Lidar and laser-derived DEMs acquired using UAVs, provide a new opportunity to assess glacier dynamics in otherwise inaccessible and rugged terrain. The symposium invites abstract on all above aspects of glacier mass balance.

Keywords:Glacier dynamics, Glacier mass balance, Climate change, Glacial hydrology, remote sensing

9.2 Glacial Hydrology and Sediment Transfer
A. L. Ramanathan (India), Sanjay Jain (India)

Prof. A. L. Ramanathan
Research interests: Glaciology, Sediment geoschemistry
School of Environmental Sciences, JNU, New Delhi India 

Melt waters from glaciers provide much of the water supplies for agriculture and hydropower production. Sustained glacier retreats in response to climate warming and anthropocene will significantly reduce the contribution of glacier-melt to the streamflows in glaciated basins. The forecast of streamflows in glacier-fed streams thus requires an understanding of the process controlling glacier mass balance, glacier hydraulics, sediment dynamics and fluctuations in glacier geometry. Hazards associated with glaciers, largely controlled by glacial hydrology have necessitated the need for better understanding of glacial hydrology. Sudden bursting of glacier-dammed lakes and of water stored within glaciers – and mudflows associated with these events – has caused extensive damage in mountainous regions. This symposium invites abstracts on all above-mentioned issues.

Keywords: Glacier dynamics, Glacier mass balance, Climate change, Glacial hydrology, remote sensing
9.3 Impact of Climate Change on Glacier Health
Kireet Kumar (India), Prof. Shakil Ahmad Romshoo (India)

Kireet Kumar, Scientist & I/C Director,
Research interests: Climate Change and glaciers
GBPIHED, Almora, India; 

Glaciers are sensitive and direct indicators of climate and its fluctuations. The dynamic behaviour of glaciers and its sensitivity to climate plays an important role in determining the time dependent evolution of mass balance and runoff changes in mountainous regions. Standard glacier parameters include mass balance and the glacier length determines the position of terminus (snout position) and annual difference between net gain (accumulation) and loss (ablation). Fluctuations in snow line/ Equilibrium line altitude, Equilibrium Line Altitude and accumulation area ratio of aa glacier provides an immediate response of glaciers to climate change. This symposium will address glacial parameters those can be used as indicators of temperature and precipitation variation at local and regional scale and inter alia provide a direct indication of the health of a glacier.

Keywords: Glacier dynamics, Glacier mass balance, Climate change, Glacial hydrology, remote sensing

9.4 Remote sensing of Cryosphere
Dr. Anil Kulkarni (India), Prof. Tobias Bolch (Switzerland)

Dr. Anil Kulkarni, Distinguished Scientist
Research Interests: Remote Sensing of Cryosphere
Divecha Centre for Climate Change
Indian Institute of Science (IISC), Bengaluru, India

Cryosphere encompasses all the Earth's icy regions— including snow, glaciers and permafrost. The above-surface part of the cryosphere occupies around one sixth of the Earth's surface, and is located in places that are generally very remote, rugged, and in challenging climatic conditions. Cryosphere is therefore well suited to the use of remote sensing techniques, especially those operated from space borne platforms. The availability of ICESat, CryoSat and AMSR-E data has given boost to the cryospheric studies. This symposium will address recent advancements in remote sensing and image processing for climatic behaviour modeling from cryospheric measurements.
Keywords: Glacier dynamics, Glacier mass balance, Climate change, Glacial hydrology, remote sensing

9.5 Glacier Mass balance Modelling
Ramachandran Shankar (India), H.C Nainwal (India)

Prof. Ramachandran Shankar
Research interests: Glacier mass balance modeling
The Institute of Mathematical Sciences (CMI)

Understanding the stability and dynamics of glaciers is critical for predicting the future of glaciers. Glacier dynamics are driven by the interplay between the topography, temperature and basal conditions beneath the ice. Cryosphere monitoring and modelling approaches are closely interconnected thereby the data from monitoring systems are routinely used to calibrate and validate numerical glacier dynamics models. Glacier dynamics models relating temperature with glaciers terminus records coupled with high resolutions climate models have recently been used to assess changes in glacier mass balance and associated impacts under changing climate. This symposium will address informations available in past few decades from satellite and other monitoring systems together with the advancement in the computing hardware to understand complex behaviour of glaciers at fine spatial and temporal scales.

Keywords: Glacier dynamics, Glacier mass balance, Climate change, Glacial hydrology, remote sensing

Theme 10: Orogens through time

Orogens through time


Deepanker Asthana  (India),
Anil M. Pophare  (India),
Peter Cawood  (Australia)

10.1 Timescales and Tracers: Unpicking Orogenies Through Time
Oliver Nebel (Australia), Nicholas Gardiner (Australia), Tim Johnson (Australia)

Tim Johnson's research has concentrated on the study of crystalline rocks from a variety of geodynamic settings and what these can tell us about fundamental processes on Earth. His expertise lies in metamorphic petrology, in particular the application of phase equilibria modelling using internally consistent thermodynamic data.
Tim Johnson has specific interests in the generation, segregation and migration of melt in the crust and upper mantle, the fundamental processes driving the evolution of the lithosphere. More recently his research has concentrated on early Earth processes, in particular in Archaean geodynamics and the generation and modification of Earth's first crust.
Advances in geochronology, thermochronology, petrochronology, and the application of various stable and radiogenic isotopic tracers, now provide an unprecedented toolkit for the temporal and geochemical resolution of the stages of orogeny. This symposia welcome contributions on orogens through time, from the assembly of Archaean cratons, through to modern active orogenic systems. High-precision dating techniques and proxies for prolonged geodynamic processes are welcome, as are applications of traditional isotope tracers and new analytical tools such as non-traditional stable isotopes.

10.2 Proterozoic Orogens, Tectonic Geography and the Earth System
Alan Collins (Australia), Grant Cox (Australia), Morgan Blades (Australia)

Professor Alan Collins received a BSc (Hons.) degree from the Royal School of Mines, Imperial College, The University of London, then completed a PhD in 1997 at The University of Edinburgh on the tectonics of SW Turkey. Alan Collins is Director of the Centre for Tectonics, Resources and Exploration (TRaX).
The Proterozoic is a period when eukaryote cells evolved, the Earth’s climate radically fluctuated, the atmosphere and oceans became oxic and when the supercontinental pulse carved up landmasses, developed and closed oceanic gateways and vast mountain ranges—it is the aeon when the Earth became habitable. In this multi-disciplinary symposium, we are seeking submissions that unravel the geology of the orogens that record plate-interactions. Distribution and evolution of plates and plate tectonics through the Nuna/Columbia–Rodinia–Gondwana supercontinent cycle, to their effect on the evolving broader Earth System will also be discussed.

10.3 Phanerozoic orogenesis in Asia – the record of the Tethys Opening and Closing
Guochun Zhao, (Hong Hong), YunpengDong (China); Di-Cheng Zhu (China)

Professor Guochun Zhao holds a Ph.D. degree from Curtin University (Western Australia) Prof. Zhao’s major scientific findings include recognition of two Paleoproterozoic continent-continent collisional belts (Khondalite Belt and Trans-North China Orogen) in the North China Craton and global-scale 2.1-1.8 Ga continent-continent collisional events that led to the assembly of Paleo-Mesoproterozoic supercontinent Columbia (Nuna). Prof. Zhao is now the Editor of Precambrian Research.
Asia consists of a series of continental blocks bounded by Phanerozoic orogens. These orogens record the opening, expansion and closure of the Neo-Tethys and its precursor oceans. This symposium seeks contributions that highlight new advances in understanding the history of the continental fragments, the evolution of the Tethys oceans, and the processes of Asian assembly.

10.4 Secular Change in Magmatism and Metamorphism: the Fingerprints of Orogenesis
Tim Johnson (Australia)

Tim Johnson's research has concentrated on the study of crystalline rocks from a variety of geodynamic settings and what these can tell us about fundamental processes on Earth. His expertise lies in metamorphic petrology, in particular the application of phase equilibria modelling using internally consistent thermodynamic data.
Tim Johnson has specific interests in the generation, segregation and migration of melt in the crust and upper mantle, the fundamental processes driving the evolution of the lithosphere. More recently his research has concentrated on early Earth processes, in particular in Archaean geodynamics and the generation and modification of Earth's first crust.
On the modern Earth, specific tectonic settings within orogenic belts are characterized by different styles of magmatism and metamorphism. These provide tectonic ‘fingerprints’, mainly chemical in the case of igneous rocks and thermal in the case of metamorphism, which permit constraints on the geotectonic setting of older rocks, where much of the supporting evidence may have been destroyed. How far back into deep geological time these tectonic fingerprints can be relied upon remains debated, as the evidence generally becomes circumstantial rather than direct. This symposium invites contributions from studies of magmatic and metamorphic rocks of any age with a view to assessing, improving and questioning their potential use as petrogenetic indicators within a broad range of orogenic settings.

10.5 Precambrian orogenic Processes and the Formation of Continents: Insights from Models and Observations
Paul Tackley, Tara Garya (Switzerland)

Paul Tackley has been Professor for Geophysical Fluid Dynamics in the Institute of Geophysics, Department of Earth Sciences since 2005. Paul Tackley got his BA in Natural Sciences (Physics major) 1987 from the University of Cambridge, UK, (1st Class Honors).
1991 he got his MSc in Geophysics from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Pasadena, CA, USA and in 1993 a M.A. Natural Sciences (Physics major) from the University of Cambridge. He earned his PhD in Geophysics at Caltech in 1994.
Orogenic processes responsible for the formation of continents in the Precambrian were different from those operating at the present day. In this symposium we invite abstracts on possible scenarios of Precambrian orogeny and their influence on the formation, evolution and assembly of the continental crust and cratonic mantle roots. Both numerical and analogue modelling studies are invited.

10.6 The pre-Mesozoic record of the India-Asia Collision Zone
Paul Myrow (USA), Nigel Hughes (UK), Mike Searle (UK)

Paul Myrow is a sedimentary geologist with a wide array of research interests. His work has largely centered on the interpretation of sedimentary rocks and structures. He has worked in the Himalaya and Southeast Asian region for the last 12 years, and have done three seasons in Antarctica, specifically the Transantarctic Mountains. He is presently involved in studies of Devonian strata of the southwest U.S.; Cambrian strata in the Rocky Mountains, Antarctica, Himalaya, and Inner Mongolia; analysis of wave ripple dynamics using a flume at MIT; and a number of other projects.

The Himalaya is the iconic location for study of active continent–continent collision and mountain system that preserves an extensive Precambrian and Paleozoic history including the widespread Cambrian–Ordovician Kurgiakh/Bhimphedian orogeny. This symposium invites abstracts on pre-Mesozoic igneous, metamorphic, and structural records of this region, particularly with regard to paleogeographic and tectonic reconstructions of Gondwana’s northern margin.

10.7 Intraplate Tectonics and Continental Development: Orogens and Basins
Alan Aitken (Australia), WeronikaGorczyk (Australia), Sandra Occhipinti (Australia), Klaus Gessner (Australia)

Alan Aitken is a leading researcher in the use of integrated geoscience methods to increase our understanding of the tectonic processes that control the architecture of continents, and their importance for natural resources and geological hazards.
This symposium seeks contributions on intraplate orogens and intraplate basin-forming events those shaped the development of Earth’s continents through time. These may include investigations of thermal, compositional and rheological changes during rifting and orogenesis, and also processes such as cratonization and lithospheric destabilisation. Studies of secular change in intraplate tectonic processes are particularly welcome.

10.8 Convergent Margins and Mineralization
Jeremy Richards (Canada)

Jeremy Richards: 1987–1990 Australian National University (Ph.D.)
1983–1986 University of Toronto, Canada (M.Sc.)
1980–1983 University of Cambridge, UK (B.A. Hons.)

Convergent margins, including ocean–ocean and ocean–continent subduction zones, and arc–continent and continent–continent collision zones, host a wide range of magmatic and hydrothermal ore deposits due to the recycling of volatiles, especially H2O, Cl, and S, through subducted seafloor-altered oceanic lithosphere. This symposium will explore the formation of ore deposits in these various convergent margin settings, including back-arc and surficial environments.

Theme 11: The Himalaya – Anatomy of an Evolving Mountain Chain

The Himalaya – Anatomy of an Evolving Mountain Chain


A.K. Jain  (India),
Talat Ahmad  (India),
Saibal Gupta  (India),
N.B.W. Harris  (UK),
Qasim Jan  (Pakistan),
Ranjan Kumar Dahal  (Nepal)

11.1 Thermal Evolution of the Himalaya
Somnath Dasgupta (India), Christopher Spencer (Australia)

Prof. Somnath Dasgupta Visiting Professor, IISER-Kolkata, former Professor at Jadavpur University, with 30 years of research experience on ultrahigh temperature metamorphosed rocks of India with over 60 international publications in the subject, Fellow of all Science Academies of India and of TWAS and Alexander von Humboldt Foundation.

Dr. Christopher Spencer completed PhD in 2014 at the University of St Andrews (UK). After an 18-month postdoc at the NERC Isotope Geosciences Laboratory (UK), he joined the Department of Applied Geology at Curtin University, Australia in 2015 to commence a five year Curtin Early Career Research Fellowship.
The Himalayas represent one of the best modern laboratories to study the evolution of thermal structure of an orogen during the collision between two continental plates. Collision leads to crustal thickening, which in turn causes temperature changes in the lower and mid crust as a consequence of enhanced radiogenic heating, in places resulting in melting of crustal domains. The topography generated by collision is simultaneously moderated by erosion and extension. These processes influence the thermal evolution of the deep crust, manifested in the form of phenomena such as inverted metamorphism and leucogranite production. Pressure-temperature-deformation-time paths extracted from responsive lithologies provide insight into the orogen’s interior, and record the thermal evolution of the crust as orogeny progresses. This symposium intends to cover a broad range of topics related to the thermal evolution of the Himalayan orogen, including metamorphism, syn- to post- collisional magmatism and geochronology..
Keywords:Metamorphism, exhumation, thermal evolution

11.2 The Himalaya - Surface processes
George Mathew (India)

George Mathew specializes in Quaternary geochronology, Thermochronology and active tectonics, and has been working on these aspects in the Arunachal Himalaya.

Erosion and exhumation are processes that are intimately related to orogeny. Erosion and neotectonic activity drives present-day uplift and exhuhmation of the Himalaya, leaving signatures in the form of geomorphic features such as incised gorges, undercut river valleys and terraces. Rates of such uplift can be constrained using a variety of thermochronological techniques. Enhanced erosion leads to a corresponding material influx into Himalayan rivers and streams, and the geochemistry of waters within the fluvial systems can serve as an efficient monitor of erosion rates. The rate at which erosion and denudation occur impact global climate, through processes including silicate weathering and burial of organic carbon, although the extent to which climate is so influenced is disputed. This symposium intends to discuss all erosional and exhumation processes including the sedimentary record, thermochronological constraints on uplift and exhumation rates, detrital mineral studies in Himalayan rivers and fluvial weathering chemistry and its ancilliary effects on climate.

Keywords:Fluvial geochemistry; tectonic geomorphology; sedimentation; thermochronology; Quaternary geochronology

11.3 Crustal Deformation of the Himalayas
Vineet Gahalaut (India)
The Himalayas represent an unrivalled case study for understanding the mechanisms of continent-continent collision. The classical model for creating the Himalayan orogen involves rapid northward movement of a fast moving Indian plate and subduction of the Tethys ocean, before the Indian continent finally collided with Eurasia. Shortening related to this convergence continues today, and the crustal deformation is primarily accommodated on a number of Himalayan discontinuities. Recent careful geodetic measurements confirmed that the total shortening is not limited to the Himalayan region, but is also accommodated within Tibet and the Indian peninsula. This symposium intends to discuss regional tectonics and geophysical studies relating to tectonic plates in the context of the Himalaya. We welcome results from geodetic studies of the deformation of the Indian and Eurasian plates, from seismological studies of recent and past Himalayan earthquakes.
Keywords:Crustal deformation; earthquakes; landscape evolution; structural geometry of Himalaya; geodesy in the Himalaya

11.4 Tectonic Evolution of the Himalaya
Talat Ahmad (India), Mike Searle (UK), Rodolfo Carosi (Italy), Peter Cawood (Australia)

Mike Searle is a Professor of Earth Sciences at the University of Oxford focused on understanding the evolution of orogenic systems worldwide. His avid love of mountaineering morphed into a love of geology and mountain systems. He did an undergraduate degree in geology at Aberystwyth University in Wales and a PhD at the Open University studying the metamorphic sole of the Semail ophiolite in Oman. For the past 30 years he has studied the geology of the UAE/Oman ophiolite, Himalaya, Karakoram, Tibet, and Southeast Asia.
This symposium will cover the geological evolution of the entire Himalaya chain including Indus suture zone, Tethyan Himalaya, Great Himalayan metamorphic sequence (GHS), Lesser Himalaya (LH) fold-thrust belt and the Siwalik molasses basin. Processes to be covered include timing of the India-Asia collision, ophiolite obduction, island arcs within Tethys, pre- and post-collision sedimentary record, crustal shortening and structural evolution, metamorphic evolution, crustal melting and leucogranite formation.

11.5 Brittle vs Viscous Deformation in the Himalaya – Field to Experiments
Santanu Bose (India), Rodolpho Carosi (Italy)

Santanu Bose has worked extensively on numerical and analogue modelling of geological structures. He is currently actively involved in, and has published on models that are directly related to the Himalayan structures.

Rodolpho Carosi specialises in continental tectonics and has published extensively on Himalayan faults and shear zones.

This symposium intends to examine the cause of varying pattern of deformation over spatial and temporal scales in the Himalayan belt. We invite new results that discuss the link between the regionally occurring ductile structures and brittle faulting, and the exhumation of the Greater Himalayan Sequence in the framework of Himalayan orogeny. The symposium will encompass field, experimental and numerical studies on the Himalaya, focusing largely on faults, shear zones and modelling studies.

Keywords: Continental collision tectonics; Himalayan discontinuities; shear zones and faults in Himalaya; numerical modelling; analogue modelling

11.6 Role of Fluids in Himalayan Tectonics
Sandeep Singh (India)

11.7 Phanerozoic and Precambrian Ophiolites as Oceanic Tracers of the Assembly & Disassembly of Gondwana
Yildirim Dilek (USA), Brian F Windley (UK), D V Subba Rao (India), Reyaz Ahmad Dar (India)
Dr Dilek is a University Distinguished Professor at Miami University, with an expertise on tectonics, geochemistry and petrology. He has served as the Vice President of the USGS for a term. He has worked extensively on ophiolites in many orogenic belts and has published about 250 peer-reviewed papers and 28 books. See the attached CV.
Dr Windley is an Emeritus Professor at Leicester University. He has worked extensively in Phanerozoic and Precambrian orogenic belts and ophiolites around the world. He has published about 350 papers and a widely cited book, entitled “Evolving Continents”.
In this symposium, we will examine the ophiolite record of Supercontinent Gondwana and its continental derivatives, spanning the entire evolutionary spectrum from its assembly through accretionary and collisional tectonic events to its disassembly and dispersal through continental rifting, seafloor spreading and subduction mechanisms. Precambrian and Phanerozoic ophiolites in India, Africa-Arabia, South America, Antarctica, Australia, Central Europe and Iberia reveal significant geological evidence for the assembly and disassembly of Gondwana. We welcome contributions presenting new data and interpretations as well as refined models and overview of ophiolite occurrences in all these Gondwana-derived continents.  We envision this symposium as an interactive forum for the exchange of new concepts, models and data on the Gondwana geology with a focus on its ophiolite record

Theme 12: Quaternary Environments: Sedimentation and Landform Evolution

Pradeep Srivastava  (India),
Pankaj Srivastava  (India),
Rasmus C. Theide  (Germany)

12.1 Deserts: Past and Present
Deepak M. Maurya (India), Amal Kar (India)

Drs. Deepak Maurya and Amal Kar have extensive experience in working on modern and paleo-desert systems in Thar Desert.

This symposium inivites abstracts on various aspects of deserts including

  • Antiquity of the deserts processes.
  • Interpreting the legacies of water, evaporites and placers for sustainable use.
  • Patterns of human and cultural response to past environmental changes.
  • Quantification of the present-day landscape processes: aeolian, fluvial and others.
  • Desertification – causes, preventive measures, and future needs.

Keywords: Arid land sedimentation, Chronology, paleoclimate, Desertification

12.2 Soil-Geomorphology and Landscape Evolution
Pankaj Srivastava (India), Peter Kühn (Germany)

Dr Pankaj Srivastava and Dr Peter Kuhn have worked and published extensively on evolution of Quaternary landscape using soil geomorphology in various type of climate and tectonic settings.

This symposium intends to address soils, landforms, erosion, flooding, sedimentation, vegetation and land use to understand the soil-geomorphic in relation to changing climate during the Quaternary.

Keywords: Soil geomorphology, landscape evolution and Quaternary climate and tectonics

12.3 Mountain Landscape: Tectonics and Climate Feedbacks
Rasmus Theide (Germany), Pradeep Srivastava (India), Manfred Strecker (Germany), Bodo Bookhaagen (Germany)

Drs Bodo Bookhagen and Rasmus Theide have worked extensively on exhumation, climate tectonic feedbacks and evolution of mountain chains like Himalaya.

Dr Pradeep Srivastava has developed model and chronology explaining climate forcing in widespread river valley aggradation and incision and evolution of riverine landscape of Himalaya.

This symposium aims to attract contributions that explore the relationship between surficial geomorphology, sediment dynamics and from active tectonics to plate boundary processes, including studies that link upper plate processes to deeper crustal structure. In particular, we encourage coupled catchment-basin studies that take advantage of numerical/physical modelling, geochemical tools for quantifying rates of surface processes and high resolution digital topographic and subsurface data. We also invite contributions that address the role of surface processes in modulating rates of deformation and tectonic style including plate boundary processes.

Keywords: Thrust fold belts, climate-tectonic feedbacks, exhumation, landscape evolution

12.4 Glaciers: Past and Present
Aparna Shukla, (India), Manish Mehta (India), Dirk Scherler (Germany)

Dr Aparna Shukla and Dr Manish Mehta worked and published extensively on glacial processes, inventory and Paleoglaciation in NW and Garhwal Himalaya

Dr Dirk Scherler is modelling expert who has developed regional scenarios on glacial-climate responses in Himalaya and other places.
This symposium invites abstracts on

  • Understanding glaciations across time and space.
  • Estimation of glacial ice reserves – methods and errors.
  • Glacier response to climate change and forcing factors.
  • Glacial and high altitude lakes – processes, status and hazard.
  • Glacial hydrology – climate change impacts

Keywords: Glacier, Climate change, Cryosphere, Quaternary, and Hydrology

12.5 Extreme Hydrological Event -Present and Past
Alpa Sridhar, (India), Bruno Wilhem (France), Tao Liu (USA)

The proposer has worked extensively on the extreme flood sequences and their chronology of western and Central India and has been an important member of Fluvial archive group (FLAG) of PAGES
Extreme hydrological events, those occur with significantly lower or higher magnitude and frequency than threshold values, pose severe risk to human safety, cause economic loss and are a threat to sustainable development. These events are unique or clustered in time and often change the landscape and related processes of a region. One important implication of climate change is the predicted increases in the frequency and intensity of extreme hydrological events, namely, droughts and floods. This symposium solicits presentations on multi- archival and interdisciplinary investigations on understanding extreme events, past and present, in various global regions. Also invited are deliberations on the response of human societies to such large scale impactive events.
Keywords: Extreme Floods, chronology, Climate change

Theme 13: Imaging Earth’s Interior

Imaging Earth’s Interior


V.M. Tiwari  (India),
Ajay Manglik  (India),
Hitoshi Kawakatsu  (Japan)

13.1 Recent Advances in Near Surface Geophysics
Gerald Gabriel (Germany)

Gerald Gabriel: 1997 PhD TU Clausthal, since 1998 LIAG, since 2016 acting head of department ‘Seismics, Gravimetry, Magnetics’; lecturer at Leibniz Universität Hannover, associate editor ‘Near Surface Geophysics’

Near-surface geophysical exploration methods are particularly relevant with regard to exploration and use of the economically viable but also vulnerable subsurface, a task of high societal relevance. This covers a wide range of applications, for instance, the exploration of natural resources, geotechnical exploration, landscape evolution, and archaeology. Apart from manifold applications, urban regions are moving into the spotlight of near-surface investigations, due to their increased vulnerability, thus posing new challenges to the methods available. Simultaneously, the demands on the spatial resolution of the provided information, in particular of 3D structures and parameters, are steadily increasing; comprehensive understanding of the system requires innovative methods to monitor and even possibly forecast geological processes. These developments in acquisition technology must be accompanied by progress in the processing of the acquired data, in numerical modelling, and even in data management. This symposium aims to address all aspects related to near-surface geophysics studies.

Keywords: near surface geophysics, technical developments, methodical developments, case studies

13.2 Images of the Deep Earth and Geodynamics
Hitoshi Kawakatsu (Japan), Claudio Faccenna (Italy), Thorsten W. Becker (USA)

Hitoshi Kawakatsu is a Seismologist.
Claudio Faccenna is a Geologist.
Thorsten W. Becker is a Geodynamicist.
This symposium intends to cover global and regional-scale deep Earth structural imaging, the links between deep structure and surface geology and related geodynamical modelling and analysis. Targets for imaging include the lithosphere-asthenosphere system beneath continents and oceanic basins, subduction and continental collision, the mantle transition zone, mantle plumes, the lower mantle/CMB and the core. Of particular interest are the large-scale mantle and lithospheric processes responsible for the Indo-Eurasia collision. Questions include: Why did the Indian plate move so fast, and what controlled its motion throughout the Cenozoic? What controls orogeny and deformation within the Indian and Eurasian lithosphere? How is the negative geoid anomaly over India related to deep mantle dynamics? How is regional plate tectonics affected by plumes and their potential surface impact, including the Deccan traps?

Keywords: mantle, core, continental collision, subduction, lithosphere-asthenosphere system

13.3 Imaging the Crust and Lithosphere Beneath the Continents
M. Ravi Kumar (India)

M. Ravi Kumar has made significant contributions towards investigating the shear structure, composition and deformation of the lithosphere and sub-lithospheric mantle and decipher their bearing on the evolution and seismogenesis in intra and inter plate tectonic environments.

This symposium intends to address high-resolution imaging of the crust and mantle part of the lithosphere and its bearing on the evolution of the continents, geodynamics, plate tectonics and geohazards.

Keywords: mantle, core, continental collision, subduction, lithosphere-asthenosphere system

13.4 Crustal structure and Deformation in Active Tectonic regions with Special Reference to the Himalaya
Ajay Manglik (India)

Ajay Manglik completed his Ph.D. 1994; Scientist, CSIR-NGRI since 1989; Research experience in modelling of geodynamical heat and mass transport processes in earth’s interior, electromagnetic geophysics, and geophysical inversion. Group Head for airborne near-surface exploration and geophysical imaging of the NW Himalaya.

The symposium aims to address topics related to geophysical imaging of the crustal structure of active tectonics regions and geodetic measurements. Special emphasis will be on the Himalayan collision belt and the Andaman-Sumatra subduction zone.

Keywords: Geophysics, Active tectonics, Himalaya, collision belt

Theme 14: Emerging Trends in Exploration for Deep and Concealed Resources

Emerging Trends in Exploration for Deep and Concealed Resources


D.S. Jeere  (India),
Dinesh Gupta  (India),
Richard Blewett  (Australia)

14.1 Regolith geology and concealed mineral deposits
Ignacio González-Álvarez (Australia)

Regolith units are the result of in situ and/or transported material, which has been affected by weathering processes. Understanding genetic aspects of regolith could help in mineral exploration by providing broader targets or obstruct exploration by concealing the bed rock targets, preventing easy sampling, concealing structures, lithological units etc. Genetic models of regolith mainly include climatic, geomorphological, pedological, tectonic domains and the classification of mapping units are mostly dependent on the terrain, scale and information extractability. In general, basic information like in-situ versus transported regolith, understanding provenance, effect of paleo to modern drainages are the key elements needed to the explorer. The various mapping techniques may include remote sensing, interpretation of geophysical data sets, geochemical sampling, spectrometric studies and ground validation etc. Several approaches are developed to map them. Currently, mineral exploration has concentrated on concealed deposits in regolith-covered terrains. Characterization of cover material as residual, transported or as complex nature by taking the aid from spectral studies, heavy minerals, geochemistry, age dating of detrital material etc. are the emerging techniques.
Genetic classification schemes for regolith, methodologies of mapping at regional and local scales, importance of a specific genetic class of regolith for a targeting particular mineral deposit, geochemical and geomorphological nature of regolith, methodologies of characterization of cover material, successful application of numerous techniques, effective use of varieties of geoscientific data sets and other related issues are the key subjects under this symposium.

14.2 Application of aerogeophysical Data Sets for Target Delineation through Basement Mapping/ Predictive Geological Mapping of Potentially Covered Terrains
B. K. Sahu (India)
Creation of the predictive geological maps involving identification of the near-surface and deeper responses and classifying the remaining responses according to their possible sources, integrated analysis of multiple data types, i.e. magnetics, gravity, radiometrics, conductivity, outcropping geology etc., to produce a more reliable model of the covered terrain or subsurface geology are the subjects under this category. The advancements and success stories related to delineation of mineral potential areas of covered regions, data acquisition, processing, spatial analysis, application of filters by airborne geophysical methodologies viz., magnetics, time domain magneto-gradiometry, gravity gradiometry, airborne electromagnetic etc., are the key discussion elements of the symposium.

14.3 Mineral System Approach for Enhancing Mineral Deposit Discovery Rate in the Potentially Covered Terrain
M. N Praveen (India)

Deeply weathered and regolith covered terrains may coincide with the tectonic domains and hence mineral system approach can help the explorer in targeting the mineralization below cover. Mineral exploration in covered terrain is challenging, requiring the development of new technical tools and approaches. Mineral system features include the geological setting, fluid drivers, fluid and metal sources, fluid pathways, depositional traps and post depositional modifications. All of these components link to geodynamic processes and the tectonic system. Transported cover is an obstacle to mineral exploration as it masks the detect Mineral System Approach for reversing the decline in mineral deposit discovery in the covered terrain table signature of buried mineral systems and dispersion of indicator elements to the surface. Mineral system gives an opportunity to generate prospectivity maps of potentially covered regions to enhance the rate of mineral deposit discovery. Translating mineral system elements into mappable criteria, delineation of presence of a particular mineral system in covered regions, new advancements in mineral system studies, various rankings for varieties mineral systems, identification of critical elements, working on greenfield regions for mineral potentiality etc., are the mine issues for this symposium.

14.4 Advances in Geophysical Approaches for Tracing Concealed and Deep Structures and Materials
M. K. Mukherjee (India)

Highlights on delineation of fault systems and other crustal scale structures by using the data sets of seismic survey, gravity, magnetics, deep electrical soundings etc., and magneto-telluric models for deep conductive zones. Mapping of potential structural conduits, fault splay systems using remote sensing data, structural traps, structurally permeable zones of mineralizing fluids etc., shall fall in this symposium.

14.5 Ground Geophysical Methods of Gravity, Magnetic, Electrical, Electromagnetic to Bring Out Concealed Fertile Bodies
G. Karunakar (India)

Modelling source geometry, depth of source, responses from different litho-types, fault zones etc., of potentially covered regions by magnetic, gravity, electrical, electromagnetic are the main foci under this symposium.

14.6 Geochemical Techniques of Tracing Distal Footprints of Concealed Mineral Deposits
David Cohen (Australia)

Pathfinder elements, various geochemical sample media, leaching techniques, threshold values, mobile metal ion methodology, vectoring towards ore zones, case studies on discovery of concealed deposits by geochemical techniques etc., are the elements considered in this symposium. Groundwater sampling techniques, analytical and interpretation techniques, trace metals and metalloid concentrations, isotopic applications, metal saturation, ion exchange, mobility in various environments, threshold values of indicator metals, buried mineral deposit discovery etc., and are also part of this symposium.

14.7 Recent Advances in Detection of Concealed Mineral Deposits by Integration Geoscience
M. N. Mishra (India), R. Balaji (India)

Geological, geophysical, geochemical and geochronological constraints such as gravity & magnetic records, aerogeophysical data sets, magneto-telluric, seismic interpretations, geochemical data, drill hole information with an understanding on tectono-magmatic history and mineral system by integration geoscience approach significantly reduces the risk of mineral exploration, mostly for the largely covered areas. In a geospatial environment, various layers with different geo-scientific information may be overlain and analyzed as an integrated dataset for prioritization of detailed exploration. Construction of litho-structural maps using field observations integrated with airborne and ground geophysical data, satellite data, alteration maps, geochemical data sets etc., by various statistical modelling for various deposit styles, prospectivity analysis by index overlay, fuzzy logic etc., mostly to the cover dominant terrain are the main subjects encompass in this symposium.

14.8 Developments in Targeting Concealed and Deep Seated Uranium –REE Mineralization
A. K. Chaturvedi (India)

With growing demand of sustainable clean Energy resources worldwide, nuclear energy has a very important role to play. Bulk of the world uranium resources are accounted for by the Proterozoic unconformity related deposits, Middle Proterozoic Iron Oxide Breccia complex and Phanerozoic sandstone type uranium deposits. Last decade witnessed significant advancement in understanding mineral deposits in relationship to internal and external processes of the Earth, exploration techniques, instrumentation, data processing and interpretation techniques. In particular, Airborne Electromagnetic methods (AEM) proved to be very successful in assisting uranium Exploration. AEM has proven to be particularly useful in places such as the central parts of Africa, South America and Australia, where approximately 80% of the landscape is covered by regolith and sedimentary basins. Integration of multi parametric geospatial datasets acquired over different geological terrains have been studied to delineate favorable locales for uranium exploration. These data sets include satellite imagery, aeromagnetic, aero-radiometric, airborne time domain electromagnetic, geological and structural data layers. Thematic layers of conductive horizons, faults and fracture zones, alteration zones, radio elemental rich zones, lithological, geochemical are extracted from geospatial data sets. GIS tools facilitate data transformation, visualization, analysis, modelling and spatial decision support required for integrating exploration datasets in generating mineral potential maps and in defining suitable zones for detailed uranium exploration. In addition to applying suitable geoscience applications of discovering Uranium mineralization as discussed above, the exploration of strategically important Rare Metals and Rare Earth Elements in beach sand placers, concealed alkaline suite of rocks and carbonatites in various geological environments are the main subjects under this symposium. Different Geophysical techniques, geochemistry etc., which are very successfully used in tracing such concealed deposits are also part of this symposium.

Theme 15: Volcanology: Geological, Archeological and Contemporary

Volcanology: Geological, Archeological and Contemporary


R.A. Duraiswami  (India),
M.S. Bodas  (India)

15.1 Continental Flood Basalts and related Volcanics: Current status of knowledge and future work possibility
Raymond A. Duraiswami (India), Stephen Self (USA), Hetu Sheth (India)

Dr. R. A Duraiswami and his students are actively engaged in the studying physical volcanology of the Deccan Traps, Sylhet Traps and the Javakheti Volcanic plateau, Georgia.

Stephen Self is the former Vice President (2011-2015) and Life Member of the International Association of Volcanology & Chemistry of the Earth's Interior (IAVCEI) and past leader of UK’s Volcanic and Magmatic Studies Group. He has worked extensively on volcanoes and continental flood basalt terrains of the world and is well published.

The symposium invites abstracts on current status of knowledge and future work possibilities by exchange of ideas and comparing provinces from India with other global CFBs like Karoo, CRB, Siberian Traps, etc.

Keywords: CFB provinces, physical volcanology, chemostratigraphy, 3-D architecture, climate change.

15.2 Island Arc volcanics
Martin Jutzeler (Australia), Hiro Yamagishi (Japan), Tapan Pal (India)

Prof. Hiro Yamagishi is a noted volcanologist from the Geological Survey of Japan who has worked extensively on Island arc volcanism. He has publications on geochemistry of island arc basalts and volcanology of pillow lava-hyaloclastite sequences from the Japanese and related arcs.

 Dr. Tapan Pal has dedicated his service at Geological Survey of India on studying the Andaman and Nicobar volcanism. His notable works include the study of pyroclastics from the Barren Island volcano.

Island arc volcanism is closely associated with the subduction of ocean and continental lithosphere and produce spectacular archipelagos of stratovolcanoes that constitute the famed ‘rings of fire’. These include many famous volcanoes like Etna, Vesuvius, Pinatubo, Fujiyama, Krakatau and Toba to name a few. These stratovolcanoes are notorious for violent explosions and stratospheric mass loading that lead to greenhouse effects and climate change.
India-Asia collision produced island arc in the NW Himalayas and along the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. These regions are closely associated with Island arc volcanics (Khardung, Dras, etc) or with dormant and active volcanoes like the Narcondam and Barren volcano. Besides these, the Taftan-Bazman (Iran) and Kuhi-e-Sultan (Pakistan) are important stratovolcanoes in the vicinity of the subcontinent. The symposium aims to review the latest status of research in Island arc volcanism and will focus on the siesmo tectonics, volcanic products, monitoring and mitigating natural hazards posed by this type of volcanism.
Keywords: Island arc, subduction, stratovolcanoes, atmospheric mass load

15.3 Volcanism and its influence on human civilization
Karol Nemeth (New Zealand), Makarand Bodas (India), Loyc Vanderkluysen (USA), Himanshu Kulkarni (India)

Dr. Karol Nemeth’s areas of expertise include physical volcanology, magma-water interaction research, and volcanic hazard studies. Nemeth’s research is centered on understanding monogenetic volcanism and volcanic field evolution across the globe.

Dr. Makarand Bodas was a member of the team that established stratigraphy of a thick lava pile of the Western Deccan sequence using geochemical signatures. His current interests are i) understanding relationships between lava morphologies and different types of slope failures in the Deccan Province and ii) studying transitional flows in the Deccan Province.

Dr. Loyc Vanderkluysen research involves wide array of methods, ranging from volcano monitoring and thermal remote sensing, to high-temperature geochemistry, igneous petrology, and experimental volcanology.

Under this symposium, we invite multidisciplinary contributions addressing various aspects of study of volcanic rocks from the older sequences to active and contemporary volcanic fields. The use of Deccan basalts and trachyte in the range of Indian architectonic heritage, from antiquity to current times, is quite fascinating. The world famous Ajanta and Ellora caves, forts, temples and ancient, medieval and contemporary buildings in and around Pune-Mumbai are perfect examples of how the basalts have carved a niche in the cultural ethos of the people for western India. The symposium invites contributions highlighting various methods of study of volcanic rocks on earth and other planets, their importance in human civilization.

Keywords: Geoheritage, dormant and active volcanoes, natural hazard, groundwater

Theme 16: Magmatism and Petrogenetic Processes

Magmatism and Petrogenetic Processes


N.V. Chalapathi Rao  (India),
Parampreet Kaur  (India),
Richard E Ernst  (Canada)

16.1 Large igneous Provinces and their Plumbing Systems
Rajesh K. Srivastava (India), Richard E Ernst (Canada)

Prof. Rajesh K. Srivastava is a well-known researcher and contributed immensely to the study of mafic dykes, LIPs, Carbonatites and alkaline rocks.

Prof. Richard E. Ernst is an internationally acknowledged researcher on various aspects of LIPs and their metallogentic aspects.

This symposium intends to the temporal and spatial distribution of the LIPs, their origin and links to mantle plumes, mafic dykes and dyke swarms, superplume events, supercontinent reconstructions, climate changes (including mass extinctions) and associated metallogeny.
Keywords: LIPs, Mafic dykes, Dyke swarms, Mantle plumes, Supercontinents

16.2 Granites - Petrogenesis to Metallogenesis
N M W Roberts (UK), Naveen Chaudhri (India), Parampreet Kaur (India)

Dr Nick Roberts is an active researcher on Precambrian geology and supercontinent history. He is also involved in analytical developments in LA-ICP-MS.

Prof Naveen Choudhary is an igneous petrologist and has worked extensively on the crustal evolution with reference to granitoids from the NW India and from the Himalaya.

Dr.Parampreet Kaur specialises in the petrology, geochemistry and geochronology of granitoids and their metallogenetic links.

This symposium will focus on developments in our understanding of the origin and distribution in time and space of granites; their source compositions; their role in the evolution of continental crust; and the development of igneous metallogenic provinces.

Keywords: Granites, petrology, geochemistry, crustal evolution, metallogeny

16.3 Subduction-Zone Magmatism
Georg Zellmer (New Zealand), Jun-Ichi Kimura (Japan), Rajdeep Dasgupta (USA)

Prof Zellmer integrates igneous geochemistry with geophysical data to elucidate petrogenetic processes and their rates in the subduction zone environment.

Dr Kimura made seminal petrological contributions to the genesis of subduction-related magmatic rocks through geochemical modelling and in situ analytical techniques.

Prof Rajdeep Dasgupta is a well-known experimental petrologist at Rice University, USA- His research interests involve understanding physical and chemical processes of the Earth and other planetary interiors and their surface manifestations, with a particular emphasis on the role of volatiles in melting and magma evolution.

This symposium intends to cover all aspects of magmatism in subduction zones, from the processes occurring in the subducting slab, through the transfer of components from the slab to the mantle wedge, mantle melting, and magmatic evolution and ascent through the overriding crust. The topic includes how these processes may have changed through time, with special reference to the relative roles of juvenile crust formation versus elemental recycling, which are crucial to understand evolution of the continents. Interdisciplinary contributions from research involving field observations, petrology and geochemistry, geophysics, experimental petrology, geochronology, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, numerical modelling and/or other approaches are encouraged.

Keywords: subducting slab, mantle wedge, overriding crust, crustal recycling, arc magmatism

16.4 Magmatism in an Extensional environment
Gautam Sen (USA), Sarajit Sen Sarma (India)

Prof Sen has made outstanding petrological contributions on the genesis of basalts from varied tectonic settings and their entrained xenoliths.

Prof Sensarma is well known for his petrological and geochemical contributions on silicic and basic magmatism associated with extensional settings

This symposium is aimed at developments in our understanding of processes leading to continental breakup and subsequent development of major ocean basins, and to the timing of melt generation and crystallization of magmatic rocks in these environments.

Keywords: Basalts, decompression melting, melt generation, crystallization

16.5 Intraplate Alkaline Magmatism
N V Chalapathi Rao (India), Lukáš Krmíček (Czech Republic)

Prof. Rao has made several important contributions on the petrology and geodynamics of kimberlites, lamproites and lamprophyres and alkaline rocks.

Prof.Krmíček is an active worker on the alkaline sodic-potassic-ultrapotassic rocks with special reference to lamproites, lamprophyres and their xenoliths.

This symposium focuses on the characteristics, origin and timing of eruption, emplacement and economic aspects of diverse alkaline rocks (including kimberlites, lamproites, lamprophyres, carbonatites) and their entrained xenoliths occurring in continental as well as oceanic intraplate settings. The genesis of these exotic rocks vis-à-vis supercontinent cycles, mantle plumes and recent high pressure experimental petrology results will be explored.

Keywords: Alkaline rocks, carbonatite, kimberlite, lamprophyre, lamproite

16.6 Melts and fluids in the Earth’s Mantle
Sujoy K Ghosh (India), Nachiketa Rai (India)

Dr. Ghosh is an experimental petrologist with several contributions to his credit on the extreme high pressure and temperature conditions and phase transitions in the mantle.

Dr. Rai is an experimental geochemist, and his research focusses on processes of deep planetary interiors, core-mantle differentiation, mantle evolution and volatile budgets of planets.

The aim of this symposium is to cover the petrological, geochemical, and experimental contributions from researches on deep-seated fluids and melts in the Earth’s mantle, particularly the volatile (H2O, CO2, sulfur) and alkali-rich melts and fluids at the HP-HT conditions, for a better understanding of role of fluids, speciation mechanism of volatiles and redox state in the deep mantle.

Keywords: Fluids, melts, high pressure, mantle experiments

16.7 Dynamics of Magmatic Processes
Santosh Kumar (India), Gregory Shellnutt (Taiwan), Steve Denyszyn (Australia), K R Hari (India)

Prof Santosh Kumar is a well-known igneous petrologist who works on various aspects of magma mixing, mingling and enclave-host relationships.

Prof Shellnutt is a renowned researcher with several contributions on bi-modal volcanics, melt composition of basic magmas and Panjal Traps.

Dr Denyszyn has research interests in geochronology, paleomagnetism and geochemistry of mafic magmatism and made several important contributions.

Prof Hari has extensively carried out mineralogical and petrological studies on the mafic, alkaline and ultramafic rocks of Archaean and Cretaceous age from India.

There is significant interaction among magmas of different compositions in plutonic and volcanic environments leading to compositional variability of igneous rocks. This symposium intends to encompass all the aspects relating to the physics of magmatism, complexity of magma mixing and mingling, and their role in the petrogenesis of magmatic rocks including modelling and numerical simulations.

Keywords: Magma, mixing, mingling, modelling, petrogenesis

Theme 17: Advances in Geochemistry

Advances in Geochemistry


Y.J. Bhaskar Rao  (India),
B. Sreenivas  (India),
Andrey Bekker  (USA)

17.1 Geochemical and Chronological Perspective of Stars to Planets
G. Srinivasan (India)

Dr. G. Srinivasan is geochemist/ cosmochemist and has worked extensively on accretion and evolution of planetesimals, production of short-lived radionuclides and differentiation of asteroids. His work on primitive meteorites led to the discovery of 41Ca in early solar system and his work on differentiated meteorites established the role of 26Al as a heat source for planetary melting.

The astrophysical evolution of the Universe is mirrored in the bulk elemental abundances in the Solar System. More than 99% of the Solar System is composed of remnants from the Big Bang - hydrogen (H) and helium (He) and trace amounts of Li, Be, and B. The remainder of the elements in the material inventory is the product of nucleosynthesis from variety of stellar sources, e.g., supernovae, late-stage stars, and novae. The nearly uniform elemental and isotopic composition of planetary bodies suggests that nebular parent material was well mixed. However, vestiges of various stellar sources are manifest in the isotopic composition of presolar grains, Ca-Al-rich inclusions in primitive meteorites and heterogeneities in bulk meteorites. These heterogeneities pose a challenge for interpretation and modelling the geochemical evolution of terrestrial planets. At the same time the variable isotopic composition provide insight into the astrophysical setting in which our solar system formed and the processes that prevailed. The gas-solid chemical fractionation of elements in the nebula drove the compositional variation in primitive meteorites. The accretion and growth of planets and large asteroids was followed by their large scale melting resulting in metal-silicate fractionation, a process that resulted in core-mantle formation. The differentiation of mantle and the formation of crust led to further fractionation of elements based on their compatibility. The Earth as a planet or our solar system as a whole cannot be viewed in isolation but have to be understood in the context of other planetary systems around distant stars. This symposium invites abstracts covering all these aspects.

Keywords: Nucleosynthesis, Chondrites, solar nebula, accretion, asteroids, planets

17.2 Geochemistry of Earth’s Crust and Crustal Evolution
Allen Nutman (Australia)

Professor Nutman extensively worked on Archaean and Palaeoproterozoic crustal evolution via high-grade gneiss complexes mostly in Greenland and Australia, but also in China, Brazil, Russia and India. He has vast experience on SHRIMP ion microprobe U-Pb geochronology.

This multidisciplinary symposium draws together contributions from the diverse realms of trace element and isotope geochemistry and geochronology, integrated with tectonics, metamorphic and sedimentary geology. The key aim of this symposium is to explore how deep in Earth’s time does James Hutton’s ‘The present is the key to the past’ hold true.

Keywords: Crust, evolution, composition

17.3 Evolution of Earth’s Atmosphere and Ocean: Geological and Geochemical Perspective
Andrey Bekker (USA)

Prof. Bekker is widely known for his contributions to our understanding of atmospheric oxygen evolution during the Precambrian. He has provided the first timing constraints of Great Oxidation Event. He has worked on Lomagundi excursion events, S, O, Fe, Ti and U isotope systematics in understanding the redox evolution.

Earth underwent the most dramatic environmental changes in the early Paleoproterozoic and late Neoproterozoic when supercontinents assembled and broke-up, multiple Large Igneous Provinces were emplaced, major perturbations in the biogeochemical carbon cycle took place, atmosphere and oceans were oxygenated, multiple global glaciations occurred, and major innovations in the evolution of life happened. Bracketed by these two time periods of environmental turmoil, the ‘Boring Billion’ has also been in focus of the recent research with the emphasis on whether low oxygenation of the oceans or shallow-marine settings played a key role in the delayed evolution of life. Leading to the Great Oxidation Event in the early Paleoproterozoic, localized oxygenated settings or short-lived, transient oxygenation events has been inferred in the otherwise anoxic surface environments. There has been significant progress in our understanding of these events, yet cause and effect relationships among them are poorly constrained and remain highly speculative. Early Earth’s plate tectonics and geodynamics are also poorly understood, yet they provide a backdrop for all these evolutionary changes. New state-of-the-art geochemical and geological proxies has been developed and applied to constrain these events and their relationships. High-precision geochronology provides precise ages to calibrate these events and correlate globally. Geochemical modelling matured to address uncertainties in our understanding of the biogeochemical carbon cycle, nutrient cycling, and chemistry and redox state of the atmosphere and oceans in the Precambrian. Early Earth’s history also provides now an insight into exploration for life on other planets. Contributions dealing with any of these aspects will be welcome to this symposia.

Keywords: Atmospheric oxygen, ocean, redox evolution

17.4 Surface Geochemistry Past and Present
Albert Galy (France)

Prof. Galy has worked extensively on the major river fluxes, especially the Himalyan rivers. He has introduced new non-traditional stable isotopes such as Mg and Ca in estimating the fluxes.

Topics covering geochemistry of weathering processes, soil formation in the past and present, rivers, element cycling, proxies to linkages between erosion, climate and tectonics shall be encouraged. Broadly the symposia will focus on interactions among lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere.

17.5 Biogeochemistry
R. Baskar (India)

Prof. R Baskar from India has worked extensively in the field of Geomicrobiology and has made significant scientific contributions. He has been striving towards seamless integration of microbiology and geology in India.

This symposium intends to focus on the co-evolution of life and environment on the Earth. Major geological events in the Earth history correlating with the biological evolution that can be traced by geochemical proxies will be of interest. Influence of biological activities on the Earth processes and the influence of the geological processes in the biological evolution are other toipics of discussion. Besides, microbial metabolic activities that influence water-rock interaction and microbes as geochemical agents influencing chemical transport between the major geochemical reservoirs etc. are other topics to be covered including analytical tools to recognize the ancient and current microbial activities in the rock record. Extreme environments analogous to other planets, such as deep subsurface environments or hydrothermal vents, which harbour diverse microorganisms will also be discussed.

Keywords: Geomicrobiology, geobiology, earth-life interactions

17.6 Environmental Forensics of the Transport and Fate of Contaminant in Soil and Freshwater Systems
Prosun Bhattacharya (Sweden), Manish Kumar (India)

The present symposium intends to address the unanswered question relating to identifying the sources/ point of release of contaminants, by integrating a variety of analytical techniques or tools, analysis of the acquired data into a unified comprehensive data set. The symposium will give emphasis on: Contaminant Fingerprinting for source identification and/or age-dating, including chemical, isotopic, chiral, mineralogical /microscopy techniques, DNA and tree-ring fingerprinting. Specific Evaluative Techniques for source identification and/or age-dating including historical document and aerial photography review, signature chemicals, atmospheric tracers and markets forensics, background concentration evaluations.

Keywords: Environmental Geochemistry

17.7 Advances in Analytical Geochemistry
Martin Whitehouse (Sweden)

Dr. Martin Whitehouse is senior researcher primarily responsible for the ion microprobe facility, Nordsim, which operates a large geometry CAMECA ims1280 instrument as a joint Nordic infrastructure between the museum, the Swedish Research Council and the University of Iceland. His interests are in applying radiogenic and stable isotopes to the evolution of the terrestrial planets, including the Earth.

This symposium intends to address advancements in analytical capabilities defined the development of Geochemistry. Frontier developments in analytical capabilities both in situ and ex situ will be covered.

17.8 Challenges and Opportunities of Global-Scale Geochemical Mapping (4th Arthur Darnley Symposium)
David B. Smith (USA), Katherine Knights (Ireland), Patrice de Caritat (Australia), Xueqiu Wang (China), Alecos Demetriades (Greece)

David B. Smith: Scientist Emeritus, U.S. Geological Survey. Co-Leader, IUGS Commission on Global Geochemical Baselines. He is Secretary, Association of Applied Geochemists.

Katherine Knights: Geochemistry Manager, Tellus Program; Co-Leader, IUGS Commission on Global Geochemical Baselines; Fellow, Association of Applied Geochemists.

Patrice de Caritat: Secretary, IUGS Commission on Global Geochemical Baselines; Fellow, Association of Applied Geochemists.

Xueqiu Wang: Co-Leader, IUGS Commission on Global Geochemical Baselines; Executive Director, UNESCO International Centre for Global-Scale Geochemistry.

Alecos Demetriades: Treasurer, IUGS Task Group on Global Geochemical Baselines; Fellow, Association of Applied Geochemists.

This symposium aims to focus on case histories from global-scale geochemical mapping programs, the lessons learned from the surveys, and the opportunities for utilizing the data for the benefit of humankind. In addition, presentations of results from higher-density geochemical surveys conducted at national to local scales.
Keywords: Geochemical mapping, global scale, environmental geochemistry, geochemical baselines, geochemical surveys

Theme 18. Advances in Mineralogy, including Ore mineralogy, Gemology and Geometallurgy

Advances in Mineralogy, including Ore mineralogy, Gemology and Geometallurgy


K.L. Pruseth  (India),
Jayshree Panjikar  (India),

18.1 Minerals and geochronology
K L Pruseth (India), Dewashish Upadhyay (India)

Dr. K.L. Pruseth is an experimental petrologist working in the field of ore geology and sulfide phase equilibria. He considerable experience in EPMA analysis and CHIME dating.

Dr. D. Upadhyay is an expert in the field of isotope geology. His current interests are in the mineral micro-domain scale isotopic measurements and dating.

Dating has been an important tool for understanding geological events and processes. Advances in relevant instrumentations have made possible acquisition of geochronological information from micro-domains in minerals revealing the stages of their evolution through series of geological events. The cumulative geochronological information from various datable minerals is essential for comprehensive geological understanding. Chemical dating of monazite and isotopic dating of zircon are the most used techniques. However, suitable other minerals from more specific environments are also in use.The symposium addresses all innovations and improvements in analytical protocols for minerals expected to be used as geochronometers.

Keywords: Geochronology; isotope; dating; laser; micro-beam

18.2 Geology and Gemstones
Jayshree Panjikar (India)

The symposium encompass all aspects related to Geochemistry of gem species and their varieties, nature of formation, temperature pressure crystallization, inclusions, geological age of gem and methods to determine geological age.
Keywords: Gem minerals, geology, geochemistry, parameters for gem formation, trace elements, geological age

18.3 Advances in Synthetic Gemstones
Pornsawat Wathanakul (Thailand)

This symposium aims to address the issues related to synthetic gem species and their varieties, formation, crystallization, inclusions, cause of colour in synthetic gem and methods to induce different colours.

Keywords: Synthetic Gem minerals, methods and techniques, inclusions, treatments on synthetics, identification

18.4 Diamonds Today
Andy Hsi-Tien Shen (China)
The symposium includes aspects related to diamond formation and crystallization, Advances in the study of diamonds and inclusions, Hydrogen- and carbon-bearing minerals in the mantle, cause of colour in diamond and methods to induce different colours in diamonds. New diamond occurrences and deposits, Modern methods of prospecting, exploration of Diamond deposits, exploration and mining, Various diamond treatments and their identification, Synthetic diamond manufacturing and their identification and Future of synthetic diamonds.

Keywords: Inclusions, Diamond deposits, Diamond treatments, Synthetic diamond, Identification

18.5 Gem Species and their varieties
Lee A. Groat (Canada)

The symposium aims at various aspects of gem species and varieties, formation and crystallization. Advances in the study of gem variety and inclusions, Cause of colour and methods to induce different colours in gems, New gem variety Occurrences and Deposits, Modern methods of prospecting, exploration of gem depositsand mining.

Keywords: Gem minerals, properties, inclusions, geographical origin, syntheses, treatments, identification

18.6 Quantitative Mineralogy – Applications and Value in Geoscience Systems
Shaun Graham (UK), Vishwanath Uppugunduri (India)

Shaun Graham is a leading specialist in automated and quantitative mineral analysis. His particular research focus is the development and application of quantitative mineralogy techniques into a wide variety of materials and geoscience applications. His key focus areas currently are understanding how the multi-scale data acquired from these technologies can be used to deepen our understandings of complex systems (i.e. mineralogy processing circuits, ore genesis and mineral exploration targeting). Throughout the last 5 years he has contributed over 30 abstracts to international conferences, contributed to multiple peer-reviewed publications and supervised a number of Masters and PhD students.

Vishwanath Uppugunduri is one of the leading Geomettlurgists in the country with experience of more than 35 years in the base metals, precious metals and ferrous metals fields in India and abroad having served as Head Of R&D of HZL (Vedanta), where he initiated a number of recovery improvement projects based on the inputs of quant minerology which has helped HZL to become a world leader with highest recoveries of Lead, Zinc, Silver.

This aim of this symposium is to provide a forum for researchers to share ideas, new techniques and technologies and applications of automated and quantitative mineralogy. Whilst these capabilities have in the past primarily been a technology utilized in the mining community for Geometallurgy and process mineralogy (which is still a core theme of the symposium). However, papers demonstrating other applications in petrological studies (igneous and metamorphic), sedimentology, oil and gas / digital rock physics, etc. are encouraged.

Keywords: quantitative mineralogy, mineralogy, applied mineralogy

Theme 19: Metallogeny in relation to Geodynamics and Crustal Evolution – Archean to Recent

Metallogeny in relation to Geodynamics and Crustal Evolution – Archean to Recent


Mihir Deb 
M.L. Dora  (India),

19.1 Metallogeny of South East Asia with Focus on Tectonics and Geochronology
Khin Zaw (Australia), Prof Akira Imai (Japan), Hai Thanh Tran (Vietnam)

Prof Khin Zaw is Professor of Economic Geology at CODES, University of Tasmania, Australia. He has over 35 years of experience working on mineral deposits in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, China and SE Asia and published a high number of papers relating to ore genesis and exploration.

Prof Akira Imai is Professor of Economic Geology, Kyushu University, Japan and Vice President of the Society of Resource Geology. He has been extensively working on the genesis of base and rare metal resources, porphyry Cu and epithermal Au deposits in island arc settings of western Pacific rim and SE Asia.

Prof Hai Than Tranh is Professor of Geology and Tectonics, Hanoi University of Mining and Geology, Vietnam. He has been a leader on structural, geotectonic and metallogenic evolution of Vietnam and development of suture zones and amalgamation of crustal blocks in SE Asia.

South East Asia Region is vastly rich in base metals, precious metals, tin–tungsten, gems and hydrocarbons and provides great exploration challenges to develop these resources in a sustainable manner. The region consists of a collage of continental blocks or fragments such as South China, Indochina, Sibumasu, and West Myanmar-Sumatra terranes which were rifted away from the margin of Gondwana at different periods in the Phanerozoic, and led to the opening of the Palaeo-, Meso- and Neotethyan (or Cenotethys) Oceans. Throughout the long history of Gondwana supercontinent break-up and subsequent accretion of these crustal terranes and amalgamation, various rifting, subduction, opening and closure of back arc basins, ophiolitic obduction and arc-continent/continent-continent collisions have occurred, and formation of mineral and hydrocarbon systems were related to these tectonic processes. Recently, advances have been made in understanding the results of these tectonic processes, through the study of geochronology, geochemistry, seismicity, stratigraphy and structure. In this symposium, we welcome contributions of current development of metallogenic, regional geological and tectonic evolution.
Keywords: South East Asia; metallogenic, arc-continent/continent-continent collisions

19.2 Iron oxide copper-gold (IOCG) deposits: New Developments in Characterisation, Understanding of Ore-Forming Processes, and Geodynamic Setting
Roger Skirrow (Australia), Huayong Chen (China)

Dr Roger Skirrow has studied IOCG deposits along with many other mineral deposit types for more than 30 years, mainly in Australia while working as a research scientist at Geoscience Australia. His interests include hydrothermal geochemistry, applications of geochronology and isotope tracing in hydrothermal systems, tectonic and geodynamic settings of IOCG and other mineral systems, and mapping of mineral potential. DrSkirrow was an Associate Editor of Economic Geology for 5 years, and is now the SGA Regional Vice President for Oceania.

Prof. Huayong Chen graduated from Queen's University, Canada and worked as a Research Fellow at CODES, University of Tasmania, Australia. He has been a professor on Economic Geology in the Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences since 2012. His work covers a range of hydrothermal deposits, especially on IOCG and porphyry-epithermal systems. He will hold the position of Chief Editor of Ore Geology Reviews from 2019, and has been an Editorial Member of Mineralium Deposita since 2016.

IOCG deposits are epigenetic, hydrothermal, resources of Cu and Au (± U, REE, Ag, Mo, Co, Bi, etc), spatially associated with abundant (>10 %) low-Ti magnetite and/or hematite, and exhibit characteristic potassic, sodic and hydrous alteration mineral assemblages. IOCG deposits, exemplified by the ~10 billion tonne Olympic Dam Cu-U-Au deposit in South Australia and several giant deposits in the Archean Carajás district in Brazil, are distinct from typical porphyry, skarn and iron oxide-apatite deposits. However, the definition and classification of IOCG deposits has been a topic of enduring controversy since the initial recognition as a separate deposit type in the 1990s.There are also many questions remaining to be answered on the nature and origins of the hydrothermal fluids, sources of metals, and tectonic and geodynamic settings of IOCG deposits. All these will be the main issues to be discussed in this symposium.

Keywords: IOCG, epigenetic, hydrothermal fluids, geodynamic

19.3 Granite Magmatism and Metallogeny
Yamuna Singh (India), Mohd. Shareef (India), M.L.Dora (India)

Dr. Yamuna Singh: Research is focused on granite magmatism and attendant U, Th, Nb, Ta, Sn, W, Be, Li, F, REE, Y, Zr, Hf, and associated metallogeny. Published over 145 research papers in international and national journals. He has 3 years of teaching and 38 years of research experience. Edited journals:(i) Exploration and Research for Atomic Minerals, (ii) Journal of Atomic Minerals Science. Recipient of several awards, one economic geology related.

Dr. Mohamed Shareef: Integrated studies involving granitoid evolution and associated Cu-Au mineralization in Dharwar Craton. Since last 11 years actively involved in granite metallogeny from Dharwar and Bastar craton with focus on Cu-Pb-Au-Mo and REE mineralization.

Granite magmatism and related mineral deposits are linked to diverse and complex geological processes. These metals and non-metals are not only indispensable for strategic and high-end technological applications (U, Th, Sn, W, Mo, Nb, Ta, Sb, F, Cu, Pb, Au), but also many of the elements (Be, Li, Ga, Zr, Hf, Y, REE) upon which current societies are increasingly becoming dependent. With the advent of advanced analytical techniques, a coherent genetic model can be worked out. Elucidation of such models provide insights in unravelling specific granite magmatism, viz., S-, I-, A-, M-, P-types, which occur in specific tectonic settings. This symposium will provide an opportunity to revisit the known styles of mineralization in granites and advances in related mineral exploration techniques.

Keywords: Granite metallogeny, LCT-type, NYF-type, Anorogeneic
19.4 Metallogeny in Relation to Subduction
Kirtikumar R. Randive (India), Boris Belyatsky (Russia), Craig Storey (UK)

Dr. Randive is an Associate Professor of Geology at the RTM Nagpur University and Editor of De Gruyter Open Geoscience. Dr. Randive takes keen interest in the study of magmatism and associated ore forming processes. He authored an international text book on Geochemistry and Medical Geology, published from Singapore.

Dr. Boris Belyatsky is Principal investigator at the Center for Isotope Research, A.P. Karpinsky Geological Institute at St. Petersburg. The main scientific interests are in the study of geochronology and isotope geochemistry. He authored a number of research articles on behaviour and evolution of isotope systems during geological processes and crust-mantle interaction, on isotope dating of the ore-forming processes and searching of ore-forming sources, on the formation and evolution of continental and oceanic crust during Earth history. He supervised and took part in several international research projects and State Program on geological mapping including Polar Regions of the World.

Prof. Craig Storey is Professor of Geology and Associate Head (Research) at the University of Portsmouth, UK. Prof Storey is geochemist and petrologist with a particular interest in understanding the role of and developing the use of accessory minerals to monitor magmatic, metamorphic and metallogenic processes; specializes in in-situ measurement of trace elements and radiogenic isotopes supported by advanced electron imaging and crystallographic characterization. Prof Storey is an Associate Editor of Mineralogical Magazine and has previously been Vice President of the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland.

The spectrum of metal deposit types generated in arc systems is a broad one, but each deposit type can be related to one of the specific tectonic sub-domains within subduction-related volcano plutonic settings. The most fundamental process operative at convergent plate margins is the subduction of oceanic lithosphere, and therefore, it is reasonable to seek an explanation for variations in arc metallogeny in terms of variations of the subducted materials, the style of subduction, and the stress regime in the overriding plate. Metal deposits formed in the principle arc systems as well as inner side of the arcs and arc-related rift include: Porphyry – type deposits, Copper – bearing breccias pipes, Skarn deposits, Epithermal (vein-type) deposits, Massive Magnetite deposits, Manto-type Copper deposits, Contact metasomatic deposits, Polymetallic vein deposits, Back arc gold deposits, Climax – type porphyry molybdenum deposits, Kuroko – type massive sulfide deposits, Palaeozoic volcanic – hosted massive sulfide deposits, Base metal vein deposits, Metal deposits related to fore arc felsic magmatism, Massive sulfide deposits in greenstone belts, Vein – type gold deposits in greenstone belts, IOCG, and Mississippi valley type deposits. This symposium invites abstracts from economic geologists, petrologists and geochemists on the ore-forming processes and metallogeny in subduction-type tectonic setting.

Keywords: Arc related metallogeny, Porphyry systems, Base metal sulfides, Metasomatic deposits

19.5 Plume Related Mineralization
K. R. Hari (India), E. Shaji (India)

Dr. K.R. Hari has research interest on lithospheric architecture and geodynamic setting of mantle and also understanding the metallogeny of precious metals (diamond, gold and PGE) mineralisation, integrating petro-chemistry, mineral chemistry of ores, rocks, fluid inclusion studies, stable isotope systematics and modelling. He has more than 25 years of teaching and research experience.

Dr. E. Sajhi is having more than 18 year teaching and research experience and is an associated editor of Geoscience Frontiers (An Elsevier Journal). He has published several research articles in reputed international journals.

This symposium intends to address connections between mantle plumes, plate motions, continental assembly and breakup, dyke swarms, intraplate anorogenic volcanism and associated ore deposits.

Keywords: Plume, LIP, Anorogenic, orthomagamtic

19.6 Manganese metallogenesis in terrestrial rock record
Dillip Ranjan Kanungo (India)

Dr. Dillip Ranjan Kanungo has research experience on mineralogy and geochemistry of manganese ores and associated rocks related to metallogeny, with expertise in EPMA, SEM, XRD & DTA techniques. Possesses 21 years R&D experience in mineral characterization and beneficiation studies of different ores of Indian and foreign origin. Recipient of the IIME Mineral Characterization (Peravadhanulu) Award.

Manganese occurs in a large span of terrestrial geological record within diverse depositional environments. The four dominant modes of Mn-depositing processes are euxinic basin sedimentary, oxygen-minimum zone sedimentary, volcanic, and karstic processes. Superimposed on these are supergene and metamorphosed Mn ores. In Earth history, the reasons for time gaps in Mn deposition from 2700 to 2300 Ma in the Early Archean and a well-defined gap in sedimentary rock-hosted deposits between 1800 and 1120 Ma, excluding some large volcanic rock-hosted accumulations, requires global attention. The cause of virtual nonexistent of Mesoproterozoic sedimentary rock-hosted Mn deposits is debatable, as there is a major sedimentary rock-hosted deposit of Wafangzi in northeastern China between 1800 and 900 Ma and the age of Sausar manganese belt, central India is controversial. Mn(III) phases are considered as short-lived redox player in suboxic environments, but widespread observations of stable and abundant Mn (III) phases in the rock record needs more discussion. Post-depositional processes and their impact on manganese mineralogy and redox state require detail deliberations. Significance of local basin tectonics rather than global parameters and partitioning of Mn from Fe irrespective of potential source rocks and their control on Mn mineralization from Archean to Recent in terrestrial rock record are some of the points, besides those mentioned above, to be examined and discussed in this symposium.

Keywords: Manganese deposits, metallogenesis, rock record, sedimentary basins, redox state of Mn

19.7 Rift Related Mineralization: Geological and Geophysical Perspectives
Prabodha Ranjan Sahoo (India), G Sreenivas Rao (India), Sahendra Singh (India)

Dr. Prabodha Ranjan Sahoo: His research interest is in understanding the metallogeny of precious (gold and PGE) and base metals using fluid inclusion studies, stable isotope systematics and modelling concept-based exploration strategies. Recipient of the National Geoscience Award, Government of India, for significant contribution in mineral discovery and exploration.

Dr. G Srinivasa Rao: His research interest is in understanding the lithosphere architecture and geodynamic setting of continental lithosphere and its implications on metallogeny, based on integrated geophysical techniques. He is the recipient of the Inspire faculty award, DST, Government of India and best thesis award from IIT Bombay and Association of Exploration Geophysicists (AEG), India.

Dr. Sahendra Singh: His research is focussed on the metallogeny of orogenic gold and refractory gold within wide varieties of litho types e.g. greenstones, carbonates and QPC. He has more than 20 years of teaching and research experience, has published several research articles in reputed journals.

Geodynamic processes have significant bearing on metallogenesis. A wide variety of mineral deposits e.g. Cu, Pb, Zn, Mo, Ni, PGE and REE’s are formed due to rifting of oceanic and continental crust and occur in association with diverse litho types in global scale. The Intra-cratonic basins, believed to have developed in a rift setting, are potential sites of giant ore systems, such as sedimentary exhalative (SEDEX), stratiform, stratabound and Iron oxide copper gold (IOCG) deposits. However, their mechanism of formation is not yet fully understood. Many of the features previously ascribed to subduction-related systems have been explained by post-collisional intracontinental and extensional settings. The influence of mantle-related magmatic processes such as emplacement of orogenic rift related granites, alkaline rock-carbonatite complexes and kimberlites are also less understood and need attention. This symposium calls abstracts on all these issues.

Keywords: Rift, Fluid, Geophysical proxies,SEDEX, IOCG

Theme 20: Sustainable Development and Mining – An Integrated Approach

Sustainable Development and Mining – An Integrated Approach


Y.G. Kale  (India),
Pankaj Satija  (India),

Pramod Ranjan (India),

20.1 Biodiversity
Vipul Sharma (India)
Vipul Sharrma is an accomplished environment and development professional with eight years of extensive experience on Business and Biodiversity.
This symposium aims at discussing good business practice to incorporate appropriate scientific methodologies that encompass all levels of assessment of impact on biodiversity and ecosystem services, stakeholder engagement, and comprehensive economic valuation of the affected areas into business decision-making.
Keywords: Biodiversity, Restoration,native species,mine life cycle

20.2 Reporting Sustainability
Biswajit Paul (India)

Dr Paul is Associate Professor,Centre of Mine Environment,Department of Environmental Science and Engineering.He ha rich experience in field,academics and consultancy.

This symposium intends to discuss reporting methodology as a unified standard that may allow reports to be quickly assessed, fairly judged and simply compared.

Keywords: Third party, scrutiny, transparency, disclosures

20.3 Policy Initiative and Framework
Ashish Dash (India)

Ashish Dash is working on policy advocacy and sustainability and he is actively enaged in various committees constituted by Ministry of Mines.

The extraction of mineral reserves has always resulted in varying degrees of environmental resource degradation and social impacts, including displacement, all across the globe. The mining industry across the Globe has been facing criticism on several issues relating to its performance vis-à-vis sustainable development.
The Mineral Policy needs to hold a comprehensive view
to facilitate the choice or order of land use keeping in view the needs of development as well as needs of protecting the Forests, Environment and
Ecology. The concept of SDF can be traced back to 2001 when the world’s leading multinational mining companies decided to go for a image makeover by promoting the organization - International Council on Mining and Metals which developed a social and environmental wish-list, the SDF, which its members were to comply with voluntarily.
The SDF framework outlines a working definition for sustainable development in the mining sector as - "Mining that is financially viable; socially responsible; environmentally, technically and scientifically sound; with a long term view of development; uses mineral resources optimally; and, ensures sustainable post-closure land uses” This symposium intends to revisit SDF for its implementation.

Keywords: Policy initiatives,Framework,Ecosystem,community

20.4 Mineral Security and Self Dependence
Partho Banerjee (India)

Mr Partho Banerjee,an alumni of ISM has unique blend of Regulator in DGMS as well of corporate in Fomento Resources.

This symposium intends to address issues related to long- term availability of mineral resources; in particular, to mineral reserves below the ground those remain unknown and untapped. This has ensued a lopsided scene in mining where imports trounce domestic output in value.

Keywords: Mineral Security and Self Dependence

20.5 Innovative approaches in Sustainability
G K Pradhan (India)

Prof Pradhan is Dean and Faculty of Engineering and Technology at AKS university.He is also editorial member of the IME Journal.He is recipient of National Geoscience Award for 2012 under Mining Technology category.

In many developing countries, the public sector continues to play a dominant role in production of various minerals (coal, lignite, petroleum, iron and steel, bauxite and aluminium). A simple and transparent mechanism for granting mining lease or prospecting licence through competitive bidding is in place besides assured tenure and easy transferability of mineral concession granted through auction, strict penalty provision to deter illegal mining.
Mine reclamation, use of non renewables, community engagement, water management are among the area where few mining companies are leading with innovative approaches.
With journey progressing steadily, this symposium invites abstracts on sustainability practices in mining industry that will be able to change the perception of regulators, community, civil society and other stakeholders.

Keywords: Best Practices, Benchmark, innovation, image

Theme 21: Earth Observation System – Climate Variables, Proxies and Modelling

Earth Observation System – Climate Variables, Proxies and Modelling


K.J. Ramesh  (India),
A.P. Dimri  (India),

21.1 Altering Biogeochemical Cycles in Changing Climate
Rajesh Agnihotri (India), Mark A. Altabet (USA)
Rajesh Agnihotri is expert of stable isotope geochemistry with strong research interests in short term to long term changes in the climate system and associated biogeochemical changes.

Prof. Mark A. Altabet is an expert in stable isotope biogeochemistry with particular research interests in ocean nitrogen cycling present and past and its alteration by human impacts and climate change.

Dr. V.V.S.S. Sarma is an expert in trace gases emission and food web dynamics using stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen and estuarine biogeochemistry

Global climate change (anthropogenic warming) may induce glacial retreats in high-altitude environments and expose new landscapes that were usually under snow-cover and remained barren for several thousands of years. Enhancing vegetation/ greenery in the form of mosses, lichens, grasslands could be seen over the peripheral regions of polar icecaps, high-altitude environments of western Himalaya and Peruvian Andes. This effect could significantly alter Carbon and Nitrogen biogeochemical cycles and impact regional ecology. Likewise, enhanced (N based) fertilizer usage in agricultural lands worldwide, modified soil erosion, and other anthropogenic processes could significantly change C and N inventories to the coastal oceans. Demand for bio-utilizable N is increasing at the rate of ~2% annum globally to meet out world agriculture demand. This may significantly change greenhouse gas budgets on global scale. In addition, inter-linking rivers and construction of more dams are expected to modify estuarine and coastal biogeochemistry. For instance, deglaciated terrains may increase cyanobacterial diversity and activity with enhanced photosynthetic rates. In addition, enhancing air pollution in densely populated cites can increase anthropogenic aerosols loading and coastal ocean biogeochemistry with reference to primary production and acidification. Taken together, multi-disciplinary approaches including stable isotopes of C and N are needed to characterize aforesaid effects and glean this in sedimentary records. These anthropogenically modified geological imprints from natural repositories are needed to understand and quantify rates of changing ecosystems in an anthropogenic induced climate era. This symposium invites contributions on various aspects of climate change effect on biogeochemical cycles.

Keywords: Climate change, Carbon cycle, Nitrogen cycle, Anthropocene, Holocene

21.2 Climate Proxy Records: a Tool for Future Climate Modelling
Anupam Sharma (India), Liviu Giosan (USA)

Anupam Sharma is a trained Geochemist using textural, mineralogical and geochemical data for deducing palaeoclimate, provenance and earth surface processes.

Liviu Giosan has expertise in Sedimentary Systems, Climate-Landscapes-Civilizations, Tertiary-Quaternary geology and paleoceanography, Coastal morphodynamics.

The climate change is one of the most important topics of the ‘Assessment Reports’ of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The major concern is the increasing atmospheric CO2 levels causing environmental warming and associated sea level rise during the 21st Century. There is no doubt that some such changes are now adequately known having small uncertainties, however, there are a number of areas where our understanding is poor such as pattern and flux of future precipitation, El Nino and Southern Oscillation (ENSO) as components of climate system, changes in ice-sheets and sea level, and so on. The poor knowledge over these aspects limits our ability to plan adaption and mitigation strategies to meet the challenges of future climate change. An important aspect towards this is the lack of observations of relevant changes and associated processes as our instrumental record is very short. However, the limitation of short climatic instrumental records may be overcome by palaeoclimate studies employing range of tools that have the capability of meeting uncertainty of future predictions. Physical, chemical, and biological proxies respond to environmental conditions that help in palaeoclimate reconstruction for periods before instrumental records. These proxies such as sediments, ice cores, tree ring, etc. can provide information on climate variability that cannot be provided by direct observation of the modern climate. Some of the important key research approaches are i. Proxies used for palaeoclimate reconstruction need to be better calibrated emphasizing the uncertainty in their use and involve the forward modeling of proxies in climate models; ii. Comparing the Model-data with palaeoclimate data retrieved using different tools; and iii. Testing models against the wide range of climate behavior observed in the past. All these will help us to minimize the uncertainties and make the future climate predictions more reliable. Contributions on these topics are invited under this symposium.

Keywords: Sediments, Ice core, Tree rings, Stable isotopes, Climate proxies

21.3 Asian Monsoons and their Drivers from Mid-Holocene through Current Period
Karumuri Ashok (India), Mat Collins (UK)

Prof. Ashok is an expert tropical Indo-pacific variability and teleconnections, earthsystem modelling, and seamless prediction. His other interests include weather & climate prediction applications, past and future climate simulations, and understanding long term changes in the links of Indian summer monsoons with its driver.

Prof. Mat Collins is a renowned expert on ENSO variability, and  Dynamics of the Indian Monsoon. His interests include climate modelling, climate variability and change, and quantifying uncertainty in climate projections.

In this symposium, simulation studies addressing the Asian monsoons variability and their teleconnections to various drivers from Mid-Holocene through the current period are invited. The ENSO variability is suggested to be relatively weak during mid-Holocene period, and the last millennium period is analogous to the historical climate period in terms of external forcing. Therefore, studies on these two periods and those which compare such simulations with proxy data and with present day climate simulations are welcome. Studies which explore other important aspects relevant to monsoons or their drivers will also be considered.

Keywords: Monsoons, Holocene, climate change, ENSO, climate simulations.

21.4 Air Quality, Environment and Public Health Impacts in Asia
Prabir K. Patra (Japan), A P Dimri (India)

Prabir Patra is an expert of greenhouse gases modelling with strong research interests in short-lived air pollutants and their controls through hydroxyl (OH) radical chemistry. He

A. P. Dimri is climate model experts and work on science of climate change.

As per the World Health Organisation (WHO), an estimated 4.2 million premature deaths globally are linked to ambient air pollution. Ambient air pollutants for public health concern are particulate matter of less than 2.5 microns in diameter (PM2.5), ozone (O3), nitrogen oxides (NOX) and sulphur oxides (SOX). The air pollutants promote heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, acute respiratory infections in children, and may harm cognitive intelligence.
Studies suggest about two-thirds of all air pollution related deaths occur in Asia, which is home to all of the top 20 World’s most polluted cities. Fourteen among 20 of them are located in India (; 2 May 2018). The sources of air pollution are linked to infrastructure developments, power generation technologies, agricultural waste management and cooking with polluting fuels in the developing countries.
The atmosphere near the Earth’s surface plays a major role in processing the gas phase species (NOx, SOx, volatile organic compounds) into the particulate phase (e.g., PM2.5), which affects human health and visibility that bear huge economic implications for both land and air transport sectors. Amount of air pollutants in the cities can be transported hundreds of kilometers to the rural areas and vice versa depending on the winds direction and speed, and stability of the atmosphere (boundary layer meteorology).
The interactions between the sources of air pollutants, air chemistry and atmospheric transport will be addressed in this symposium. Based on the Asia specific deliberations in the presence of international experts, we hope to come up with South Asia-specific solution to mitigate air pollution.

Keywords: Ozone, PM2.5, NOx, SOx, aerosols

21.5 Aerosol-Cloud-Radiation-Land Surface Interactions and Feedbacks: Consequences to Water Cycle During India Summer Monsoon
Sachchida (Sachi) N Tripathi (India), Ilan Koren (Israel)

Dr. Tripathi is an expert on aerosol direct and indirect effects, and has been working in this field for more than two decades now. He has investigated in depth, several aspects of aerosol-cloud-radiation-surface interactions during Indian monsoons, especially for the Indo-Gangetic Plains. Other than these, his research interests also include aerosol effects in regional climate-chemistry models, as well as developing new techniques for aerosol absorption.

Dr. Koren explores clouds and rain and their links to processes in the oceans. Focuses his research on problems related to aerosol-cloud interactions, complex systems, self- organization, and emergent behavior in cloud fields. In parallel he explores links and feedbacks between marine ecology, air-sea exchange and clouds.

As per the World Health Organisation (WHO), an estimated 4.2 million premature deaths globally are linked to ambient air pollution. Ambient air pollutants for public health concern are particulate matter of less than 2.5 microns in diameter (PM2.5), ozone (O3), nitrogen oxides (NOX) and sulphur oxides (SOX). The air pollutants promote heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, acute respiratory infections in children, and may harm cognitive intelligence.

Studies suggest about two-thirds of all air pollution related deaths occur in Asia, which is home to all of the top 20 World’s most polluted cities. Fourteen among 20 of them are located in India (; 2 May 2018). The sources of air pollution are linked to infrastructure developments, power generation technologies, agricultural waste management and cooking with polluting fuels in the developing countries.

The atmosphere near the Earth’s surface plays a major role in processing the gas phase species (NOx, SOx, volatile organic compounds) into the particulate phase (e.g., PM2.5), which affects human health and visibility that bear huge economic implications for both land and air transport sectors. Amount of air pollutants in the cities can be transported hundreds of kilometers to the rural areas and vice versa depending on the winds direction and speed, and stability of the atmosphere (boundary layer meteorology).

The interactions between the sources of air pollutants, air chemistry and atmospheric transport will be addressed in this symposium. Based on the Asia specific deliberations in the presence of international experts, we hope to come up with South Asia-specific solution to mitigate air pollution.

Keywords: Ozone, PM2.5, NOx, SOx, aerosols

21.6 Monsoon Dynamics
Roxy Mathew Koll, (USA), Deepti Singh (USA)

Dr. Roxy Mathew Koll is leading research on climate change and its impact on the monsoon, the rapid warming in Indian Ocean and the marine ecosystem. He is a Co-Chair of the CLIVAR Indian Ocean Region Panel, and a Lead Author of the IPCC Special Report on Oceans and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate. He was named the Kavli Fellow by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and the Indian Meteorological Society felicitated him with the Young Scientist Award in 2016.

Prof. Deepti Singh is a renowned expert on monsoon variability and climate extremes. Her research explores the physical drivers of climate extremes, and their impacts on agriculture, water availability and human health, particularly in monsoonal climates. She was named the Kavli Fellow by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences.

The monsoon dominates the socio-economic livelihood over Asia, including the water resources, agriculture and power generation. Therefore, the changes and extreme events associated with the global warming is of utmost importance to the lives of over two billion people over the monsoon region. Through observations and modelling, the scientific community has advanced its understanding of the past and future changes of the monsoons. In the global warming scenario, it is found that the rainfall pattern has undergone substantial changes with tendency for more extremes. Most of the studies stick to the “wet getting wetter and the dry getting drier”, though a few research suggest decrease in rainfall over some of the monsoon regions. The IPCC AR5 is also suggestive of the uncertainties looming over the status and fate of the monsoons.

Monsoonal changes are found to be different when the region and time-periods considered are different – and so are the implications. Thus, there is an urgent need to provide more regional-scale information through the use of weather and climate models that could resolve small-scale features. Spatial and temporal changes in temperature, wind and rainfall are vital. This will hopefully provide more information on how climate change will affect the rainfall (monsoon and otherwise), wind and other extreme events, such as warm/cold episodes. In particular, the future decision strategies in the renewal energy world must be designed to consider the uncertainties and probabilities of weather and climate. This symposium is setup to bring forth the uncertainties and new understandings regarding large scale and regional changes over the monsoon regions. All climate change studies, past and future, related to the monsoon and associated extreme events, are invited.

Keywords: Monsoon, climate change

21.7 Climate Change and Earth Surface Processes in the Himalaya: Past and Present
Bodo Bookhagen (Germany), Rajiv Sinha (India)

Prof. Bookhagen is an expert on mountain geomorphology and the impact of climate changes on transport processes in mountains. He is an active researcher in the Himalaya with two decades of field experience. He is known for combining field data with remote-sensing measurements.

Prof. Sinha is an expert in sediment-transport processes and paleoclimatic reconstruction with more than three decades of experience in the Himalaya. He has worked on the impact of Quaternary and Holocene climate changes on sediment-transport processes and stratigraphic development in various parts of the Himalayan foreland basin.

Quaternary to present-day climate changes have profoundly altered the Himalayan landscape and have been a key driver for erosional processes. The rates of mass transport have changed throughout the past climate cycles - and with it the pace of landscape evolution. The goal of this symposium is to explore the interactions among climate variability and landscape evolution at a variety of scales: Spatial scales ranging from local studies to assessments encompassing the entire Himalaya, and temporal scales of days, seasons, to millennia at various points during the Quaternary. We solicit abstracts using observational and modeling studies, for example to explore: (1) the impact of (hydro-)climatic extreme events on sediment-transport processes, both in the past and present; (2) geo- and bio-geochemical tracer studies to reconstruct paleoenvironment conditions, sediment dynamics, and rates of transport etc.

Keywords: Quaternary climate change; geomorphology, remote sensing, landscape evolution, sedimentology

21.8 Dynamical Downscaling of Climate Projections for Use in Impact Studies at Very High Resolutions
Sushil Kumar Dash (India), R. Bhatla (India), Erika Coppola (Italy)

Prof.Dash has been teaching and conducting research in Atmospheric Sciences for the last 46yrs. Very good experience in GCM and RCM.
Prof.Bhatla has been conducting research using RegCM.

Dr.Coppala has been contributing to developments in RegCM and further instrumental in CORDEX.

Although the climate change is a global phenomenon, its impacts are felt at the regional and local levels. So far as the impacts of climate changes on the society are concerned, the crucial issues are water resources, agriculture and human health. The related important climatic parameters are the surface temperature, relative humidity and rainfall. It is very important to have accurate information on the spatio-temporal distribution of these climatic parameters and their future projections in order to be able to estimate the impacts of climate changes on agriculture and human health at any place. This information also helps in appropriate policy formulation and adaptation measures. Both statistical and dynamical downscaling techniques can be judiciously used to get spatio-temporal distribution of relevant climatic parameters at any place which will be eventually useful in the context of global changes.

Keywords: Dynamical Downscaling, CORDEX, Agricultural productivity, Human health impacts, Climate projections, Uncertainties, Climate services

Theme 22: Evolution of Monsoon: Past, Present and Future

Evolution of Monsoon: Past, Present and Future


Rahul Mohan  (India),
Arun Deo Singh  (India),

Pallavi Anand (India),

22.1 Advances in Our Understanding of Global Hydro-Climate Dynamics Before Cenozoic
Robert A Spicer (UK), Vandana Prasad (India)

Prof Robert (Bob) Spicer current research spans two areas of ecosystem and climate evolution critical to understanding and managing global change issues. The first is landscape and monsoon evolution in southern Asia. The second is the evolution of high latitude vegetation and climate.

Dr Vandana Prasad is a Senior Scientist at BSIP-Lucknow, India with interest in High resolution biostratigraphy, biotic turnover, paleoenvironment, relative sea level change and paleomonsoon

It is being increasingly realized that broader understanding of present day regional monsoon dynamics can be better achieved from its global perspectives. Although, regional monsoons are recognized as a global system, each subsystem has its own features and patterns of variability on different time scales. The concept of global monsoon hinges upon the annual variation in precipitation and circulation in the global tropics to subtropics and annual migration of ITCZ. Emerging evidences have suggested that modern monsoon sub-systems were established in late Cenozoic after reorganization of land and sea. There has been growing interests in recent years in paleomonsoon studies across the world for the time interval prior to the Cenozoic, This symposium invites contributions on: Origin and Evolution of global monsoon system (prior to Cenozoic) in time and space and its driving factors. Nature and pattern of global Hydro-climate system (mega-monsoon) during Permian to Jurassic (Pangaea supercontinent). Modeling of large-scale meridional migration of the ITCZ over Pangaea. Causes for differences in the origin and evolution of modern regional monsoon systems.

22.2 Evolution of Monsoon Variability on Tectonic Scale During the Cenozoic
Ann Holbourn (Germany), Raj K. Singh (India)

Dr Ann Holbourn is research scientist at Kiel University, Germany. She investigates the evolution of ocean circulation and climate on various timescales from the Cretaceous to the present and us interested in understanding the mechanisms driving changes in ocean productivity, temperature, oxygenation, ice volume and carbon cycling. Her research is primarily based on the geochemical analysis of foraminifera and marine sediment properties.

Dr. Raj K. Singh is Assistant Professor in School of Earth, Ocean and Climate Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar. His research interest focuses on understanding the evolution of Asian Monsoon system and its variations in longer (orbital scale cyclicity) and shorter (solar cycle) time scale. Dr. Singh has innovatively used deep-sea benthic foraminifera and planktic foraminifera to understand this monsoon variability.

Monsoon climate has varied through geologic time due to orbital parameters and tectonic processes resulting openings/closures of oceanic gateways, upliftment of mountains and position of continents. The tectonic processes operate over time spans > 106 years. Monsoon history at tectonic time scale traces back beyond the Quaternary. Over recent decades, there has been rapid advances in paleomonsoon reconstructions based on marine and terrestrial proxy records, in order to better understand climate-tectonic coupling. It is also believed that climate-driven erosion can also influence tectonism and the mountain belts architecture. However, it is essential to understand how the tectonic processes and climate-driven erosion interact and feed-back on each other in order to test and quantify linkages among them. In recent years, the International Ocean Drilling Programs (IODP) were taken up to study the pattern of variability in regional monsoon systems on tectonic, orbital and suborbital scales. This symposium invites contributions on (1) Origin, evolution, pattern variability and controlling factors of regional monsoon sub-systems on tectonic scale (2) Nature of the monsoon sub-system variability patterns from Paleogene to Neogene. New advances in tectonic scale monsoon evolution from recent IODP Expeditions (Expeditions 346, 253, 354, 355, 356, 359, 363).

22.3 Monsoon Evolution Pattern on Orbital to Suborbital and Centennial to Interdecadal Scales Stephan Steinke (China), Sushant Naik (India)

Prof. Stephan Steinke is a palaeoceanographer, paleoclimatolgists and micropalaeonologitst specializing in past climate change with an emphasis on the mid- and low-latitude climate, particularly in the following areas: South and East Asian monsoon variability and Indo-Pacific Warm Pool hydroclimate. He is currently an Professor at the Department of Geological Oceanography and State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science (MEL), Xiamen University, China.

Dr. Sushant Naik is a paleoceanographer and paleoclimatologist with keen interest in past climate change with emphasis on utilizing foraminifera for deciphering paleomonsoon, past pCO2 and pH. He is a Scientist with the National Institute of Oceanography, at Goa, India.

An understanding of the dynamics of regional monsoon variability and its relationship with other climate components is essential to our ability to predict monsoon, in the context of rapid climate change scenario. Paleomonsoon records from both marine and terrestrial archives from tropical-subtropical regions have shown variations in monsoon climate on orbital, millennial, and centennial to decadal scales. However, atmospheric and oceanographic processes involved for these changes and phase relationship (leads/lags) between these processes are not fully understood. Evidences suggest that apart from external orbital forcings and solar control, millennial to centennial scale changes in monsoon system are linked to the high latitude northern Hemisphere climate. Furthermore, there are strong evidences suggesting linkages between short term decadal scale monsoon variability and tropical Indo-Pacific climate and ENSO. We invite contributions on paleomonsoon studies made through various proxies from marine and terrestrial archives and recent IODP expeditions and modeling studies. The contributions are expected to address: External and internal climate forcing factors controlling monsoon variability. Short term variability and its linkages to internal climate variability such as high latitude climatic perturbations, inter-hemisheric climate relationships, atmosphere-ocean teleconnections, high and low latitude climate linkages (e.g., North Atlantic Oscillation, Atlantic Meridional Oscillation, El Nino Southern Oscillation, and Indo-Pacific oscillation/Pacific decadal oscillation).

22.4 Holocene Monsoon History with Focus on Changes During Last Two Millennia
Ashish Sinha (USA), Gayatri Kathayat (China), Prosenjit Ghosh (India)

Dr. Ashish Sinha is a professor of earth science in California State University Dominguez Hills, USA. He received his PhD and MS in Geological Science from the University of Southern California, USA (1997) and University of Roorkee, India (1989), respectively. His current research strives to understand the past, present and future of climate change using speleothem and other proxy records from tropical and monsoonal regions.

Dr. Gayatri Kathayat is a postdoc of Isotope Geochemistry Laboratory in Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an China. She received her Ph.D. in Engineering (2016), MS in Earth and Build Environmental Science and Engineering from Xi’an Jiaotong University (2014) and an additional MS in Geological Science from Kumoun University, Nainital (2006) respectively. The main focus of her current research is on the hi-fidelity reconstruction of the Indian summer monsoon variability on a wide range of temporal and spatial scales to understand the past, present, and future of climate change using speleothem as the proxy.

Dr. Prosenjit Ghosh is Assistant Professor at the Centre for Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, Indian Institute of Science in the year 2007. His research interest focuses on reconstruction of seasonality through time using empirical relationships between the proxy records and climate parameters, and application of stable isotope technique to understand environmental processes. Most notable contributions have been the establishment of clumped isotope thermometry, generating standards for mass spectrometric analysis of solids and gaseous CO2 in air mixture, application of isotope based GCM to study Indian Monsoon precipitation.

Previously the climate variation in the Holocene was considered relatively much lesser to that of the last glacial period. Recent studies provide strong evidences of high amplitude, multidecadal to centennial scale variability of monsoon climate during the Holocene, associated to sunspot activity and also to abrupt reorganization of the thermohaline circulation. As there is strong relationship between the Holocene monsoons and human civilization, the interests in understanding Holocene monsoon variability and its causing factors have increased among the scientific community particularly in context of current scenario of anthropogenic induced greenhouse gases and global warming. The contributions are invited on various aspects of Holocene Monsoon such as variability patterns as recorded from marine and terrestrial archives, geoarcheological sites, documentary resources. Human adaptations to past monsoon changes. Evaluation of magnitudes of natural and anthropogenic forcings. Identifying past climate analogues projecting the future. Projected changes in the monsoon (ocean-atmosphere coupled models and earth system models).

22.5 Megadroughts: Past, Present, and Future
Gayatri Kathayat (China), Ashish Sinha (USA)

Dr. Gayatri Kathayat is a postdoc of Isotope Geochemistry Laboratory in Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an China. She received her Ph.D. in Engineering (2016), MS in Earth and Build Environmental Science and Engineering from Xi’an Jiaotong University (2014) and an additional MS in Geological Science from Kumoun University, Nainital (2006) respectively. The main focus of her current research is on the hi-fidelity reconstruction of the Indian summer monsoon variability on a wide range of temporal and spatial scales to understand the past, present, and future of climate change using speleothem as the proxy.

Dr. Ashish Sinha is a professor of earth science in California State University Dominguez Hills, USA. He received his PhD and MS in Geological Science from the University of Southern California, USA (1997) and University of Roorkee, India (1989), respectively. His current research strives to understand the past, present and future of climate change using speleothem and other proxy records from tropical and monsoonal regions.

Megadroughts are spatially extensive droughts lasting decades and perhaps even centuries. Megadroughts have repeatedly challenged the resilience of many ancient and medieval cultures and radically altered their historical trajectories. Indeed, a near-global megadrought 4,200 years now marks the most recent unit of Holocene. Decades-long drought in the Sahel during the latter half of the 20th century and in the SW United States in recent decades comprise modern examples of megadrought--but they pale in comparison to the earlier Holocene megadroughts documented by a global array of high-resolution proxy records. Nevertheless, the underlying and complex causal mechanisms of megadroughts remain poorly understood. We invite contributions that characterize the spatio-temporal pattern and magnitudes of megadroughts and strive to understand their causal mechanisms using instrumental observations, paleoclimate proxy records, and climate modeling. We also welcome contributions that investigate the societal impacts of past, present, and future megadroughts.

Theme 23: Hi-Tech and Critical Mineral Commodities

Hi-Tech and Critical Mineral Commodities


D.K. Sinha  (India),
P.R. Golani  (India),

Taofa Zhou (China),

23.1 Carbonatites and Alkaline Rocks: Origin and Evolution with Special Reference to Rare Metal and REE Mineralisation
Anton R. Chakhmouradian (Canada), P. Krishnamurthy (India), S. G. Viladkar (India)

Dr. Anton R. Chakhmouradian obtained his doctoral degree on geology and mineralogy in 1997 from St. Petersburgh Univ. Russia. Following post-doctoral studies at Lakehead University, he joined the Univiversity of Manitoba in 2000 and is engaged in teaching and researches focused on the petrology, mineralogy and geochemistry of carbonatites, alkaline rocks and related-mineral deposits. A recipient of the Young Scientist award (2005) of the Min. Assoc. of Canada and also the W. W. Hutchinson Medal of Geol. Assoc. of Canada (2011).

Dr. P. Krishnamurthy is engaged in researches on carbonatites, Deccan Basalts, Uranium Geology and Rare Metal Exploration (carbonatites), both in the field and supported by robust analytical capabilities in XRD, XRF and EPMA at Centre of Advanced Study in Geology, Dr. HarisinghGour Central University (1966-70; 1974-75), University of Edinburgh (1970-74) and AMD (1975-2003). Presently continuing to train Research Scholars and Faculty in Indian Universities with special reference to carbonatite RM & REE related mineral resources in India, jointly convened by Geological Society of India and AMD since 2015).

Dr. S. G. Viladkar is engaged in teaching and researches of carbonatites of India with special reference to AmbaDongar at the St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai, since 1967, through International collaboration with scientists from Canada, USA, Germany (Alexander Von Humboldt Fellow), Russia, South Africa and UK. Presently engaged in researches on carbonatites at the CRC,  AmbaDongar.

The Symposium aims to invite abstracts on carbonatite research, especially works those inter-linked the theory and practice that will be a potential help in exploration so that ore body models are refined and which may also lead to better focus on deposit-seeking techniques and approaches. Those who had worked on proven deposits can be specially sought to contribute to the Symposium.

Keywords: Carbonatites, carbonate magma, mantle and crustal regimes, Rare metal and REE mineralisation.

23.2 Non-Carbonatites Related REE Mineralisation and Their Production
Yasushi Watanabe (Japan), Kenzo Sanematsu (Japan)

Yasushi Watanabe, graduated from Hokkaido University, worked for Geological Survey of Japan for 29 years.

Kenzo Sanematsu, graduated from Kyushu University and has been working for AIST.

There are wide spectrums of rare earth resources in addition to carbonatites which dominate in LREE. These include non-alkaline-rock related deposits, iron-oxide apatite deposits, phosphate-rich hydrothermal deposits, ion-adsorption deposits, placer deposits, deep-sea sediments, etc. Although the rare earth grades of these deposits are lower than those of the carbonatite deposits, some of the deposits are enriched in HREE, and from some deposits, REE may be produced as a by-product. This symposium aims to discuss the geneses of these REE deposits including transportation and concentration processes of REE in these deposits. This symposium will also discuss geometallurgy of REE of these deposits; how efficiently and feasibly REE could be extracted from the ores.

Keywords: Non-alkaline rocks, placer, ion-adsorption, unconventional REE mineralization

23.3 Rare Earths – A Global Perspective
P L Hellman (Australia)

Dr Phillip Hellman has worked on numerous rare earth projects in Australia, Asia, Africa, India, Madagascar, Mongolia, Saudi Arabia and USA. He is the author of various academic and applied papers on rare earths and has specialised in resource estimation.
This symposium will provide an introduction to the world’s rare earth’s industry by addressing these topics:
•   Case studies of the geology, mineralogy of established and emerging rare earth operations
•   Perspectives on the key factors that require consideration in the evaluation of rare earth deposits. These include price assumptions, how basket prices are constructed and, also misused, and processing routes
•   Current applied research into novel ways of exploration/extraction of rare earths from different types of deposits.

Keywords: REE, Mineralogy, geology, resources

23.4 Critical Raw Materials for Sustainable Development: Geology, Resources, Production and Socio-Economics
Harikrishnan Tulsidas (Switzerland)

Harikrishnan Tulsidas is a professional geologist with over 30 years of experience in management and development of critical raw material and energy resources. He has wide experience in exploration, resource evaluation, development, process innovation, and international policy formulation. He currently works as Economic Affairs Officer in the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and leads the work on development of global standards for sustainable management of critical raw materials.

This symposium aims to discuss CRMs based on the demand and supply analysis; its sustainable production and utilisation. This symposium intends to connect global geological surveys and service organisations, the mining industry and technology providers to meet the objectives of 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and beyond.

Keywords: CRM, ECE Resources and Sustinability

23.5 Critical Metal Deposits and New Technology
Shao-Yong Jiang (China)

Prof. Shao-Yong Jiang has major interests in Ore genesis of the critical metal deposits; petrogenesis of magmatic rocks; stable and radiogenic isotopes and their application in mineral deposit research and in geochronology.

Critical, strategic, Hi-tech or green metals include (but are not limited to) the rare earth elements, Nb, Ta, Li, Be, Rb, Cs, Zr, Hf, Co, In, Ge, Ga etc. The rapid development of new technologies has led to the increasing demand for these critical metal resources, yet the potential primary and secondary sources of a number of these elements remain somewhat poorly understood. In particular, comparatively little research has been undertaken on the genesis of the diversity of critical metal deposit types, the geochemistry and cycling of these elements. This symposium provides an opportunity to discuss the most recent research into understanding critical metal deposits. Contributions focused on geochemistry, mineralogy, genesis and the exploration of critical metal deposits are encouraged. Topics will encompass the new and novel understanding of traditional ore deposits from multiscale datasets, possibly taking advantage of the recent developments of high spatial resolution techniques for in-situ chemical and isotope analysis.

Keywords: Critical, Strategic, Hi-tech, Green metals; Ore-genesis; Exploration

23.6 Raw Materials for the Electric Vehicle Revolution: Geology, Mineralogy and Geometallurgy
Kathryn Goodenough (UK)

Dr Kathryn Goodenough is a Principal Geologist at the British Geological Survey. Her research focuses on the geology of critical metal resources, particularly the rare earth elements and more recently lithium, and she is involved in a number of international collaborations on this topic.

Modern technology, including low-carbon technology such as renewable energy and electric vehicles, is dependent on a wider range of raw materials than ever before. In particular, growth in electric vehicle (EV) use is expected to drive demand for a range of raw materials used in batteries and motors, particularly including cobalt, lithium, the rare earth elements, nickel, and manganese. Most of these commodities are currently mined from a relatively limited number of deposits worldwide. Improved understanding of the geology, mineralogy and geometallurgy of these deposits is vital to ensure secure, sustainable supply of these raw materials. This symposium invites presentations on all aspects of the life-cycle of these EV raw materials, from geological context and exploration for resources, to mineral processing and metal recovery. Presentations are welcomed on both onshore and offshore deposits, and on both primary and secondary resources.

Keywords: electric vehicle, cobalt, nickel geometallurgy

23.7 Mineral Processing Technology for Cleaner Production of High-Tech and Critical Metals
T Sreenivas (India), Abhilash (India)

Dr T Sreenivas is a Senior Scientist working for last 30 years in the field of mineral processing of strategic and critical metals. He is also Professor in Homi Bhabha National Institute and recipient of National Geoscience Award with about 100 publications in peer reviewed journals and International Conferences.

Dr Abhilash is a Scientist working for last 14 years in the field of hydro-biohydrometallurgy of strategic and critical metals vis-a-vis recycling of secondary resources. He is Member, National Academy of Sciences (India), and recipient of Young Scientist Award (BRSI, AMI, ISCA, MESA, INSA), Young Metallurgist Award (Govt of India) with about 80 publications in peer reviewed journals and International Conferences.

As countries gear-up for endowment of natural resources of high-tech and critical metals which are essential components in green technology materials, it will be critical that various facets of sustainability are integrated into new operations, policies and investments. Elimination of waste and reduction of energy consumption reduce both the demand for new mineral resources and quantities of potentially harmful wastes and contribute to the transition to sustainability. These challenges provide opportunities for the application of mineral processing and extractive metallurgical principles to add value to wastes/co-products, reduce energy consumption and recycle complex and novel materials besides harnessing primary and secondary resources. Many of the geological settings of high-tech and critical metals are in complex environment with reference to their beneficiation and hydrometallurgical processing. In most cases they are by- or co-products of some other major minerals/metals or the tenor may be very lean demanding comprehensive extraction approaches for making their recovery economical and environmentally benign. This Symposium focuses on mineral processing and extractive metallurgy for cleaner production of high-tech and critical metals with active participation by way of Invited lectures and contributory papers from industry, academia and research organisations.

Keywords: Beneficiation, Hydrometallurg, Critical Metals, Rare metals

23.8 Pegmatite: Mechanism of Emplacement, Genesis, Deposits and Economic Significance
M.B. Verma (India)

Shri M.B. Verma is the Director of Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research in India and has more than 35 years of experience in exploration for U, RM and REE hosted in various rocks including pegmatite.

Pegmatite is a textural attribute rather than composition, where exceptionally coarse size of crystals develops in a variety of physiochemical conditions from a crystallising magma. Granitic bulk composition pegmatites are common however, mafic, alkaline rocks and carbonatitic pegmatites do occur in nature with different suites of minerals.
The role of aqueous vapour phase and growth rate of silicate crystals in pegmatites are the important field of research in experimental igneous petrology. The mechanism of pegmatite emplacement and chemical zonation are other equally important aspects, which need to be addressed. The transfer process of elements in giant crystals is another field of research. This symposium intends to discuss all these aspects Besides, the symposium also aims to give due importance to genetic aspects of REE, Rare alkalies- Li, Rb and Cs, Rare Alkaline Earths- Be, Sr and Ba, High Field Strength Elements including Sn, Nb, Tq, Zr, Hf and Fluxing Components B, P, and F. The relation of LCT and NYF pegmatite to the S, I and A type granite is another major scope of this symposium.

Keywords: Pegmatite, RM Resources

Theme 24: Oceans in a Changing World

Oceans in a Changing World


Rajeev Saraswat (India),
Sunil Kumar Singh (India)

24.1 Spatio-Temporal Variability of Carbon Burial in the Oceans
Rajeev Saraswat (India)

Dr. Rajeev Saraswat is working as Senior Scientist in the National Institute of Oceanography, Goa. His research interest includes paleoclimate and paleoceanography.

Oceans are a large sink of carbon. The ocean sediments contain both inorganic and organic carbon. The abundance of organic and inorganic carbon in marine sediments mainly depends on primary productivity, sediment grain size, dissolved oxygen concentration and depth. As the aforementioned parameters vary regionally, the carbon burial also varies accordingly. Additionally, the temporal variability in these parameters results in a change in carbon burial potential of any region. The assessment of both the spatial and temporal variability in carbon burial in a region is important to understand its potential to modulate global carbon cycling during different boundary conditions. This symposium invitites contributions on documentation of carbon burial during both the present and past, in different parts of the world oceans.

Keywords: Carbon, ocean, sediments, carbonate, organic

24.2 Assessing Coastal Vulnerability in a Warming World
R. Mani Murali (India)

Dr. Murali is a Senior Scientist in the National Institute of Oceanography, Goa. His research interest includes coastal processes and coastal vulnerability.

A large human population resides in the coastal regions of the tropical countries. The rise in sea level, as well as extreme oceanic events like cyclones, Tsunami and Surges have increased the vulnerability of the coastal regions. Some of the appropriate climate changes and their impacts include accelerated sea-level rise, the increase in the number and intensity of coastal and inland storms, coastal inundation associated with increased precipitation and shoreline erosion. The vulnerability of different coastal regions, however, varies, depending on the elevation of the settlement zone, as well as intensity and frequency of extreme events. The increase in the frequency of extreme events will thus have grave consequences in the form of loss of life and property apart from the adverse effects on the coastal ecosystems. This symposium aims to include remote sensing, modelling and field studies based on approaches to assess the vulnerability of different coastal regions to anthropogenic activities, as well as sea level and extreme events.

Keywords: Global warming, sea level, coast, vulnerability

24.3 Response of Marine Organisms to Ocean Acidification
Haimanti Biswas (India), Suhas Shetye (India), Dineshram R (India)

Dr. Biswas is working as a Senior Scientist in the CSIR National Institute of Oceanography, Biological oceanography Division, Goa. Her research interest includes ocean biogeochemistry and the effects of ocean acidification on marine phytoplankton.

Dr. Shetye is working as a Scientist in the CSIR National Institute of Oceanography, Goa. His research interest includes ocean biogeochemistry and the effect of ocean acidification on calcareous marine organisms.

Dr. Dineshram is working as a Scientist in the CSIR National Institute of Oceanography, Goa. He had extensively worked in experimental marine ecology to study climate change impacts on marine invertebrates at physiology and proteomics levels.

Over the last century, extensive anthropogenic activities on earth led to an unprecedented increase in the atmospheric CO2 concentration and thus warming our climate. The surface oceans absorb a substantial part of the anthropogenically emitted CO2 and increased accumulation of CO2 in the surface ocean waters is increasing H+ and bicarbonate ion (HCO3-1) concentrations, coupled with decreasing pH [acidification (OA)] and carbonate ion (CO3-2) concentrations. The major shift in dissolved inorganic carbon speciation in surface seawater is affecting calcium carbonate saturation state, which is vital for numerous marine calcifying organisms. There have also been examples of resilient species under low pH condition. Autotrophic organism, like phytoplankton may respond differently to this ocean changes since increasing CO2 may be beneficial to them as a substrate for photosynthesis. Our oceans also experiencing warming and hence, under collective (multi-) stress may become deleterious for marine biota. Further, ocean warming is resulting in major changes in ocean physics which may further change nutrient availability and light penetration. These may have potential to impact the entire food chain, fisheries resources and carbon cycling. This symposium intends to include field and laboratory studies on extent of ocean acidification and its impact on marine ecology, with particular emphasis on Indian waters.

Keywords: Increasing CO2, ocean acidification, marinebiota, climate change, response study

24.4 Reconstructing Past Pollution Levels from Marginal Marine Regions
G.N. Nayak (India), Rajiv Nigam (India)

Prof. G. N. Nayak is working as Professor, in the Department of Marine Science, Goa University, Goa. His research interest is pollution monitoring and paleoclimate reconstruction.

Dr. Rajiv Nigam is working as Emeritus Scientist, in the National Institute of Oceanography, Goa. His research interest is application of foraminiferal proxies.

Anthropogenic activities result in discharge of various pollutants in the marginal marine regions. The pollutants include heavy metals, persistent organic pollutants and sewage. These pollutants adversely affect marginal marine community and thus severely alter the ecology of the marginal marine regions. The high resolution past records of concentration of various pollutants, can help in assessing the timing and possible anthropogenic activity responsible for increasing pollutant load. This symposium intends to include papers based on the past records of pollutants from marginal marine regions.

Keywords: Geochemistry, Microfossils, pollution, marine, coastal, proxies

24.5 Sea Level Changes During Late Pleistocene and Holocene Periods and its Implications of Coastal Landforms.
V.J. Loveson (India)

V.J. Loveson is working in sea level changes research for nearly 28 years. He elaborately studied the Quaternary sea level variation along East Coast of India. During 1995-99 Inter-congress periods, Dr Loveson functioned as Secretary, INQUA Indian Ocean sub-commission on Sea level variation and coastal evolution.

The rise in sea level is an important effect of global warming. The rate of sea level rise, however, varies regionally, due to the local upliftment/subsidence. Besides, natural variability also affects sea level. Therefore, it is important to delineate the natural and anthropogenic contributions to the sea level changes. The past sea level change records from different regions can help in delineation of natural and anthropogenic contribution to the sea level in a warming world. This symposium aims to include modelling and field studies to reconstruct past sea level changes from different parts of the world.

Keywords: Sea level, Holocene, marine, transgression, regression

Theme 25: Human evolution, Geoarcheology, Sustenance Strategies

Human evolution, Geoarcheology, Sustenance Strategies


Rajiv Nigam (India),
Rakesh Tiwari (India)

25.1 Geoarchaeology and Paleoenvironment
P. D. Sabale (India), Atreyee Bhattacharya (USA)

P. D. Sabale is a Professor in Geoarchaeology, Deccan College Deemed University, Pune (Maharashtra) India-411006.

Atreyee Bhattacharya  is an Instructer / lecturer in Environmental studies, C.U. Boulder USA.

Geoarchaeology is a study of archaeological record and can be applied to a wide range of scales, from the reconstruction of palaeoenvironments and how they have been affected by human activity. Geoarchaeological research includes both geological and archaeological practices and converges into a single discipline with specific characteristics, aims, and procedures. Undoubtedly, the effective integration of the earth and archaeological sciences is one of the major challenges of geoarchaeology.

An integration of invasive viz. archaeological excavation and noninvasive approaches viz. application of geospatial techniques, maps for geological-geomorphological analysis, geophysical surveys, use of available natural resources etc. may help in the process. Coring of sediment section undoubtedly constitutes one of the most common methodological approaches employed by geologists and archaeologists in reconstructing subsurface stratigraphic architecture. This symposium is planned to address all aims and challenges of geoarcheology in varied situations.

Keywords: Under water Archaeology, Coastal environment and landscape evolution, man-land relationship, sea level changes.

25.2 Late Quaternary Climate Shifts and Human Adaptation to Landscape: A Geoarchaeological Approach
Hema Achyuthan (India)

Dr. Hema Achyuthan has keen interest in understanding man land relationship and his adaptation to late Quaternary climate shifts.

During the Late Quaternary period, climate has fluctuated several times with varying intensity and duration. These shifts have affected civilisations, causing their decline and collapse such as the Harrapan, Sumerian, Akkadian, since the mid-Holocene period or even older Man’s communities. Application of geological methods to archaeological sites, especially of the stratified archaeological deposits have yielded a wealth of information and records of vegetation change reflecting both geomorphic and past climate events and the utilization of plant resources by Man. Changes in composition of charred wood, fruit, and seed assemblages indicate the progressive impact of man upon the native vegetation during the late Quaternary to Holocene period. Man has experienced Late Quaternary climate shifts, has adapted and settled on the land. Land clearance and cultivation over the past several thousands of years have increased the extent of forest edge, the transition zone between closed forest and open areas. These changes have led to an increase in landscape carrying capacity, in the abundance, and diversity of food resources available to expanding populations. Paleoenvironmental and paleoecological analyses of palaeosols, sediments from lakes, sediment detritus from archaeological sites, coastal sites, sites within the river banks, ocean cores that will be correlated with terrestrial and climate events. This symposium will bring together researchers who will deliberate on their findings.

Keywords: Climate Change, Man land relationship, Late Quaternary, Proxy records

25.3 Terrain, Time and Tools: Pleistocene to Early Holocene Prehistoric Adaptations
Rakesh Tewari (India), Shanti Pappu (India), Kumar Akhilesh (India), Yanni Gunnell (France), Partha Chauhan (India)

Rakesh Tewari: Former Director-General, Archaeological Survey of India.

Shanti Pappu Secretary, Sharma Centre for Heritage Education, India, archaeologist specialising in prehistory and palaeoenvironments, directing and co-directing research projects including excavations at Attirampakkam and under sites in SE India,

Kumar Akhilesh: Director, Sharma Centre for Heritage Education, India, archaeologist specialising in prehistory and lithic technology, directing research projects including excavations at Attirampakkam and under sites in SE India.

Yanni Gunnell: Professor, Université Lumiere Lyon 2, expert in geography, geomorphology, geology, with research in India and elsewhere in the world,

Parth R. Chauhan: Assistant Professor at IISER Mohali; Specialising in prehistoric archaeology of central India and northern India. Carries out paleoanthropological research on stone tool technology, geoarchaeology and vertebrate palaeontology.

This symposium aims to discuss new perspectives in investigating Palaeolithic to Neolithic adaptations to site-specific, regional and global environmental changes during the Pleistocene. Ffocus will be on dynamic phases in the story of human evolution, i.e. ranging from the Lower Palaeolithic (around 2 Ma-250 ka) to the early Holocene Mesolithic cultural phases with major cognitive and behavioural shifts. This symposium aims to highlight specific questions those include new paradigms concerning a. the chronology and nature of hominin dispersals across the world; b. new debates on the nature of cultural phases and transitions and association with hominin species; c. greater precision in environmental reconstruction and models of adaptation; d. new approaches in the study of prehistoric cognitive skills and behaviour based on analysis of the artefact assemblages and associated material; and e. a deeper understanding of correlations between fossil, genetic and archaeological data.

Keywords: Prehistory, Pleistocene, Holocene, adaptation, migrations, human evolution

25.4 Recent Scientific Methods In Coastal And Inter-Tidal Archaeology
Supriyo Kumar Das (India), Kaushik Gangopadhyay (India)

Dr. Supriyo Kumar Das, an Organic Biogeochemist with international portfolio, is working to address fundamental geoarchaeological problems by applying geochemical methods.

Dr. Kaushik Gangopadhyay is an experienced and trained environmental archaeologist, and is working in coastal West Bengal since 2006. He and his team have excavated two sites in east Medinipur district in West Bengal.

Coastal and inter-tidal archaeology have emerged as one of the major subdisciplines within the field of archaeology in recent years. Coastal areas have been colonized by humans from the prehistoric period because of the presence of easily exploitable marine as well as terrestrial resources. Therefore, there is a need to develop inter-disciplinary approaches to understand the archaeological records preserved in the dynamic and varied coastal landscapes. These landscapes include coastal sand dunes, basins of tide dominated estuaries, islands and swamps. The symposium will address methodological challenges of studying coastal geoarchaeology, and its link to site-formation processes. Stratigraphy of a coastal sites is affected by sea-level changes, burial and erosion processes. These dynamic mechanisms have direct impact on the preservation of archaeological sites. Archaeological artefacts and objects such as bones are modified as a result of dynamic processes of water actions. Transport of objects into secondary contexts is common occurrences thereby making cultural interpretations difficult. These can be addressed as formation process of the archaeological site. Scientific methods adapted from geology, for example, studying the roundness of fluvially-transported clasts would be useful in such conditions. The session will also address challenges in dating coastal sites, and the usefulness of combining multiple dating techniques such as AMS radiocarbon and OSL. The session will further address modern tools in geoarchaeology including organic residue analysis and the application of stable isotopes and lipid biomarkers in reconstructing the anthropogenic history in archaeological record.

Keywords: Archaeology, geoarchaeology, coastal and intertidal sites, scientific methods

Theme 26: Metamorphic Processes and Petrogenesis

Human evolution, Geoarcheology, Sustenance Strategies


Somnath Dasgupta (India)
Santanu (India),

G.L. Clarke (Australia)

26.1 Accessory Minerals to Metamorphic Processes: Trace Elemental and Isotopic Insights
Craig Storey (UK), James Darling (UK)

Craig Storey
1. LA-ICPMS development of in-situ isotope ratio analysis in accessory minerals
2. Evolution of the continental crust
3. High-pressure metamorphism and subduction zone processes

James Darling
1. EBSD applied to shock metamorphism in accessory minerals
2. Atom-Probe tomography of accessory minerals
3. Geochronology of meteorites

Accessory minerals provide robust archives of trace elements and isotope ratios that can help understand a whole range of Earth and planetary processes, and provide timescales and rates. In this symposium, we will explore the utility and ground-breaking potential of a whole range of accessory minerals within rocks that have experienced metamorphic and associated processes, such as brittle and crystal-plastic deformation, at the whole range of P-T conditions possible in the Solar System. We invite novel applications, novel techniques and innovative approaches to the use of accessory minerals in Earth and planetary science, from the nano-scale to the bulkmineral high-precision isotope ratio scale.

Keywords: Accessory minerals, trace elements, geochronology, metamorphism, diffusion

26.2 Early Earth Orogenesis
Santanu K. Bhowmik (India), Sankar Bose (India)

Santanu Kumar Bhowmik
Professor at IIT Kharagpur with more than 20 years of research experience on metamorphic processes in Precambrian and Phanerozoic continental collisional and subduction zone tectonic settings. Over thirty research publications on different aspects of metamorphic petrology. Fellow of Indian Academy of Sciences.

Sankar Bose
Professor at Presidency University with more than 20 years of research experience on metamorphic processes in Precambrian orogenic belts. Over forty research publications on different aspects of metamorphic petrology. Recipient of National Geoscience Award.

The symposium calls for contributions on early earth orogenesis centering on when, how and why did the "modern-style" plate tectonics begin on the planet earth. Despite divergent opinions, there is a general consensus that the switch over from "pre-subduction", plume-driven vertical tectonics to "modern subduction" regime of horizontal plate motions is linked with a change in thermal regime from one of heat generation through radioactive decay to heat loss by conductive cooling. The tectonic transition that is said to coincide with the first appearance of an arc-back arc system, the earliest record of eclogite, the advent of a dual thermal regime, reflecting unequivocal convergent plate margin processes and changes in crustal growth rate and petrotectonic assemblages (e.g. from tonalite – trondhjemite to potassic granites and from mafic, komatiitic greenstone belts to less mafic ones) appears to have taken place in the time period between 3.2 and 2.8 Ga. We encourage theoretical, high-precision analytical, experimental and fieldbased contributions from the fields of metamorphic petrology, geochemistry, geochronology, diffusion chronometry and thermo-mechanical modelling, primarily addressing "early Earth" tectonic processes. The session focuses on studies from low- to high-grade Archaean to Earliest Palaeoproterozoic metamorphic terrains in a range of topics from phase equilibria modelling, metamorphic P-T-t paths, timescales of orogenesis to geochemical and isotopic fingerprinting of tectonic settings.

Keywords: Metamorphism, early earth, orogenesis, plate tectonics, geochemistry, geochronology, thermo-mechanical modeling

26.3 Metamorphism at Convergent Plate Margins: Tales from the Upper Plate
Richard Mark Palin (USA), Nick Roberts (UK)

Richard Palin
PhD from the University of Oxford, UK, studying the thermal and structural evolution of collisional mountain belts (Himalayan Range and Tibetan Plateau). Editorial board member for Precambrian Research and Associate Editor for Geoscience Frontiers. Twenty-four publications since 2012, including articles in Nature and Nature Geoscience

Nick Roberts
Manager of LA-ICP-MS laboratory with expertise in geochronology and isotope geochemistry applied to a range of solid earth topics
Research interests in the rates and timing of deformation and orogenesis, and the evolution of the continental crust. Author of seventy publications, Editorial board member for Geology, and Associate Editor for Geoscience Frontiers.

This session seeks contributions that investigate the causes, effects, and petrological or tectono-thermalimplications of regional or contact metamorphism at convergent margins, focusing on continental crustal materials. We welcome and encourage abstracts that use a variety of techniques, such as field mapping, phase equilibria modeling, petrochronology, geochemistry, and geodynamic and/or geophysical modelling, and studies that span a wide range of spatial and temporal scales.

Keywords: Metamorphism, anatexis, continental crust, orogenesis, plate tectonics

26.4 Characterization, Duration, Tectonics and Implications of Ultrahigh Temperature Metamorphism
Somnath Dasgupta (India), Pulak Sengupta (India)

Somnath Dasgupta, Visiting Professor, IISER-Kolkata, former Professor at Jadavpur University, with 30 years of research experience on ultrahigh temperature metamorphosed rocks of India with over 60 international publications in the subject, Fellow of all Science Academies of India and of TWAS and Alexander von Humboldt Foundation.

Pulak Sengupta, Professor at Jadavpur University, 20 years of research experience on ultrahigh temperature metamorphosed rocks of India, over 35 research publications on the subject, Bhatnagar awardee, Fellow of Indian National Science Academy, Indian Academy of Sciences and Alexander von Humboldt Foundation.

Crustal metamorphism with peak temperatures exceeding 900°C, and locally reaching 1000°C or more, first documented from the Napier Complex about half a century back, is an established phenomenon. Recent compilations show more than 60 such UHT terranes the world over. Major advances have been made in recent years towards understanding the cause(s) of extreme thermal perturbation mostly at lower crustal levels and the possible tectonic scenarios. Discovery and calibrations of new trace element geothermometers improved measurement of temperatures, and phase equilibria modeling helped to document peak thermobaric conditions, P-T path of evolution, role of melting and melt segregation, collectively indicating possible tectonic environments. Improved geochronological techniques, particularly at such high temperatures, provided constraints on both timing and duration of UHT metamorphism. UHT metamorphosed terranes provide important clues regarding supercontinent assembly in the geological past. Despite these advances, major outstanding questions remain: (a) how efficient are the trace element geothermometers ?, (b) is UHT metamorphism short-lived and repetitive or long-lived ?, (c) what is the role of melt segregation in preservation of UHT assemblages? , (d) how efficient is the pseudosection approach in phase equilibria modeling, given the inherent uncertainties in bulk chemical approximation (water content and effect of melt segregation)?, (e) what is the significance of diverse kinds of retrograde P-T paths in terms of tectonic settings? (f) what is the rate of uplift and exhumation of UHT metamorphosed lower crust? The above points are illustrative, but not exhaustive. Given that several UHT metamorphosed terranes have been described from India, the symposium is expected to draw wide attention both nationally and internationally.

Keywords: UHT metamorphism, phase equilibria, tectonics, duration and implications in supercontinent assembly

26.5 HP- to UHP Metamorphism: From Small Scale Observations to Mountain Forming Processes
Hans-Peter Schertl (Germany), Jingsui Yang (China)

Hans-Peter Schertl
Research interests in petrology, geochemistry, and geochronology of HP- and UHP-metamorphic rocks; cathodoluminescence microscopy and spectroscopy.

Author of 63 publications, 7 books/chapters in books. Editorial board member of Journal of Earth Science. Secretary: International Mineralogical Association (IMA), Fellow: Mineralogical Society of America, Adjunct Professor: College of Earth Science and Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology

Jingsui Yang
Research interests in mafic-ultramafic rocks and HP- and UHP-metamorphic rocks, mantle rocks and related chromite deposits, ophiolite and plate tectonics. Author of 150 publications, 4 books/chapters in books. Editorial board member ofActa of Geologic Sinica. Fellow of Mineralogical Society of America, Fellow of Geological Society of America,Academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences.

This session welcomes contributions from small scale observations, for instance using X-ray, FTIR, Raman, TEM, Laser ICP-MS, SHRIMP, etc. techniques, to mountain forming process that include field studies, the derivation of pressure temperature paths, geodynamic modeling, geochemistry as well as age dating and fluid inclusion studies. We appreciate not only abstracts related to natural rocks but also to HP/UHP related experiments.

Keywords: Metamorphism, deep subduction, continental crust,diamond/coesite, UHP-ophiolite

26.6 Metamorphic Products of Lithospheric Convergence: Subduction Zones
Philippe Agard (France), Sarah Penniston-Dorland (USA)

Philippe Agard
PhD at Ecole Normale Supérieure and University Pierre et Marie Curie, France, studying the structural and metamorphic evolution of subducted rocks from the Western Alps
Research interests in subduction processes at all scales
Author of seventy-five publications, Editor in chief of Tectonophysics

Sarah Penniston-Dorland
PhD from Johns Hopkins University, USA, studying element mobility and transport scales during regional metamorphism
Research interests in subduction-zone mineral transformations, in particular fluid-mediated processes. Author of twenty five publications, Associate Editor for American Mineralogist

Whilst critical for our understanding of subduction zone geodynamics and related hazard, the nature, structure and properties of the subduction plate boundary are still largely unknown. Determining which lithologies and rheological behaviours prevail, which are the fluids and where, or what is their exact bearing on earthquake ruptures remains a real challenge. Metamorphic rocks are increasingly used as probes to image and understand physical conditions and processes at work along the subduction boundary at all relevant spatial and temporal scales (i.e., years and meters across all depths). Mineral transformations tightly control both deformation and element transfer along the slab, to the arc and to the deeper mantle. We welcome in this session all contributions aiming at integrating structural, petrological, mineralogical and geochemical data with particular emphasis on bridging the gap between observations made at rock and plate scale, from millions of years to a few hundred years only, and with interest in relating these findings with geophysical or numerical modelling data.

Keywords: Metamorphism, deep subduction

Theme 27: Rock Deformation and Rheology

Rock Deformation and Rheology


M.A. Mamtani (India)
Anupam Chattopadhyay (India),

Rodolfo Carosi (Italy)

27.1 Field Structures – Macro to Meso Scale Deformation Processes
Bernhard Grasemann (Austria), T. K. Biswal (India)

Prof. Bernhard Grasemann from Vienna (Austria) has worked extensively in the Himalaya and has made fundamental contributions in Structural Geology.

Prof. T.K. Biswal is a well-established name in the field of Structural Geology with experience of working in Geological Survey of India as well as in academia (IIT Bombay, India).

This symposium intends to invite abstracts on “Field Structures-Macro to meso scale deformation processes”. It is expected that this will attract structural geologists who use field data to infer processes in polydeformed terrains and carry out kinematics as well as dynamic analyses using orientations of visible field structures.  

Keywords: Structural Geology, field geology, ductile and brittle deformation

27.2 Rheology and Deformation Mechanisms in the Earth
Nibir Mandal (India),Susan Ellis (New Zealand), Joel Sarout (Australia), Santanu Misra (India)

Prof. Nibir Mandal (Jadavpur University, India) has worked extensively on experimental rock deformation and numerical modeling. His research has contributed significantly to understanding of geodynamic processes and rheology of earth.

Dr. Susan Ellis is a Principal Scientist and Geodynamic Modeller at GNS Science, New Zealand.
Dr. Joel Sarout is a Senior Research Scientist at CSIRO, Perth (Australia). He leads the Rock Properties team.

Dr. Santanu Misra (IIT Kanpur, India) has established an experimental rock deformation facility in his institute and has contributed significantly to the understanding of deep crustal processes.

The deformation of rocks in response to tectonic stresses (rheology) is largely controlled by their ambient conditions (frequency and amplitude of stress perturbation, temperature, presence of fluids etc.), physical properties of the rocks and many other geological factors, such as synkinematic mineral reactions. The processes involved in rock deformation can be observed at multiple scales through a variety of mechanisms, ranging from brittle micro-fracturing to large- scale tectonic faulting (seismic and/or aseismic slip), crystal-plastic creep, stress-induced solid- state diffusion, partial-melting, and fluid flow. Such processes play a critical role in governing the Earth’s deep-rooted dynamics, and shaping its surface morphology. This session on Rheology and Deformation Mechanisms is designed to present and discuss current research and knowledge of the diverse processes of Earth deformation, particularly emphasizing role of transient rheology and resultant structures at varied scales. The session will bridge studies from micro-mechanisms of crystal deformation to large-scale tectonics, shallow brittle faulting to deeper ductile flow, using evidence from theoretical, numerical, experimental and natural data and observations.

Keywords: Structural Geology, field geology, ductile and brittle deformation

27.3 Fabric Analysis – Past, Present and Future Richard
Rick Law (USA),Toru Takeshita (Japan), Koushik Sen (India)

Prof. Rick Law from Virginia Tech (USA) has made fundamental contributions to the analysis of deformed rocks using crystallographic preferred orientations (CPO).

Prof. Toru Takeshita from Hokkaido (Japan) is well-known for the study of quartz CPO and their use in understanding deformation conditions.

Dr. Koushik Sen is a scientist at WIHG, Dehradun (India) who has done extensive fabric analysis using microstructures and anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS).

Fabric analysis is critical in deciphering mechanisms and microscale processes that operate in deformed rocks. Challenging problems such as identifying monoclinic vs. triclinic shear zones or host vs. recrystallized quartz grains require detailed investigation of microstructures and crystallographic preferred orientations (CPO). Microstructures are a direct indicator of the conditions of deformation (pressure/temperature/strain rate) and also provide geologists with kinematic information that can be eventually useful in interpreting larger scale structural and tectonic processes. Since the beginning of the 21st century, fabric analyses have been performed using both; 1) relatively recently developed techniques involving, for example, SEM-Electron Backscatter Diffraction (EBSD), SEM and Microprobe-based Cathodoluminescence, Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Anisotropy of Magnetic Susceptibility (AMS), Computer-Integrated Polarization (CIP) microscopy and, now less commonly, 2) older techniques such as measurement of CPO by Universal Stage and X-ray Texture Goniometry. It is therefore prudent to bring together structural geologists who use different fabric-analysis tools and techniques under one roof. This will provide a platform for geoscientists from all over the world to look at fabric data from a variety of geological terrains and collected using different analytical methods. Moreover, this will provide an opportunity to discuss the pros-and-cons of different methods of fabric analysis, thus providing the present and future generation with a direction for their research.

Keywords: Microstructure, deformation processes, AMS, CPO, EBSD

27.4 Structural Control on Fluid Flow and Mineralization
Paul D. Bons (Germany), Tridib Kumar Mondal (India), Sivaji
Lahiri (India)

Prof. Paul D. Bons is a Professor of Structural Geology in Eberhard Karls University Tübingen (Germany). He has vast experience in working on processes that lead to vein formation and their kinematics in different parts of the world.

Dr. T.K. Mondal is an Assistant Professor in Jadavpur University (Kolkata, India). He teaches Structural Geology and has contributed significantly to the understanding of vein emplacement and gold mineralization in Gadag region (Dharwar craton).

Mr. Sivaji Lahiri is presently a research fellow in IIT Kharagpur. He is the first person in India, and one of the few in the world, to have quantified state of stress using vein orientations.

This session aims to bring together the communities working on crustal-scale fluid flow with the objective to promote a scientific interaction for understanding the role of geological structures in fluid flow and mineralization. We encourage the presentation of contributions (both oral and posters) showing how multi-methodological and multi-disciplinary approaches improve the knowledge of structural control on fluid flow and mineralization.

Keywords: Structural Geology, fluid flow, mineralization, veins

27.5 Extrapolating Experimental Rock Deformation Results to Field Structures
Alison Ord (Australia), Santanu Bose (India), H.B. Srivastava (India), J.H. Kruhl (Germany), Virginia G. Toy (New Zealand)

Prof. Alison Ord (UWA, Australia) has a vast experience in various aspects of Structural Geology – from modelling of natural systems to experimental to field geology. She has also co-authored a book of Structural Geology.

Prof. Santanu Bose (Kolkata, India) is an experimental structural geologist who has made significant contributions to the understanding of structures in fold and thrust belts.

Prof. H.B. Srivastava (Varanasi, India) has vast experience in field geology as well as experimental studies and also microstructures.

Prof. J.H. Kruhl (Munich, Germany) is a very renowned structural geologist who has done extensive work on rock textures and well as anisotropy quantification in natural systems.

Dr. Virginia Toy (Otago, New Zealand) does extensive work on shear zones and faults for which she employs a variety of tolls including fieldwork and EBSD.

This symposium, entitled aims to provide a common discussion platform for experimentalists, modellers and field geologists. We observe geological structures, and from them, we aim to decode the rheology of the rocks and understand the geological processes involved in their formation. One of the ways by which we enhance our understanding of the processes and mechanisms that lead to the formation of structures in naturally deformed rocks is to explore deformation in the laboratory. These experiments may be analogue or computational. They are typically performed at relatively high strain rates with the results subsequently extrapolated to natural strain rates. We invite contributions from geoscientists carrying out relevant field and experimental studies, at various temporal and spatial scales, to help geologists appreciate the conditions that lead to development of various brittle and ductile structures. We also encourage contributions that explore the extrapolation of experiments to natural strain rates, to mineral assemblages (rather than single phase aggregates), and to rocks undergoing chemical reactions during deformation.

Keywords: Experimental rock deformation, strain rate, field structures

27.6 Structural Geology and Society - Restoration, Geothermal Energy and Hydrocarbons
Rosalda Punturo (Italy), Dominico Liotta (Italy), Chris Hilgers (Germany),
Susanta Kumar Samanta (India), Sandeep Bhatt (India)

Dr. Rosalda Punturo (Catania, Italy) does lot of petrophysical research on rocks from shear zones and uses petrography for studies dealing with restoration of heritage sites.

Prof. Dominico Liotta (Bari, Italy) has vast experience in carrying out structural geological investigations in different terrains and working on problems dealing with geothermal areas.

Prof. Christoph Hilgers (Karlsruhe, Germany) has carried out extensive research on formation of veins and structure of reservoir rocks.

Prof. Susanta Kumar Samanta (Kolkata, India) has carried out structural geological studies involving numerical modelling as well as studies on landslides and seismic hazard analysis.

Mr. Sandeep Bhatt (Kharagpur, India) does research involving analysis of fabric in rocks and applies methods such as micro-CT to analyse fractures and structures in rocks.

This symposium invites contributions dealing with the integration of various approaches which, starting from structural investigations, affect society and increase awareness in population. Contributions dedicated to a profound understanding of structural Earth system processes as well as its utilization are welcome. This may include the structural and petrophysical heterogeneity during the sustainable exploitation of geothermal resources (from low- to high temperature conditions), hydrocarbon and mineral resources exploration, subsurface sequestration, application of structural geology in study of natural hazards such as landslides, as well as the restoration and preservation of heritage sites.

Keywords: Structural Geology, Restoration, Geothermal Energy, Hydrocarbons

Theme 28: Ore forming processes and systems

Ore forming processes and systems


Sisir K. Mondal (India),
Biswajit Mishra (India),
Jan Pasava (Czech Republic),
Richard Goldfarb (USA),
David Lentz (Canada),
A. Pitawala (Sri Lanka)

28.1 Magmatic Processes and Ore Deposits
Mei-Fu Zhou (Hong Kong, China), Ibrahim Uysal (Turkey), J. Gregory Shellnutt (Taiwan), Shoji Arai (Japan)

Magmatic ore deposits (e.g., chromite, Ti-V-bearing magnetite, Ni-Cu-sulfides and PGE) are formed from ultramafic-mafic magmas due to high temperature crystallization processes. This symposium will cover the current state of knowledge and understanding of these deposits across the world, in particular of the deposits of chromite, Ti-V-bearing magnetite, PGE associated with chromitite and/or sulfides, and Ni-Cu-sulfides in mafic/ultramafic rocks including komatiites. This symposium invites contributions on the fundamental processes which control the formation of these deposits through space and time.

28.2 Hydrothermal Processes and Ore Deposits
Franco Pirajno (Australia), Nigel Cook (Australia)

The formation and development of hydrothermal mineral systems is a consequence of interaction of metal enriched fluids (from diverse sources) with a wide variety of host rocks. Circulation of hydrothermal fluids and their interaction with surrounding rocks, result in heat and mass transfers between the fluid and rock, which leads to precipitation of ore minerals and the formation of alteration zones surrounding the ore bodies. Field observations (ground truth) integrated with microscopy, chemical and isotopic analyses of ore and gangue minerals are essential in the understanding of hydrothermal ore forming processes. This symposium invites contributions covering various genetic aspects of broad deposit types such as (i) orogenic/intrusion associated gold, (ii) base metals, and (iii) Sn-W-rare metals (+REE).

28.3 Sedimentary Processes and Ore Deposits
Andrey Bekker (USA), Nicolas J Beukes (South Africa), Harilaos Tsikos (South Africa), Carlos Alberto Rosière (Brazil), Joydip Mukhopadhyay (India), Bertus Smith (South Africa).

A number of mineral deposits are hosted in sedimentary rocks. Sedimentary processes are responsible for the origin of these ore deposits (e.g., placer deposits, phosphorites, bauxites, Fe and Mn deposits, evaporites); alternatively, sedimentary rocks could behave as a trap for mineral enrichments (e.g., Cu-stratiform deposits, U rollfront deposits) due to their variable redox state. Significant progress has been made in our understanding of sedimentary processes responsible for ore deposits and the origin of sediment-hosted ore deposits. This symposium invites contributions and proposals for technical sessions dealing with processes responsible for sedimentary and sediment-hosted ore deposits are solicited for this symposium.

28.4 Fluid/Melt Inclusions, Trace Element and Isotope Geochemistry in Study of Ore Deposits
Robert Bodnar (USA), Svetlana Tessalina (Australia)

Fluid/melt inclusions, trace elements and isotope geochemistry are the indispensable tools in ore deposits studies, unravelling the details about timing of ore emplacement and ore forming processes. This particular symposium will be focusing on two major aspects such as (1) Fluid/melt inclusions in ore deposit studies and (2) Application of isotopes in ore deposits studies. One of the major focuses will be on their applications in ore exploration.

28.5 Solubility of Metals in Melt/Fluid Systems
Anna Vymazalová (Czech Republic), Hassan Helmy (Egypt)

This symposium welcomes contributions that enhance our understanding of metal solubility, speciation, and transport in geologically-relevant fluids (aqueous or non-aqueous) and melts (silicate, sulfide, carbonate) in ore-forming environments.

28.6 Metamorphism and Ore Remobilization
Xiaochun Li (Hong Kong, China), Richen Zhong (China)

Various mechanisms may contribute to metamorphic remobilization of ore deposits. These include (i) mechanical (stress-induced), hydrothermal (fluid-assisted), and (ii) sulfide partial melting (melt-driven). Mechanical remobilization modifies morphology of the ore body, apart from significant recrystallization of ore and gangue minerals. Hydrothermal remobilization accounts for dissolution and re-precipitation of ore-bearing phases. Sulfide partial melting can take place from upper-green schist to granulite facies. Studies have demonstrated that prograde partial melting of sulfides and consequent crystallization is a significant ore remobilization mechanism, which leads to enrichment of strategic elements in the remobilized ore, which were initially disseminated. With the improved chemical/isotopic analytical techniques, it is possible to characterize the metamorphic fluids and the nature of sulfide partial melting during remobilization. This symposium invites contributions on various such aspects of Metamorphism and ore remobilization.

Theme 29: Energy Resources

Energy Resources


Manas Roychowdhury (India),
P.S. Parihar (India),
Patrice Bruneton (France)

29.1 Uranium Mineral Systems: Genetic Models and New Understandings of Uranium Deposits
Susan M Hall (USA)

The dramatic increase in cost of Uranium since 2005 has resulted in discovery of new occurrences and interest in uranium mineral system. Mineralogy and geochemical characteristics of these new occurrences have been studied extensively. Now the time has come when information generated by the understanding of such development should be discussed across the globe. Recently IAEA has published review on existing uranium deposits classification and proposed a classification scheme based on genetic understanding. This symposium therefore invites papers on
1: Uranium deposit types, genetic models and its understanding.
2: Mineralisation, geochemistry, mineralogy and classification of uranium deposits

29.2 Advances in Uranium Exploration and Exploitation
Michel Cuney (France)

Economic uranium deposits resulted from original inhomogeneity’s of uranium distribution in the Earth’s crust that commonly persisted through long periods of time, and through a combination of orogenic, metamorphic, and sedimentary processes produced rocks with enriched uranium contents. The initial enriched uranium domain was successively remobilized and concentrated into new enrichments of one or more magnitudes above normal background forming uranium ore deposits. This symposium aims to discuss nature, origin, evolution, and distribution of U provinces. The modelling and exploitation related development will also be discussed.

29.3 Unconventional Uranium Resources: A Global Perspective
Patrice Bruneton (France)

This symposium intends to discuss unconventional uranium resources as recoverable resources associated with phosphate rocks, non-ferrous ores, carbonatite, black shale and lignite. They correspond to low to very low grade, generally very large geological resources where uranium can only be extracted as a co- or by-product. Mostly it is not possible with existing technologies to recover them rather they are the future resources due to development of technological advancement. Economics play a vital role in this process. The unconventional resources are associated with intrusive plutonic, polymetallic iron oxide– copper–gold breccia complexes (IOCG-U), volcanic-related, Au-rich palaeo-quartz-pebble conglomerate, placers, lignite–coal, phosphorite and black shale [6]. The largest unconventional resources are in seawater, with resources estimated at 4 billion t at an average ‘grade’ of 3.3 ppb (3.3 mg/m3).

29.4 Thorium: Future Energy Source Exploration, Resources and Technology
Harikrishnan Tulsidas (Switzerland)

Harikrishnan Tulsidas is a professional geologist with over 30 years of experience in management and development of critical raw material and energy resources. He has wide experience in exploration, resource evaluation, development, process innovation, and international policy formulation. He currently works as Economic Affairs Officer in the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and leads the work on development of global standards for sustainable management of critical raw materials.

The increased demand of carbon-free energy, requires the sustainable use of fuel resources such as uranium and thorium. Uranium though is the main-stay of the present generation of Nuclear Power Plants, with the anticipated steep growth in nuclear energy it will be necessary to introduce thorium too as a fuel. Thorium fuel cycle offers several potential advantages over a uranium fuel cycle, including greater abundance, superior physical and nuclear properties of fuel, enhanced proliferation resistance, and reduced plutonium and actinide production. Technically thorium has been well established and it behaves remarkably well in Light Water Reactors, High Temperature Reactors and Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors. Recognizing the potential contribution of thorium fuel cycle in nuclear energy, renewed R&D efforts is seen in much country. Geologically thorium deposits are found in alkaline complexes, pegmatites, carbonatites and heavy mineral sands with wide geographic distribution. Major resources of thorium are seen in Australia, Brazil, Canada, India, Norway, South Africa and USA. Thorium exploration is presently continuing in some countries such as India and USA. The present production of thorium is mainly as a by-product of processing of heavy mineral sand deposits for titanium, zirconium and tin.
The symposium is targeted to discuss latest information on the latest developments in geology, mineralogy, exploration, resources, production, ore processing, environmental studies, safety and social licensing aspects.

Keywords: Thorium, resources, technology, energy generation

29.5 Uranium Resources and the Fuel Cycle for the 21st Century
Christophe Xerri (Austria), Harikrishnan Tulsidas (Switzerland)

Christophe Xerri is a leading world expert in nuclear fuel cycle. He has a long experience in the French nuclear company, Areva. He had worked as Counsellor (Nuclear) to the Ambassador of France in Japan before joining IAEA as the Director of Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology Division.

Harikrishnan Tulsidas is a professional geologist with over 30 years of experience in management and development of uranium and energy resources. He has wide experience in exploration, resource evaluation, development, process innovation, and international policy formulation. He currently works as Economic Affairs Officer in the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and leads the work on development of global standards for sustainable management of energy and raw materials

This symposium is planned to discuss sustainable development in the coming decade will be crucial for all countries, setting the stage for the rest of the 21st century. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development set ambitious goals to ensure prosperity and security for the entire planet. All the 17 goals outlined in 2030 Agenda will require massive energy and material flows. Moreover, the goals encompass low-carbon foot-print and minimum impact to the environment during the production of energy and materials.
Nuclear energy will have a significant role in the low-carbon energy mix that will power the world on a sustainable path. Most of the energy scenarios for maintaining the 2°C increase above the pre-industrial levels in global temperature require a high share of nuclear energy. Large-scale utilization of nuclear power is foreseen in many countries, especially in the most populous India and China. Under the IAEA high case scenario nuclear power would see a 3-fold increase by 2050.
Uranium has to be seen as a low carbon fuel that can help realize many of the Sustainable Development Goals and climate commitments. Uranium resources to power the fleet of reactors are not only required in a timely manner but also need to be produced sustainably. The comprehensive recovery of uranium from unconventional resources including from wastes and tailings will be significant in future. In addition to new technologies for obtaining more uranium, the nuclear energy industry will have to examine practices in resource management including safe handling of mine tailings and long-term storage of spent fuel to ensure sustainability.

Keywords: Nuclear Energy, Sustainable Development, Low Carbon Energy and Mine Tailing.

29.6 Geological Aspects, Exploration and Economics of Coal Deposits
A.B. Dutt, Chandan Chakraborty (India), Anjan Rai Choudhuri (India), Goutam Mukherji (India)

Chandan Chakraborty, Prof. Chandan Chakraborty has done extensive research on palaeogeography and tectonics of sedimentary basins including Gondwana basins of India, Deformation behaviour of different types of Rock Systems etc.

Anjan Rai Choudhuri, Dr. Anjan Rai Chaudhuri has more than 15 years’ experience in coal exploration in different Gondwana basins of India. His area of interest involves sedimentology, structural geology, basin modelling.

Goutam Mukherji, Gautam Mukherjee is an expert in exploration planning, characterization and assessment of resources with more than 30 years’ experience in the field of coal/lignite exploration.

Coal is the second most important energy source, covering 30% of global primary energy consumption and is the leading energy source in power generation accounting 40% of globally generated power. Many of the developing countries, including India, is well endowed with coal resources and these countries are increasingly satisfying their growing energy demands with cheap coal in order to sustain their economic growth. Hence, despite its insidious influence on the climate and health, coal is unlikely to be replaced in near future as the major player in energy scenario in most of the countries.
Coal deposits of the world formed from plants that grew in and adjacent to swamps, mostly, in warm, humid regions. Under certain conditions this organic material continued to accumulate and was later converted into coal. There are distinct time spans during which most of the world coal deposits were formed which represent periods during which several favourable biological and physical processes occurred simultaneously. Study on paleogeography, tectonic framework, paleobotany, palaeoclimate and sedimentary history helps to understand the depositional environment that favoured coal formation.
This symposium will cater to all researchers related to the geological aspects, exploration and economics of coal deposits.

Keywords: Geological aspects, exploration and economics of coal deposits

29.7 Coal: Characterization, Beneficiation and Utilization
Uttam Kumar Bhui (India), V. A. Mendhe (India), Naeem Ahmad (India), Sudip Bhattacharyya (India)

Dr. Bhui’s present research activities are related to molecular level characterization of crude oil, organic matter rich shale, coal, for development of new methods/techniques for the future use in much cleaner, greener and economic way.

Dr. V. A. Mendhe has completed about 122 R&D projects and has 140 research publications. He is member of editorial boards of several international journals and a number of professional national and international societies.

Naeem Ahmad is an expert in exploration planning, modeling, characterization and assessment of resources with more than 40-year experience in the field of coal/lignite exploration and in-depth knowledge of almost all Indian coalfields.

Dr. Sudip Bhattacharya has more than 20 years’ of experience in coal exploration.

Coal is likely to continue to be the major source of energy for many years to come but the manner in which coal is used must, and will, change. Advances in analytical techniques, modeling software with high power of computation system have resulted in improved partial representation of coal structure. but complete grasp on chemical constituents, their structure and their binding mechanism for the solid fuel is remain elusive.
Coal, with high carbon content than other fossil fuels, produces maximum CO2 when combusted. In addition, coal also contains a host of elements including Sulphur, nitrogen, mercury and heavy metals which pollute the environment when coal is mined or burnt.
Coal research has evolved to reduce all the disadvantages it has in conventional method. Today coal is seen in various ways of utilization with the help of many new and evolving techniques of characterization in molecular level. We have technologies in hand that will allow coal to be used in a more environmentally friendly manner. It seems that opportunities still exist for developing new processes and technologies, which need to be more economic, effective and efficient that may be unconventional in nature. This symposium therefore invites papers on Coal petrography, coal chemistry and beneficiation.

Keywords: Coal, coal characterization, coal beneficiation, coal utilisation

Theme 30. Hydrocarbon Systems

Hydrocarbon Systems


Kalachand Sain (India),
P. Chandrasekharan (India),
Richard Coffin (USA)

30.1 Petroleum System
Keyu Liu (China), Indrajit Barua (India), K. Vasudevan (India)

Dr. Liu has 25+ years of experiences in reservoir characterisation, geofluid and petroleum system modelling. He is an associate editor of AJES & JAES, and active members of AAPG, AGU, IAS and SPE.
Mr. Barua has 30+ years of experiences in petroleum system modelling and sequence stratigraphy.
Mr. Vasudevan has 33+ years of experiences in basin evaluation, sequence stratigraphy and reservoir characterization for hydrocarbons.
The Petroleum System is a unifying concept that encompasses all disparate elements (source, reservoir, seal, and overburden rock) and processes (trap formation, generation-migration-accumulation) of petroleum geology. This also includes genetically related petroleum that originates from one pod of active source rock and occurs in shows or seeps. These essential elements and processes must be correctly placed in time and space so that organic matter included in a source rock can be converted into a petroleum accumulation. The petroleum system generally occurs in sedimentary basins up to 7000 m depth. A significant breakthrough has been made in China and elsewhere in exploring deeply buried (more than 7000 m) reservoir plays. Advancement has also been made in accumulation mechanisms in micro-nano pores, under the influence of organic-inorganic interaction. This symposium invites contributions on Shallow to Deep to Ultra-Deep Petroleum Systems. Papers on petroleum exploration, basin analysis, play fairway analysis, petroleum systems, resource assessment, fracture basement, role of geophysics and petrophysics, based on geoscientific studies are invited.

Keywords: Petroleum systems, deep and ultra-deep reservoirs, migration mechanisms, tight oil and gas, resource potential

30.2 Shale Gas & Coal Bed Methane
A. M. Dayal (India), Brian Horsfield (Germany), Rajiw Lochan (India)

Dr. Dayal worked on exploration of hydrocarbons and shale gas using geochemical methods, and published a book on shale gas by Elsevier. Also writing a book on unconventional resources.

Prof. Horsfield, specialized in petroleum compositional and phase prediction with 40+ years experiences with the petroleum industry in upstream R&D, has 250 publications in leading journals and books.

Sh. Lochan, a Coal Geologist having 30+ years of experiences, worked on development and management of coal based unconventional energy resources, and implemented projects with CSIRO, Australia.

Shale gas, a natural gas trapped within shales (fine-grained sedimentary rocks), has captured the spotlight after successful production in USA by hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling and now well accepted in China and Poland as well. The interests have spread to tap this natural gas in Canada, Australia, and many European, African and Asia-Pacific countries including India because of its considerable reserve and less emission of greenhouse gas compared to other fossil fuels. Papers on exploration and exploitation strategies of shale gas are invited into this symposium.
CBM (Coal Bed Methane) refers to gas that is generated during coalification and stored within coal, as being a reservoir. This symposium expects papers on pressure, temperature and structural controls on the accumulation of CBM in coal; importance of hydrodynamic sealing in CBM accumulation and preservation; numerical modelling and reservoir simulations to understand the impact of stress dependent anisotropic coal permeability on well design; and gas content, permeability and depth & thickness of coal seam for economic production and resource evaluation in distressed condition also to optimize its utilization to reduce GHG impact under Global Methane Initiatives with suitable technology.

Keywords: Exploration of shale gas, exploitation strategies, accumulation & preservation of CBM, resource evaluation of CBM

30.3 Gas-Hydrates: Future Major Energy Resources
Ingo Pecher (New Zealand), Bjørn Kvamme (Norway), Kalachand Sain (India), Giuliana Panieri (Norway)

Dr. Pecher, a renowned geophysicist, is pursuing research on understanding gas hydrate system through glacial-interglacial cycles, and evaluating their resource potential and impact on seafloor stability.
Prof. Kvamme (PhD in Chemical Engineering) is a full Professor in Gas Processing at Department of Physics, University of Bergen. At present, he has been pursuing research on exploitation of gas hydrates.

Dr. Sain has proposed several approaches for the delineation, characterization and assessment of gas-hydrates, and identified potential reservoirs in KG, Mahanadi and Andaman basins of Indian offshore.

Dr. Giuliana Panieri works in the field of Arctic gas hydrate, environment and climate, and seeks to answer questions regarding timing, and periodicity of methane emissions and hydrate dissociations using biogeochemistry.

The potential of Gas hydrates is huge that can meet the global energy requirement for about many centuries at the current rate of consumption. The production tests in onshore Alaska and McKenzie delta and offshore Japan and China spread tremendous interests in national programs of many countries, and provide great hopes for the energy security of the world. This symposium invites papers on gas-hydrates from geophysical, geochemical, and biological natural occurrences and evaluating resource potential; laboratory studies and numerical modelling on dynamics; geotechnical studies on sea floor instability; flow assurance and feasible production technologies; and possible impact of extraction on environment.

Keywords: Deletion & assessment of gas hydrates, seafloor instability, flow assurance, exploitation techniques

30.4 Sub-volcanic Mesozoic Sediments
Kalachand Sain (India), N. Chandrasekhar (India)

Dr. Sain has delineated sub-volcanic sediments using travel time and state-of-the-art full-waveform tomography of wide-angle seismic data, and imaged subsurface by PSDM of MCS data.
Mr. Chandrasekhar has been involved in exploration of sub-basalt Mesozoics using state-of-the-art technologies related to long-offset MCS, wide-angle OBS, tomography, FWI & Petroleum system studies.
More than 50% global oil is found in Mesozoic sediments. However, such sediments remain hidden below a vast tract of Deccan Volcanic rocks in central-western India (both onshore and offshore). Such a situation is observed at many volcanic provinces in the world that has made routine geophysical methods incapable of probing sub-volcanic Mesozoics. We need innovative and integrative approaches for delineation of Sub-volcanic Mesozoic sediments. This symposium invites papers on different aspects of Sub-volcanic Oil bearing sediments.
Keywords: Imaging sub-volcanics, non-seismic methods, resource estimation, prestack depth or reverse time migration

30.5 Enhanced Oil Recovery
Masoud Riazi (Iran), Manouchehr Haghighi (Australia)

Dr. Masoud Riazi with ten years of experiences in oil companies is currently the Director at Enhanced Oil Recovery Research Center and Vice dean of School of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering.
Prof. Haghighi, Ph.D. in Petroleum Engineering, has a focused research on integrated reservoir simulation, EOR and hydraulic fracturing, wwettability alteration, low salinity water-flooding etc.
Only up to 30% oil is produced economically by conventional methods; additional 5–35 % can be extracted by Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) methods by which the sweep efficiency and production are increased by altering physiochemical properties of reservoir fluids and rock. Popular utilized methods are : chemical based (e.g. polymer, alkaline, surfactant, and polymer flooding), gas based (e.g. CO2, miscible, near miscible and immiscible gas, foam injection), thermal methods (e.g. air, steam, hot water injection), and combination of these methods. Contributionson EOR methodologies, both at lab and field scales, using geological, geophysical, geochemical, and petrophysical data, numerical modelling and simulation of different EOR methods are anticipated in this session.
Keywords: EOR methods, laboratory experiments, field scale studies, numerical modelling, reservoir simulation

30.6 Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage Experiment
P S R Prasad (India), Baleshwar Kumar (India), Dag Nummedal (USA)

Dr Prasad carried out experimental research on genesis & structural stability aspects of clathrate hydrates. Subsequently, he contributed to the CCS & U research in India.
Dr. Kumar led researches in carbon management and hydrocarbon exploration. He represented India at various International forums on CCUS and coordinated three International conferences on CCS in India.

Dr. Nummedal is also the director of the Carbon Management Centre at CSM. He is a Research Professor and has vast experiences in Geology, Geophysical imaging and Petroleum Engineering.

Consumption of fossil fuels increases CO2 concentration in atmosphere that leads to global warming. As a step forward in reducing the global temperature by ~20o C, as suggested by the Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) experiment is one of the best alternatives for reducing the carbon footprints. Saline aquifers, depleted oil and gas fields, basalt formations, deep coal seams and deep water shallow marine sediments are potential sites for CO2 storage. These procedures, though, have its own drawbacks of limited storage capacity. Connectivity between capture and transportation to storage sites and the geological leakage of stored CO2 are cost intensive. The CCUS initiatives in developing economies are still in initial stage. This symposium invites papers covering several aspects of CCUS experiments.

Keywords: Geological storage, CO2 Adsorbents, Rock-fluid interactions, Bio CCUS & Transportation of CO2 Laboratory & Pilot study

Theme 31: Geohazards



O.P. Mishra (India),
Saibal Ghosh (India),
Fausto Guzzetti (Italy)

31.1 Geosciences for Disaster Risk Reduction
Fausto Guzzetti (Italy), Warner Marzocchi (Italy), Hongey Chen (Taiwan)

Fausto Guzzetti, a senior research scientist with the Italian National Research Council (CNR), Guzzetti is the Director of the CNR Research Institute for Geo-Hydrological Protection. A founding member of the European Geosciences Union, he is member of the Italian National High Risk Committee.

Werner Marzocchi, a Professor of Engineering Geology at the National Taiwan University, Taipei, Dr. Hongey Chen is head of the Taiwan National Science and Technology Center for Disaster Reduction.

Geohazards are ubiquitous and pose serious threats to the population, the economy and the environments in many areas of the world. Geohazards arise from the complex, and often poorly understood, interaction between natural phenomena and the anthropogenic environment. The symposium adopts a holistic approach to disaster risk reduction (DRR) and focuses on the roles of scientific, technological advancements for disaster risk reduction and welcomes contributions on the following topics: (i) Information sources, data availability, interoperability and management for hazard analyses and risk reduction, (ii) consolidated, emerging and new technologies for hazard monitoring, damage and impact assessment, and risk reduction, (iii) similarities and diversities of existing and innovative geohazard modelling approaches, their advantages and limitations, (iv) multi-hazards assessments, including hazard chains, domino effects and multiple hazards present in the same area at the same time, or at different times, (v) bridging the existing gap between scientifically-based forecasts and effective citizen warnings at all temporal and spatial scales, (vi) defining, quantifying, reducing and communicating uncertainty in geo-hazard assessment modelling and risk reduction, (vii) the role of legal systems and liability / accountability issues for effective disaster risk reduction, and (viii) ethical and deontological issues in geohazard science for natural hazards disaster risk reduction.

Keywords: Geosciences, Natural Hazards, Risk, Society, Response

31.2 Geohazards in Inter and Intra Plate Tectonic Regimes
Sandip K Som (India), A. P. Singh (India), Shuichi Hasegawa (Japan)

Sandip K Som, A senior research scientist on Earthquake Geology, Landslides, GPS Geodesy, Geodynamics in Geological Survey of India.

A. P. Singh, A senior research scientist on seismology and geodynamics at ISR, Gandhinagar, India

Shuichi Hasegawa, A senior researcher on slope stability, active tectonics from Japan.

Plate Tectonics refers to the geological processes that physically construct and shape the surface of planet Earth and is also capable of producing the most violent and destructive physical events (earthquake, volcanism, tsunami, landslide, etc.) which may occur in inter-plate or intra-plate regions with different kinematics. Geohazards due to these physical events provide a growing global challenge to the professional community. This symposium explores the implications of primary research, secondary consequences and tertiary conclusions related to all types of natural hazards in relation to crustal dynamics. The issues include identification and characterisation of seismogenic and non-seismogenic faults at different tectonic settings under contemporary tectonic stress environment, recurrence intervals for faults that are capable of generating earthquakes, temporal and spatial clustering of earthquakes, event chronologies, delineation of high strain zones and its relation with present tectonic stress, governing factors and comprehensive modelling on real time and delayed earthquake triggered landslide, critical factors for tsunami generation and its effect on wave probation-inundation, prediction of volcanism through volcanic seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission etc. at inter-plate regions and hotspot related intra-plate seismicity. Contributors are encouraged to present work that shows new discoveries, methods, practices and scientific results which can be successfully applied globally to benefit society in general as they are linked to our efforts to improve understanding of, resilience to and management of such natural threats.

Keywords: Natural Hazards, Geodynamics, Plate Boundary, GPS Geodesy

31.3 Landslides, Other Related Mass-Wasting Hazards and Associated Risks
Jonathan Godt (USA), Oded Katz (Israel), Fausto Guzzetti (Italy), Niroj K. Sarkar (India)

Jonathan Godt, a senior research scientist with USGS working on landslides.

Oded Katz, a senior research scientist with Geological Survey of Israel working on landslide and related hazards

Fausto Guzzetti, a senior research scientist with the Italian National Research Council (CNR), Guzzetti is the Director of the CNR Research Institute for Geo-Hydrological Protection. He is the author on more than 100 papers in peer-reviewed journals on landslide mapping, hazard assessment and risk evaluation.

Niroj K. Sarkar, a senior research scientist with Geological Survey of India having long experience in landslide research in the Himalayas.

Landslides hazard, in many areas of the world cause significant societal and economic damage. Due to their large natural variability, and the inherent difficulties to recognize and map landslides where and when they occur, landslides and their damaging effects remain difficult to predict. This limits the ability to mitigate landslide risk, and to reduce their societal, economic and environmental consequences. This symposium will provide an opportunity to present and discuss new results in one or more of the following themes: (i) detection and mapping of landslides, including subaqueous landslides, from the local to the global scale, (ii) landslide initiation and propagation mechanisms, and their physical and numerical modelling, (iii) landslide and slope monitoring strategies and methods, with emphasis on new or emerging technologies, (iv) statistical and physically-based modelling of landslide processes, and model validation methods, (v) temporal and geographical landslide forecasting models and methods, at all scales, (vi) physical (e.g., geophysical, climate, environmental) and human drivers of landslides, and their expected impacts given their projected geographical and temporal variations, (vii) landslide vulnerability estimation, economic impact and risk assessment, mitigation methods.

Keywords: Landslide, Hazards, Risk, Modelling, Forecasting

31.4 Analysis of multi-hazards and their risk over large areas
Cees J. van Westen (The Netherlands), Peter T. Bobrowsky (Canada)

Cees J. van Westen, Associate Professor, Multi-Hazards and Risk Assessment, cascading hazards, h-Index Scopus: 34, 116 documents, PhD’s supervised: 20, MSc’s supervised: 100, worked in many countries (including India, China).

Peter T. Bobrowsky, Senior Research Scientist with Natural Resources, Canada, authors of many papers and book section, having long research association with natural hazards.

This symposium will address complex hazard interactions that may affect large areas, even spanning across countries. These disasters may have triggers that are remote from the areas that are affected, and require exchange of information between different regions or countries. The symposium will address several types of large scale hazard interactions and disasters: • Hazard-interactions related to earthquakes: co-seismic and post-seismic geohazards in mountains, such as landslides, debris flows, landslide lake outburst flows (LLOF). • Climate-related geohazards affecting large areas, such as sea level rise, glacial lake outburst flows (GLOF), and mass movements related to decreasing permafrost. • Complex interactions related to marine hazards (tsunami’s) and their triggers (earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, large submarine landslides, meteorite impacts). • Complex interactions with atmospheric origin, related to dispersion of volcanic ash clouds, smoke from major forest fires, dust storms etc. • Large extreme meteorological events, such as tropical storms, cyclones, monsoon, and their associated hydro-meteorological hazards, such as large flooding events, landslides, debris flows, wind damage etc. The symposium would like to bring scientists together that address the complex interaction between different hazards and focus on methods for spatial and temporal prediction and modelling. The following sessions may be organised under this symposium • Session 1: Disasters related to earthquakes • Session 2: Disasters related to climate change • Session 3: Disasters related to marine hazard interactions • Session 4: Disasters related to atmospheric hazards • Session 5: Transboundary hydro-meteorological hazards.

Keywords: Multi-hazards, cascading events, earthquakes, marine, atmospheric, meteorological

31.5 Monitoring, Predictability and Early Warning of Geohazards
Chandan Ghosh (India), Hemanta Hazarika (Japan), Anand J Puppala (USA)

Chandan Ghosh, Professor, National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM), New Delhi, India.

Hemanta Hazarika, Dr. Hemanta Hazarika, Professor Graduate School of Engineering, Kyushu University, Department of Interdisciplinary Science and Innovation, Geo-disaster Prevention Engineering Research Laboratory, (Research Group of Adaptation to Global Geo-disaster and Environment).

Anand J Puppala, Dr Anand J Puppala, Distinguished Teaching Professor of Civil Engineering University of Texas, Arlington USA.

Geohazards pose an increasing threat to society and therefore, it is necessary to develop models and methodologies for better understanding societal impacts in terms of life loss and economic setback in developmental perspectives. Predicting or developing well-tuned early warning for events like landslides (mass movements), earthquake, avalanche, flood, Volcanic mud flows (Lahars), sinkholes, etc. has been a hot topic for research and governance issues. At some specific areas in the globe, Earthquake induced submarine landslides cause Tsunami and cascading effect of the same to coastal habitats are woefully noted. While early warning for Tsunami is available, the same for earthquake is in nascent stage. The early warning systems incorporate the monitoring of physical processes and mechanisms for measuring, modelling and predicting geohazards. Developing early warning systems also requires setting criteria for parameters to be monitored and threshold values; equipment and systems; coordinating satellite radar data with local monitoring stations; planning monitoring programs for high-risk areas; and developing computer-aided decision-making tools with e.g. mobile data mapping and retrieval, and information management using geographical information technology (GIT), Remote sensing (RS), IT Enabled services, Artificial Intelligence (AI), Internet of Things (IoT) and 3D modelling. It is also important to prepare user-guidelines for data review, alarm facility and follow-up, telemetry/VSAT/WiFi links, and actions to be taken in the event of threshold values being exceeded andin-place automated warning signal dissemination procedure for individual and administrative users is also required, followed by safety and action plans. This symposium invites contribution on various such aspects of Monitoring, predictability and early warning of geohazards.

31.6 Urbanization and Geohazards
R K Srivastava (India), Mriganka Ghatak (India)

Dr. R.K. Srivastava served government as member of All India Services and thus possesses extensive field experience in various capacities, particularly in the field of Disaster management (DM) and Environment & Forests. He planned and executed major infrastructure and urban development projects in state of Jharkhand... To his credit there are publications on subjects of Flood Management, Smart City, Urban setups under climate change induced risks and several others in National and International journals, besides authoring book on Disaster Management of India published by UNDP Dr. Srivastava is now actively engaged in contributing his expertise to help assist Jamia Millia Islamia, a Central University in Delhi to run the courses on Disaster Management and Climate sustainability.

The areas of expertise of Mriganka Ghatak include Quaternary Geology, Earthquake Geology with special reference to Active Fault Studies, Tectonic Geomorphology, Paleoclimate studies. He has extensive experience of working with the major regional and global stakeholders in the field of Disaster Management. He has played an active role in global DRR activities with special focus in SAARC region.

As per United Nations reports, 55% of the present global population resides in urban areas and this percentage is expected to rise to 68% by 2050; an addition of 2.5 billion people in the urban areas compared to present status. While the urban population in 1950 was 571 million, by 2050 it is going to witness a steep rise to 4.2 billion.
This unprecedented growth in urban areas is to a great extent, unplanned, without taking into account proper land use planning, adoption to existing building codes and regulations which are major contributors to the layers of vulnerabilities of urban areas. While many of the existing/ upcoming urban agglomerates are located in identified hazard zones like seismic zones, landslide prone areas, others are located in coastal areas are exposed to threats arising from sea level changes. Economic status of the urban population adds to the risk as the economically marginalized groups are pushed to the fringe and more hazardous areas. New aspects of urban hazards are appearing in the past decades in form of increasing trends of urban floods, stampede, road/rail accidents, industrial disasters, coastal degradation.
The proposed symposia ‘Urbanization and Geohazards’ aims to provide a platform for the global geoscientific community to deliberate on and share innovative research experiences in the Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) practices in urban areas. Contributors are encouraged to present work on new tools for risk assessment and mitigation; role of geosciences in mainstreaming DRR practices; improving present DRR policies; resource management; urban early warning; increasing community participation; use of big data in urban DRR etc. Interested professionals are encouraged to also contribute through more innovative ideas.

Keywords: Urbanization, Geohazards, Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), Urban Planning.

31.7 Mining and Industrial Hazards and Subsidence
D. Jean Hutchinson (Canada), Gurdeep Singh (India)

D. Jean Hutchinson is a Professor of Geological Engineering at Queen’s University, Kingston, Canada. Jean is a registered Professional Engineer in Ontario and is the IAEG Vice-President for North America.

Gurdeep Singh is Vice Chancellor, Vinoba Bhave University, Hazaribag, was recently Director of the Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad, and is a Fellow & Life member of the National Environmentalists Association, India.

The proposed symposia will cover the following topics related to mining geohazards:
Ground surface instability created by failure of pit and quarry walls, Instability of mining and industrial waste products, including waste rock and tailings piles, with consideration of both physical and environmental impacts. Case histories of good design and or failures, Caving and subsidence into underground workings, considering mining methods which result in these issues, the rate of deformation and potential for sudden collapse, Application of novel techniques to detect and monitor hazards, Case histories of managing the mining / industrial hazards and development of long-term solutions, All of these topics may be considered at the time of operation or in the context of long-term effects after mining has ceased, Mine closure planning framework and Physical stability and/or environmental impacts of mining geohazards.

Keywords: Environmental impact; ground surface instability; progressive rehabilitation and management; stakeholder engagement.

31.8 Geohazards Risk Reduction Measures and Mitigation
Helen J. Reeves (UK), D. Jean Hutchinson (Canada)

Helen J. Reeves is Science Director for Engineering Geology & Infrastructure at The British Geological Survey, UK. Helen is UK NHP HIM CO-Chair & IAEG UK National Group President/Secretary.

D. Jean Hutchinson is a Professor of Geological Engineering at Queen’s University, Kingston, Canada. Jean is a registered Professional Engineer in Ontario and is the IAEG Vice-President for North America.

This symposium will highlight geoscientists’ contributions to both the UN Sendai Framework for Action and Sustainable Development Goals by indicating the methodologies and case histories of how hazard and risk assessments contribute to geohazard risk reduction across the world. Social, economic and policy implications will be included within the symposium and highlight what methods and techniques have succeeded or where such measures have failed. This symposium will present examples from across a board range of geological hazards (e.g. earthquakes, ground subsidence, landslides, geomagnetic storms, tsunami, and volcanic hazards) and demonstrate novel solutions for mitigation and risk reduction for both single and multi-hazard impacts. Solutions that manage warnings and evacuation or result in engineered physical mitigation will be portrayed.

31.9 Geohazards Risk: Communications, Education & Knowledge Exchange
Bruce D. Malamud (UK), Maneesha V. Ramesh (India), Mirianna Budimir (UK).

Bruce D. Malamud is Professor of Natural & Environmental hazards at King's College London, past president of the EGU Natural Hazards division, and current executive editor of Natural Hazards & Earth System Sciences.

Maneesha V. Ramesh is Director & Professor at Amrita Center for Wireless Networks & Applications, Dean for Amrita Center for Int. Programs, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, with wide experience in landslide early warning.

Mirianna Budimir received her PhD from University of Southampton on global cascading hazards and is currently a Senior Disaster Risk Reduction Adviser at Practical Action, UK.

In this symposium we solicit abstracts any abstracts on the broad theme of communications, education & knowledge exchange with respect to geohazard risk across a broad range of natural or anthropogenic hazards. These include but are not limited to:

  1. Knowledge exchange related to geohazard risk, by and between researchers, the public, policy makers, and practitioners, using different types of communications (e.g., maps, visualization of risk and uncertainty, digital platforms);
  2. Approaches that address barriers and bridges in the science-policy-practice interface that hinder and support application of geohazard risk related knowledge;
  3. The use of local knowledge by researchers to understand geohazard risk (including vulnerability, exposure and hazard);
  4. The use of social media to help inform geohazard risk assessments;
  5. Geohazard risk related mobile phone applications to communicate crowd-sourced data, help educate a local population, and a source of warning messages;
  6. The teaching of natural hazards an geohazard risk to university and lower-level students, using innovative techniques to promote understanding;
  7. The communications and education of geohazards risk within a gender or age perspective.

Keywords: Warning, Forecasting, Awareness, Knowledge transfer

31.10 Global Disaster Risk Reduction Policies: Status, Scope and Future Perspectives
Mriganka Ghatak (India), Shahnaz Huq Hussain (Bangladesh)

The areas of expertise of Mriganka Ghatak include Quaternary Geology, Earthquake Geology with special reference to Active Fault Studies, Tectonic Geomorphology, Paleoclimate studies. He has extensive experience of working with the major regional and global stakeholders in the field of Disaster Management. He has played an active role in DRR in SAARC region and worked in close collaboration with global DRR stakeholders.

Shahnaz Huq Hussain is a well-established name in the field of Geography and Environment. She has taught and researched in this field for 40 years with special emphasis on Gender, Disaster and Climate Change. Conducted three SAARC trainings on Climate change, River Erosion & embankment safety management in South Asia, organized jointly by the SAARC Disaster Management Centre, New Delhi, India and the University of Dhaka, Bangladesh, during 2009, 2012 & 2014.

One of the prime requirements of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in global, regional, national and local level is robust policies, their implementation and revision of the existing policies as necessary. Giving due recognition to DRR and developing risk resilience down to community level, there have been several policies/ frameworks from time to time. One of the earlier global initiatives for risk reduction has been declaration of 1990-1999 as the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR). Within IDNDR framework, Yokohama Strategy (1994) was one of the first adoptions of all-encompassing plan of action for rest of the decade. Subsequent Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA, 2000-2015) had set time bound strategic goals, priorities and expected outcomes. HFA had an in-built system of monitoring progress and the process of the next cycle of global DRR was set in motion by 2012 through consultations and inter-governmental negotiations. The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction has been adopted by the states for the period 2015-2030. Drawing from the experience of the previous exercises, the Sendai Framework has laid strong emphasis on disaster risk management against mere disaster management.

The DRR policies/ interventions have also been on regional scale viz. ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER) and SAARC Agreement on Rapid Response to Natural Disasters (SRRND). However, such adopted commitments have seen failures- SRRND, even after ratification by the members, is yet to be set in operation.
In light of the above, under the aegis of 36th International Geological Congress (IGC), the professional and stakeholders of DRR are invited to deliberate on the issues related to status, scope and future initiatives in DRR. This symposium intends to deliberate on good practices, success stories, role of SDG/MDGs, potential of assessment reports, areas of future concern for DRR in global to community level, learning experiences from past policies that can still be adopted. This symposium aspires to be a trendsetter, inviting all DRR stakeholder bodies, paving way for future participation of DRR communities in IGC.

Keywords: DRR, Policies, Disaster Management, Framework, Risk Reduction

Theme 32: Environmental Geosciences

Environmental Geosciences


J.K. Tripathi (India),
C.V. Dharma Rao (India),
Vijay P. Singh (USA)
Rohana Chandrajith (Sri Lanka)

32.1 Human Activities and the Geoenvironment
Imasiku A Nyambe (Zambia), Benjamin Mapani (Namibia), Brian Marker (UK)

Imasiku A Nyambe, former member of IUGS Cogeoenvironment and IUGS Commission on Geoscience for Environmental Management and proposed Chair for a proposed IUGS initiative on Human Activities and the Geoenvironment.

Benjamin Mapani, current IUGS Councillor; former member of the IUGS Commission of Geoscience for Environmental Management.

Brian Marker, past Chair of IUGS Urban Geology Working Group, Secretary of IUGS Commission on Geoscience for Environmental & Chair of the IUGS Publications Committee.

In 2011 the World’s population exceeded 7 billion people, twice as many as in 1967. While the rate of increase is declining, the population is still expected to reach 9.7 billion by 2050. Consequently, human impacts on the Earth’s physical, chemical and biological systems are also growing dramatically. It has been estimated that deliberate global movement of rock and soil compounds, including toxic constituents, by human activity now exceeds that of transport by the World’s oceans by a factor of three and is likely to increase. Human activities have similarly affected the global nitrogen and carbon cycles. These enormous geological and geomorphological transformations are driven by population growth, urbanization and global industrialization. The release of technically enhanced geogenic contaminants (TECGs) from mining and hydrocarbon (especially non-conventional hydrocarbon) exploitation is also a growing issue. Population pressures have placed people at increasing risk to geological hazards or in closer proximity to past damage. The demand for natural resources is increasing with consequent environmental impacts. There are also important archaeological resources in anthropogenic deposits that can be threatened by insensitive and unsustainable development.
People are now a major factor in our “Dynamic Planet” and will increasingly be so. It is important to consider the future social economic and environmental changes (including climate change) that will exacerbate problems associated with anthropogenic deposits, including those containing geogenic contaminants.
There are many existing standards, specifications and protocols for dealing with technical and administrative issues in many parts of the World. There is a need to increase awareness of the best of these but also to make improvements to secure better protection of environmental and human health and protection of cultural and natural resources while exploiting essential resources. This symposium intends to discuss all these issues.

32.2 Environmental Geochemistry
Jayant K. Tripathi (India), Abhay Kumar Singh (India), Sudesh Yadav (India), Archana Gattupalli (India), David Smith (USA), C V Dharma Rao (India).

Prof. Jayant K. Tripathi  works on Rock weathering and Sediments geochemistry. He is a recipient of National Geoscience Award 2009.

Dr. Singh works on Hydrogeochemistry, Water and Sediments pollution, and Mining environment. He is a recipient of National Geoscience Award.

Dr. Yadav works on aerosol geochemistry, air pollution, and Fog and dew chemistry.

Prof. Archana works in the areas of Molecular microbial diversity, Microbial processes and activity in subsurface sediments and soil environments.

Dr. C V Dharma Rao is Joint Secretary and DDG, National Mission for Clean Ganga and Adviser, National Water Mission, Ministry of Water Resources, India.

Geochemical investigations help us in providing societal and economic needs, in the exploration of mineral deposits, sustainable mining, metallurgy of ores and solving related environmental issues. Geochemistry of rock weathering, soil formation and nutrient provisioning, heavy metal pollution, waste disposal, carbon sequestration and intervention of geomicrobiology are the key aspects that deal future sustainability of soil fertility. Identification of aerosol source, understanding their dynamics and air pollution including smog are burning issues where geochemistry provides the solutions. Forensic and medical geology are other facets available for geochemical investigations and providing solutions. An important point for all these geochemical investigations is to mark the baseline level of elements, which help to recognize and understand the deviations from the natural background level. Therefore, developing systematic geochemical maps is essential for the basis for monitoring changes in the levels of chemical elements at the earth’s surface. Geochemical investigations of exposed rocks, regolith, soil horizons, sediments, groundwater, and streams not only help to develop geochemical maps but also in identifying potential mineral resources, understanding surface earth processes and other geological investigations. This symposium invites abstracts on uncontaminated surface earth and atmospheric geochemistry, geochemistry of degraded systems, biogeochemical facets of microbiology, forensic and medical geology.

32.3 Palaeosols and Palaeoweathering Profiles: Indicators of Palaeoclimates and Palaeoenvironments
Mohammed Rafi G. Sayyed (India), Jayant K. Tripathi (India)

Mohammed Rafi G. Sayyed, M.Sc., M. Phil, PhD. F.G.S. (India) Working on the intrabasaltic bole beds (Palaeosols) for last 10 years. Successfully convened scientific sessions during the International meetings like International Geological congresses, Goldschmidt meetings, INQUA Congresses etc.

Prof. Jayant K. Tripathi works on Rock weathering and Sediments geochemistry. He is a recipient of National Geoscience Award 2009.

In unravelling the temporal and spatial characteristics of past climatic and environmental changes, the ancient stratigraphic records have been largely used. Although the climatically driven changes can be studied in detail from marine records, impacts on terrestrial climates during the same periods are poorly known. Hence there is an urgent need to improve our understanding about the mechanisms that influence geological data preservation in various terrestrial proxies which can be extrapolated to today’s fragile global environmental conditions. Continental environmental archives are often highly temporally resolved and may provide more direct information about atmospheric processes than the marine archives and hence can be effectively used in analyzing the mechanisms behind the abrupt changes in the geologic past by integrating the global palaeoclimate data. In the recent past proxy paleoclimate analysis by using geochemical, mineralogical, sedimentological, palaeontological etc. data have been successful in various terrestrial archives like palaeosols, lake and cave sediments, loess, travertines, evaporates etc. Inter-comparisons of proxy data-climate models at regional and global scales are most necessary which combine inorganic, biological and biogeochemical processes acting within the weathering regimes. The aim of this symposia aims at discussing research approaches and results on the interdisciplinary palaeoclimatic studies of the palaeosols and palaeoweathering profiles, involving various proxies such as geochemistry, environmental magnetism, fossil assemblages, mineralogy, clay mineralogy and micro-morphology of the fossil soils etc. This will help in increasing our knowledge of the least studied areas by developing proxies which are sensitive to different aspects of climate and environmental change like Mean Annual Temperature, Mean Annual precipitation, Biological activity, Geochemical environment etc.

Keywords: Climate change, Palaeoclimate, Palaeoenvironment.

32.4 Water resources
C V Dharma Rao (India), Vijay P. Singh (U.S.A.), Abhay Kumar Singh (India)

Dr. Dharma Rao is Joint Secretary and DDG, National Mission for Clean Ganga and Adviser, National Water Mission, Ministry of Water Resources, India.

Vijay P. Singh, works on Rock weathering, Sediments geochemistry, Rock-water interactions. He is a recipient of National Geoscience Award 2009.

Dr. Singh works on Hydrogeochemistry, Water and Sediments pollution, and Mining environment. He is a recipient of National Geoscience Award.

Water scarcity and misuse is posing a serious and growing threat to sustainable development and protection of the environment. Human health and welfare, food security, industrial development and the ecosystems on which they depend, are all at risk, unless water resources are managed more effectively in the present decade and beyond than they have been in the past. As countries continue to undergo dramatic shifts caused by climate change, a growing economy and population, competing demands for water coming from households, industry, and agriculture have wide-ranging implications for the country's future.
More importantly water scarcity risks holding back hard earned development and economic growth. Part of the solution can be found in more effective management of water resources and use of innovative technologies. New technologies and innovation exist but they rarely reach the developing countries like India. Techno-economic fixes do not address the underlying “zero-sum game” nature of water resource use. Ultimately, the water management problem is that of allocating the water available each year among users — both people and the ecosystem.
This symposium intends to discuss comprehensive water budgeting, simultaneously in each watershed and the river basin as a whole. Water budgets for the river basin will inform communities how much must be left for downstream users, ensuring that water resources are allocated between communities fairly and transparently.

32.5 Urban Geosciences
Daniel Schertzer (France), Klaus Fraedrich (Germany), Stefano Tinti (Italy)

Daniel Schertzer, Dr. Professor and Director of the Chair “Hydrology for Resilient Cities” at Ecole des Ponts ParisTech. AGU Lorenz lecturer and Fellow, EGU Richardson medalist, Paris City Silver medal.

Several recent disasters, in particular in Asia, recall us once again how vulnerable to extreme hazards are our urban systems. Conversely these systems play more and more a key role in climate change, e.g.: 80% of GGH production and about the same percentage of the energy production, the total growth of the world population expected in cities (by 2050, 80% and 60% of for developed and respectively emerging countries). Furthermore, most assets are already highly concentrated there and are facing a wide variety of risks, especially geophysical hazards.
Fortunately, there has been an impressive series of international agreements that call for qualitative improvements of urban systems and their interactions with their environment: The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015 – 2030, UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, COP21 “Paris Agreement”, UN-Habitat City Resilience Profiling Programme (CRPP) and the Urban Agenda for the EU (“Amsterdam Pact”). All these agreements put a strong emphasis on the question of urban resilience.
There has been also the development of large networks of cities to exchange best practices with respect to the aforementioned goals, e.g., 100 Resilient Cities (100RC), ICLEI, Local Governments for Sustainability and C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group (C40).
Overall, the present challenge is s to shift from a short-term mismanagement of resources and risks to a wise monitoring of the environment, to develop holistic responses to both ongoing geophysical changes and urbanization processes and to increase urban resilience to geophysical extremes, water and climate change.
This Symposium will be focused on this challenge, in particular on the necessary involvement of geoscientist and geophysical societies.
This proposal of Symposium will be co-sponsored by EGU

Theme 33: Engineering Geology and Geotechnical Engineering

Engineering Geology and Geotechnical Engineering


K.S. Rao  (India)
Scott F. Burns  (USA)

33.1 Recent Advances in Engineering Geology
Gopal Dhawan (India), Imran Sayeed (India), Ranjith Rath (India)

The symposia address the developments in Geophysical techniques for subsurface characterization and monitoring, Weathering processes and degradation of strength, Exploration and Geological mapping of structures, Rockmass classification systems, Insitu stress state, Hazard zonation, Stability of rock slopes, Hydro-geological modelling, Construction stage engineering geology, Educational practices.

33.2 Soil Mechanics and Geoenvironmental Engineering
N. K. Samadhiya (India

The symposium encompasses the recent advances in the Field and laboratory charactersation of soils, Regional soils, Problematic soils and Ground improvement, Foundations, retaining structures, dams and embankments, Physical, Analytical and Numerical modelling techniques, Sustainabilityand Geoenvironmentalengineering, Stability of slopes, Landfills, Geosynthetics, Ground improvement techniques and Forensic geotechnical engineering. Geotechnicsfor transportation and water resources also the themes under this symposium.

33.3 Rock Engineering and Underground Structures
Mahendra Singh (India), Amit Shrivastava (India)

The symposium covers the recent research and developmental activities in the areas of charcterisation of rock and rockmasses, Insitu stress measurements and monitoring, Stability of rock slopes and landslides, Tunnels and underground structures, Waste repositories and storage caverns, Support systems, Excavation methods and machinery, TBM, EPBM, Road headers, drill and blast Computational geomechanic and modelling, Risk management and disaster mitigation.

33.4 Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering
Neelima Satyam (India), Ganesh W Rathod (India)

The symposium deals with the developments in the areas of Earthquake damages to infrastructure, Soil dynamics, Earthquake characterization, Seismic hazard analyses, Seismic site response Ground motion prediction, Attenuation relations, Geophysical characterization, Microtremor studies, Dynamic analysis of slopes, foundations and underground structures, Liquefaction,Seismic microzonation of mega cities and Case studies.

Theme 34: Geomagnetism: Origin of Geomagnetism, Seismology from Space

Theme 35: Advances in Mathematical Geosciences, Mineral Resource Evaluation and Mine-Planning.

Theme 36: Exploration and Mining of Marine Mineral Resources

Exploration and Mining of Marine Mineral Resources


S. Rajan (India),
Rasik Ravindra (India),
John Kurian (India),
Tetsuro Urabe (Japan)

36.1 Polymetallic Nodules: Geological Characteristics and Resource Potential
Abhishek Saha (India), Kali Sanjay (India), Thomas Kuhn (Germany)

Dr. Saha is a geologist having more than 10 years of experience handling petrological and geochemical data of diverse tectonic settings; currently heads the exploratory program for PMN (Survey & Exploration) in India at CSIR-NIO

Dr. Sanjay is a metallurgical engineer having about 25 years of experience on processing of wide variety of ores. At present he heads the exploratory programme for PMN (Metallurgy) in India at IMMT.

Dr. Khun is a marine geologist having more than 20 years’ experience on working in different marine resources including manganese nodules; hydrothermal deposits and also in mantle geochemistry.

Polymetallic nodules are rounded accretions of manganese and iron hydroxides that cover vast areas of the seafloor, but are most abundant on abyssal plains at water depths of 4000-6500 metres. The composition of nodules varies, but in addition to manganese and iron, they can contain nickel, copper and cobalt in commercially attractive concentrations as well as traces of other valuable metals such as molybdenum, zirconium and REEs. The essential conditions to form the nodules are (i) low sedimentation rate (ii) availability of nucleus around which accretion of oxides takes place (iii) oxidising environment and (iv) bottom currents of low velocity. The nodules are formed by precipitation from two sources such as (i) precipitation of colloidal particles directly from cold ambient seawater and accretion around a nucleus on soft sediment substrate forming hydrogenetic nodules and (ii) precipitation of metal ions either within the soft sediment or at the sediment-water interace from sub-oxic sediment pore waters where seawater is modified by chemical reactions within the sediment. The nodules of greatest commercial interest occur in the Clarion-Clipperton Zone in the equatorial Pacific Ocean (CCZ) and in the Central Indian Ocean Basin (CIOB). The concept of polymetallic nodules as a serious commercial prospect emerged in the 1960's and 70's, leading to a rush to develop the technology to extract them. Pursuant to the establishment of the International Seabed Authority in 1994 under the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea to organize and regulate mining and related activities in the international seabed beyond national jurisdiction, the Authority has entered into 15-year contracts for exploration of nodules in specific parts of the deep oceanin the CCZ and CIOB. Under the Contract, in addition to carrying out survey and exploratory activities within the contract area, the contracting agencies are also required to undertake Environmental Impact Assessment and to develop suitable exploratory, mining and processing technologies. Abstracts are invited in this symposia on geological and geochemical characteristics of the nodules in different areas, the effect of geological factors such as the depositional environment, sediment characteristics, hydrography etc, on nodule abundance, its composition and processing options.

Keywords: Polymetallic nodules, deep-sea resources, geology, resource potential
36.2 Modern Seafloor Hydrothermal Systems and Massive Seafloor Sulphides
Kamesh Raju (India),John Kurian (India), Jérôme Dyment (France)

Dr. Kamesh Raju is a reputed marine geophysicist who has contributed significantly to India’s deep seabed mineral exploration program as well to the studies of arc-backarc systems

Dr. John Kurian is a leading marine geophysicist with a proven track record in the field of seabed hydrothermal mineral exploration and mapping.

Dr. Jerome Dyment is a renowned marine geophysicist, head of the Marine Geoscience Team at the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, Chair of the International InterRidge Program and Chair of one of the geology Science Theme of teh International Indian Ocean Expedition

Modern seafloor hydrothermal systems, with their black/ white smokers issuing hot metal rich vent fluids from mafic or felsic volcanic rocks can be considered as modern analogs for the formation of volcanic-hosted massive sulphide (VMS) deposits. The discovery of such systems in the deep oceanic realm along the mid-ocean ridges has kindled a lot of interest primarily on account of the high concentration of base metals (Cu and Zn) and many noble metals (Au, Ag, Pd, Pt) in them. Of the more than 400 hydrothermal sites reported along the length of the mid-ocean ridges and arc-backarc systems, about 140 are considered to have economic potential with respect to polymetallic sulphide minerals. Apart from their economic potential, these deep-ocean mineral deposits can be considered as windows into Earth's processes, revealing clues to the evolution of seawater and ancient ore-forming processes.

Pursuant to the establishment of the International Seabed Authority in 1994 under the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, the Authority has entered into six contracts with different entities for the exploration for polymetallic sulphides in the South West Indian Ridge, Central Indian Ridge and the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Against this background, this Symposium would solicit abstracts on both modern active hydrothermal systems and relict seabed hydrothermal deposits, focused on the geology, geochemical characteristics including water-column chemistry, host-rock composition, geological models for seafloor hydrothermal systems, exploration strategies for potential sites of hydrothermal multi-metal sulphide mineralization and determination of the resource potential in different environments.

Keywords: Hydrothermal systems, spreading centres, back-arc basins, seafloor sulphides, geochemistry, sulphide deposits
36.3 Cobalt-rich Ferromanganese Crusts: Formation and Occurrence
Sridhar D. Iyer (India),V. K. Banakar (India), James R. Hein (USA)

Dr. Iyer’s research interests are petrology, volcanism, coastal geomorphology, mineral resources (deep sea and coastal placers)

Dr. Banakar’s research interests are deep-sea Ferromanganese deposits with special reference to genesis and paleoceanography of seamount cobalt-rich Fe-Mn crusts; and Palaeoclimatology

Dr. James Hein, a Senior Scientist with the USGS, in an internationally-renowned authority on issues concerning mineral resources that occur within the EEZ and areas beyond national jurisdictions.

Cobalt-rich ferromanganese crusts are the authigenic (hydrogenous) colloidal precipitates accreted on exposed hard substrates over the seamounts of the world oceans. Older seamounts normally host thick crusts up to several tens of cm. As these crusts grow at extremely slow rates (few mm/my) they can act as repositories of long-term paleoceanogrphic records. The seamount crusts accreted close to the Oxygen Minimum Zones are expected to be enriched with very high concentration of cobalt up to even 2 % and are termed as Cobalt-Crusts having very high economic value. These crusts often are enriched with Platinum Group Elements, Tellurium and Gold, which add-up to the value of the crust deposits.

Pursuant to the establishment of the International Seabed Authority in 1994 under the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, the Authority has entered into four contracts with different entities for the exploration of cobalt-rich crusts in the Western Pacific Ocean. The recent preliminary exploration in the Equatorial Indian Ocean has also indicated occurrence of Cobalt-rich crusts in the Afanasiy-Nikitin Seamount cluster.
With this background, it is quite feasible that the seamount cobalt-crusts in addition to their academic interest have economic potential of high value and may act as raw material for several high-tech metals. This symposium would invite abstracts related to formation of the seamount crusts; their scientific and economic importance; advancement in their exploration, mining, and metallurgical challenges and environmental impact on seamount cobalt-crust mining.

Keywords: Seamount Ferromanganese crusts; Genesis and Palaeoceanography; Exploration; Economic potential; Metallurgy
36.4 Exploration for Deep-sea Mineral Resources: The Scientific and Technological Challenges
G. A. Ramadass (India), John Kurian (India), Georgy Cherkashev (Russia)

Dr. Ramadass has been involved in developing technologies for the exploration and harvesting of ocean resources for the last 24 years and has a number of publications and patents to his credit.

Dr. John Kurian is a leading marine geophysicist in the country with a proven track record in the field of seabed hydrothermal mineral exploration and mapping.

Prof. Cherkashev is an internationally-renowned geoscientist in the field of prospecting and exploration for polymetallic nodules and sulphides in the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans.

The exploration for deep-sea minerals and mineral deposits such as polymetallic nodules, polymetallic sulphides and cobalt-rich crusts in the seabed area presents several challenges in terms of the water depths at which they occur, their sporadic and restricted nature of occurrence, and the availability of suitable technologies needed for locating these resources. While the nodules occur on the sea-bottom sediments, generally half-buried and at water depths exceeding 4000 m, massive sulphides form discrete compact mounds along the plate boundaries over very restricted aerial extent, and the thin ferromanganese crusts are adhered to large areas of hard rock substrate. Such wide variations in the nature of the occurrence make their retrieval difficult. Furthermore, as regards the polymetallic sulphides and the crusts, the present technologies also impose limitations on drilling to adequately determine grade and tonnage. This Symposium proposes to invite papers focused on: the scientific and technological challenges in prospecting for these deep-sea mineral resources, and the developments in technology for exploring these resources.

Keywords: Polymetallic nodules, massive sulphides, cobalt-rich ferromanganese crusts, technology developments
36.5 Mining of Deep-sea Minerals: Potential Impacts on the Marine Environment, Remedial Measures and Mitigation Strategies
Rahul Sharma (India), Baban Ingole (India), Yoshihisa Shirayama(Japan), Teresa Radziejewska (Poland)

Dr. Rahul Sharma is the editor of the book on ‘Deep-sea mining’ published by Springer in 2017. He has led the project on EIA of deep-sea mining in Indian Ocean. His fields of interest are seafloor environment associated with deep-sea minerals and has authored several papers on potential impacts of deep-sea mining.

Dr. Baban Ingole has been associated with the EIA project on deep-sea mining as a marine biologist and is n expert in marine biodiversity and ecology. He has authored several papers on deep-sea faunal assemblages and potential impact of deep-sea fauna.

Dr. Yoshihisa Shirayama has served as a professor of Seto Marine Biological Laboratory before joining the current position at JAMSTEC. His fields of interest have been marine biodiversity, taxonomy and ecology of deep-sea meiobenthos and the impact of ocean acidification upon it.

Dr. Teresa Radziejewska, is Professor of Marine biology at the Natural Sciences Education and Research Centre, University of Szczecin, Poland and has extensively worked on deep-sea fauna and the environmental impacts of deep-sea mining. She is a member of international research groups with several publications.

Mining of deep-sea minerals, many of which occur in the international waters, has attracted significant attention due to discovery of large volumes on the seafloor and growth in global demands for strategic metals such as copper, nickel, cobalt and rare earths. This has led to several entities registering claims for obtaining exclusive rights over large tracts of the seafloor under UN Law of the Sea and also developing technologies for their exploitation. On the other hand, environmental groups have been flagging concerns over the possible environmental impacts on the hitherto untouched marine ecosystems that house unique biodiversity. This symposium will address environmental issues in relation to deep-sea mining; look at the potential impacts on marine ecosystem as well as the mechanisms being put in place for mitigation and conservation.

Keywords: Deep-sea mining, potential impacts, marine environment, mitigation
36.6 Deep Sea Mining Within and Beyond National Jurisdictions: Technological Developments and Regulatory Frameworks
M. A. Atmanand (India), Tetsuro Urabe (Japan), S. Rajan (India)

Dr. Atmanand, an Ocean Engineer by profession has done pioneering work in the area of deep sea technologies in India.

Prof. Urabe is an internationally-recognised figure in the field of seafloor hydrothermal activities both on the mid-ocean ridge and the arc-backarc systems.

As the quest for deep-sea mineral resources is gaining momentum, development of suitable mining technologies catering to their recovery from diverse in situ environmental conditions has become an important aspect of study. Furthermore, because many of these resources occur both in national and international waters, efforts are also on to develop regulations governing their exploitation in a sustainable manner at national and international levels.
This Symposium will thus have a two-fold focus: one, on the prospects and challenges of deep-sea mining of non-living resources; and two, on the legal framework governing deep-sea mineral extraction and exploitation in two different, yet inter-linked, jurisdictional contexts (national and international) in the developing of mining technologies. Papers are proposed to be invited on deep seabed mining technologies and challenges in their development and deployment, standardization of mining methods, mining design, national laws governing deep sea mineral extraction and exploitation, legal framework governing maritime areas of coastal states where mining activities are already on, and the laws governing seabed mining in the “Area” beyond national jurisdictions.

Keywords: Deep sea mining, Technological developments, National Legislation, UNCLOS
36.7 Extended Continental Shelves under UNCLOS: Sovereign Rights for Exploiting Non-living Resources Beyond 200 Nautical Miles
Bimal N. Patel (India), Rasik Ravindra (India), S. Rajan (India)

Prof. Bimal Patel is a renowned scholar and academician of international law and diplomacy and currently the Director of Gujarat National Law University as well as a member of the 21st Law Commission of India.

Dr. Rasik Ravindra, a renowned polar scientist, former Director of the National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research, Goa and former member of the United Nations Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf.

Dr. Rajan, a marine geologist, former Director of the National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research, Goa, India, and former member of the United Nations Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf.

The concept of legal continental shelf as embodied in article 76 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and its delineation beyond 200 nautical miles feasible in respect of some coastal States is paving the way for additional areas where States can exercise rights of sovereignty over the seabed, sub-seabed and their natural resources. As on date, 70 Coastal States have lodged 80 Submissions with the United Nations Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf for extended continental shelves beyond 200 nautical miles (including joint Submissions by one or more countries). These submissions collectively encompass an area of about 30 million km2 of extended shelf (including potential overlapping claims). Considering that about 150 million km2 of seabed area (which corresponds to the global EEZ area) is already under the national jurisdiction of the world’s coastal States, the addition of a possible 30 million km2 would mean that roughly about 50% of the global ocean seabed with its natural resources could come under national jurisdiction. Against this background, this Symposium invites abstracts on the seabed and sub-seabed resources within the “legal” continental shelf of coastal States, the obligations and the liabilities deriving within the framework of UNCLOS for a sustained development of these resources in terms of know-how, preservation, exploration and exploitation, and the challenges in the management and sharing of natural resources in areas of overlapping claims by States with adjacent or opposite coasts.

Keywords: Non-living resources, extended continental shelf, UNCLOS, article 76
36.8 Mineral Resources of the Continental Margins, Excluding Hydrocarbons
V. Purnachandra Rao (India), A. Anil Kumar (India),

Dr. Rao has been working on continental shelf and slope sediments for the past 38 years. He has contributed significantly towards the formation of authigenic/diagenetic minerals, such as phosphorites, dolomites and verdine-glaucony-phosphate facies and distribution of fine-grained detrital minerals on continental margins.

Dr. Anil Kumar is a marine geoscientist who has worked extensively on the formation of lime muds on the continental margins as well as on the rock-magnetic properties of marine sediments.

Near-shore marine mineral resources, especially from the continental margins are an important topic of research. Several investigators have attempted to identify the resource potential of near-shore heavy mineral deposits, control of hydrodynamic conditions on the distribution of detrital minerals, factors favouring the carbonate sediments and lime muds during the late Quaternary, coastal processes such as upwelling on the formation of phosphorites, and verdine-glaucony facies and minerals from the oxygen minimum zone. This symposium will discuss findings on near-shore mineral resources.

Keywords: Heavy minerals, fine-grained detrital minerals, phosphorites, dolomites, verdine-glaucony facies, authigenic minerals from oxygen minimum zone

Theme 37: Critical Zone and Sustainable Development

Critical Zone and Sustainable Development


Vimal Singh (India),
Sekhar Muddu (India)

37.1 Ecohydrology
Karl Schneider (Germany)

Ecosystem regulates the interaction of radiant energy and mass transfer that is essential in the development of the Critical Zone. It is known that the Critical Zone impacts ecosystems and interaction between the vegetation and water is important to understand this process; this study of interaction between water and ecosystems is central to the Ecohydrology.
The theme of Ecohydrology encompasses all the hydrological processes impacting distribution and function of ecosystems. The scale may vary from interaction at pore level to the vegetation-atmosphere boundary level.
Keywords: Soil moisture, water cycle, climate-soil-vegetation system

37.2 Critical Zone Science in Tropical System
Laurent Ruiz (France)

High temperatures, large amount of rainfall, and seasonality characterise the Tropical regions. Further areas with tropical climate can be divided in to wet, wet and dry, dry and cool tropics. Due to variation in temperatures, rainfall, and geology, the rate of weathering varies enormously in these areas, as a result soil production in these areas varies widely. It should be noted that large population lives in these regions, hence it is important to understand the Critical Zone processes in these areas.
Keywords: Soil production, weathering, critical zone, tropical climate
37.3 Biogeosciences
Jean Riotte (France)

Understanding of the interactions between the four important spheres viz., atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere is central to the theme of Biogeosciences. The interaction between natural ecosystems, physical and chemical enviroment, and humans is very complex and multidirectional, therefore, to comprehend these processes an integrated multidisciplinary approach is required. The biogeosciences studies have potential to enrich Critical Zone understanding; thus, its important to focus not only up on plant and microbial composition or quantification of processes driven by them but also, up on aspects such as microbial responses to environmental stresses that impacts biogeochemistry, depth up to which biological signals could be observed etc.
Keywords: Vegetation-Critical Zone, Nutrient cycle, Biogeochemistry

Theme 38: Hydrogeology and Sustainable Development

Hydrogeology and Sustainable Development


L. Elango (India),
Dipankar Saha (India),
Makoto Taniguchi (Japan)

38.1 Mapping, Investigation, Characterisation and Management of Aquifers
Dipankar Saha (India)

Aquifers store and transmit groundwater. There are different investigation techniques for locating, demarcating and assessing the aquifers. The non-invasive techniques include the hydrogeological, hydro geochemical, geophysical, and interpretation of remotely sensed data etc., while the invasive techniques are drilling and bore well geophysical investigations. Mapping aquifers, characterising its hydraulic properties, groundwater regime behaviour like space-time variation of hydraulic head/heads are of paramount importance in managing this precious groundwater resource. This symposium would deal with different techniques of investigation, their efficacy and case studies in different hydrogeologic framework areas, behaviour of hydraulic regimes in particularly multi-layered aquifer systems, determination and interpretations of aquifer hydraulic parameters, optimum yield, safe yield, controlled groundwater mining in an aquifer. Water well construction and design issues will also be included into this symposium
38.2 Groundwater Chemistry and Contamination
L. Elango (India)

Groundwater quality is of major concern due to both geogenic and anthropogenic sources of contamination. The depletion of groundwater resources makes it necessary to safeguard the available resources from contamination. Emerging contaminants need to be continuously monitored in groundwater and appropriate water quality standards should be arrived at regular intervals. Hence, recent techniques of water quality assessment, understanding the changes in spatial and temporal groundwater quality, its relation to the aquifer properties including the fracture systems, deep groundwater, interaction between different aquifers, anthropogenic sources etc. will be discussed in this symposium. Not limited to these, all the other aspects related to groundwater quality and environment, geochemical and numerical models will also be addressed.

38.3 Managed Aquifer Recharge and Groundwater Resource Sustainability
R C Jain (India)

Aquifers have become a dependable source of water worldwide. There is an unprecedented increase in extraction of groundwater, both in areas underlying prolific unconsolidated aquifer systems and also in not so potential fractured aquifer systems in consolidated sedimentary and crystalline areas. Over-exploitation of groundwater resources is a common phenomenon now cutting across the basins, countries and continents. One of the main ways to combat over-exploitation is to recharge the aquifers artificially in addition to their natural replenishing capacity through rainfall infiltration. Artificial recharge aims to arrest the overland flow and divert it into the aquifers through some improvised structures. Improvements can be made in the chemical and bacteorological quality of the source water of recharge. This symposium will deal on both the traditional and modern recharge techniques, their efficacy and performance in building up groundwater resource and improvement of water quality.
38.4 Fragile Hydrogeology of Coastal, Island and Other Sensitive Areas
Abhijit Mukherjee (India)

Major part of the world’s population lives in the coastal areas and they depend to a large extent on groundwater. With increasing demand for freshwater, the groundwater pumping is also increased in these areas. Coastal aquifers are particularly sensitive to changes in groundwater extraction as they are generally connected to the sea and groundwater over-pumping may lead to seawater intrusion. In some other regions of the world, a large amount of groundwater gets discharged into the sea. Thus, the submarine groundwater discharge and seawater intrusion are of international research interest. Characterisation, understanding and predicting the future groundwater level in such regions are also essential for the proper management of these aquifers. All aspects related to coastal aquifer characterisation, interaction between multi-aquifers, complex hard rock aquifers, new techniques of identification of interaction between the sea and aquifers, natural and induced tracers, density dependent modelling tools etc. will be considered under this sub-theme.
38.5 Deeper and Trans-Boundary Aquifers
Sashank Sekhar (India)

The impact of the increase in groundwater extraction is felt immediately in the decline in hydraulic heads of the aquifers. The declining water levels warrant quest for potential zones at greater depths. In arid and semiarid areas, underlain by both the unconsolidated and consolidated formations, the depths of wells are increasing in a rapid pace in last two decades. In some unconsolidated areas, though potential shallow aquifers are available, the deeper aquifers are exploited for better potable groundwater. In unconsolidated multi-tiered aquifer systems, the groundwater at places occurs under tremendous confined condition at deeper levels, even resulting in auto-flow conditions. The deeper aquifers, need to be investigated for their geometry and hydraulic behaviour, chemical quality and extractable volume of groundwater, as it forms a strategic resource. In many a cases the deeper aquifers form transboundary aquifers between river basins, administrative boundaries and countries. In future, with accentuated crisis of water, trans-groundwater issues can flare up. This sub-theme will deliberate on status of knowledge and new findings on deeper aquifers in different parts of the world, groundwater resource availability, vulnerability, and its value as a strategic resource in the scenario of climate change.
38.6 Impact of Climate Change on Groundwater
Makoto Taniguchi (Japan)

Climate change is inevitable and has caused variations in recent climatic conditions such as the global atmospheric temperature, extreme precipitation events, sea level rise and heat waves among other effects. Such changes in climate impacts the extraction of groundwater resources and use of nutrients and other chemicals in agriculture. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change predicts that the impact will also be on groundwater quality through increase in the concentration of nutrients, salts, pesticides and pathogens. Regional and local level estimates of these effects should be studied to understand the likely impacts of climate change in the future, as this will assist in planning adaptation measures. All aspects related to the impact of climate change on groundwater resources will be taken up in this symposia.

Theme 39: Geoscience Information - Integration

Geoscience Information - Integration


Alok Porwal (India),
Vinod Kumar (India),
M.N. Mishra (India),
Ignacio González-Álvarez (Australia)

39.1 Mineral Systems Approach to Exploration Targeting
Alok Porwal (India), Ignacio González-Álvarez (Australia)

Alok Porwal holds PhD in model-based mineral prospectivity modelling and are well-known expert in the field of mineral prospectivity modelling, with wide ranging academic and industry experience.

Ignacio González-Álvarez did his BSc and MSc specializing on stratigraphy and basin analysis at the University of Oviedo, Spain; and did his PhD at the University of Saskatchewan, Canada. His work at CSIRO involves the coordination of a diverse portfolio of multi-disciplinary projects and data integration in different regions in Australia, as well as projects in Papua New Guinea, Europe, South Africa, India and South America.

The systems approach to understand formation and spatial localization of mineral deposit, termed the mineral systems approach, has been gaining wider acceptance over the past decade. In this approach, mineral deposits are regarded as economically significant concentrations of metal(s) brought about by synergistic interaction of diverse geological subsystems operating on a variety of scales in Earth’s crust to focus substantial mass and energy flux. These diverse mass-energy flux subsystems collectively constitute a mineral system. All subsystems must operate interactively in space and time in order to form an economic mineral deposit. This symposium invites contributions on mineral systems modelling and new developments in the field.

Keywords: Mineral systems approach, exploration targeting, prospectivity analysis
39.2 Mineral Prospectivity Modelling: State of the Art
E John M Carranza (South Africa), Alok Porwal (India)

Alok and John hold PhD in model-based mineral prospectivity modelling and are well-known experts in the field of mineral prospectivity modelling, with wide ranging academic and industry experience.

Model-based mineral prospectivity mapping is widely used as a predictive desktop tool for narrowing down target areas for ground exploration at different scales ranging from regional to the deposit level. The input geological features are considered spatial proxies of the mineralization processes and are termed predictor or evidential maps. The integration functions that are used in mineral prospectivity modelling vary from simple arithmetic or logical operators to complex mathematical functions. In this symposium models will be discussed either as data-driven or knowledge-driven depending on whether the function parameters are estimated heuristically based on expert-knowledge or empirically based on the spatial statistical relationships between the known deposits of the targeted type and the predictor maps.

Keywords: Mineral targeting, Geospatial Mathematical Modelling, Mineral Potential Mapping
39.3 Remote Sensing & Geosciences
Carlos Roberto de Souza Filho (Brazil)

Professor Carlos Roberto de Souza Filho is a well-known expert in the field of Multispectral, Hyperspectral and Ultraspectral Remote Sensing, Hyperspectral Core Logging, Hyperspectral Mine Face Mapping, drone-based surveys.

This symposium will focus on the recent developments in the field of geologic remote sensing. Particular emphasis will be on hyperspectral remote sensing including air-borne and space-borne sensors, data preprocessing and atmospheric corrections, image processing and algorithms for the extraction of the geological information especially surface geological mapping, vegetation suppression, alteration mineral mapping, and structural interpretation.

Keywords: Geologic remote sensing, Hyperspectral remote sensing, Spectroscopy, Mineral Targeting
39.4 Geocomputation and Data Analytics for Geological Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery
E J Holden (Australia), Jens Klump (Australia)

Prof Eun-Jung Holden is a co-leader of the geophysics and image analysis theme within CET. She gained a PhD in computer science at UWA specialising in computer vision and visualisation algorithms. She works on geoscience data integration and interpretation using data mining techniques.

Jens Klump earned degrees in geology and in oceanography from the University of Cape Town (UCT) and received his PhD in marine geology from the University of Bremen, Germany. Jens' current work focuses on geoscience data capture and analysis for minerals exploration. This includes automated data and metadata capture; sensor data integration both in the field and in the laboratory; data processing workflows; data provenance; and data analysis using statistical methods, machine learning and numerical modelling.

This symposium will focus on the latest computational developments for geoscience data processing, analysis, interpretation and visualization. The topics would include hardware developments including HPC, new algorithms for geoscience data mining and knowledge discovery including machine learning, deep learning, Big Data Analytics etc., visualization, automated feature extraction etc.

Keywords: Geocomputation; Geologic Data Mining; Knowledge Discovery; Machine Learning; Deep Learning; Big Data Analytics.

Theme 40: Planetary Sciences

Planetary Sciences


Mahesh Anand (UK),
Jayanta K.Pati (India),
Wolf Uwe Reimold (Germany)

40.1 Planetary Surface Processes on Moon, Mars and Venus
P. Senthil Kumar (India), S. Vijayan (India) R. Phani Rajasekhar (India)

Dr. P. Senthil Kumar is currently a Principal Scientist at CSIR-National Geophysical Research Institute in Hyderabad. Dr. Kumar’s research areas include planetary geology and geophysics (Moon, Mars and Venus), meteorite impact cratering, volcanism and tectonics, continental crustal thermal structure, and Precambrian geology. He started a new research activity of planetary geology at National Geophysical Research Institute in 2004 and is now developed into a promising new research group. He has more than 15 years of research experience in planetary geology.

Dr. Vijayan is currently a Scientist at Planetary Science Division, Physical Research Laboratory in Ahmedabad. His research areas include planetary image processing and analysis, impact cratering processes, and fluvial geomorphology of Mars. With more than a decade experience in planetary data analysis, he has contributed to lunar and Mars science.

Dr. Rajasekhar is currently a Scientist at Planetary Science Division of Space Application Centre, Ahmedabad. He is a geophysicist with wide experience in gravity data processing and analysis of Earth and Planetary datasets. He is an active member of Chadrayaan and Mars Oribier missions of ISRO.
This symposium focuses on processes that lead to better geoscience education.

The symposium focuses on the recent advances in our understanding of planetary processes that govern the landscape evolution of terrestrial planets and moons, particularly Moon, Mars and Venus. A few major surface processes are impact cratering, volcanism, tectonism, and sedimentary processes, with atmosphere-surface and interior-surface interactions. A combination of these processes varies between planetary bodies. The recent and on-going planetary missions provided high spatial and spectral resolution image and spectroscopic datasets that have brought out unprecedented details of surface geological features and structures and material composition. These new datasets provided new insights into planetary surface processes and evolution. Space-borne geophysical datasets have also added significant insights into deeper structures and their connections to the surface features. Hence, the symposium would invite papers from experts in the field and provide a forum for presentation of results and discussion for the benefit of planetary science community.

Keywords: Surface processes, impact cratering, volcanism, tectonics and sedimentary processes
40.2 Cosmochemistry of Planetary Materials and Planetary Processes.
Luigi Folco (Italy)

Luigi Folco is an Associate Professor of petrography and petrology at the Earth Science Department of the University of Siena where he holds the courses of Planetary Geology and Cosmochemistry. Since 2009 he is national coordinator of the Italian programme for the search for meteorites in Antarctica.

This symposium focuses on the cosmochemistry of planetary materials to better understand the process by which the mnor bodies and the planets of the solar system formed and evolved. The session covers all aspects of cosmochemistry and meteoritics (including meteorites, micrometeorites, interplanetary dust particles, materials acquired through sample return missions from asteroids, comets and the Moon) orbiter and lander compostional analyses of planetary surfaces

Keywords: Meteorites, micrometeorites, Interplanetary dust particles, plannetary materials, cosmochemistry

40.3 Impact Cratering – The Works
Wolf Uwe Reimold (Germany)

Prof. W. Uwe Reimold is working in impact cratering research for about four decades. He was the President of the Geological Society of South Africa in 2002 and is a recipient of the Barringer Medal and Award (2009) by The Meteoritical Society. Throughout his career Uwe Reimold has involved himself with geological outreach and geoheritage promotion.

The symposium will deal with the impact records on Earth and other solid planetary bodies, with the recognition of impact structures, with the state-of-the-art field, laboratory, and experimental study of the impact process and its products. Attempts will be made to emphasize the state of the art knowledge to identify pertinent research questions, and to stimulate active debate to take the discipline further.

Keywords: Impact processes, shock metamorphism, impact record, state-of-the-art analysis of impactites

40.4 Remote Sensing-Based Compositional Studies of Planetary Bodies and Planetary Geomorphology
Deepak Dhingra  (India) Neeraj Srivastava (India)  Megha U. Bhatt  (India)

Dr. Deepak Dhingra is currently an Assistant Professor in the Department of Earth Sciences, IIT Kanpur. He has extensively worked in the field of planetary compositional remote sensing for more than 16 years. His expertise is in lunar geology and studies of Enceladus, a satellite of Saturn. He was involved in scientific studies and spectral calibration activities in ISROs Chandrayaan-1 Mission.

 Dr. Neeraj Srivastava is currently a Senior Scientist at Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad. Dr. Srivastava is working in planetary remote sensing since 2002. Dr. Srivastava has extensively worked on planetary processes such as impact cratering, volcanism and space weathering using remote sensing datasets from several missions including Chandrayaan-1.

 Dr. Megha U. Bhatt is currently a Scientist at Planetary Science Division, Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad. Her research areas include planetary image processing and analysis for deciphering spectral composition. With over a decade of experience in working in the field of planetary sciences she was involved in scientific studies and spectral calibration activities in ISROs Chandrayaan-1 Mission.

Compositional diversity and characteristics is key for understanding the evolutionary workings of planetary bodies and their landforms. Compositional estimates derived from variety of remote sensing techniques spanning the electromagnetic spectrum (X-ray, γ-ray, UV, VIS, NIR & beyond) from several recent missions are revolutionizing understanding of geological evolution of planetary bodies and their landscapes. It represents one of the most active research areas in planetary sciences world-wide.

Keywords: Mineralogy, elemental composition, geological evolution, spectroscopy, planetary landscapes

40.5 Comparative Planetary Mineralogy and Petrology using Terrestrial Analogues
V. J. Rajesh (India) and Satadru Bhattacharya (India)

Dr. V.J. Rajesh is Associate Professor in Department of Earth and Space Sciences, Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, India. He obtained Ph.D. degree in Geology from Yokohama National University, Japan. He was the recipient of many prestigious international fellowships such as Monbukagakusho Scholarship and Japanese Society of Promotion of Science (JSPS) fellowship of Japanese Government, Inoue Science Foundation Fellowship from Japan, and Brain Korea Fellowship of Government of South Korea. His fundamental research interests include mineralogy and petrology, hyperspectral remote sensing, planetary geology and planetary analogue research.

Dr. S. Bhattacharya is a Senior Scientist at Space Applications Centre, Ahmedabad associated with Planetary Sciences Division. His expertise mainly involves reflectance spectra, planetary geoscience and study of terrestrial planetary analogues

This session shall focus on the Mineralogy, Petrology, Spectroscopic studies of planetary materials (including soil, minerals and rocks) using field, laboratory and remote sensing studies of the planets of the solar system. The session shall include all aspects of comparative study of asteroids, planets of the solar system and their moons using terrestrial analogues.

Keywords: Mineralogy, Petrology, Spectroscopy, Planetary materials, Terrestrial Analogues

40.6 Space Instrumentations and Innovations- Downsizing and Energy Efficient Technology
Varun Sheel (India), M. Shanmugam (India), Debabrata Banerjee (India)

Prof. Varun Sheel is currently Chairman of Planetary Science Division at the Physical Research Laboratory in Ahmedabad. Prof. Sheel’s research areas include planetary atmospheres, through modelling and observations. He has made important contributions to the Martian ionosphere and the effect of dust storms on it. He is the PI of the Radio Occultation Experiment proposed for a future ISRO mission to Mars.

Dr. Shanmugam is currently a Scientist at Planetary Science Division, Physical Research Laboratory in Ahmedabad. His research areas include Space Instrumentation and study of semi-conductor devices/ASICs. With more than a decade experience in payload development for planetary missions, he has made several important contributions to the payloads for Chandrayan-1 and 2.

Prof. Debabrata Banerjee is presently involved in the development of Gamma Ray Spectroscopy technique to study chemical composition of planetary surfaces (Moon, Mars and Asteroids).

This session focuses on the scientific instrumentation and measurement techniques for all aspects of Solar-Terrestrial and Planetary Exploration. In addition to improving the performance of remote sensing and in-situ instruments in space, the session will cover recent technological advancement in reducing size and weight and opening up new markets and applications for these instruments. This session will deal with Space Missions that will have recently been launched and will be launched in the near future by ISRO, NASA, ESA, JAXA etc. and dedicated to planetary and solar terrestrial sciences. This session will help to foster potential collaborations among instrument scientists and engineers as well as other researchers in space science and instrumentation. The symposium will cover talks on new instrumentation, related mission concepts and enabling technologies, design principles, miniaturization, shared subsystems, component selection, and instrument calibration.

40.7 Planetary habitability and Astrobiology
Anil Dutt Shukla (India)

Anil D. Shukla is mainly interested in elemental and isotope geochemistry to understand terrestrial and extra-terrestrial materials. Dr. Shukla has been associated with research and collection of more than 2 dozen meteorites from India starting with Piplia Kalan in 1996 and the most recent Mukundpura Carbonaceous Chondrite. Recently he has started working on astrobiology, planetary analogues, geochemical and geomorphological studies involving the Indian geological record. Dr. Shukla has been actively involved in India’s Planetary Exploration Program since its inception.

This session shall focus on the planetary habitability, search for life and its forms in extreme planetary environments and astrobiology pertaining to Asteroids, Venus, Mars and Moon. This will also discuss habitat suitability and feasibility for the colonisation of various extraterrestrial bodies.

Keywords: Extremophiles, Astrobiology, Extraterrestrial habitats, Microbial Life, Space colonisation

Theme 41: Quantification of Non-linear Geological Processes

Quantification of Non-linear Geological Processes


R.K. Tiwari (India),
Abhey Ram Bansal (India),
Maurizio Fedi (Italy)

41.1 Chaos and Fractal Theory
Vipin Srivastava (India) G. Rangrajan (India)

Professor Vipin Srivastava is Honorary Professor of Physics and Former Pro Vice Chancellor University of Hyderabad

Prof. G. Rangrajan is a Professor at the Department of Mathematics, Indian Institute of Science; Chairman, Division of Interdisciplinary Research, IISC; Director, Indo-French Centre for Applied Mathematics (IFCAM)

Most geological phenomena are too complex to be resolved by the reductionist approach – i.e. observations at macroscopic level cannot be explained by analyses at microscopic level. These phenomena typically happen over a range of length- and time-scales and often lie in between two extremes -- the ordered, deterministic and predictable limit, and the unpredictable chaotic limit, which may still be deterministic.
There have been multiple studies that have revealed the presence of chaos in geophysical records as diverse as rainfall, temperature, river flow, oxygen isotope concentration, geopotential values and solar radio pulsation among others. The complex systems related with earth and its environment have also been found to self-organise themselves, and in the course of evolution they reach critical states that can be studied using the well-developed framework of ‘self-organised-criticality’. Some systems are driven by regular assimilation of energy in incremental amounts. They stay far from equilibrium and can produce sudden bursts of large amounts of accumulated energy when a threshold is exceeded by an incremental addition of energy.
Furthermore, geophysical phenomena tend to exhibit characteristic scale-free behaviour over a range of length- and time-scales. A large number of studies have used the concepts of fractals, percolation and diffusion-limited aggregation, seemingly belonging to the realm of disordered systems, to unravel the intricacies of geological phenomena such as diagenesis and antisintering in sedimentary rocks to name just a few. Power-laws abound and one finds a range of fractal dimensions of surface fractals as well as volume or mass fractals giving vital insights into geophysical mechanisms.
Since the analysis and characterisation of geophysical space–time data from the viewpoint for chaos and fractals requires an interdisciplinary approach involving mathematicians, physicists and geoscientists, this symposia intends to provide a platform to discuss these approaches.

Keywords: Chaos, Fractals, Power-laws, Self-Organisation, Self-Organised Criticality

41.2 Earthquake Triggering/Interaction
Zhigang Peng (USA) Ian Main (UK) A. R. Bansal (India)

Dr. Z. Peng is a Professor of Geophysics, School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, The Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, USA

Professor Ian Main FRSE is Professor of Seismology and Rock Physics and Director of Research for the School of GeoSciences.

Dr. A. R. Bansal, FNASc, Principal Scientist, CSIR-NGRI.

Earthquake interaction and triggering takes place during and after the occurrence of an event. At comparatively short distances, triggered events are known as aftershocks and occur specially around the main shock. However, it is still not clear whether static stress change from permanent fault displacement, quasi-static stress change from post-seismic deformation, or dynamic stress change from passing seismic waves plays the most important role in triggering aftershocks. Transient dynamic stresses carried by large-amplitude surface waves decrease slowly with distance and play a more important role in triggering events at long range. The evidence for dynamic triggering occurring in many parts of the world takes the form of earthquakes and tremors occurring at the time, or soon after, the passage of the surface waves. However, their mechanism is not yet understood. In some cases, foreshocks occur shortly before subsequent large earthquakes in the same region. This can be interpreted as a triggering effect (the smaller triggering the larger) or as a nucleation process (the smaller being part of the preparation process for the larger), sometimes associated with slow slip events inferred from geodetic data. This symposium will discuss the forefront of current research in this rapidly-advancing field.

Keywords: Earthquake triggering, Earthquake nucleation, Foreshocks, Aftershocks, Tectonic Tremor

41.3 Statistical Seismology
J. Zhuang (Japan) S. S. Teotia (UK) D. Shanker (India)

Dr. J. Zhuang is associate professor at Institute of Statistical Mathematics, Tachikawa, Tokyo, Japan.

Prof. Teotia is professor in Department of Geophysics, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, India. The area of specialization is non-linear processes in seismology, fractal/multifractal studies of various regions, seismic hazard assessment, earthquake ground motion simulation etc.

 Dr. D. Shanker, Department of Earthquake Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India

This symposium will provide researchers an opportunity to assess recent developments and delineate future directions of research in statistical seismology. The main challenge in statistical seismology is to understand the statistical behaviour of earthquake occurrence, earthquake physics, time-dependent earthquake forecasting. This symposium will cover presentations on various fields of statistical seismology including: (1) Recent development of statistical models and methodologies for seismicity analysis, especially on rate/state dependent friction law, seismicity rate changes, recurrence model for characteristic earthquakes, clustering models; (2) Understanding of the earthquake physics through statistical analysis, such as nucleation, friction, faulting, earthquake triggering, induced seismicity, and interactions between seismic and slow slip, tremors, (3) Probabilistic Earthquake forecasts and forecast evaluations; earthquake hazard mitigation. (4) Case applications of statistical seismology to large-to-great earthquakes operational forecasts.

Keywords: Statistical descriptions of earthquake occurrences, earthquake physics, earthquake forecast, statistical model of seismicity, earthquake interaction, clustering, induced seismicity, earthquake triggering

41.4 Mathematical Modelling of Seismology and Earthquake Engineering
Sohichi Hirose (Japan) S K Tomar(India)

Sohichi Hirose Professor, Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan. Current research interests include ultrasonic non-destructive testing and evaluation, elastic wave analysis, computation mechanics and fracture mechanics.

S K Tomar Professor, Mathematics Department, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India. His current research interests include theoretical aspects of seismology, e.g. surface waves and reservoir induced seismicity etc.

One of the challenging problems in earth sciences is the prediction and engineering of earthquake phenomena. Understanding of wave propagation and preparation of earthquakes involve lot of scientific investigations ranging from theoretical to experimental data. Mathematical modelling is found to be one of the most viable and reliable tool to have greater and better understanding of seismic waves. In addition, the experimental data help a lot to know the trend and features of the actual phenomena. This symposium invites abstracts to integrate and disseminate the knowledge of scientists working in the area of seismic waves and earthquake engineering.

Keywords: Surface waves, Reflection, RIS, Lamb waves

41.5 Scaling, Stochastic Processes, and Complex Networks
Daniel Schertzer (France) Juergen Kurths (Germany)

Danie Schertzer Professor and Director of the Chair “Hydrology for Resilient Cities” at Ecole des Ponts ParisTech. AGU Lorenz lecturer and Fellow, EGU Richardson medalist, Paris City Silver medal.

Juergen Kurths Former Professor of Nonlinear Dynamics at Potsdam U., Head of Research Domain Transdisciplinary Concepts & Methods at Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research. APS Fellow and EGU Richardson medalist

Geophysical fields display extreme variability over wide ranges of space and time scales due to nonlinear interactions between processes operating in this range of scales. This variability is a major obstacle to conventional approaches. This symposium is therefore focused on advanced nonlinear techniques with a special emphasis on scaling (e.g., multifractals), stochasticity and complex networks. It addresses applications to data analysis, as well as modelling of geophysical systems and phenomena.

Keywords: Scaling, stochastic, complex networks, (multi-) fractals
41.6 Nonlinear Processes in Potential Field
Maurizio Fedi (Italy) V P Dimri (India)

 Prof. Fedi is a Full Professor of Applied Geophysics, Università Federico II di Napoli, Italy

Prof. Dimri, Former Director NGRI and President IGC

During the last decade’s fractal analysis has become a popular tool in exploration geophysics, together with other techniques, such as Wavelet analysis, Multifractals analysis, Detrended fluctuation analysis and Magnetic transfer function entropy. The purpose of this symposium is to gather scientific researches related to nonlinear processes in potential fields and to show the utility of the related tools for analyzing potential fields. Nonlinearity, scaling and complexity of the Earth’s system are parts of relevant research in exploration geophysics and Well Logging, including, as examples, Grid preparation for magnetic and gravity data using fractal fields, Deep crust studies, Thermal characterization of the Crust, Signal processing and Image analysis of field data, Fractional Calculus, Modeling of nonlinear functions of the gravity and magnetic fields, Entropy-based modeling, Prediction of volcanic and seismological events.

41.7 Quantification and Modelling of Nonlinear Processes in Climate Change and Extreme Events
A. S. Sharma (USA) R. K. Tiwari (India) Saumen Maiti (India)

A. Surjalal Sharma is the director of Goddard Planetary Heliophysics Institute and teaches astrophysics at the University of Maryland. He is a past President of the AGU Nonlinear Geophysics Focus Group (2006 -2010) and Lorenz Lecturer (2009), a foreign fellow of IGU and K R Ramanathan Lecturer, and a fellow of American Physical Society.

Dr. R. K. Tiwari is a Raja Raman Fellow at CSIR-NGRI, Hyderabad

 Saumen Maiti is the Assistant Professor, at Department of Applied Geophysics, Indian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines), Dhanbad, India and teaches Inverse Theory, Bayesian Machine Learning and Artificial Neural Networks to Applied Geophysics. He is a recipient of Krishnan Gold Medal Award by Indian Geophysical Union (IGU) in the year of 2013 and a life member of Indian Geophysical Union (IGU), Hyderabad, India. His research interest includes, Inverse theory, Artificial Intelligence, Bayesian Probabilistic Machine Learning Theory, Artificial Neural Networks, Non-linear/Non-stationary Data Analysis in Geosciences.

The ubiquity of extreme events in recent years highlights the need for the quantification of their characteristic features, such as their occurrence probabilities and intensities, which are essential for societal response in prevention and resilience. The inter-relationship between climate change and climate extremes is an essential element in their modelling and prediction and a framework for a comprehensive analysis is needed. The complex systems framework, in which a large number of components of a system interact nonlinearly to yield complex behaviour, such as emergence, is well suited for such analyses. The data-driven modelling and prediction of nonlinear dynamical systems based on extensive data (Big Data) have provided many new insights and forecasting tools in many disciplines, including weather, space weather, climate change. These techniques are machine learning systems based on the dynamical systems theory and provide new directions in harnessing the data revolution and artificial intelligence. The key aspects of these approaches are the modelling, and prediction from the inherent features in the observational data, independent of modelling assumptions, and dynamic uncertainty quantification with event probabilities or likelihoods. The symposium will address these aspects in the extreme events, such as earthquakes, floods, droughts, hurricanes, tornadoes, and space storms and their variability. The complex systems with Bayesian machine intelligenceframework provide an approach for integrating the analysis of the extreme events, natural hazard and their variability, impacts of geological processes/ feed-back mechanism/ inter-relationship to climate change. The quantification of non-linear processes and their characteristics are the key features of these phenomena and highlighted as the central theme of the symposium.

Keywords: Climate Change, Extreme Weather and Climate, Complex Systems, Predictability, Probabilistic Modelling and Risk Assessment

41.8 Hydrology and Reservoir Dynamics
Giorgio (Italy) Shib S. Ganguli (India)

Prof. Cassiani is a Full Progessor in Applied Geophysics with 20 years’ research experience in Hydrological and Hydrogeological applications of non-invasive techniques, with about 100 published papers in listed international journals in the fields of hydrology and geophysics.

 Dr. Ganguli is a DST Inspire Faculty at IIT Kanpur (India) after receiving PhD in Geophysics (2016) from Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), India. His research interests are reservoir characterization, multi-phase fluid flow, geophysical modeling and inversion, etc.

Knowledge of hydrological processes and reservoir system is crucial for comprehensive understanding of the hydrologic cycle including the water quality analysis or management. Water is dynamic and strong solvent and it possesses different qualities as encountered with various natural and anthropogenic factors due to human activities or climate change. Modeling the spatio-temporal reservoir dynamics and hydrological processes, controlled by the complex systems of water supplying resources such as lakes, rivers, and reservoirs, has always been encouraged by the global hydrological community. Challenges still remain, in particular lack of proper models and in situ measured data, uncertainty analysis due to climate change and human activities, lack in knowledge of water exchange processes, etc. This symposium aims to discuss these challenges and recommend feasible solutions including latest technological developments in the modeling of hydrological processes and changes in reservoir or river system. We welcome theoretical and modeling work from pore to regional scale as well as both laboratory and field experimental contributions covering topics that include, but not limited to, simulation and modeling of hydrological processes and relevant changes in rivers, reservoirs and greater urbanized areas; hydrological model development and uncertainty analysis; disturbance hydrology; change in hydrological processes and reservoir system due to climate changes or human activity; critical water resource issues including reservoir operations and river flooding; advances in hydrogeophysics for reservoir characterization; case studies.
41.9 Application of Nonlinear Methods in Geological processes
Qiuming Cheng (China) Bishwajit Chakraborty (India)

Qiuming Cheng Professor of Mathematical Geosciences, Director of the State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral Resources, China University of Geosciences. President of International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) and past president of International Association for Mathematical Geosciences (IAMG).

Bishwajit Chakraborty  Chief Scientist, CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula, Goa, India

Many types of geological events such as earthquakes, magmatic activities, anomalous earth heat flux, and mineralization occurred in the earth lithosphere are of extreme nature due to origination of phase transition, self-organized criticality and multiplicative cascades. The common characteristics of these types of extreme events include scaling and singularity of their products such as energy release within short time scale or mass accumulation within short space scale. The energy and mass density distributions caused by these types of processes are of singularity which need nonlinear theory and models to describe. This Symposium welcomes proposals for sessions in a broad scope of applications of fractal, multifractals and other scaling theories in modelling extreme geological events in solid earth system.
Keywords: Earth complex system, extreme geological events, fractals, and multifractals, singularity analysis etc.

41.10 Geophysical Inversion Methods and Optimization
Michael S. (USA) Upender Singh (India)

Michael S. Zhdanov joined the University of Utah as a full professor in 1993 and has been director of CEMI since 1995. He received a Ph. D in 1970 from Moscow State University. Before moving to the University of Utah, he was a professor at the Moscow Academy of Oil and Gas, a head of the Department of Deep Electromagnetic Study, a deputy director of IZMIRAN, and later a founder and director of the Geoelectromagnetic Research Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia. In 1990 he was awarded an Honorary Diploma of Gauss Professorship by the Gottingen Academy of Sciences, Germany, and in 1991 he was elected full member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences. He became Honorary Professor of the China National Center of Geological Exploration Technology in 1997 and a Fellow of the Electromagnetics Academy, USA, in 2002. In 2013 Dr. Zhdanov received Honorary Membership Award of the Society of Exploration Geophysicists (SEG). Dr. Zhdanov was elected at the position of Distinguished Professor of Geology and Geophysics at the University of Utah in 2016.

Dr. Upender Singh, Associate Professor, IIT (ISM) Dhanbad

Geophysical inversions are key problems in earth sciences. We determine the physical properties of the earth using geophysical data collected by gravity, magnetic, electromagnetic, seismic and other methods. The inversion methods provide the theoretical foundation and practical means to find information about the sub-surface geology from the observed geophysical data. Over the last decades, significant progress has been made in all aspects of geophysical inversions.
This symposium is therefore dedicated to recent advances in geophysical inversion methods, optimization theories and techniques, and their applications to the solution of regional-scale and deposit-scale geophysical and geological problems. Special focus will be made on developing theoretical principles and practical tools for integration and joint inversion of multiphysics data and constructing the shared earth models. We also invite papers on the case studies of applications of cooperative and joint inversions in different geological settings and in different geographical regions.

Keywords: Inversion methods, optimizations, joint inversion, geophysical methods

Theme 42: Geological Sequestration of CO2 and Enhanced Oil Recovery

Geological Sequestration of CO2 and Enhanced Oil Recovery


Nimisha Vedanti (India),
Vikram Vishal (India)
Sally Benson (USA)

42.1 Deccan Trap Basement: Evolution and Processes
Om Prakash Pandey (India), J P Shrivastava (India)

Dr. O.P. Pandey, borne on May 12, 1950 is an internationally known scientist, who graduated from Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad and Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. He has worked extensively on multidisciplinary geoscientific subjects like, terrestrial heat flow, lithosphere structure, geophysical, geological, and geochemical and   geodynamic evolution of continents, catastrophic events, seism genesis, global volcanism and earth resources development. His innovative contributions are highly recognised by national and international researchers. He is fellow of several geoscientific societies.

Prof.  J. P. Shrivastava, borne on 22nd June, 1955 and graduated from University of Sagar, is an international authority on origin and evolution of Deccan Volcanic Province. His research interests include petrology and geochemistry. He has published around 150 research papers on such topics. His innovative contributions are globally well recognised. Currently, he is holding a position of professor at the department of geology, University of Delhi. He has won several prestigious awards in geosciences.

The Indian shield is known to have been quite active, having undergone several cycles of degeneration and restructuring of underlying lithosphere during the entire course of geologic history, thus differs considerably from other stable areas of the Earth.  It has been one of the most mobile continents on surface of the Earth since its breakup from the Gondwanaland, during which, it has witnessed several rifting and continental breakup episodes, multiple plume interactions, K-T boundary bolide impact and massive intra-plate volcanism (e. g. Deccan and Rajmahal Traps). Out of these two volcanic eruptions, Deccan Traps are considered as one of the largest eruptions on the surface, covering 0.51 × 106 km2 area in the west and central India. Its eruption coincided with the K-T boundary biological mass extinction, perhaps the most violent in the Earth’s geological history. Besides, this terrain remains highly earthquake prone, having witnessed large number of damaging earthquakes in the recent past, such as 1967 Koyna, 1993 Killari, 1997 Jabalpur and  2001 Bhuj.
 In spite of several geological, geophysical and seismotectonic investigations, the nature of the crystalline basement concealed below the thick volcanic cover however, seems to be studied least.  Insignificant information is available that too is primarily based on the scanty seismological investigations or from the rocks exposed close to its periphery. To understand thoroughly, physical, compositional and thermo-geodynamical nature of the underlying Neoarchean crust which lie below the Deccan Traps, has become    a major challenge for geoscientific community. The objective of this workshop is therefore, to invite innovative contributions   based on multi-parametric geological, geochemical, mineralogical and geophysical investigations, to understand evolutionary nature of the crystalline basement and underlying mantle processes that may provide a new insight into the crustal evolution, particularly of this segment of the Peninsular shield.

Keywords: Deccan Traps, Geological evolution, Crystalline basement, Geodynamics, Peninsular India.

42.2 Carbon Capture and Utilization as a Pathway to Reliable Storage
Jennifer Wilcox (USA)

Jennifer Wilcox is the James H. Manning Chaired Professor of Chemical Engineering at Worcester Polytechnic Institute, USA. Jennifer Wilcox works on ways to test and measure methods of trace metal and carbon capture, to mitigate the effects of fossil fuels on our planet.
Prof. Wilcox has previously worked at Colorado School of Mines and Stanford University.

It is well-known that CO2 utilization does not scale in regards to both magnitude and time of carbon storage required to positively impact climate. However, since utilization of CO2 most often requires high-purity CO2 as a feedstock, purification of CO2 from a dilute stream (e.g., air, industrial sources, natural gas or coal-fired power plant exhaust streams) is a required component of the utilization pathway. This purification step, whether it involves concentrating CO2 from air or a more concentrated point source, will be a required step for both utilization and geologic storage. Due to the lack of economic incentive today to inject and permanently store CO2 underground, utilization provides a pathway toward the generation of a carbon market. Research that focuses on the broad range of CO2 utlliization opportunities is of interest as the promising technologies will lead to demonstration-scale projects and public acceptance of displacing natural CO2 with anthropogenic CO2. Increasing demonstration-scale projects for utilization will inevitably lead to a decrease in the cost of the purification step, which will directly lead to reduced costs for conventional carbon capture with subsequent reliable storage. Hence, in the absence of adequate economic incentive to capture and permanently store CO2, utilization is a necessary intermediate step.

Keywords: CO2 capture, utilization, storage, economic incentives of CCUS

42.3 CO2 Storage/ Trapping Mechanism
Qi Li (China)

Qi Li is Life Member of International Association for Mathematical Geology, Member of International Association for Engineering Geology and Environment, International Society of Rock Mechanics and Society of Petroleum Engineers.

The mitigation of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions has become one of big issues in the world. Subsurface storage and utilization of captured anthropogenic CO2 (CCUS) provides a promising technology to decrease the rate of increase of CO2 in the atmosphere. The CCUS is characterized as an interdisciplinary R&D technology in energy geosciences between the basic science (geology, geophysics and geochemistry) and the reservoir engineering (site selection, reservoir geomechanics and potential evaluation). This symposium focuses on the fundamental aspects of understanding the fate of CO2 injected into deep reservoirs, the multi-physical, biogeochemical, and coupled interactions among CO2-brines, minerals, and hydrocarbons, and utilization strategies of CO2 in the subsurface (e.g. enhanced geothermal system, subsurface energy storage, and unconventional resources recovery by CO2). This symposium also welcomes innovated laboratory technologies and field investigations associated with fault reactivation and seal remediation during the large-scale sequestration and utilization of CO2.

Keywords: CO2 trapping; Coupling process; geological CO2 sequestration; energy geoscience; reservoir engineering


42.4 CO2 Storage Associated with Enhanced Oil Recovery
Richard A.Esposito (USA)

Richard A. Esposito has over 28 years of experience in the electric utility industry in various roles and currently serves as Southern Company’s R&D Program Manager of Geosciences & Carbon Management. He works with a wide range of energy-related issues including Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage (CCUS), utility-scale energy storage, geothermal power, and deep well disposal of wastewater. Richard has a B.S. and M.S. degree in Geology and a PhD in Engineering with a focus on geologic storage capacity estimation in saline reservoirs, CO2-EOR pilot injection testing and certification of storage associated with CO2-EOR.

CO2-Enhaned Oil Recovery (CO2-EOR) is the process of using wells to inject CO2 at pressures where CO2 mixes with the oil, changing its properties, and increases the volume of oil extracted from an oil field. At the same time, oil fields provide the geologic framework for large scale storage of CO2 both associated with CO2-EOR operations or after the oil field is depleted. CO2-EOR projects are designed as a closed-loop system whereby some of the injected CO2 is co-produced with the oil and then separated in above-ground recycling facilities prior to being re-injected into the oil field. Each cycle of injection results in a volume of CO2 that is trapped is referred to as “associated storage”. This “associated storage” volume of CO2 has direct environmental benefits as the oil field can serves as a safe and long-term storage opportunity that values the injected CO2 as a commodity.  Demonstrating the safe long-term containment of CO2 in association with CO2-EOR and documenting the quantity of that CO2 stored is a driver in the expansion of EOR operations with use of anthropogenic CO2 that would otherwise be emitted to the atmosphere.  The understanding oil field operations and the documentation of “associated storage” is important to CO2 generators especially given a price on carbon or tax incentive for secure storage. This symposium invites case studies from oil fields whereby CO2-EOR operations were performed to evaluate this value proposition including parallel efforts such as the development of standards for storage of CO2 in oil fields.

Keywords: ISO TC 265 - CO2 Storage Using Enhanced Oil Recovery, Enhanced Energy Recovery using CO2, Regulatory frameworks for Certification of CO2 storage in oil and gas fields

42.5 Geologic storage of CO2 in deep saline aquifers / Geologic site characterization and monitoring
Jonathan Pearce (UK), John Williams (UK), S P Pradhan (India)

Geological sequestration of carbon dioxide (CO2) is an option to reduce atmospheric greenhouse gas emissions, requiring integration of a wide range of geological sciences for successful implementation. Sub-sessions will discuss results from international CO2 storage projects at all stages of project development, including those integrating permanent storage in deep saline aquifers. Topics addressed include research results for storage capacity assessments, effective site characterisation, risk management and monitoring technologies for effective storage performance. Reducing costs through technological advances and optimisation is an important focus for future projects. The sub-sessions will provide an overview of latest developments throughout the storage project lifecycle including verification and monitoring.

Keywords:Deep saline aquifers, site characterisation, verification and monitoring

Theme 43: Kimberlites, Xenoliths and Diamonds: Snapshots of the Earth’s Mantle

Kimberlites, Xenoliths and Diamonds: Snapshots of the Earth’s Mantle


S. Ravi (India),
E.V.S.S.K. Babu (India),
Fareeduddin (India),
Abhijeet Mukherjee (India),
Sebastian Tappe (South Africa)

43.1 Exploration and Mining for Kimberlites
Biplob Chatterjee (India)

There is a unique connection between India and diamond. All through the history India dominated diamond production. Presently, nine out of ten diamonds recovered from diamond mines in different parts of world enters India for cutting and polishing before they travel to international market. Indian lapidary is the best in the world, particularly outstanding in handling the small size stones. It employs about a million people and continues to earn significant chunk of foreign exchange to the country.
Often unique and innovative methodologies are warranted for exploration strategies for kimberlites and related rocks as source of diamonds. This is largely due to geology of a terrain and emplacement mechanism of the kimberlite as well as its geometry.
This symposium will address current geological, geophysical, geochemical exploration tools for discovering kimberlites. Innovative multi-disciplinary methodologies from specific case histories of successful exploration programs are expected to be discussed.

43.2 Emplacement of Kimberlites and related rocks
Barbara Scott (Canada)

Understanding the emplacement processes and mechanisms of kimberlites and related rocks have an impact on the economics of the mining operations. In order to better constrain the mining conditions, predicatability and economics of operations, it is crucial to understand the emplacement processes.
The architecture of kimberlite pipes, sheets, dykes etc. is significant in terms of mine design processes. Orebody geometry, contact zones, internal structures occurrence of country rock xenoliths could directly influence pit wall stability, underground mining method selection.
The objective of this symposium is to illustrate some of the relevant mining issues and help to justify emplacement model studies that are vital for the understanding of primary diamond deposits.
The scientific aspects of the emplacement mechanism of the kimberlites and related rocks such as role of volatiles, composition of melts and constituent minerals would also be discussed in this symposium

43.3 Petrology of Kimberlites and related rocks
S. C. Patel (India)

The petrology of kimberlites and related rocks has direct bearing on the formation of their enigmatic origin. The nomenclature and classification of the kimberlites and related rocks are crucial in understanding their genesis and emplacement processes.
The constituent mineralogy and chemistry of the kimberlites and related rocks also has bearing on the diamond potentiality of the kimberlites in terms of ambient oxygen fugacity conditions, diamond resorption rates and local geotherms.
These aspects would form the primary areas for the scientific discussion during the symposium.

43.4 Mafic, Ultramafic Xenoliths and Xenocrysts: Physical and Chemical Architecture of the Subcontinental Lithospheric Mantle (SCLM)
Stephen Haggerty (USA)

Understanding the sub-continental lithosperic mantle (SCLM) is crucial as any perturbations in it could result in large scale volcanism, magmatism and tectonism.
This symposium will address lateral and vertical heterogeneities within the SCLM from different cratonic blocks of India and the world based on the xenoliths and xenocrysts from the kimberlites and related rocks emplaced through the geological time scale. Additional point of discussion will be large-scale thermal perturbations during the geological past that include juvenile crustal additions and recycling events based on petrological, geochemical and isotopic studies on xenoliths, xenocrysts.

43.5 Deep Mantle Processes: Petrological, Geochemical and Isotopic Studies from Mantle Xenoliths and Xenocrysts
Sebastian Tappe (South Africa)

Mantle xenoliths and xenocrysts from kimberlites are considered to be “real time snap shots” into the inaccessible deep mantle. Although Geophysics offers current day insights into the mantle, kimberlite-borne xenoliths and xenocrysts are probably the only source to understand physico-chemical processes in deep mantle. Studies on these mantle representatives from cratons world over during the last few decades provided great insights into the mantle processes such as sources of thermal anomalies, generation of magmas and their crystallisation, emplacement of mantle-derived melts, recycling of the continental masses, metasomatism etc. The main aim of this symposium is to review the latest on the above aspects.

43.6 Recipes for Diamonds: Evidences from Fluids and Inclusions
J.N.Das (India)

Diamond is an exotic mineral from the time immemorial. The formation and stability of diamonds and their transport to the surface always attracted the attention of geoscientists. Understanding the recipes for the diamonds within the mantle such as parental fluids, conditions for the formation of diamonds and crystallisation mechanisms and stability conditions is the primary theme of this symposium. The studies on the source of carbon both crustal and mantle-derived would be discussed in this symposium. Mineral, metallic and fluid inclusions in diamonds as proxies to understand the deep mantle processes during their crystallisation would be another aspect for discussion.

Theme 44: Non-invasive 3D Groundwater Mapping for Resource Management

Non-invasive 3D Groundwater Mapping for Resource Management


Shakeel Ahmed (India),
Subash Chandra (India),
John W.Lane Jr. (USA)

44.1 Assessing Sub-Surface from Space and Remote Sensing
Saumitra (India) Atiqur Rahman (India)

Prof. Mukherjee has more than 25 years of experience in teaching and research in environmental sciences. He is basically a geologist, has supervised a number of doctoral theses and also led the research projects both at national and International levels. He is presently dean of the SES.

Prof. Atiqur Rahman has multiple degree in Geography and geoinformatics. He has about 20 years’ experience of teaching and carried out basic research in the field of remote sensing. He completed a number of important projects with greater social relevance.

Satellite remote sensing together with GIS provides an opportunity for better observation and more systematic analysis of various geomorphic units, lineament features, following the integration with the help of Geographical Information System to demarcate the groundwater potential zones. The remote sensing data helps in fairly accurate hydro-geomorphological analysis and identification and delineation of land features. There are a wide-range of global remote sensing data sets (TRMM, SSM/I, Landsat TM, AVHRR, AMSR-E, ASTER, etc.) supported by aerial methods and ground truth by multi sensor, as well as hyperspectral information. Geomorphological variability due to tectonic activity coupled with land use/land cover changes inferred by geospatial techniques can be useful tool. The Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) twin-satellite data is another important data which provides a direct measure of monthly total water storage at regional level. These advanced methods are being used for microzonation of groundwater potential locations and its quality assessment by inferring landforms, geological structures and vegetation indices on the aquifers. This symposia intends to focus on the subsurface water investigation on difficult areas of Earth and other planets.

Keywords: Geoinformatics, Climate Change, Remote Sensing, GRACE
44.2 High Resolution 3D Geophysical Mapping of Geological Formations using Airborne Survey
Esben Auken (Denmark) Subash Chandra (India)

Prof. Esben Auken is one of the leading geophysicist in the field of airborne geophysics. He has long experience of post graduate teaching, Ph. D supervision and leading various national and international projects. Currently he is heading the Hydrogeophysics Research Group devoted to research in high resolution mapping methods for groundwater resources and data integration

Dr. Subash Chandra is a core scientist of Indo-French Centre for Groundwater Research. Dr. Chandra has been working in several national and international projects dealing with hydrogeological problems in different problematic terrain in India. He has played key role in introducing airborne geophysics in the field of Hydrogeology in India. He is currently leading couple of projects on Airborne Geophysics for aquifer mapping, smart city, etc.

Mapping of the near surface of the Earth for generating precise knowledgebase for most of the natural resources (viz., water and mineral) and structural settings is gaining importance with the time. Particularly the groundwater resources are dynamic in nature that vary with space and time depending on the geological variability, degree of heterogeneity and rate of exploitation. Whether groundwater budgeting or siting a sustainable well or managing groundwater recharge, etc., it need to be dealt at regional scale. Such mapping faces two major issues i.e. (i) optimally dense data in accordance with the degree of variability and (ii) rapid measurement to cover regional scale for comprehensive knowledge.
Airborne geophysical mapping addresses both the issues. With the technological advancement airborne electromagnetic and magnetic methods have been globally accepted as proven non-invasive technologies to provide high-resolution (meter scale) and comprehensive map at large (watershed/basin) scale rapidly. Airborne geophysical are increasingly being employed widely for groundwater mapping and have produced very encouraging and exceptional results. It is time now to discuss and compare the results obtained in different countries and design improvements both in data acquisition and interpretations. The symposia is aimed to provide ample opportunity to share the latest technologies, emerging methodologies on processing and interpretation and findings on high-resolution 3D geophysical mapping using airborne geophysical methods

Keywords: Airborne, Geophysics, Hydrogeology, Aquifer, Mapping, Resistivity

44.3 Characterization of Litho-units for Aquifer Delineation by Integrating Ground Survey Data
Prabhat C. Chandra (India) Kishore C. Naik (India)

Dr. Prabhat C. Chandra is an extremely experienced Geophysicist carried out extensive work on Geophysical survey using electrical methods. He developed a large number of new techniques for effectively carrying out Electrical survey and their interpretation.

Mr. Kishore C. Naik is presently the chairman of the CGWB, a premier government organization responsible for the groundwater resource. He is an engineer cum hydrogeologist and has widely worked in different terrenes.

The near-surface geophysical methods and techniques distinctively provide adequate subsurface information economically. However, the hydrogeological transformation of geophysical attributes is complex. But, it is an essential, important and challenging process to characterize the subsurface lithologic and groundwater conditions adequately or at least to get a satisfactory realization of the dominant conditions. Complexity in lithology combined with spatial hydrogeological heterogeneities complicates the transformation and therefore integration of geophysical methods is in vogue to discriminate or characterize the lithology and hydraulic properties and come out of the uncertainties and the nonlinearities. The parameters provided by different surface and subsurface geophysical methods like electrical, electromagnetic, seismic, magnetic, gravimetry and radiometry at varied scales and resolutions through their conventional and tomographic approaches and the geologic and hydraulic information are being quantitatively converged using a common inversion strategy to estimate the lithologic and hydrogeological properties accurately which would not have been possible independently through any discrete method. The session provides ample opportunity to present and share with the gathering of the international community of geoscientists the latest researches, innovative and economic approaches, emerging trends and findings on the challenging issues of lithologic and aquifer characterization.

Keywords: Hydrogeology, fissured, litho-units, basement, Resistivity

44.4 Geological and Geotechnical Characterisation for Fracture Pathway in Hard rocks
Subash Chandra (India) Rana Chatterjee (India)

Dr. Subash Chandra is core member scientist of Indo-French Centre for Groundwater Research. Dr. Chandra has been working in several national and international projects dealing with hydrogeological problems in different problematic terrain in India. He has played key role in introducing airborne geophysics in the field of Hydrogeology in India. He is currently leading couple of projects on Airborne Geophysics for aquifer mapping, smart city, etc.

Dr. Rana Chaterjee basically geologist but has worked as hydrogeologist in the Central Ground Water Board where he gained about 20 years’ experience working in a number of real life projects in groundwater exploration and management.

Although overall water on the Earth virtually remains constant, the increasing population and associated increase in the water utilization towards irrigation, industrial and domestic needs, etc. are stressing the natural water resources system. Over past few decades’ groundwater utilization towards irrigation also have increased significantly causing dwindling of the groundwater level. Specially the hard rock that covers roughly 20% land surface of the Earth are more affected due to its limited aquifer thickness. In the receding groundwater level condition, fractures are now the main contributor to the hard rock hydrogeology. Thus the knowledge of the fractures in hard rock is topic of interest in this symposium in contexts of:

  • reservoir exploitation for water supply;
  • contamination from subsurface waste repositories;
  • geotechnical applications including effects on underground storage reservoirs, tunnels and other structures);
  • Managed aquifer recharge and development of groundwater resources; and
  • locating potential zones for tube well, etc.

This symposium is aimed to provide a global platform to present and share the latest researches, innovative and economic approaches on geologic and geotechnical characterization of the fracture pathways and its groundwater potentiality in hard rocks.

Keywords: Fractures, weathered rock, lineaments, connectivity, aperture

44.5 Geophysically Constrained Hydrogeological Parameters Estimation
Mohammed Israil (India) Sarah (India)

Prof. Mohammed Israil from the Department of Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee is an experienced geophysicist with a long experience of post graduate teaching and research in the field of Electrical and Electromagnetic methods of Geophysical exploration.

Dr. Sarah from the Earth Sciences Department of Kashmir University is an experienced hydrogeologist. Carried out extensive research in hard rock hydrogeology and developed new methods of analysing hydrogeological parameters.This session shall focus on the Mineralogy, Petrology, Spectroscopic studies of planetary materials (including soil, minerals and rocks) using field, laboratory and remote sensing studies of the planets of the solar system. The session shall include all aspects of comparative study of asteroids, planets of the solar system and their moons using terrestrial analogues.

The analogy between electrical and hydrological parameters exists since a long time e.g., Archie’s law as well as the simulation of groundwater flow using a network of R-C analogues. Determination of the electrical properties or electrical parameters of an aquifer system is economical and non-invasive compared to direct estimation of hydrogeological parameters. There has been tremendous research and publications on the use of Dar-Zarrouk (D-Z) parameters estimated from Geophysical (Vertical Electrical Soundings or Electrical Resistivity Tomography) data. This symposium is expected to discuss various aspects of translating the geophysical parameters into hydrogeological parameters with a direct or indirect relations as well as constraining the estimates of hydrogeological parameters with the economically known geophysical parameters through non-invasive methods.

Keywords: Dar-Zarrouk parameters, Electrical resistivity, R-C analogue, hydrogeological parameters, Non-invasive

44.6 Diverse Applications in Discovering paleo-channels, Optimizing Artificial Recharge & Waste Disposal Sites, Smart Cities etc
S.K. Verma Jainendra K. Rai (India)

Dr. Saurabh K Verma Formerly Raja Ramanna Fellow and Director Grade Scientist at NGRI, Hyderabad India. Currently mentoring the ground and airborne geophysical investigations relating to groundwater exploration and associated programs such as coastal salinity mapping, studies for smart city development, waste disposal, etc. Area of expertise: Theory and practice of Electrical and Electromagnetic Methods. Also, Associate Editor (Electromagnetics) of the Journal 'Near Surface Geophyics' (EAGE).

Dr. Jainendra K. Rai is basically a geophysicist but has extensively worked in hydrogeophysics. He handled various projects of multi-disciplinary both National and International. Has served in various managerial posts and looking after the groundwater division of WAPCOS Ltd.

Rapid urban growth, industrialization and climate variations are emerging as major challenges to sustainable and eco-friendly development. In particular supply of good quality drinking water and unpolluted groundwater for agriculture, managed artificial recharge assume great significance. Similarly, rising sea levels due to global warming are causing severe stress in coastal regions due incursion of saline water. To find sustainable solutions to these problems, ground and airborne geophysical investigations are being increasingly employed in different parts of the world. In addition, there are many other problems relating to rapid urbanization like: Site evaluation to construct Metro, underground facilities like parking, storage, ring roads, bridges and flyovers, locating sites for waste dump/disposal, pharmaceutical plants, etc. All these problems necessitate geophysical, geological and borehole studies at local or regional scale depending on the problem. Contributions dealing with various geological and geophysical aspects of the abovementioned problems are invited in this symposium.

Keywords: Urban Geophysics, Smart City Development, Waste Disposal, Coastal Salinity, AEM for Aquifer Mapping

Theme 45: Thematic and Specialised Symposia/ Sessions

Thematic and Specialised Symposia/ Sessions

(These Symposia/ Sessions are organised by international and national scientific organisations. In Theme 45, authors to submit abstracts through online submission system of the 36th IGC website after making a payment of non- refundable abstract submission fees of USD 40. However, the presentations under this category will be only by invitation of the conveners of respective organisations.)

45.1 Hillslope process and climate change
Mauro Soldati (Italy), Sunil Kumar De (India), Mihai Micu (Romania)
International Association of Geomorphologists (IAG)

Climate change may be due to natural processes internal to the Earth system or to external forcing agents to the anthropogenic modification of the composition of the atmosphere and/or of land cover.
Climate changes affect the stability of natural and engineered slopes and have consequences on landslides. But the type, extent, magnitude and direction of the changes in the stability conditions, and on the location, abundance, activity and frequency of landslides in response to the projected climate changes is unclear till toady. Climate acts on landslide processes through the highly nonlinear soil–water system, and no unique relationships exist between certain climate conditions and the occurrence of landslides. We can assume that the connection between climate – in particular, positive (or negative) hydrological balance – and landslide activity (or inactivity) exists at every timescale, from daily to millennial. Thus, climate and landslides act at only partially overlapping spatial and temporal scales, complicating the evaluation of the climate impacts on landslides.
Keeping in view the aforesaid problem this session is going to be proposed to highlight the issues on the relationships between hillslope processes and climate change. Hazard and risk issues related to the possible increase in frequency and magnitude of slope instability processes from global warming and more intense rainfall will be discussed in this session along with emphasis on the expected consequences for human activities and on possible mitigation measures.

45.2 Geomorphological Hazards and Risks mitigation through new techniques
Bianca Vieira (Brazil), Sunando Bandyopadhyay (India), Helene Petschko (Austria) International Association of Geomorphologists (IAG) Working Group on GEOMORPHOLOGICAL HAZARDS (IAGGeomhaz)

The frequency and magnitude of occurring geomorphic hazards has increased enormously throughout the world in response to the current and complex environmental and climate changes. Increasing anthropogenic impacts on environment are also expected to gain more spatial consistency, affecting the current land use/cover patterns, posing greater challenges for the management of geomorphic risks at local/regional/national levels. In order to achieve this goal, complex morphologic, morphogenetic and morphodynamic studies should be performed as the basis for proper susceptibility and hazard studies. In this session, presentations addressing both processes and their associated consequences are highly welcomed, targeting studies on local and regional impacts of volcanic, glacial, pluvial, fluvial and gravitational processes with relevance for land degradation assessments and improvement of existing approaches for geomorphic hazard and risk analysis at different scales. The overall purpose of this session is to highlight, through representative case-studies, the importance of geomorphic hazards studies for risk mitigation, the latest scientific advancements in Geomorphology, including new techniques and methods for geomorphic mapping, natural hazards inventory, risk analysis, numerical models, geochronological methods, UAV survey, digital elevation models, GIS resources, reduction of societal effects and increase of human communities’ resilience under the observed and projected climate and environmental change.

45.3 Status of mineral resources of SAARC nations for cooperative mineral-based industries
O. P. Verma (India) Indian Geological Congress

The above theme had been in my mind for several years for compilation of relevant data on mineral and energy resources of SAARC nations for posterity and to make use of them for added value, better quality of life of the people, creation of greater employment and development of advanced technologies. The programme will also go for developing homelier relations between the member countries, which have to be developed today or tomorrow by resolving differences, particularly between India and Pakistan – the two big neighbours. In addition to the above benefits accruing from discussing the above theme at the 36th IGC, I may point out that utilization of minerals for finished or semi-finished products & promoting clusters and zones of production of indigenous minerals and then export to earn greater revenue creation of cluster zones of minerals for cooperative industries in SAARC region should also ensure better use of electricity and water, besides human resources. These measures, I am confident, would integrate regional economies, friendly environment among the concerned nations and also help integration with global value chains, apart from strengthening indigenous infrastructure and connectivity. SEGMITE from Pakistan is all for it. We also have a new government there keen to develop trade by adopting split policy. Sustainable minerals’ supplies are inherently essential for the sustainability of any mineral-based industry – be it domestic, or by imports, bartered trade, or cooperative supplies from friendly countries. Although India is one of the rich countries in mineral resources, no country is self sufficient in its requirements so also is the case for India. SAARC nations, a group of close-net countries, by give and take, can be considered to have cooperative mineral-based industries like steel, aluminium, cement, petroleum, base metals, coal, power generation, etc., one day or the other on friendly ties.

45.4 Special IAMG Award Keynote session
Jennifer McKinley (UK), Christien Thiart (South Africa) International
Association for Mathematical Geosciences (IAMG)

The IAMG selects and sponsors a number of Awards and Keynote lecturers each year. These are presented as keynote presentations at the next IAMG conference or International Geological Conference (IGC). At the IGC2020, the IAMG Awards to be presented as Keynotes will include the Krumbein Medalist Keynote, the George Matheron Lecture, the IAMG 2020 Distinguished Lecture and the Griffiths Teaching Award Keynote.
The William Christian Krumbein Medal, which was established in 1976 during the XXV International Geological Congress in Sydney, is the highest award given by the Association. The Krumbein Medal is awarded to senior scientists for career achievement, which includes distinction in application of mathematics or informatics in the earth sciences, service to the IAMG, and support to professions involved in the earth sciences. There is no stipulated preference for fields of application within the earth sciences.
The Georges Matheron Lecturer is a scientist with proven research ability in the field of spatial statistics or mathematical morphology.
The IAMG Distinguished Lecturer is an important outreach role within the IAMG. As part of this role, the Distinguished Lecturer prepares a series of lectures preferably on a variety of subjects in the mathematical geosciences prepares a series of lectures preferably on a variety of subjects in the mathematical geosciences.
The John Cedric Griffiths Teaching Award is presented to honour outstanding teaching, with preference for teaching that involves application of mathematics or informatics to the Earth's non-renewable natural resources or to sedimentary geology.

45.5 Special IAMG Session on IAMG Delegate Meeting
Jennifer McKinley (UK) International Association for Mathematical
Geosciences (IAMG)

The International Association of Mathematical Geosciences (IAMG) is a body affiliated to the IUGS. The aim of the International Association for Mathematical Geosciences is to promote international cooperation in the application and use of mathematics in geological research and technology. AS part of every IGC, the IAMG organizes a special session to announce its prestigoius awards. The awards ceremony is followed by Distiguished lectures by the awardees. In addition, IAMG also organizes Special Delegate Sessions for the members of IAMG who participate in the IGC.

45.6 Symposia/Sessions proposed by YES Network

45.6.1 Shear Zones and Crustal Deformations (SZCD)

Durga Prasanna Mohanty (India), Ankush Singh (USA)

In recent years the study of geological deformation features focuses upon the mechanics of crustal-scale brittle failure in extensional and convergent tectonic zones. Current research activities on deformational features take a relook at the shear zone structures with new kinematic and dynamic models. Shear Zones are the most significant crustal features with concentrated deformations which accommodate an import regional or local strain rate beyond the strength of the country rock. Highly deformed rocks like mylonites, are most significant in terms of kinematic and dynamic analysis of complex structures in field as well as in microscopic structures. The proposed theme is to bring the current developments in studies on rock deformation structures using field study, analogue and numerical model experiments.

45.6.2 Water: Sustainability for Life (WS)
N. Srinivasa Rao (India), Md. Taufique Warsi (India), Faisal Kamal Zaidi (UAE)

Water is the essential natural resource for the evolution and sustenance of life on the Earth. The freshwater availability is a major driver to sustain the human and industrial needs in the Anthropocene. The resources are used in an unsustainable manner and rapid exploitation of the water resources leading to water scarcity problems. The growing population, food security and the modern living standards demand more water, which keeps the world river basins under stress. On the other hand, streamflow depletion, declining groundwater levels and increased human interventions have altered the terrestrial hydrological cycle over the time. To tackle the global water problems with human interventions, we require innovative strategies and solutions. The current theme primarily focused on addressing the water crisis problems, both quantitatively and qualitatively and their uncertainties, which draws attention to create a balance between the demand and supply of water resources and to debate the sustainable development in line of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UNU SDGs). The high uncertainty in prediction of water-related variables requires an integrated and quantitative understanding of the changes in water cycle storages and fluxes, including precipitation, evapotranspiration, soil moisture, surface water, groundwater, snow, and glaciers. Also, recent developments in satellite observations provide immense support for prediction and forecast of water quality and hydrological modelling, which can provide the best estimates of water, climate and anthropogenic variables. Further, effective translation of scientific results can provide better decision support to policymakers and water managers to create functional policies and regulations. We are happy to welcome authors to submit their abstracts about their recent findings on water-related issues and special importance will be given to the issues related to global change, groundwater dynamics, water scarcity, water quality status and remediation.

45.6.3 Integrated Geoscience (IG)
Kumar Batuk Joshi (India), Vineet Goswami (USA)

Geoscience has evolved into an interdisciplinary science allowing synthesis of unprecedented approach from various disciplines that helps in development and improved understanding of the planet Earth, and its evolution. Geochemists often address a diverse range of topics in Earth Science system with broad interests in diverse fields such as, crustal evolution, weathering and erosion, ocean-atmosphere coupling, paleoclimate, oceanography and palaeoceanography, ocean redox evolution, etc to quantifyvarious processes operating on Earth with an aim to understand its past, present and future. With the advent of technological advancements in instrumentation (mass spectrometry), novel advances in analytical techniques (non-traditional stable isotopes)and consolidation of various experimental and modelling approaches, it has become possible to understand various Earth System processes in much more details. The present theme provides an opportunity to researchers working at the forefront of closely allied fields in geoscience and apply multidisciplinary approach to address various scientific questions related to the origin and evolution of our planet. Some of the substantial areas covered under this theme include chemical oceanography, paleoclimate, radiometric geochronology, isotope geochemistry and other interdisciplinary branches of geoscience. The present theme invites papers that can address various scientific questions using integrated approaches in geosciences.

45.6.4 Crunch in Computational Geoscience (CCG)
Anand Singh (India), Mahak Singh Chauhan (India),
Shuang Liu (China)

In recent years, there has been a boost in Geoscience research and consequently, a tremendous amount of the data is being collected through various projects. The current state-of-the-art in geo-computing, especially for the development of modeling, simulation, and high-performance computing, needs to be significantly upgraded by incorporating the advanced developments happening worldwide. This session invites the research work based on multidisciplinary collaboration among mathematicians, engineers, physicists, and geoscientists. This session also covers mathematical modeling, simulation, data analysis, uncertainty, and high-performance computing. We would also like to cover the topic on advanced numerical methods for the simulation of a geophysical problem, and associated aspects such as discretization, gridding, optimization/inversion, upscaling, uncertainty assessment, and high-performance parallel and grid computing.

45.6.5 Geoscientific Challenges and Advances in Natural Resource Exploration
Chandra Prakash Dubey (India), Shib Sankar Ganguli (India),
Srikumar Roy (UK)

With the increasing trend of societal needs and scientific developments, near surface exploration for groundwater, minerals and energy resources is obsoleting rapidly. The continuous exploration of natural resources from the several decades has vanished now the possibility of finding required natural resources in near surface and forced us to look for the possible natural resources towards the deeper subsurface, ocean resources and the areas like mud volcanoes followed by coastal deposits for heavy minerals. Proper understanding of the resources offered by the world’s oceans are very little known to us. In particular, exploration and production of energy resources pose colossal geoscientific challenges and is a highly argumentative issue due to the associated environmental risks. Development of new tools or methodology to address and decipher those challenges involved with the existing as well as new energy resources becomes essential. For this session, we encourage contributions from studies related to, but not limited to, advancement in geophysical methodology as applied to conventional/unconventional oil & gas, gas-hydrate, geothermal, mineral and water resources exploration; reservoir characterization including seismic, well log-based and sample-based studies as well as modelling that provide new insights in natural resource exploration.

45.6.6 Tectonics, Surface Processes and Climate
Sajid Ali (India), Madhav K. Murari (Germany

Methodological progress in quantifying rates of surface processes in the upstream erosion and transfer zones as well as revived interest in the coupling between surface processes, tectonics and climate have made it possible to renew our understanding of the interactions between sedimentation and tectonics within the framework of the whole integrated sediment routing system. In this session, interaction between climate-tectonics and surface process will be discussed.

45.6.7 Hydrogeophysical Studies for Vadose Zone Characterizations
Tanvi Arora (India)

The unsaturated zone is often the main sector controlling water movement from the land surface to the aquifer. Thus it strongly affects the rate of aquifer recharge, critical for the use and management of ground water. It is often regarded as a filter that removes undesirable substances. To some extent this is true, but a more general fact is that flow rates and chemical reactions in the unsaturated zone control whether, where, and how fast contaminants enter ground-water supplies. Understanding of unsaturated-zone processes is therefore crucial in determining the amount and quality of ground water that is available for human use. This zone has been described thoroughly and conceptual model prepared is to be employed in the study. Time Lapse methods can monitor moisture changes in soil over time. Time Lapse Electrical Resistivity Tomography (TLERT) data is used, as the hydrogeophysical study, to characterize and monitor the unsaturated zone of the different terrain.

45.6.8 Non-invasive Geophysical Methods and Numerical Modelling for Groundwater Resources Exploitation and Management
Payal Rani (India), Zoi Dokou (USA)

Geophysical data are being increasingly used to provide qualitative and quantitative information about hydrogeological processes. Some of the many topics that hydrogeophysics actively contributed are contaminant transport, recharge monitoring, surface and groundwater interactions. Geophysical methods potentially provide subsurface data with high spatial and temporal resolution in a non-invasive manner. This session will be focused on the use of geophysical methods for the characterization of subsurface properties and processes in contexts such as hydrology, agriculture, contaminant transport, etc. The researchers who are working on integrated approaches of geophysics and numerical analysis also including laboratory and field experiments; relevant hydrogeological and hydrogeophysical case studies, numerical modeling for groundwater resources and on contamination problems, are encouraged to apply in this session.

45.6.9 Multi-proxy Approach in Paleo Monsoon Reconstruction During Quaternary Period
Upasana S. Banerji (India), Chandana K.R. (India)

There is an unprecedented need to understand the present climate trends which reinvigorated the past climate reconstruction beyond instrumental records. A number of marine as well as continental archives have recorded past precipitation-temperature variations and thus illustrated the long-term variability in the climate system. Geochemical, isotopic and palynological approaches have been a valuable tool that provide integrated signals of various processes that led to the evolution and variation in the monsoon system. However, there still remains a lacuna in understanding the impacts of ocean-atmospheric processes and natural forcing factors on the monsoon system that prevailed on the planet Earth. The present session invites contributions towards Quaternary climate reconstruction using natural archives such as sediments, speleothems, corals, ice cores etc. using multiproxy approach.

45.6.10 Quaternary Landform Evolution in a Mountainous Landscape
Rahul Devrani (India), Anil Kumar (India)

The exogenic and endogenic processes fundamentally governs the evolution of landforms in the mountain belts. A diverse range of landforms, evolved in glacial, fluvial and hillslope environment provide foremost records of any changes in the climatic and tectonic settings of a mountain belt. The interaction between geomorphological processes during Quaternary period should provide an order of correlation in evolution of these landforms. However, it is not evident due to the geological diversity present in the mountain ranges. An increasing integration of multidisciplinary studies i.e. field studies, geochronology, geomorphometry, new conceptual methods, modelling etc. at different temporal and spatial scale is significantly improving our understanding in landform evolution. The primary aim for this session is to understand evolution of landforms in a mountainous landscape during Quaternary period. To address the diversity of landforms in a mountainous landscape, we welcome glacial, fluvial and hillslope process based studies. For this session, we invite contributions that uses geomorphic or sedimentary records to understand landform evolution. We also encourage studies which directly address coupling between earth surfaces processes and tectonics at range of spatial scale in mountainous region.

45.6.11 Forward Modelling of Present Day Continents: Challenges and Solutions
Ravi Shankar (India), R. V. Gireesh (India)

The dynamic nature of Earth is reflected by continuous and periodic changes on its surface i.e., earth’s crust, from its advent at about 4.55 Ga to present. These changes are manifested by episodic amalgamation and dispersal of continents forming and breaking supercontinents.
In last couple of decades, the study of paleogeographic configurations of paleo-supercontinents has picked pace and that has resulted in high quality Geochronology, Paleomagnetic, Geological, Geophysical data input at discreet intervals in Earth’s history.
This theme will aim to understand the challenges in potential use of such dataset to forward model the super continental configurations and will also try to infer possible solution to such challenges.
Considering the rapid evolution in scientific tools and techniques and advent in computational capacity used in earth sciences, it is desirable to frame such an approach which can actually predict the future geological events. Such models can be extremely useful for sustainability entire human society.

45.6.12 Advances in Earth and Planetary Sciences
Rajeev Kumar Yadav (India), Ramdayal Singh (India)

The advancement in the techniques and ease of capturability and processing of geophysical and geological data in the past two decades has elevated the understanding of Earth and Planetary System Processes. The imaging of Earth and Planets from the space-based techniques has provides a vast opportunity in detail exploration of crustal deformation, mass redistribution, vegetation growth, weather prediction, geohazards, surveying and mapping. Availability of various observation field provides the opportunity for interdisciplinary work on the development of a new approach to deal with complex problems. For example, the past geodetic and paleo-seismological studies in the Himalaya suggest a large potency of future great earthquakes in the frontal zone of Himalaya but the processes governing the crustal deformation to sustain the accumulated strain energy prior to megathrust earthquake is not known.

45.6.13 Geochemical Signatures of Paleo Monsoon Variability
Barnita Banerjee (India), Mahjoor Ahmad Lone (Taiwan)

The Asian monsoon which affects Indian subcontinent and southeast part of the Asia, is probably the most important monsoon system of the world. Despite its vast influence, the forcing mechanisms that control the timing and intensity of the Asian monsoon are still debated. The livelihood of over three billion people is dependents on the annual summer rainfall known as the Indian summer monsoon. Since India is an agro-based economy, any change in monsoon rainfall has great impact on common masses. Intense heavy rainfall leads to flooding and breaks in monsoon or a weak monsoon leads to water shortage and drought. The Indian monsoon is apparently the most grounded articulation of Earth's coupled hydroclimate, involving large inter hemispheric exchanges of mass and energy among the ocean, atmosphere and landmasses Reconstructing the long-term variability of Indian monsoon circulation is therefore necessary for understanding monsoon dynamics across all time scales and to assess the direction and impacts of future changes. For this session, we welcome contributions using geochemistry of paleoclimate archives to study the monsoon history. The focus of this session will be on the past variability of the entire Asian monsoon system, including the Indian and southeast Asian monsoon subsystems.

45.6.14 Understanding the Earth Structure and Mantle Dynamics through Geophysical Observations
Padma Rao B (India), Sunil Rohilla (India), Sunil Roy (India),
Dipankar Saikia (India)

Knowledge of the internal layering of the Earth has been largely derived using the different geophysical tools. The conditions on the surface of our mother earth, mostly depend on the mantle dynamics/convection of the earth controlled by the mantle properties. The surface geodynamic processes like the subduction, mid-oceanic ridges are directly linked to the mantle processes. Recent studies shed light on the sinking of these slabs deep into the lower mantle and perhaps to the core-mantle boundary (CMB). This region plays a crucial role in the mantle convection process and is one of the unexplored regions of the earth. In order to understand the mantle dynamics and its characteristics, it is essential to investigate the mantle structure through various geophysical techniques. Investigating the mantle structure is crucial to understand the deeper earth and its link to the tectonic activity. This will also shed light on the knowledge to validate the tectonic models, an origin of the plate motion and the role of mantle rheology. However, due to the intricacies of the link between the deformation mechanisms and the flow patterns of the mantle needs the interdisciplinary approach for the better understanding. Thus, characterizing the mantle structure through various geophysical techniques will provide a better understanding of mantle dynamics, which is the key component to gain knowledge on the evolution of our mother earth.

45.6.15 Geodynamic Significance and Mineralization Potential of the Precambrian Ultramafic Complex
Niranjan Mohanty (India), Abhinay Sharma (India)

Geodynamics and metallogenesis have been major thrust area of the earth science. It provides a better understanding of the thermal evolution of the earth as well as it gives an insight into the origin of the continental crust associated with potential mineralization. Ultramafic rocks are very important but poorly understood component of the Precambrian greenstone belts and tonalite-tronjhemite-granodiorite (TTG) basement terranes. Many issues remain unsolved regarding the relationship between origin, geodynamic evolution and mineralization potential during the crustal evolution of the earth. The theme of this provides a synoptic view on geodynamic processes, mineralization as well as quantify the crust mantle interaction covering various segments of different continents of the world. it also gives an idea on the alteration zones, their style and controls on such as gold, PGE and base metals and also brought out the idea on secondary mineralization. The aim of this session will help to examine the relationship between Precambrian ultramafic complex and mineralization potential.

45.6.16 Biogeochemical Cycling of Carbon and Nitrogen in Terrestrial and Coastal Environments
Punyasloke Bhadury (India), Anwesha Ghosh (India), Ajcharaporn
Piumsomboon (Thailand)

Elemental cycling such as carbon and nitrogen in terrestrial and coastal systems play critical role in cropping cycle, monsoonal patterns and climate. Biological communities are essential to biogeochemical cycling of carbon and nitrogen and their functions are controlled by numerous factors including energy sources, redox conditions and availability of trace metals. Moreover, the structure of biological communities including bacteria and archaea have consequences for biogeochemical cycling. We welcome submissions from early career scientists working on different aspects of carbon and nitrogen cycling spanning across terrestrial, coastal and marine environments. In particular, scientists addressing challenging problems related to carbon and nitrogen budget from local to global scales are also encouraged.

45.6.17 Ichnology in shallow marine and transitional environments
Carlos Cónsole-Gonella (Argentina), Silvina de Valais
(Argentina), Ignacio Díaz-Martínez (Argentina), Paolo Citton (Argentina)

45.6.18 UNESCO Global Geoparks in Latin America and the Caribbean: lessons learned and the way ahead
Denise Gorfinkiel (Uruguay)


45.7 The IUGS Big Science Program: Deep-time Digital Earth (DDE)


Proposer: Shuzhong Shen, Kerstin Lehnert (USA) from IUGS-Big Science Program: Deep-time Digital Earth (DDE)

Prof. Shuzhong Shen is currently a professor at Nanjing University. He has been the chair of the International Subcommissionon Permian Stratigraphy since 2012 and served as the director of the State Key Laboratory of Paleobiology and Stratigraphy of Chinese Academy of Sciences for a decade.

Dr. Kerstin Lehnert is Doherty Senior Research Scientist at the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University and Director of the NSF-funded data facility IEDA (Interdisciplinary Earth Data Alliance).

The Deep-time Digital Earth (DDE) - the first IUGS-recognized big science programme was announced recently and the DDE Accord was signed collectively by 12 DDE Founding Members at the 73 IUGS EC and DDE Forum held in Beijing last February. It will be launched at the 36th International Geological Congress in New Delhi. This program aims to establish a global network of data hubs that provide the geologies and geographies of deep-time, as well as data on the properties of those geologies. The primary goal of DDE is to develop an open platform that facilitates efficient use and analysis of the full range of earth science data with proper temporal and spatial reference to geology and paleogeography. In the first instance, DDE will focus on major scientific issues described as “4E” (Evolution of life, Evolution of earth material, Evolution of geography, and Evolution of climate). It aims to provide parameters to represent the complete evolution of Earth from the past to the future, and enable insights and new discoveries including, but not limited to, the distribution and value of earth’s resources and materials and natural hazards.

As one of the main activities of DDE at the 36th IGC this DDE symposium may include but not limit to the following sessions: 1) Reconstruction of the evolution of the Earth and life, including the reconstruction of paleogeography, paleoclimate and plate tectonic evolution in high spatial and temporal resolutions; 2) recognition of formation and distribution of resources, energy and geohazards; 3) using understanding of the process and model in the past to predict future Earth in the context of global change; 4) technical approach and strategy for DDE’s framework and tools for data access, integration, and analysis; 5) DDE in Geological Survey Organizations and industry; 6) Dinosaur macroevolution and building an integrated database for both academia and the public; and 7) a session organized by IGCP-662.

Keywords: Deep time, Digital Earth, IUGS, Big Science Program.


45.8 Geohazards surveys, data integration and their comprehensive guidelines


Proposer: IUGS Task Force on Geohazards

Yasukuni Okubo (Japan), Antonio Correia, Adichat Surinkum, Zhang Minghua (China), Carlo Doglioni, José Pacheco, Benjamin van Wyk de Vries (France), Yoshihiko Ito (Japan)

Yasukuni Okubo (Chair of IUGS Task Group of Geohazards) –

Antonio Correia (Vice Chair of IUGS Task Group of Geohazards)

Adichat Surinkum (CCOP)

Zhang Minghua (China Geological Survey) -

Carlo Doglioni (President of INGV)

José Pacheco (Director of IVAR)

Benjamin van Wyk de Vries (IUGS Geoheritage Commission) –

Yoshihiko Ito (Director of Civil Engineering Research Institute for Cold Region Public Works Research Institute) -

This session provides comprehensive guidelines of geohazards and geoinformation technology. The subject has a link to geoheritage. Geohazards occurred in many places and pose serious threats to the human societies and the natural environments. A number of geoheritage sites which should be preserved for future generation are also in danger. The main challenge is to put together all scientific and multi-disciplinary tools including geohazards survey technology and geoinformation technology. The geohazards survey technology is required for comprehensive understanding, assessing and monitoring. The geoinformation technology, such as data integration, spatial analysis, visualization, and modelling of multi-disciplinary geospatial datasets, is necessary for providing timely advice on their occurrence, and suggesting relevant risk reduction measures. As the survey and geoinformation technology are developing rapidly, so It is essential to learn the advanced technology for reduction of disasters. In this context, the well-established guidelines of geohazards surveys and geoinformation technology not only for scientists, authorities and community leaders but also for leaders in emerging regions and the public are required. Another challenge is that the guidelines are concerned with science and engineering. This session will overarch the two fields and focus on survey technology, geoinformation technology, risk management technology and comprehensive guidelines of their technology.

Keywords: Geohazards, Geoinformation, Geoheritage, Risk management


45.9 Role and contributions of Geosciences community and Institutions role and contributions for sustainable development goals


Proposer: Federation of Indian Geosciences Associations (FIGA)

Dr. Virendra M Tiwari, (India), Dr. Kalachand Sain (India)

Dr. Tiwari, presently the Director of NGRI has worked on deciphering subsurface mass distribution and mass transport relevant to a wide range of scientific and societal applications in different geological settings in Indian lithosphere, variation in water storage over Indian subcontinent and mapping of sub-basaltic sediments. He is a recipient of many awards such as Young Scientist Awards from INSA, CSIR, UP S&T; Krishnan Gold Medal by IGU, National Mineral Award by Ministry of Mines, GoI and Fellowship of National Academy of Sciences, India.

Dr. Kalachan Sain, presently the Director of Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology has worked on seismic attenuation, seismic tomography and model studies which led to the delineation and characterisation of gas-hydrates, sub-volcanic sediments and understanding geotectonics and earthquake processes of Indian provinces. He has many recognitions like Fellow of National Academy of Sciences, India (2011); Andhra Pradesh Academy of Sciences (2010); Telangana State Academy of Sciences (2016), Young Scientist Award (1998) of CSIR; National Mineral Award (2005), Krishnan Gold Medal (1996); Anni Talwani Memorial Prize (2014) & Decennial Award (2016) by IGU etc.

The Technological and socioeconomic performances have been facing multifaceted challenges throughout the globe. Change in natural systems and associated processes accelerated by anthropogenic interventions, has been inducing unforeseen complexities in the process of development and sustainability. The need and scope for utility of geosciences knowledge is pervading almost all fields of life on the Earth apart from the management of natural resources and a healthy environment. The multiple scale interactions of ecosystems with the process-response characteristics of both living and non-living resources and systems are observed to control the productivity and sustainability.

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by the United Nations aspiringly aim to end global poverty, fight injustice and inequality, and ensure environmental sustainability by 2030. Various geosciences aspects like climate change, energy resources, agro-geoscience, engineering and environmental geology, geohazards, water resources, mineral and rock resources significantly contribute to the realization of all most all the agreed SDGs. The achievements of geoscience community and the contributions made by earth science institutions with be deliberated mostly by invited speakers. Though the presentations are likely to focus on India, the deliberations will reflect and impact the developing nations of the world.

Keywords: Geosciences communities, Institutions, Sustainable development goals.


45.10 Advances in Geoscience Data Sharing and Processing


Proposer: CGI-IUGS – IAMG – OneGeology - CCOP

Zhang Minghua (China), Francois Robida (France), Jennifer McKinley (UK), Matt Harrison (UK), Young Joo Lee (Korea)

Zhang Minghua is co-secretary general of CGI-IUGS, and director of geoinformation division of DRC, China Geological Survey, and guest professor of China University of Geosciences Beijing.

Francois Robida is the Chair of IUGS/CGI, and the director of data, infrastructures and services programme at BRGM, France.

Jennifer McKinley is director of research in environmental change and resilience and director of the centre for GIS and geometrics in the school of natural and built environment, Queen’s University Belfast. She is president of the International Association of Mathematical Geoscientists (IAMG).

Matt Harrison is the director of Informatics at the British Geological Survey and director of the OneGeology Secretariat.

Young Joo Lee is the director of CCOP Technical Secretariat and co-secretary general of IGC 2024 (37th IGC) preparatory committee of Korea.

Global and regional geoscience data sharing and processing technologies have become critically important for meeting the welfare of society into the future. Efficient new techniques, standards, and algorithms for managing, delivering, visualising, and analysing geoscience data both globally and regionally, including ‘big’ data, will be presented and discussed at the symposium. Main topics include:

1. Application of CGI-IUGS/OGC standards in global and regional data sharing and analysis.
2. Advances in, and application of, the OneGeology initiative.
3. New research and achievements in mathematical geoscience.
4. Geoscience information sharing and processing technologies in the Asian region (CCOP).
5. Advances in efficient management, delivery, processing, and visualisation of geoscience-related big data.
6. AI and other new technology application in geoscience data processing and analysis.

Keywords: Geoscience Data, Standards, Algorithms, One Geology, Regional and Global.


45.11 40 years with International Lithosphere Program (ILP)


Proposer: International Lithosphere Program (ILP)

Hans Thybo, Magdalena Scheck-Wenderoth, Alexander Rudloff

International Lithosphere Program (ILP) has since 1980 been promoting international, multidisciplinary research programs to elucidate the nature, dynamics, origin and evolution of the lithosphere. ILP has taken initiative to more than 70 programmes within its four research themes: (1) Geoscience of Global Change, (2) Contemporary Dynamics and Deep Processes, (3) Continental Lithosphere and (4) Oceanic Lithosphere. Example programmes initiated by ILP include World Stress Map, Global Strain Rate Map, Global Seismic Hazard Assessment Map, Global Impact project, International Continental Drilling Program (ICDP), and a series of Global Geoscience Transects and programs. Present programs focus on integrated mapping of lithosphere physical parameters, lithosphere dynamics including the fate of subducted lithosphere and deformation of continental lithosphere, volcanism, response of the lithosphere to surface processes including changes in climate and erosion/deposition dynamics, and mineral resources. ILP promotes high class science in combination with community services through the Evgueni Burov medal for mid-career scientists and the Flinn-Hart Award for outstanding early-career scientists. The activities of ILP seeks to achieve a balance between: "addressing societal needs" in regard to e.g. natural catastrophes, resource exploration and environmental protection; and "satisfying scientific curiosity" in regard to global and regional processes affecting the lithosphere.

We invite all scientists to present their recent research on lithosphere formation, structure and evolution. The session will provide an overview of key results through the 40 years’ history of ILP. We particularly invite the teams of the ILP task forces and coordinating committees to present new results of their international and multidisciplinary cooperation networks.


45.12 Advanced Quantitative Studies and 3D or 4D Forward & Inverse Modelling in Geosciences


Proposer:American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)

J.A.Vargas-Guzmán, PhD (Australia), Principal Professional at Saudi Aramco. Affiliation AAPG. Email, Phone: +966 559046361. J.A.Vargas-Guzmán, PhD, Worldwide frontrunner of Stochastic Geology research with PDE. Formerly at The University of Arizona, Fellow at The University of Queensland.

Radhey S. Bansal (India), Geological Consultant at Saudi Aramco. Formerly at the University of Rajasthan, India. Affiliation AAPG. Email Radhey S. Bansal, MSc, Leading fellow of stochastic 3D geological modelling for structural and sedimentology uncertainty applications for hydrocarbons.

This symposium offers a venue to discuss the latest developments in applied stochastic geosciences with advanced methods. This setting will consider a multidisciplinary framework for practical applications and theory. Modern research in geology must also place emphasis on modelling with non-Gaussian methods and 4th Industrial Revolution tools, such as data analytics and artificial intelligence. The fundamental inputs for geological modelling endeavors are skewed distributed parameters. Furthermore, complex studies may include inverse solutions that integrate parameter fields from prior subsurface geostatistical characterization, and numerical solutions of differential equations (e.g., geodynamical processes, optimization models, hydrology and environmental studies, etc.). Related methods may consider non- Gaussian statistics, dynamics, transport, mechanics, chaos, and self-similar multi-resolution representations

Keywords: Geology, Random Fields, Differential Equations, Integrated Studies, Multiple Scale Problems, Advanced Algorithms, Industrial Case Studies


45.13 Ground, Unmanned vehicles and Satellite Observations for Monitoring, Mapping and Early Warning of Geo-Hazards



Ramesh P Singh (IIT Mandi), (India), Alik Ismail-Zade (Germany), Anil D. Shukla (India), Dericks P. Shukla, (India)

Ramesh P Singh, Professor, Past President, AGU Natural Hazards section has worked in all kinds of Natural Hazards

Alik Ismail-Zade Secretary General, IUGG, worked in Natural Hazards and Disaster Science

Anil Shukla is senior scientist at PRL, Ahmedabad worked in Landslides and Geomorphotectonic

Dericks P. Shukla , Assistant Professor at IIT Mandi, worked in Landslides and Geomorphology

All kinds of geo-hazards (earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, floods, cyclones, droughts, subsidence, snow avalanches, forest fires, desertification, Glacial Lake Outburst Floods, droughts, dust storms, forest fires, etc.) are prevalent around the globe. These geo-hazards impact population, surface, structures and huge loss of life and property. Ground, unmanned vehicles and satellite observations are being used to monitor, map and early warning of these Geo-Hazards. This session solicits oral and e-poster presentations related to all aspects associated to Geo-hazards around the globe. The session also solicits contributions how to minimize damages and early warning of Geo-hazards.

Keywords: Geo-hazards, floods, volcanoes, landslides, snow avalanches, forest fires, droughts, dust storms


45.14 Critical Mineral Resources related to granitic and pegmatitic systems: from Minerals to Metallogeny


Proposer:Working Group on Critical Metals (WGCM) of International Association on the Genesis of Ore Deposits (IAGOD)

Jingwen Mao: Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing, 100037, China. E-mail:

Reimar Seltmann: Centre for Russian and Central Asian Mineral Studies, Department of Earth Sciences, Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK. E-mail:

Yanbo Cheng: School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, 4811, Australia. E-mail:

Guiqing Xie: Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing, 100037, China. E-mail:

Yamuna Singh: Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India, Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research, Hyderabad, 500016, India.

Critical metals are becoming more and more essential for our society in terms of their broad use in high-technology applications, but their supplies are inherently in secure, hence people are paying increasing attention to critical mineral resources nowadays. In this context, this theme focuses on the ore-related minerals, ore genesis and regional metallogeny of critical metal mineralization related to granitic systems. What are the regional-, district-, and deposit- scale geological characteristics of critical mineral deposits related to granitic rocks? What are the key features of ore and gangue minerals of the granite-related critical metal ore systems?

How do the critical elements migrate and accumulate during the granite-related critical metal mineralization? Studies on the geology, geochemistry, mineralogy, and geochronology of critical metal ore deposits related to granitic rocks provide crucial information to address these questions. Other fundamental aspects, including but not limited to, experimental studies, theoretical modeling, and the application of new techniques (e.g., metal isotopes) to characterize the behavior of those elements within fluids are also helpful to understand these scientific enigmas.


45.15 Geoscience in Sustainable Development


Proposer:Association of Geoscientists for International Development (AGID)

Afia Akhtar (Bangladesh), Viqar Hussain (Pakistan), M Nurul Hasan (Bangladesh), Shahina Tariq (Pakistan), Madhumita Das (India)

Dr. Afia Akhtar is AGID President & Former Director General, Geological Survey of Bangladesh (GSB), Dhaka, Govt. of Bangladesh

Prof. Viqar Hussain is AGID Vice President, Prof. & Former Dean of science and Chairman, Dept. of Geology, Karachi University, Pakistan

Dr. M. Nurul Hasan is AGID Life Member, Former Director, GSB, Govt. of Bangladesh

Prof. Shahina Tariq is AGID Life Member, Prof. & Chairperson, Department of Metrology, COMSATS University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Prof. Madhumita Das is AGID Life Member, Prof. & Vice Chancellor, Fakir Mohan University, India

Human civilization and enhancement of living standard are the result of development activities. Urbanization, industrialization, exploration and exploitation of natural resources and construction of roads, highways, dams and bridges are the major development activities going on worldwide. Unfortunately, such development activities are also causing global warming, air and water pollution, health hazards, and broadly speaking, degrading the natural environment necessary for the survival and welfare of the mankind.

We want development in order to improve the standard of our living. And at the same time, we also want to preserve our natural environment. The motto of this symposium is for exchanging ideas, concepts and activities in geosciences, the science of the earth and also for recommending ways and initiatives for sustainable development.

Keywords: Geosciences, Geo-resources, geo-education, environment Sustainability


45.16 Ground Water Development for achieving food security and improving rural health in low-income countries


Proposer:Association of Geoscientists for International Development (AGID)

  S. D. Limaye (India), Bhavana Umrikar (India), Bhagyashri Maggirwar (India)

Dr. S. D. Limaye is the Past President & Treasurer; Association of Geoscientists for International Development (AGID)

Dr. Bhavana Umrikar is AGID Life Member and Associate Professor, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Dr. Bhagyashri Maggirwar is AGID Life Member and Deputy Director, Groundwater Surveys and Development Agency, Govt. of India

Conceding the role of groundwater is essential for successful implementation of sustainable resource development goals. Groundwater has become central to human development and it is generally preferred over surface water because of the relatively safe quality and quantity. As a result, groundwater is overexploited in many parts of the world and hence needs demand and supply side management to safe guard the drinking water supply sources and food security. Apart from this, groundwater contamination due to lithologic composition and anthropogenic activities is on hike viz. fluoride, arsenic and nitrate. Thus, it is an urgent need to address these issues especially in context with the low - income countries. The objective of this symposium is to provide a platform for exchanging ideas, concepts and activities of the geoscientists worldwide, and also for proposing the ways and initiatives towards sustainable groundwater development.

Keywords: Groundwater, Food Security, Rural health, Sustainable development

45.17 Socio-Geology & Socio-Hydrogeology: Taking Geosciences to the Society


Proposer:Association of Geoscientists for International Development (AGID) as per the UNESCO's Directive of Taking Science to the Society

S. D. Limaye (India), Afia Akhtar (Bangladesh), Shahina Tariq (Pakistan), Bhagyashri Maggirwar (India)


Dr. S. D. Limaye is the Past President & Treasurer; Association of Geoscientists for International Development (AGID)

Dr. Afia Akhtar is AGID President & Former Director General, Geological Survey of Bangladesh (GSB), Dhaka, Govt. of Bangladesh

Dr. Bhavana Umrikar is AGID Life Member and Associate Professor, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Dr. Bhagyashri Maggirwar is AGID Life Member and Deputy Director, Groundwater Surveys and Development Agency, Govt. of India

There has to be more interaction between the society and the Geologists in-charge of developing earth resources for the use of the society. The society has to know about the process of exploration and exploitation of the earth resources and the environmental impact of resource exploitation. This would help in prudent use of these resources by the society. Geoscientists should consider it as their duty to write popular science articles in newspapers and magazines stressing the importance of conservation, re-use and re-circulation. In other words, the society has to learn about ‘Resourcing the Future Generation”.

Keywords: Society, Geosciences

45.18 Decoding the Earth’s surface in high-mountain terrains: processes and timescales of tectonic and climatic forcing on topography (DESTINY)


Proposer:German Research Foundation (DFG)


45.19 Geology/geodynamics of the Indian Ocean and its margins